History of Art


Murad Khan

PhD supervisor: Ramon Amaro
Working title for PhD: 'Ontogeny’s Exhaust: Noise, Race and the Individuation of Thought.'

“I am made of the irrational; I wade in the irrational. Up to the neck in the irrational.” [1]

Directed through an emerging philosophy of noise, my research seeks to read Frantz Fanon as a philosopher of information and to bridge his work on the operations and effects of racialisation with Gilbert Simondon’s philosophy of individuation. Taken through the technics of adversarial machine learning and error-centric processes such as backpropagation and gradient descent in neural networks, I propose that Fanon’s philosophy outlines the pathologies and ruptures constitutive of a teratology of the subject, re-situating noise as a foundational force in the development of the individual and the movement of thought, with implications for contemporary research into automated forms of thought in machine learning for artificial intelligence.  

[1] Fanon, Frantz. Black Skin, White Masks. trans. Charles Lam Markmann. London: Pluto Press, 2008. 93.


  • Creative-AI Lab: Chromatic Aberrations: On the Notion of the Adversarial (forthcoming 2021)
  • Stages Journal (Liverpool Biennial): Notes on a (dis)continuous surface (forthcoming 2020)
  • e-flux Journal #109: Towards Black Individuation and a Calculus of Variations (2020)

Conference papers and presentations:

  • ‘New Anamorphisms’. Aesthetics of New AI: Serpentine Gallery, 9 October 2020.
  • ‘Johann Lavater and the positivist turn in physiognomic thought.’ #AIAS: Goethe-Institut, Glasgow,  7-11 October 2019.

Media appearances/outreach work:

  • SPACE Studios: Art + Technology Artist in Residence (2018-19)


Visiting Practitioner at UAL Central Saint Martins: MRes Art: Theory & Philosophy course

  • Seminar Series: Individuation and the Archive
  • Seminar Series: Aesthetics of Machine Learning


  • CHASE/LAHP Funding