XClose

Centre for Biodiversity and Environment Research

Home
Menu

Professor Georgina Mace

profile

Professor Georgina Mace is Professor of Biodiversity and Ecosystems, and Head of the Centre for Biodiversity and Environment Research at University College London.

Prior to joining UCL in 2012, she was Director of the NERC Centre for Population Biology at Imperial College London from 2006, and before that she worked at the Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, first as a research fellow (1991 – 2000), and latterly as Director of Science (2000 – 2006).

Her research concerns measuring the trends and consequences of biodiversity loss and change with a particular focus on the science and policy interface for biodiversity conservation and ecosystem management.

Working with IUCN (especially Simon Stuart), she led the process to develop, test and document criteria for listing species on IUCN’s Red List of threatened species. Subsequently she worked on the biodiversity elements of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment and contributed to the technical development of measures for the CBD 2010 biodiversity target. She worked on the UK National Ecosystem Assessment (2011) and the IPCC WG2 report (2014). In 2014 she chaired a Royal Society science policy report on “Resilience to extreme weather”. Currently she is a member of the UK Government’s Natural Capital Committee (2012-2015).

She was awarded a CBE in 2007, elected FRS in 2002, and was the 2007 winner of the International Cosmos prize. She has been President of the British Ecological Society (2011-2013), President of the Society for Conservation Biology (2007-2009) and the last Chair of the international programme on biodiversity science DIVERSITAS (2012-2014) which merged into the Future Earth Programme in 2014. 

group


With two previous DIVERSITAS chairs Jose Sarukhan (L) and Hal Mooney®

She is currently a member of NERC Council and the Council of the Royal Society.

Research projects cover a range of topics that relate to the trends and consequences of biodiversity loss and ecosystem change. This essay in Science [1] provides a perspective on changing views of conservation that mirror my interests.

GM Science

Figure from Mace (2014) Science

1.         Mace, G.M., Whose conservation? Science, 2014. 345(6204): p. 1558-1560.

Extinction risk assessment:

This has been a long running interest of mine, starting with work I did in the early 1990s with Russ Lande [2], and continuing with Simon Stuart and a raft of collaborators until the present day. Initially I was working on the scientific criteria for listing species on the IUCN Red List, developing a system that was ultimately accepted by IUCN in 2000 and has been in use since then. The process and the system are both described in this paper [3]. The red list categories were widely applied by the IUCN SSC network over 10 years, and a review of the findings came out in 2010 [4]; we also looked at some future scenarios using some of the same approaches [5].

Since then, I have been interested in ways to extend applications of the system, some more successful than others! For example, we looked at the options for extending the taxonomic scope [6], the causes of category changes among species and populations [7], an approach to handling uncertainty [8] and the information in the dynamics of population declines [9].

GM IUCN

Structure of the IUCN Red List categories. ©IUCN. See Mace et al (2008)

Most recently, we have been looking at future options for sustaining the red list system into the future, taking into account the scale of demand for this information, and new options for data and information gathering.

2.         Mace, G.M. and R. Lande, Assessing extinction threats: toward a reevaluation of IUCN threatened species categories. Conserv. Biol., 1991. 5(2): p. 148-157.

3.         Mace, G.M., et al., Quantification of Extinction Risk: IUCN's System for Classifying Threatened Species. Conservation Biology, 2008. 22(6): p. 1424-1442.

4.         Hoffmann, M., et al., The Impact of Conservation on the Status of the World's Vertebrates. Science, 2010. 330: p. 1503-1509.

5.         Pereira, H.M., et al., Scenarios for Global Biodiversity in the 21st Century. Science, 2010. 330(6010): p. 1496-1501.

6.         Baillie, J.E.M., et al., Toward monitoring global biodiversity. Conservation Letters, 2008. 1(1): p. 18-26.

7.         Mace, G.M., et al., Population and geographic range dynamics: implications for conservation planning. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 2010. 365(1558): p. 3743-3751.

8.         Akcakaya, H.R., et al., Making consistent IUCN classifications under uncertainty. Conservation Biology, 2000. 14(4): p. 1001-1013.

9.         Di Fonzo, M., B. Collen, and G.M. Mace, A new method for identifying rapid decline dynamics in wild vertebrate populations. Ecology and Evolution, 2013. 3(7): p. 2378-2391.

