Prof Neil Millar


Personal Profile

Name: Neil Millar Email:
Title: Prof Tel: 020 7679 7241
Department: Neuro, Physiology & Pharmacology Fax: 020 7679 7245
Position: Professor of Molecular Pharmacology Address: University College London, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT
Research Domain: Basic Life Sciences, Neuroscience Web Page: Personal Web Page


Research Description

Research in Professor Millar's group is aimed at gaining a better understanding of the molecular and cell biological properties of neurotransmitter receptors and ion channels. A current focus of research is the assembly and intracellular trafficking of neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (neuronal nAChRs). In contrast to the nAChR which is expressed at the mammalian neuromuscular junction and which is one of the best characterized neurotransmitter receptors, considerably less is known about the structural and functional properties of nAChRs expressed in the mammalian central and peripheral nervous system (the "neuronal" nAChRs).
Neuronal nAChRs are responsible for mediating the behavioural and addictive properties of nicotine and have been implicated as playing a role in learning, memory and in several neurological disorders (including epilepsy, schizophrenia and Alzheimer's disease). Nicotinic receptors (in insects) are also targets for the recently developed class of neonicotinoid insecticides A variety of neuronal nAChRs (and other neurotransmitter receptors) are being studied in our group, including those which have been cloned from vertebrates (rat and human) and invertebrates (such as the fruit fly Drosophila and insect pest species).
Our main experimental approach is to use molecular and cell biological techniques to examine the properties of cloned receptors and ion channels expressed in transfected cultured cell lines. The properties of these recombinant receptors are also being compared to those of native receptors expressed in cultured neuronal cells. A particular current research interest of our group is to identify factors influencing the assembly (subunit oligomerization), intracellular trafficking and pharmacological properties of neuronal nAChRs.

Research Activities

Molecular pharmacological characterisation of neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors

Education Description

Pharmacology, Biomedical Sciences, Neuroscience and Medicine degree courses.

UCL Collaborators

External Collaborators



    • Chatzidaki A, Fouillet A, Li J, Dage J, Millar NS, Sher E, Ursu D (2015). Pharmacological Characterisation of Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors Expressed in Human iPSC-Derived Neurons.. PloS one, 10(4), e0125116 - . doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0125116
    • Gill-Thind JK, Dhankher P, D'Oyley JM, Sheppard TD, Millar NS (2015). Structurally similar allosteric modulators of α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors exhibit five distinct pharmacological effects.. J Biol Chem, 290(6), 3552 - 3562. doi:10.1074/jbc.M114.619221
    • Lansdell SJ, Sathyaprakash C, Doward A, Millar NS (2015). Activation of human 5-hydroxytryptamine type 3 receptors via an allosteric transmembrane site.. Mol Pharmacol, 87(1), 87 - 95. doi:10.1124/mol.114.094540


    • Lipovsek M, Fierro A, Pérez EG, Boffi JC, Millar NS, Fuchs PA, Katz E, Elgoyhen AB (2014). Tracking the molecular evolution of calcium permeability in a nicotinic acetylcholine receptor.. Mol Biol Evol, 31(12), 3250 - 3265. doi:10.1093/molbev/msu258


    • Puinean AM, Lansdell SJ, Collins T, Bielza P, Millar NS (2013). A nicotinic acetylcholine receptor transmembrane point mutation (G275E) associated with resistance to spinosad in Frankliniella occidentalis.. J Neurochem, 124(5), 590 - 601. doi:10.1111/jnc.12029
    • Gill JK, Chatzidaki A, Ursu D, Sher E, Millar NS (2013). Contrasting properties of α7-selective orthosteric and allosteric agonists examined on native nicotinic acetylcholine receptors.. PLoS One, 8(1), e55047 - . doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0055047


    • Gill JK, Dhankher P, Sheppard TD, Sher E, Millar NS (2012). A series of α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor allosteric modulators with close chemical similarity but diverse pharmacological properties.. Mol Pharmacol, 81(5), 710 - 718. doi:10.1124/mol.111.076026
    • Rasoulpour RJ, Ellis-Hutchings RG, Terry C, Millar NS, Zablotny CL, Gibb A, Marshall V, Collins T, Carney EW, Billington R (2012). A Novel Mode-of-Action Mediated by the Fetal Muscle Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor Resulting in Developmental Toxicity in Rats. TOXICOLOGICAL SCIENCES, 127(2), 522 - 534. doi:10.1093/toxsci/kfs118
    • Lansdell SJ, Collins T, Goodchild J, Millar NS (2012). The Drosophila nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunits Dα5 and Dα7 form functional homomeric and heteromeric ion channels.. BMC Neurosci, 13, 73 - . doi:10.1186/1471-2202-13-73
    • Pałczyńska MM, Jindrichova M, Gibb AJ, Millar NS (2012). Activation of α7 nicotinic receptors by orthosteric and allosteric agonists: influence on single-channel kinetics and conductance.. Mol Pharmacol, 82(5), 910 - 917. doi:10.1124/mol.112.080259
    • Jindrichova M, Lansdell SJ, Millar NS (2012). Changes in temperature have opposing effects on current amplitude in α7 and α4β2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors.. PLoS One, 7(2), e32073 - . doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0032073


