UCL Energy Institute

Prof Paul Dodds

Prof Paul Dodds

Professor of Energy Systems

Bartlett School Env, Energy & Resources

Faculty of the Built Environment

Joined UCL
7th Mar 2011

Research summary

Paul's principle research interests lie in the interactions between society and the environment, with a particular focus on energy and food.

He has coordinated the development of a new UK energy system model, the UK TIMES model, that has replaced the UK MARKAL model. UK MARKAL has profoundly influenced UK climate policy over the last few years and UK TIMES is expected to have a similar impact.

As part of the model development process, Paul has made several methodological contributions towards improving the design of energy system models. He has formalised a theoretical approach to analysing the evolution of energy system models using "model archaeology" and has published papers comparing approaches for representing the transport and residential sectors. Paul has published a range of papers on socioeconomic challenges for hydrogen and fuel cell technologies, including exploring the potential for hydrogen to decarbonise heating and road transport. He has been at the forefront of efforts to identify future scenarios for the UK gas networks as an important policy and research issue for the UK, including publishing papers on the future of the networks, including conversion to hydrogen, and organising a workshop that brought together government, industry and academia.

Paul's doctoral work focused on climate change and agriculture in Senegal. He characterised the effects of climate variability and change on the livelihoods of rural farmers and examined how agricultural adaptation could reduce climatic impacts. He created a new crop model to examine agricultural adaptation to climate change and specifically rainfall variability. This work built on his previous work on rainfall and evapotranspiration in the Murray-Darling basin in Australia. Paul has continued these interests at UCL through supervising a PhD student that is examining the impact of climate change and land degradation on global crop yields, in conjunction with IIASA.  He is also interested in examining the importance of weather and climate data on energy generation and demand.

Teaching summary

Paul supervises six PhD students at UCL, including five as primary supervisor.  He also supervises MSc student theses and give seminars to the MSc in Economics and Policy of Energy and the Environment.


University of Leeds
Doctorate, Doctor of Philosophy | 2010
University of Nottingham
Other higher degree, Master of Natural Science (Honours) | 2000


Paul Dodds is Professor of Energy Systems in the UCL Energy Institute and the Institute for Sustainable Resources. He specialises in energy systems modelling and has particular interest in modelling hydrogen and bioenergy systems, and the importance of energy storage.

He has developed the UK TIMES energy systems model, to replace the UK MARKAL model. UK MARKAL contributed to UK energy policy over the last 10 years and UK TIMES has already been used by the UK Department of Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) to provide underpinning evidence for their fifth carbon budget impact assessment and for the Clean Growth Strategy. The model is now co-developed with BEIS.

Paul has published papers on the design of energy system models, on hydrogen and on the future of the UK gas networks. He formalised a theoretical approach to analysing the evolution of energy system models using "model archaeology".

Paul has a comprehensive knowledge of climate change issues from climate science, adaptation and mitigation perspectives. During his PhD at the University of Leeds, he developed a new crop model for adaptation research and created the most detailed long-term meteorological datasets for West Africa in existence. This work included fieldwork in Africa and six months working at the CIRAD research centre in Montpellier, France. He previously worked at CSIRO in Adelaide on irrigation issues in Australia. From an energy perspective, his previous positions include working as a Research Fellow at the UK Parliament, where he examined the transition to a low carbon economy in the UK, and working on safety and economic issues in the nuclear industry.

Paul supervises six PhD students. He also supervises Masters student theses and gives seminars to the MSc in Economics and Policy of Energy and the Environment.  He is the Research Graduate Tutor for the PhD programme at the Institute of Sustainable Resources.