Life history and ecological correlates of extinction risk

Working with Andy Purvis and others on mammals we have examined us to examine the factors that make species more and less vulnerable to extinction. We have distinguished between intrinsic (life history, ecology) and extrinsic (habitat loss, over-exploitation) pressures [10-12] and their interactions [13], projected future trends [14], and estimated the consequences for the loss of phylogenetic diversity [15] as well as dissecting the influence of different dimensions of life history variation [16]. More recently we have moved to looking at changes to local biodiversity as a result of pressures such as land use change in the PREDICTS project.

10.       Cardillo, M., et al., Human population density and extinction risk in the world's carnivores. PLoS Biology, 2004. 2(7): p. 0909-0914.

11.       Purvis, A., G.M. Mace, and J.L. Gittleman, Past and future carnivore extinctions: a phylogenetic perspective, in Carnivore Conservation, J.L. Gittleman, et al., Editors. 2001, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK. p. 11-34.

12.       Cardillo, M., et al., The predictability of extinction: biological and external correlates of decline in mammals. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences, 2008. 275(1641): p. 1441-1448.

13.       Cardillo, M., et al., Multiple causes of high extinction risk in large mammal species. Science, 2005. 309(5738): p. 1239-1241.

14.       Cardillo, M., et al., Latent extinction risk and the future battlegrounds of mammal conservation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2006. 103(11): p. 4157-4161.

15.       Purvis, A., et al., Nonrandom extinction and the loss of evolutionary history. Science, 2000. 288(5464): p. 328-330.

16.       Bielby, J., et al., The Fast-Slow Continuum in Mammalian Life History: An Empirical Reevaluation. American Naturalist, 2007. 169(6): p. 748-757.

Climate change and its impacts on biodiversity

I became interested in this in about 2003 when the potential consequences of climate change became clearer, but the red list process was not well structured to identify species at highest risk. While the focus of many was on various kinds of species distribution models, we were keen to pursue an approach that took a more eco-evolutionary perspective, recognising that species have always faced environmental change, and that they have varying capacities to deal with it. Again with Russ Lande, I worked on the fundamental theoretical basis for rapid adaptation to directional change [17], with IUCN we developed a comprehensive assessment of climate change vulnerability for mammals, birds, amphibians and corals [18], devised some new metrics of sensitivity and exposure [19], and wrote a review [20]. This topic gets more complicated with time and I think it is still far from a mature area of research.

17.       Chevin, L.-M., R. Lande, and G.M. Mace, Adaptation, plasticity, and extinction in a changing environment: towards a predictive theory. PLoS Biol, 2010. 8(4): p. e1000357.

18.       Foden, W.B., et al., Identifying the World's Most Climate Change Vulnerable Species: A Systematic Trait-Based Assessment of all Birds, Amphibians and Corals. PloS one, 2013. 8(6): p. e65427.

19.       Dickinson, M.G., et al., Separating sensitivity from exposure in assessing extinction risk from climate change. Scientific Reports, 2014. 4.

20.       Dawson, T.P., et al., Beyond Predictions: Biodiversity Conservation in a Changing Climate. Science, 2011. 332(6025): p. 53-58.

group2

Climate change and species extinction risk workshop identifying species vulnerability traits at Silwood Park in 2007. See http://www3.imperial.ac.uk/cpb/history/workshops/speciesvulnerabilitytraits

Ecosystem services and natural capital accounting

I became interested in ecosystem services through working on the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment [21] and the UK National Ecosystem Assessment (2011) [22], and have been especially concerned with evaluating the links between biodiversity and ecosystem services [23, 24], incorporating ecosystem services into biodiversity targets [25] and examining trade-offs among ecosystem services [26]. Working with Ian Bateman we have looked at ways to fully incorporate economic values into ecosystem service assessments [27, 28]. Most recently we have developed a new approach to measuring the loss of natural capital, using a risk register (Mace et al. in review).

21.       Mace, G.M., et al., Biodiversity, in Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. Current States and Trends: Findings of the Condition and Trends Working Group. Ecosystems and human well-being, Vol. 1. 2005, Island press: Washington DC. p. 77-122.

22.       Mace, G.M. and I.J. Bateman, Conceptual Framework and Methodology, in UK National Ecosystem Assessment Technical Report, UK National Ecosystem Assessment, Editor. 2011, UNEP-WCMC: Cambridge, UK. p. 11-25.

23.       Mace, G.M., K. Norris, and A.H. Fitter, Biodiversity and ecosystem services: a multilayered relationship. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 2012. 27(1): p. 19-26.

24.       Cardinale, B.J., et al., Biodiversity loss and its impact on humanity. Nature, 2012. 486(7401): p. 59-67.

25.       Perrings, C., et al., Ecosystem Services for 2020. Science, 2010. 330(6002): p. 323-324.

26.       Howe, C., et al., Creating win-wins from trade-offs? Ecosystem services for human well-being: A meta-analysis of ecosystem service trade-offs and synergies in the real world. Global Environmental Change, 2014. 28: p. 263-275.