    • Gill JK, Savolainen M, Young GT, Zwart R, Sher E, Millar NS (2011). Agonist activation of alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors via an allosteric transmembrane site.. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 108(14), 5867 - 5872. doi:10.1073/pnas.1017975108
    • Collins T, Young GT, Millar NS (2011). Competitive binding at a nicotinic receptor transmembrane site of two α7-selective positive allosteric modulators with differing effects on agonist-evoked desensitization.. Neuropharmacology, 61(8), 1306 - 1313. doi:10.1016/j.neuropharm.2011.07.035


    • Millar NS, Lansdell SJ (2010). Characterisation of Insect Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors by Heterologous Expression. ADV EXP MED BIOL, 683, 65 - 73.
    • Puinean AM, Foster SP, Oliphant L, Denholm I, Field LM, Millar NS, Williamson MS, Bass C (2010). Amplification of a Cytochrome P450 Gene Is Associated with Resistance to Neonicotinoid Insecticides in the Aphid Myzus persicae. PLOS GENET, 6(6), - . doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1000999
    • Collins T, Millar NS (2010). Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor transmembrane mutations convert ivermectin from a positive to a negative allosteric modulator.. Mol Pharmacol, 78(2), 198 - 204. doi:10.1124/mol.110.064295
    • Li J, Shao Y, Ding ZP, Bao HB, Liu ZW, Han ZJ, Millar NS (2010). Native subunit composition of two insect nicotinic receptor subtypes with differing affinities for the insecticide imidacloprid. INSECT BIOCHEM MOLEC, 40(1), 17 - 22. doi:10.1016/j.ibmb.2009.12.003
    • Puinean AM, Denholm I, Millar NS, Nauen R, Williamson MS (2010). Characterisation of imidacloprid resistance mechanisms in the brown planthopperNilaparvata lugens Stål.. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 97, 129 - 132. doi:10.1016/j.pestbp.2009.06.008


    • Bauer CS, Nieto-Rostro M, Rahman W, Tran-Van-Minh A, Ferron L, Douglas L, Kadurin I, Sri Ranjan Y, Fernandez-Alacid L, Millar NS, Dickenson AH, Lujan R, Dolphin AC (2009). The increased trafficking of the calcium channel subunit alpha2delta-1 to presynaptic terminals in neuropathic pain is inhibited by the alpha2delta ligand pregabalin.. J Neurosci, 29(13), 4076 - 4088. doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0356-09.2009
    • Millar NS (2009). A review of experimental techniques used for the heterologous expression of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors.. Biochemical Pharmacology, 78, 766 - 776. doi:10.1016/j.bcp.2009.06.015
    • Liu Z, Han Z, Zhang Y, Song F, Yao X, Liu S, Gu J, Millar N (2009). Heteromeric co-assembly of two insect nicotinic acetylcholine receptor α subunits: influence on sensitivity to neonicotinoid insecticides.. Journal of Neurochemistry, 108, 498 - 506. doi:10.1111/j.1471-4159.2008.05790.x
    • Millar NS, Gotti C (2009). Diversity of vertebrate nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. Neuropharmacology, 56, 237 - 246. doi:10.1016/j.neuropharm.2008.07.041
    • Yixi Z, Liu Z, Han Z, Song F, Yao X, Shao Y, Li J, Millar NS (2009). Functional co-expression of two insect nicotinic receptor subunits (Nlα1 and Nlα8) reveal the effects of a resistance-associated mutation (Nlα3Y151S) on neonicotinoid insecticides.. Journal of Neurochemistry, 110, 1855 - 1862. doi:10.1111/j.1471-4159.2009.06280.x


