History of Art


Chloe Julius

PhD supervisor: Professor Tamar Garb 
Working title for PhD: '1990s ‘Jewish Art’ in the Context of Twentieth-Century American Art and Criticism'

This PhD explores the relationship between the so-called ‘Jewish’ art of the 1990s and the history of American art and criticism of the twentieth century. This relationship, I argue, was cemented when the old category of ‘Jewish art’ re-emerged to describe new tendencies in artistic practices of the 1990s. While the category ‘Jewish art’ is by no means exclusive to American art, its development in America is uniquely entangled with that of its national art. This is, in part, due to the interconnected nature of the histories of American Jewry and American art, a historical tangle that was resurfaced in the 1990s reappraisal of the category. While a preoccupation with the past is a feature discernible in much of 1990s art – what Hal Foster has called its “archival impulse” – the central claim underpinning this PhD is that the particular archive revealed by the so-called ‘Jewish’ art of this period offers crucial insight into the ways in which identity put pressure on the development of American art.

Lectures and Conference Papers:

  • 'A Crisis of Scholarship: The Category 'Jewish Art' in 1990s America', British Association for Jewish Studies Annual Conference, 7 July
  • ‘Sculpture and Holocaust Memory in 1990s America’, Association for Art History Annual Conference, April 2021
  • 'History, Art and Identity in A Postcolonial Kinderhood by Elaine Reichek', Jewish History Seminar, Institute for Historical Research, Senate House, 18 January 2021
  • 'Laughter and Holocaust Memory: Humour in No Other Symptoms: Time Travelling with Rosalind Brodsky', On Laughter, UCL, 12-13 July 2019
  • 'Reading on the Monitor: Text in No Other Symptoms… Time Travelling with Rosalind Brodsky (1999)', Association for Art History New Voices: Art and Text, University of Nottingham, 6 November 2019


  • ''Charlotte Salomon: Life? or Theatre' at the Jewish Museum, London' (Review), Shofar: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Jewish Studies, Autumn 2021 (forthcoming)
  • '“Made-Unmade-Remade”: Art, History and Identity in A Postcolonial Kinderhood', Object 23, 2021 (forthcoming)
  • ‘“And a More Offensive Spectacle I Cannot Recall”: Humour in …No Other Symptoms: Time Travelling With Rosalind Brodsky (1999) by Suzanne Treister’, Palgrave Studies in Comedy Series (under review) 
  • 'When the Critics Saw: The Early Years of October', Caesura, Issue 0, 2020
  • 'C. Oliver O’Donnell, Meyer Schapiro’s Critical Debates: Art Through a Modern Mind' (Review), Object 22, 2020 
  • 'On Celebrating Women Artists: The Long View on Tate Britain’s Sixty Years Display and Richard Saltoun’s 100% Women Programme', Object, 21 (2019)


  • Art in London, UCL (2021-2022)
  • Critical Studies BFA 1 & 3, The Slade School of Fine Art (2019-2020)
  • Methodologies of Making, UCL (2020-2021)
  • Critical Studies BFA2, The Slade School of Fine Art (2020-2021)


  • This PhD project is fully funded by the London Arts and Humanities Partnership (AHRC) and supervised by Professor Tamar Garb.
  • Awarded the 2020 Terra Foundation for American Art Travel Grant for the research project: ‘On the Re-emergence of an Old Category: Precursors for 1990s ‘Jewish Art’ in Postwar American Art and Criticism’