27.       Bateman, I.J., et al., Bringing Ecosystem Services into Economic Decision-Making: Land Use in the United Kingdom. Science, 2013. 341(6141): p. 45-50.

28.       Bateman, I.J., et al., Economic Analysis for Ecosystem Service Assessments. Environmental & Resource Economics, 2011. 48(2): p. 177-218.

Post docs

Dr Celine Bellard

Dr Lizzie Boakes

Dr Caroline Howe

Dr Phillip Staniczenko

Dr Sarah Whitmee

PhD students

Sergio Milheiras

Marie Longnecker (Institute for Sustainable Resources, UCL)

Charlotte Selvey (Institute of Zoology, ZSL)

Recent publications only (last 10 years) are listed below.

For a complete list of all research publications please visit the Google Scholar page.

2014

Ameca y Juárez, E.I., Mace, G.M., Cowlishaw, G. & Pettorelli, N. (2014). Identifying species' characteristics associated with natural population die-offs in mammals. Animal Conservation, 17, 35-43.

Boitani, L., Mace, G.M. & Rondinini, C. (2014). Challenging the scientific foundations for an iucn red list of ecosystems. Conservation Letters.

Dickinson, M.G., Orme, C.D.L., Suttle, K.B. & Mace, G.M. (2014). Separating sensitivity from exposure in assessing extinction risk from climate change. Scientific Reports, 4.

Howe, C., Suich, H., Vira, B. & Mace, G.M. (2014). Creating win-wins from trade-offs? Ecosystem services for human well-being: A meta-analysis of ecosystem service trade-offs and synergies in the real world. Global Environmental Change, 28, 263-275.

Mace, G.M. (2014). Whose conservation? Science, 345, 1558-1560.

Mace, G.M., Reyers, B., Alkemade, R., Biggs, R., Chapin, F.S., Cornell, S.E., Díaz, S., Jennings, S., Leadley, P. & Mumby, P.J. (2014). Approaches to defining a planetary boundary for biodiversity. Global Environmental Change, 28, 289-297.

Newbold, T., Hudson, L.N., Phillips, H.R.P., Hill, S.L.L., Contu, S., Lysenko, I., Blandon, A., Butchart, S.H.M., Booth, H.L., Day, J., De Palma, A., Harrison, M.L.K., Kirkpatrick, L., Pynegar, E., Robinson, A., Simpson, J., Mace, G.M., Scharlemann, J.P.W. & Purvis, A. (2014). A global model of the response of tropical and sub-tropical forest biodiversity to anthropogenic pressures. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences, 281.

2013

Ameca y Juárez, E., Mace, G., Cowlishaw, G., Cornforth, W. & Pettorelli, N. (2013). Assessing exposure to extreme climatic events for terrestrial mammals. Conservation Letters, 6, 145-153.

Andradi-Brown, D.A., Howe, C., Mace, G.M. & Knight, A.T. (2013). Do mangrove forest restoration or rehabilitation activities return biodiversity to pre-impact levels? Environmental Evidence, 2, 20.

Bateman, I.J., Harwood, A.R., Mace, G.M., Watson, R.T., Abson, D.J., Andrews, B., Binner, A., Crowe, A., Day, B.H. & Dugdale, S. (2013). Ecosystem services: Response. Science (New York, NY), 342, 421.

Bateman, I.J., Harwood, A.R., Mace, G.M., Watson, R.T., Abson, D.J., Andrews, B., Binner, A., Crowe, A., Day, B.H., Dugdale, S., Fezzi, C., Foden, J., Hadley, D., Haines-Young, R., Hulme, M., Kontoleon, A., Lovett, A.A., Munday, P., Pascual, U., Paterson, J., Perino, G., Sen, A., Siriwardena, G., van Soest, D. & Termansen, M. (2013). Bringing ecosystem services into economic decision-making: Land use in the united kingdom. Science, 341, 45-50.

Clark, N.E., Boakes, E.H., McGowan, P.J., Mace, G.M. & Fuller, R.A. (2013). Protected areas in south asia have not prevented habitat loss: A study using historical models of land-use change. PloS one, 8, e65298.

Creel, S., …., Mace, G.M.,…. (2013). Conserving large populations of lions – the argument for fences has holes. Ecology letters,

Di Fonzo, M., Collen, B. & Mace, G.M. (2013). A new method for identifying rapid decline dynamics in wild vertebrate populations. Ecology and Evolution, 3, 2378-2391.