    • Young GT, Zwart Z, Walker AS, Sher M, Millar NS (2008). Potentiation of α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors via an allosteric transmembrane site.. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 105, 14686 - 14691. doi:10.1073/pnas.0804372105
    • Millar NS (2008). RIC-3: a nicotinic acetylcholine receptor chaperone. British Journal of Pharmacology, 153(Suppl. 1), S177 - S183. doi:10.1038/sj.bjp.0707661
    • Kracun S, Harkness PC, Gibb AJ, Millar NS (2008). Influence of the M3-M4 intracellular domain upon nicotinic acetylcholine receptor assembly, targeting and function. British Journal of Pharmacology, 153, 1474 - 1484. doi:10.1038/sj.bjp.0707676
    • Millar NS, Harkness PC (2008). Assembly and trafficking of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. Molecular Membrane Biology, 25, 279 - 292. doi:10.1080/09687680802035675
    • Lansdell SJ, Collins T, Yabe A, Gee VJ, Gibb AJ, Millar NS (2008). Host-cell specific effects of the nicotinic receptor-associated protein RIC-3 revealed by a comparison of human and Drosophila RIC-3 homologues. Journal of Neurochemistry, 105, 1573 - 1581. doi:10.1111/j.1471-4159.2008.05235.x


    • Liu Z, Williamson MS, Lansdell SJ, Han Z, Denholm I, Millar NS (2007). Target site resistance to neonicotinoid insecticides in the brown planthopper Nilaparvata lugens. In Ohkawa H, Miyagawa H, Lee PW (Ed.), Pesticide Chemistry (pp. 271 - 274). : .
    • Gee VJ, Kracun S, Cooper ST, Gibb AJ, Millar NS (2007). Identification of domains influencing assembly and ion channel properties in α7 nicotinic receptor and 5-HT3 receptor subunit chimaeras. British Journal of Pharmacology, 152, 501 - 512. doi:10.1038/sj.bjp.0707429
    • Millar NS, Denholm I (2007). Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors: targets for commercially important insecticides. Invertebrate Neuroscience, 7, 53 - 66. doi:10.1007/s10158-006-0040-0
    • Plazas PV, Savino J, Kracun S, Gomez-Casati ME, Katz E, Parsons CG, Millar NS, Elgoyhen AB (2007). Inhibition of the α9α10 nicotinic cholinergic receptor by neramexane, an open channel blocker of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors. European Journal of Pharmacology, 566, 11 - 19. doi:10.1016/j.ejphar.2007.03.026
    • Young GT, Broad LM, Zwart R, Astles PC, Bodkin M, Sher E, Millar NS (2007). Species selectivity of a nicotinic acetylcholine receptor agonist is conferred by two adjacent extracellular beta 4 amino acids that are implicated in the coupling of binding to channel gating. MOL PHARMACOL, 71(2), 389 - 397. doi:10.1124/ml.106.030809


    • Bass C, Lansdell SJ, Millar NS, Schroeder I, Turberg A, Field LM, Williamson MS (2006). Molecular characterisation of nicotinic receptor subunits from the cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis (Siphonaptera: Pulicifae). Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 36, 86 - 96. doi:10.1016/j.ibmb.2005.11.003
    • Liu Z, Williamson MS, Lansdell SJ, Han Z, Denholm I, Millar NS (2006). A nicotinic acetylcholine receptor mutation (Y151S) causes reduced agonist potency to a range of neonicotinoid insecticides. Journal of Neurochemistry, 99, 1273 - 1281. doi:10.1111/j.1471-4159.2006.04167.x
    • Broadbent SD, Groot-Kormelink PJ, Krashia PA, Harkness PC, Millar NS, Beato M, Sivilotti L (2006). Incorporation of the ß3 subunit has a dominant negative effect on the function of recombinant central-type neuronal nicotinic receptors.. Molecular Pharmacology, 70, 1350 - 1357. doi:10.1124/mol.106.026682
    • Millar NS (2006). Ligand-gated ion channels. Encyclopedia of Life Sciences, , - . doi:10.1038/npg.els.0000154


