Textile Economy and Urbanisation in Mediterranean Europe 1000-500BCE


The PROCON project aims to explore the role of textile production and consumption in the formation of early states, using the example of the Mediterranean Europe. The aim is to test the hypothesis that textile production and consumption was a significant driving force of the economy and of the creation and perception of wealth in Mediterranean Europe during the period of urbanisation and early urbanism in 1000-500 BCE.

The focus will be on the significance of the production and consumption of textiles for the development of city-states (as clothing, elite regalia, trade and exchange items) and the implications of this for other aspects of the economy, such as the use of farm land, labour resources and the development of urban lifestyle. This aim is achieved by addressing the following questions:

  • How was this production and consumption organised: where did the various resources come from, what were the technologies used, what was the level of organisation?
  • Who was involved in textile production and consumption?
  • What was the quality and quantity of textiles produced and how they changes over time in response of urban consumer demands?

The geographical area selected for this study is eastern, central and western Mediterranean Europe, Greece, Italy and Spain.

Related outputs

  • Gleba, M., Harris, S. and Cutler, J. (2013) Production and Consumption: Textile Economy and Urbanisation in Mediterranean Europe 1000–500 BCE (PROCON). Archaeology International 16:54-58

Project website

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Project Leader:

Project Members:

  • Susanna Harris (2013-15)
  • Joanne Cutler


Further information:

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