Díaz, S., Purvis, A., Cornelissen, J.H., Mace, G.M., Donoghue, M.J., Ewers, R.M., Jordano, P. & Pearse, W.D. (2013). Functional traits, the phylogeny of function, and ecosystem service vulnerability. Ecology and Evolution, 3, 2958-2975.

Evans, M.R., Bithell, M., Cornell, S.J., Dall, S.R.X., Díaz, S., Emmott, S., Ernande, B., Grimm, V., Hodgson, D.J., Lewis, S.L., Mace, G.M., Morecroft, M., Moustakas, A., Murphy, E., Newbold, T., Norris, K.J., Petchey, O., Smith, M., Travis, J.M.J. & Benton, T.G. (2013). Predictive systems ecology. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 280.

Foden, W.B., Butchart, S.H., Stuart, S.N., Vié, J.-C., Akçakaya, H.R., Angulo, A., DeVantier, L.M., Gutsche, A., Turak, E. & Cao, L. (2013). Identifying the world's most climate change vulnerable species: A systematic trait-based assessment of all birds, amphibians and corals. PloS one, 8, e65427.

Foden, W.B., Mace, G.M. & Butchart, S.H. (2013). Indicators of climate change impacts on biodiversity. Biodiversity Monitoring and Conservation: Bridging the Gap between Global Commitment and Local Action, 120-137.

Mace, G. (2013a). Global change: Ecology must evolve. Nature, 503, 191-192.

Mace, G.M. (2013b). Biodiversity: Its meanings, roles and status. In: Nature in the balance: The economics of biodiversity (eds. Helm, D & Hepburn, C). Oxford University Press Oxford.

Mace, G.M., Perrings, C., Le Prestre, P., Cramer, W., Díaz, S., Larigauderie, A., Scholes, R.J. & Mooney, H.A. (2013). Science to policy linkages for the post‐2010 biodiversity targets. Biodiversity Monitoring and Conservation: Bridging the Gap between Global Commitment and Local Action, 291-310.

Mace, G.M., Terama, E. & Coulson, T. (2013). Perspectives on international trends and dynamics in population and consumption. Environmental and Resource Economics, 1-14.

Redford, K.H., Adams, W. & Mace, G.M. (2013). Synthetic biology and conservation of nature: Wicked problems and wicked solutions. PLoS Biology, 11, e1001530.

Stewart, G., Mengersen, K., Mace, G.M., McNeely, J.A., Pitchforth, J. & Collen, B. (2013). To fund or not to fund: Using bayesian networks to make decisions about conserving our world's endangered species. CHANCE, 26, 10-17.

2012

Akçakaya, H.R., Ferson, S., Burgman, M.A., Keith, D.A., Mace, G.M. & Todd, C.R. (2012). Commentary: Iucn classifications under uncertainty. Environmental Modelling & Software, 38, 119-121.

Ameca y Juárez, E.I., Mace, G.M., Cowlishaw, G., Cornforth, W.A. & Pettorelli, N. (2012). Assessing exposure to extreme climatic events for terrestrial mammals. Conservation Letters.

Cardinale, B.J., Duffy, J.E., Gonzalez, A., Hooper, D.U., Perrings, C., Venail, P., Narwani, A., Mace, G.M., Tilman, D. & Wardle, D.A. (2012). Biodiversity loss and its impact on humanity. Nature, 486, 59-67.

Larigauderie, A., Prieur-Richard, A.H., Mace, G.M., Lonsdale, M., Mooney, H.A., Brussaard, L., Cooper, D., Cramer, W., Daszak, P. & Díaz, S. (2012). Biodiversity and ecosystem services science for a sustainable planet: The diversitas vision for 2012–20. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability.

Mace, G.M. (2012). The limits to sustainability science: Ecological constraints or endless innovation? PLoS Biology, 10, e1001343.

Mace, G.M., Norris, K. & Fitter, A.H. (2012). Biodiversity and ecosystem services: A multilayered relationship. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 27, 19-26.

Newbold, T., Hudson, L., Purves, D.W., Scharlemann, J.P.W., Mace, G. & Purvis, A. (2012). Call for data: Predicts: Projecting responses of ecological diversity in changing terrestrial systems. Frontiers of Biogeography, 4.

Russell, L.M., Rasch, P.J., Mace, G.M., Jackson, R.B., Shepherd, J., Liss, P., Leinen, M., Schimel, D., Vaughan, N.E. & Janetos, A.C. (2012). Ecosystem impacts of geoengineering: A review for developing a science plan. AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment, 1-20.