    • Tomizawa M, Millar NS, Casida JE (2005). Pharmacological profiles of recombinant and native insect nicotinic acertylcholine receptors. Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 35, 1347 - 1355. doi:10.1016/j.ibmb.2005.08.006
    • Ballestero JA, Plazas PV, Kracun S, Gomez-Casati ME, Taranda J, Rothlin CV, Katz E, Millar NS, Elgoyhen AB (2005). Effects of quinine, quinidine, and chloroquine on α9α10 nicotinic cholinergic receptors. Molecular Pharmacology, 68, 822 - 829. doi:10.1124/mol.105.014431
    • Lansdell SJ, Gee VJ, Harkness PC, Doward AI, Baker ER, Gibb AJ, Millar NS (2005). RIC-3 enhances functional expression of multiple nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subtypes in mammalian cells. Molecular Pharmacology, 68, 1431 - 1438. doi:10.1124/mol.105.017459
    • Liu Z, Williamson MS, Lansdell SJ, Denholm I, Han Z, Millar NS (2005). A nicotinic acetylcholine receptor mutation conferring target-site resistance to imidacloprid in Nilaparvata lugens (brown planthopper). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 102, 8420 - 8425. doi:10.1073/pnas.0502901102


    • Baker ER, Zwart R, Sher E, Millar NS (2004). Pharmacological properties of α9α10 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors revealed by heterologous expression of subunit chimeras. Molecular Pharmacology, 65, 453 - 460.
    • Lansdell SJ, Millar NS (2004). Molecular characterization of Dα6 and Dα7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunits from Drosophila: formation of a high-affinity α-bungarotoxin binding site revealed by expression of subunit chimeras. Journal of Neurochemistry, 90, 479 - 489. doi:10.1111/j.1471-4159.2004.02499.x
    • Millar NS (2004). Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors: pharmacologically diverse drug tarrget in vertebrates and invertebrates. In Beadle D, Mellor IR, Usherwood PNR (Ed.), Neurotox '03, Neurotoxicological Targets from Functional Genomics and Proteomics (pp. 25 - 39). : Society of the Chemical Industry.
    • Craig PJ, Bose S, Zwart R, Beattie RE, Folly EA, Johnson LR, Bell E, Evans NM, Benedetti G, Pearson KH, McPhie GI, Volsen SG, Millar NS, Sher E, Broad LM (2004). Stable expression and characterisation of a human alpha 7 nicotinic subunit chimera: a tool for functional high-throughput screening. EUR J PHARMACOL, 502(1-2), 31 - 40. doi:10.1016/j.ejphar.2004.08.042


    • Boyd GW, Doward AI, Kirkness EF, Millar NS, Connolly CN (2003). Cell surface expression of 5-hydroxytryptamine type 3 receptors is controlled by an endoplasmic reticulum retention signal. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 278(30), 27681 - 27687. doi:10.1074/jbc.M304938200
    • Millar NS (2003). Assembly and subunit diversity of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. Biochemical Society Transactions, 31(4), 869 - 874.


    • Millar NS (2002). Assembly and targeting of neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. In Moss SJ, Henley J (Ed.), Receptor and Ion-Channel Trafficking (pp. 109 - 127). : Oxford University Press.
    • Harkness PC, Millar NS (2002). Changes in conformation and subcellular distribution of α4β2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors revealed by chronic nicotine treatment and expression of subunit chimeras. Journal of Neuroscience, 22(23), 10172 - 10181.
    • Sharples CGV, Karig G, Simpson GL, Spencer JA, Wright E, Millar NS, Wonnacott S, Gallagher T (2002). Synthesis and pharmacological characterization of novel analogues of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor agonist (+/-)-UB-165. J MED CHEM, 45(15), 3235 - 3245. doi:10.1021/jm0208141
    • Khiroug SS, Harkness PC, Lamb PW, Sudweeks SN, Khiroug L, Millar NS, Yakel JL (2002). Rat nicotinic ACh receptor α7 and β2 subunits co-assemble to form functional heteromeric nicotinic receptor channels. The Journal of Physiology, 540(2), 425 - 434. doi:10.1113/jphysiol.2001.013847
    • Lansdell SJ, Millar NS (2002). Dbeta3, an atypical nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunit from Drosophila : molecular cloning, heterologous expression and coassembly.. J Neurochem, 80(6), 1009 - 1018.


    • Harkness PC, Millar NS (2001). Inefficient cell-surface expression of hybrid complexes formed by the co-assembly of neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor and serotonin receptor subunits. Neuropharmacology, 41, 79 - 87.