2011

Bateman, I.J., Mace, G.M., Fezzi, C., Atkinson, G. & Turner, K. (2011). Economic analysis for ecosystem service assessments. Environmental & Resource Economics, 48, 177-218.

Dawson, T.P., Jackson, S.T., House, J.I., Prentice, I.C. & Mace, G.M. (2011). Beyond predictions: Biodiversity conservation in a changing climate. Science, 332, 53-58.

Mace, G.M. (2011). Comments from the departing editor. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences, 366, 3-4.

Mace, G.M. & Bateman, I.J. (2011). Conceptual framework and methodology. In: Uk national ecosystem assessment technical report (ed. UK National Ecosystem Assessment). UNEP-WCMC Cambridge, UK, pp. 11-25.

Redford, K.H., Amato, G., Baillie, J., Beldomenico, P., Bennett, E.L., Clum, N., Cook, R., Fonseca, G., Hedges, S., Launay, F., Lieberman, S., Mace, G.M., Murayama, A., Putnam, A., Robinson, J.G., Rosenbaum, H., Sanderson, E.W., Stuart, S.N., Thomas, P. & Thorbjarnarson, J. (2011). What does it mean to successfully conserve a (vertebrate) species? Bioscience, 61, 39-48.

2010

Boakes, E.H., Mace, G.M., McGowan, P.J.K. & Fuller, R.A. (2010). Extreme contagion in global habitat clearance. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences, 277, 1081-1085.

Boakes, E.H., McGowan, P.J.K., Fuller, R.A., Ding, C.Q., Clark, N.E., O'Connor, K. & Mace, G.M. (2010). Distorted views of biodiversity: Spatial and temporal bias in species occurrence data. PLoS Biology, 8.

Chevin, L.-M., Lande, R. & Mace, G.M. (2010). Adaptation, plasticity, and extinction in a changing environment: Towards a predictive theory. PLoS Biol, 8, e1000357.

Collen, B., Purvis, A. & Mace, G.M. (2010). When is a species really extinct? Testing extinction inference from a sighting record to inform conservation assessment. Diversity and Distributions, 16, 755-764.

Hoffmann, M., Hilton-Taylor, C., Angulo, A., Böhm, M., Brooks, T.M., Butchart, S.H.M., ………Carpenter, K.E., Chanson, J., Collen, B., Cox, N.A., Darwall, W.R.T., Dulvy, N.K., Harrison, Mace, G.M., ……... & Stuart, S.N. (2010). The impact of conservation on the status of the world's vertebrates. Science, 330, 1503-1509.

Larigauderie, A., Mace, G.M. & Mooney, H.A. (2010). Colour-coded targets would help clarify biodiversity priorities. Nature, 464, 160-160.

Mace, G. (2010a). Personal perspectives in the life sciences for the royal society's 350th anniversary. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 365, 3-4.

Mace, G.M. (2010b). Drivers of biodiversity change. In: Trade-offs in conservation: Deciding what to save (eds. Leader-Williams, N, Adams, WM & Smith, RJ). Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd Oxford.

Mace, G.M., Collen, B., Fuller, R.A. & Boakes, E.H. (2010). Population and geographic range dynamics: Implications for conservation planning. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 365, 3743-3751.

Mace, G.M., Cramer, W., Díaz, S., Faith, D.P., Larigauderie, A., Le Prestre, P., Palmer, M., Perrings, C., Scholes, R.J., Walpole, M., Walther, B.A., Watson, J.E.M. & Mooney, H.A. (2010). Biodiversity targets after 2010. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 2, 3-8.

Pereira, H.M., Leadley, P.W., Proença, V., Alkemade, R., Scharlemann, J.P.W., Fernandez-Manjarrés, J.F., Araújo, M.B., Balvanera, P., Biggs, R., Cheung, W.W.L., Chini, L., Cooper, H.D., Gilman, E.L., Guénette, S., Hurtt, G.C., Huntington, H.P., Mace, G.M., Oberdorff, T., Revenga, C., Rodrigues, P., Scholes, R.J., Sumaila, U.R. & Walpole, M. (2010). Scenarios for global biodiversity in the 21st century. Science, 330, 1496-1501.

Perrings, C., Naeem, S., Ahrestani, F., Bunker, D.E., Burkill, P., Canziani, G., Elmqvist, T., Ferrati, R., Fuhrman, J., Jaksic, F., Kawabata, Z., Kinzig, A., Mace, G.M., Milano, F., Mooney, H., Prieur-Richard, A.-H., Tschirhart, J. & Weisser, W. (2010). Ecosystem services for 2020. Science, 330, 323-324.

2009

Brook, B.W., Akcakaya, H.R., Keith, D.A., Mace, G.M., Pearson, R.G. & Araujo, M.B. (2009). Integrating bioclimate with population models to improve forecasts of species extinctions under climate change. Biology Letters, 5, 723-725.

Jones, K.E., Bielby, J., Cardillo, M., Fritz, S.A., O'Dell, J., Orme, C.D.L., Safi, K., Sechrest, W., Boakes, E.H., Carbone, C., Connolly, C., Cutts, M.J., Foster, J.K., Grenyer, R., Habib, M., Plaster, C.A., Price, S.A., Rigby, E.A., Rist, J., Teacher, A., Bininda-Emonds, O.R.P., Gittleman, J.L., Mace, G.M., Purvis, A. & Michener, W.K. (2009). Pantheria: A species-level database of life history, ecology, and geography of extant and recently extinct mammals. Ecology, 90, 2648-2648.

Mace, G. (2009). Evolution and conservation. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology a-Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 153A, S44-S44.

Mooney, H., Larigauderie, A., Cesario, M., Elmquist, T., Hoegh-Guldberg, O., Lavorel, S., Mace, G.M., Palmer, M., Scholes, R. & Yahara, T. (2009). Biodiversity, climate change, and ecosystem services. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 1, 46-54.

Mooney, H. & Mace, G. (2009). Biodiversity policy challenges. Science, 325, 1474-1474.

Nicholson, E., Mace, G.M., Armsworth, P.R., Atkinson, G., Buckle, S., Clements, T., Ewers, R.M., Fa, J.E., Gardner, T.A., Gibbons, J., Grenyer, R., Metcalfe, R., Mourato, S., Muuls, M., Osborn, D., Reuman, D.C., Watson, C. & Milner-Gulland, E.J. (2009). Priority research areas for ecosystem services in a changing world. Journal of Applied Ecology, 46, 1139-1144.

Sachs, J.D., Baillie, J.E.M., Sutherland, W.J., Armsworth, P.R., Ash, N., Beddington, J., Blackburn, T.M., Collen, B., Gardiner, B., Gaston, K.J., Godfray, H.C.J., Green, R.E., Harvey, P.H., House, B., Knapp, S., Kumpel, N.F., Macdonald, D.W., Mace, G.M., Mallet, J., Matthews, A., May, R.M., Petchey, O., Purvis, A., Roe, D., Safi, K., Turner, K., Walpole, M., Watson, R. & Jones, K.E. (2009). Biodiversity conservation and the millennium development goals. Science, 325, 1502-1503.

2008

Baillie, J.E.M., Collen, B., Amin, R., Akcakaya, H.R., Butchart, S.H.M., Brummitt, N., Meagher, T.R., Ram, M., Hilton-Taylor, C. & Mace, G.M. (2008). Toward monitoring global biodiversity. Conservation Letters, 1, 18-26.

Boitani, L., Cowling, R.M., Dublin, H.T., Mace, G.M., Parrish, J., Possingham, H.P., Pressey, R.L., Rondinini, C. & Wilson, K.A. (2008). Change the iucn protected area categories to reflect biodiversity outcomes. Plos Biology, 6, 436-438.

Cardillo, M., Mace, G.M., Gittleman, J.L., Jones, K.E., Bielby, J. & Purvis, A. (2008). The predictability of extinction: Biological and external correlates of decline in mammals. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences, 275, 1441-1448.

Mace, G.M., Collar, N.J., Gaston, K.J., Hilton-Taylor, C., AkÇAkaya, H.R., Leader-Williams, N., Milner-Gulland, E.J. & Stuart, S.N. (2008). Quantification of extinction risk: Iucn's system for classifying threatened species. Conservation Biology, 22, 1424-1442.

Mace, G.M. & Purvis, A. (2008). Evolutionary biology and practical conservation: Bridging a widening gap. Molecular Ecology, 17, 9-19.

Schipper, J., Chanson, J.S., Chiozza, F., Cox, N.A., Hoffmann, M., Katariya, V., Lamoreux, J., Rodrigues, A.S.L., Stuart, S.N., …….Mace, G.M., ……. (2008). The status of the world's land and marine mammals: Diversity, threat, and knowledge. Science, 322, 225-230.