    • Huang Y, Williamson MS, Devonshire AL, Windass JD, Lansdell SJ, Millar NS (2000). Cloning, heterologous expression and co-assembly of Mpβ1, a nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunit from the aphid Myzus persicae.. Neuroscience Letters, 284, 116 - 120. doi:10.1016/S0304-3940(00)00969-1
    • Lansdell SJ, Millar NS (2000). The influence of nicotinic receptor subunit composition upon agonist, α-bungarotoxin and insecticide(imidacloprid) binding affinity. Neuropharmacology, 39, 671 - 679. doi:10.1016/S0028-3908(99)00170-7
    • Lansdell SJ, Millar NS (2000). Cloning and heterologous expression of Dalpha4, a Drosophila neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunit: identification of an alternative exon influencing the efficiency of subunit assembly.. Neuropharmacology, 39(13), 2604 - 2614.
    • Sivilotti LG, Colquhoun D, Millar N (2000). Comparison of native and recombinant neuronal nicotinic receptors: Problems of measurement and expression. In Clementi F, Fornasari D, Gotti C (Ed.), Neuronal Nicotinic Receptors, Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology (pp. 379 - 416). : Springer Verlag.


    • Huang Y, Williamson MS, Devonshire AL, Windass JD, Lansdell SJ, Millar NS (1999). Molecular characterization and imidacloprid selectivity of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunits from the peach-potato aphid Myzus persicae. Journal of Neurochemistry, 73, 380 - 389. doi:10.1046/j.1471-4159.1999.0730380.x
    • Millar NS (1999). Heterologous expression of mammalian and insect neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in cultured cell lines. Biochemical Society Transactions, 27, 944 - 950.
    • Cooper ST, Harkness PC, Baker ER, Millar NS (1999). Up-regulation of cell-surface α4β2 neuronal nicotinic receptors by lower temperature and expression of chimeric subunits. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 274(38), 27145 - 27152.


    • Yagodin S, Hardie RC, Lansdell SJ, Millar NS, Mason WT, Sattelle DB (1998). Thapsigargin and receptor-mediated activation of Drosophila TRPL channels stably expressed in a Drosophila S2 cell line.. Cell Calcium, 23(4), 219 - 228.
    • Han K-A, Millar NS (1998). A novel octopamine receptor with preferential expression in Drosophila mushroom bodies. Journal of Neuroscience, 18, 3650 - 3658.
    • Cooper ST, Millar NS (1998). Host cell-specific folding of the neuronal nicotinic receptor α8 subunit. Journal of Neurochemistry, 70, 2585 - 2593. doi:10.1046/j.1471-4159.1998.70062585.x
    • Reaper CM, Fanelli F, Buckingham SD, Millar NS, Satelle DB (1998). Antagonist profile and molecular dynamic simulation of a Drosophila melanogaster muscarinic acetylcholine receptor. Receptors and Channels, 5, 331 - 345.


    • Cooper ST, Millar NS (1997). Host cell-specific folding and assembly of the neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor α7 subunit. Journal of Neurochemistry, 68, 2140 - 2151. doi:10.1046/j.1471-4159.1997.68052140.x
    • Lewis TM, Harkness PC, Sivilotti LG, Colquhoun D, Millar NS (1997). The ion channel properties of a rat recombinant neuronal nicotinic receptor are dependent on the host cell type. The Journal of Physiology, 505, 299 - 306.
    • Lansdell SJ, Schmitt B, Betz H, Sattelle DB, Millar NS (1997). Temperature-sensitive expression of Drosophila neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. Journal of Neurochemistry, 68, 1812 - 1819. doi:10.1046/j.1471-4159.1997.68051812.x
    • Hardie RC, Reuss H, Lansdell SJ, Millar NS (1997). Functional equivalence of native light-sensitive channels in the Drosophila trp301 mutant and TRPL cation channels expressed in a stably transfected Drosophila cell line.. Cell Calcium, 21(6), 431 - 440.


    • Han K-A, Millar NS, Grotewiel MS, Davis RL (1996). DAMB, a novel dopamine receptor expressed specifically in Drosophila mushroom bodies.. Neuron, 16, 1127 - 1135. doi:10.1016/S0896-6273(00)80139-7
    • Buckingham SD, Matsuda K, Hosie AM, Baylis HA, Squire MD, Lansdell SJ, Millar NS, Sattelle DB (1996). Wild-type and insecticide-resistant homo-oligomeric GABA receptors of Drosophila melanogaster stably expressed in a Drosophila cell line. Neuropharmacology, 35, 1393 - 1401.


    • Green WN, Millar , N S (1995). Ion-channel assembly. Trends in Neurosciences, 18, 280 - 281. doi:10.1016/0166-2236(95)80009-Q
    • Millar NS, Moss SJ, Green WN (1995). Assembly, post-translational processing, and subcellular localization of ion channels. In Ashley RH (Ed.), Ion Channels A Practical Approach (pp. 191 - 217). : IRL Press.
    • Millar NS, Baylis HA, Reaper C, Bunting R, Mason WT, Sattelle DB (1995). Functional expression of a cloned Drosophila muscarinic acetylcholine receptor in a stable Drosophila cell line. Journal of Experimental Biology, 198, 1843 - 1850.