Scholes, R.J., Mace, G.M., Turner, W., Geller, G.N., Jurgens, N., Larigauderie, A., Muchoney, D., Walther, B.A. & Mooney, H.A. (2008). Ecology - toward a global biodiversity observing system. Science, 321, 1044-1045.

2007

Balmford, A., Leader-Williams, N., Mace, G.M., Manica, A., Walter, O., West, C. & Zimmermann, A. (2007). Message received? Quantifying the impact of informal conservation education on adults visiting uk zoos. In: Zoos in the 21st century: Catalysts for conservation (eds. Zimmerman, A, Hatchwell, M, Dickie, L & West, CD). Cambridge University Press Cambridge.

Bielby, J., Mace, G.M., Bininda-Emonds, O.R.P., Cardillo, M., Gittleman, J.L., Jones, K.E., Orme, C.D.L. & Purvis, A. (2007). The fast-slow continuum in mammalian life history: An empirical reevaluation. American Naturalist, 169, 748-757.

Leader-Williams, N., Balmford, N.P., Linkie, M., Mace, G.M., Smith, R.J., Stevenson, M., Walter, O., West, C.D. & Zimmermann, A. (2007). Beyond the ark: Conservation biologists' views of the achievements of zoos in conservation. In: Zoos in the 21st century: Catalysts for conservation (eds. Zimmerman, A, Hatchwell, M, Dickie, L & West, CD). Cambridge University Press Cambridge, pp. 120-136.

Mace, G.M. & Baillie, J.E.M. (2007). The 2010 biodiversity indicators: Challenges for science and policy. Conservation Biology, 21, 1406-1413.

Mace, G.M., Balmford, A., Leader-Williams, N., Manica, A., Walter, O., West, C.D. & Zimmerman, A. (2007). Measuring conservation success: Assessing zoos’ contributions. In: Zoos in the 21st century: Catalysts for conservation (eds. Zimmerman, A, Hatchwell, M, Dickie, L & West, CD). Cambridge University Press Cambridge.

Meiri, S. & Mace, G.M. (2007). New taxonomy and the origin of species (editorial). PLoS Biology, 5, 1-2.

2006

Akcakaya, H.R., Butchart, S.H.M., Mace, G.M., Stuart, S.N. & Hilton-Taylor, C. (2006). Use and misuse of the iucn red list criteria in projecting climate change impacts on biodiversity. Global Change Biology, 12, 2037-2043.

Bininda-Emonds, O.R.P., Beck, R.M.D., Cardillo, M., Gittleman, J.L., Grenyer, R., Jones, K.E., Mace, G.M., Price, S.A. & Purvis, A. (2006). The mammalian tree of life. In: The encyclopaedia of mammals (ed. Macdonald, DW). Oxford University Press Oxford, pp. xxxii-xxxiii.

Cardillo, M., Mace, G.M., Gittleman, J.L. & Purvis, A. (2006). Latent extinction risk and the future battlegrounds of mammal conservation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 103, 4157-4161.

Mace, G.M., Possingham, H.P. & Leader-Williams, N. (2006). Prioritizing choices in conservation. In: Key topics in conservation biology (eds. Macdonald, DW & Service, K). BlackwellPublising Oxford.

Balmford, A., Bennun, L., ten Brink, B., Cooper, D., Cote, I.M., Crane, P., Dobson, A., Dudley, N., Dutton, I., Green, R.E., Gregory, R.D., Harrison, J., Kennedy, E.T., Kremen, C., Leader-Williams, N., Lovejoy, T.E., Mace, G., May, R., Mayaux, P., Morling, P., Phillips, J., Redford, K., Ricketts, T.H., Rodriguez, J.P., Sanjayan, M., Schei, P.J., van Jaarsveld, A.S. & Walther, B.A. (2005). The convention on biological diversity's 2010 target. Science, 307, 212-213.

Balmford, A., Crane, P., Dobson, A., Green, R.E. & Mace, G.M. (2005). The 2010 challenge: Data availability, information needs and extraterrestrial insights. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences, 360, 221-228.

Butchart, S.H.M., Stattersfield, A.J., Baillie, J., Bennun, L.A., Stuart, S.N., Akcakaya, H.R., Hilton-Taylor, C. & Mace, G.M. (2005). Using red list indices to measure progress towards the 2010 target and beyond. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences, 360, 255-268.

Cardillo, M., Mace, G. & Purvis, A. (2005). Problems of studying extinction risks - response. Science, 310, 1277-1278.

Cardillo, M., Mace, G.M., Jones, K.E., Bielby, J., Bininda-Emonds, O.R.P., Sechrest, W., Orme, C.D.L. & Purvis, A. (2005). Multiple causes of high extinction risk in large mammal species. Science, 309, 1239-1241.