    • Millar NS, Buckingham SD, Sattelle DB (1994). Stable expression of a functional homo-oligomeric Drosophila GABA receptor in a Drosophila cell line. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 258, 307 - 314. doi:10.1098/rspb.1994.0178


    • Stewart M, Vipond B, Millar NS, Emmerson PT (1993). RNA editing in Newcastle disease virus. Journal of General Virology, 74, 2539 - 2547.
    • Ertel C, Millar NS, Emmerson PT, Schirrmacher V, von Hoegen P (1993). Viral hemagglutinin augments peptide-specific cytotoxic T cell responses. European Journal of Immunology, 23, 2592 - 2596.


    • Millar NS, Feldman JD, Hartman DS, Claudio T (1992). Clustering of acetylcholine receptors by extracellular synaptic factors. In Kelly AM, Blau HM (Ed.), Neuromuscular Development and Disease (pp. 293 - 302). : Raven Press.


    • Hartman DS, Millar NS, Claudio T (1991). Extracellular synaptic factors induce clustering of acetylcholine receptors stably expressed in fibroblasts. The Journal of Cell Biology, 115, 165 - 177.
    • Narang HK, Millar NS, Asher DM, Gajdusek DC (1991). Increased multimeric mitochondrial DNA in the brain of scrapie-infected hamsters. Intervirology, 32, 316 - 324.


    • Boursnell MEG, Green PF, Samson ACR, Campbell JIA, Deuter A, Peters RW, Millar NS, Emmerson PT, Binns MM (1990). A recombinant fowlpox virus expressing the hemagglutinin-neuraminidase gene of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) protects chickens against challenge by NDV. Virology, 178, 297 - 300.
    • Couturier S, Bertrand D, Matter J-M, Hernandez M-C, Bertrand S, Millar N, Valera S, Barkas T, Ballivet M (1990). A neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunit (α7) is developmentally regulated and forms a homo-oligomeric channel blocked by α-BTX. Neuron, 5, 847 - 856. doi:10.1016/0896-6273(90)90344-F


    • Millar NS, Chambers P, Emmerson PT (1988). Nucleotide sequence of the fusion and haemagglutinin-neuraminidase glycoprotein genes of Newcastle disease virus, strain Ulster: molecular basis for variations in pathogenicity between strains. Journal of General Virology, 69, 613 - 620. doi:10.1099/0022-1317-69-3-61
    • Chambers P, Nesbit M, Yusoff K, Millar NS, Samson ACR, Emmerson PT (1988). Location of a neutralizing epitope for the haemagglutinin-neuraminidase glycoprotein of Newcastle disease virus. Journal of General Virology, 69, 2115 - 2122. doi:10.1099/0022-1317-69-8-2115
    • Millar NS, Emmerson PT (1988). Molecular cloning and nucleotide sequence of Newcastle disease virus. In Alexander DJ (Ed.), Newcastle Disease (pp. 79 - 97). : Kluwer Academic Publishers.


    • Yusoff K, Millar NS, Chambers P, Emmerson PT (1987). Nucleotide sequence analysis of the L gene of Newcastle disease virus: homologies with Sendai and vesicular stomatitis viruses. Nucleic Acids Research, 15, 3961 - 3976.


    • Chambers P, Millar NS, Emmerson PT (1986). Nucleotide sequence of the gene encoding the fusion glycoprotein of Newcastle disease virus. Journal of General Virology, 67, 2685 - 2694. doi:10.1099/0022-1317-67-12-2685
    • Chambers P, Millar NS, Emmerson PT (1986). Nucleotide sequence of the gene encoding the matrix protein of Newcastle disease virus. Nucleic Acids Research, 14, 9051 - 9061.
    • Chambers P, Millar NS, Bingham RW, Emmerson PT (1986). Molecular cloning of complementary DNA to Newcastle disease virus, and nucleotide sequence analysis of the junction between the genes encoding the haemagglutinin-neuraminidase and the large protein. Journal of General Virology, 67, 475 - 486. doi:10.1099/0022-1317-67-3-475
    • Millar NS, Chambers P, Emmerson PT (1986). Nucleotide sequence analysis of the haemagglutinin-neuraminidase gene of Newcastle disease virus. , 67, 1917 - 1927. doi:10.1099/0022-1317-67-9-1917

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