Dobson, A., Balmford, A., Crane, P.R., Green, R.E. & Mace, G.M. (2005). Establishing indicators for biodiversity - response. Science, 308, 792.

Green, R.E., Balmford, A., Crane, P.R., Mace, G.M., Reynolds, J.D. & Turner, R.K. (2005). A framework for improved monitoring of biodiversity: Responses to the world summit on sustainable development. Conservation Biology, 19, 56-65.

Isaac, N.J.B., Mace, G.M. & Mallet, J. (2005). Response to agapow and sluys: The reality of taxonomic change. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 20, 280-281.

Mace, G.M. (2005). Biodiversity - an index of intactness. Nature, 434, 32-33.

Mace, G.M., Baillie, J., Masundire, H., Ricketts, T.H., Brooks, T.M., Hoffmann, M., Stuart, S., Balmford, A., Purvis, A., Reyers, B., Wang, J., Revenga, C., Kennedy, E.T., Naeem, S., Alkemade, R., Allnutt, T., Bakarr, M., Bond, W., Chanson, J., Cox, N., Fonseca, G., Hilton-Taylor, C., Loucks, C., Rodrigues, A., Sechrest, W., Stattersfield, A.J., van Rensburg, B. & Whiteman, C. (2005). Biodiversity. In: Millennium ecosystem assessment. Current states and trends: Findings of the condition and trends working group. Ecosystems and human well-being, vol. 1. Island press Washington DC, pp. 77-122.

Mallet, J., Isaac, N.J.B. & Mace, G.M. (2005). Response to harris and froufe, and knapp et al: Taxonomic inflation. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 20, 8-9.

Regan, T.J., Burgman, M.A., McCarthy, M.A., Master, L.L., Keith, D.A., Mace, G.M. & Andelman, S.K. (2005). The consistency of extinction risk classification protocols. Conservation Biology, 19, 1969-1977.

2004

Agapow, P.M., Bininda-Emonds, O.R.P., Crandall, K.A., Gittleman, J.L., Mace, G.M., Marshall, J.C. & Purvis, A. (2004). The impact of species concept on biodiversity studies. Quarterly Review of Biology, 79, 161-179.

Butchart, S.H.M., Stattersfield, A.J., Bennun, L.A., Shutes, S.M., Akcakaya, H.R., Baillie, J.E.M., Stuart, S.N., Hilton-Taylor, C. & Mace, G.M. (2004). Measuring global trends in the status of biodiversity: Red list indices for birds. Plos Biology, 2, art. no.-e383.

Cardillo, M., Purvis, A., Sechrest, W., Gittleman, J.L., Bielby, J. & Mace, G.M. (2004). Human population density and extinction risk in the world's carnivores. PLoS Biology, 2, 0909-0914.

EASAC & Mace, G.M.C., Delbeare, B., Garcia Novo, F. Hanski, I., Harrison, J., Murlis, J. Pereira, H., Watt, A., Weiner, J. (2004). A users guide to biodiversity indicators. Eurpean Academies' Science Advisory Council London.

Isaac, N.J.B., Mallet, J. & Mace, G.M. (2004). Taxonomic inflation: Its influence on macroecology and conservation. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 19, 464-469.

Mace, G.M. (2004). The role of taxonomy in species conservation. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B-Biological Sciences, 359, 711-719.

McCarthy, M.A., Keith, D., Tietjen, J., Burgman, M.A., Maunder, M., Master, L., Brook, B.W., Mace, G., Possingham, H.P., Medellin, R., Andelman, S., Regan, H., Regan, T. & Ruckelshaus, M. (2004). Comparing predictions of extinction risk using models and subjective judgement. Acta Oecologica-International Journal of Ecology, 26, 67-74.

Projects

The PREDICTS project

ESPA research programme

The Valuing Nature Network

DIVERSITAS

Natural Capital Committee

British Ecological Society

Recent Talks:

Natural Capital Initiative: The Future of Natural Capital (2014).  Watch on YouTube

INTECOL plenary lecture (2013): Looking forwards not backwards: biodiversity conservation in the 21st century. Watch on YouTube.

Address:

Centre for Biodiversity & Environment Research (CBER),
Department of Genetics, Evolution and Environment,
University College London,
Gower Street,
London, WC1E 6BT, UK.


Directions to CBER are here

Telephone: 44 (0) 20 3108 1125

E-mail: g.mace@ucl.ac.uk

Skype: georgina.mace

Twitter @GMMace