Institute of Archaeology

Dr Andrew Garrard

Dr Andrew Garrard

Reader in Early Prehistory

Institute of Archaeology Gordon Square

Institute of Archaeology

Joined UCL
1st Oct 1990

Research summary

Much of my research has focused on the development of hunter-gatherer and early farming communities through the Epipalaeolithic and Neolithic in the Levantine sector of the Near East. This has been considered against the backdrop of changing environments between the last glacial maximum and the early to mid-Holocene. I have particularly centred my field-studies on lesser known areas lying at the periphery of the park-woodland belt where many of the earliest domesticates had their origins. I have directed three major archaeological field projects in the region including in the Azraq Basin located in the steppe/desert environments of eastern Jordan; in the Sakçagözu area at the northern end of the Levantine rift valley (south-east Turkey); and more recently in the Qadisha Valley which is situated in the forested mountain environments of northern Lebanon. Further details of each project are given below: The Azraq Basin Project (Jordan). Currently preparing a multi-volume report on this large-scale survey and excavation project undertaken in the steppe and oasis environments of the Azraq Basin in eastern Jordan. This focussed on late Upper Palaeolithic, Epipalaeolithic and Neolithic settlement in the region (30,000-7,500 cal BP). In collaboration with: Brian Byrd (Davis, CA), Douglas Baird (University of Liverpool), Christopher Hunt (University of Belfast) and Susan Colledge, Louise Martin and Katherine Wright (UCL, London). Funds came from a number of sources including the British Academy, the British Institute at Amman for Archaeology and History (now the Council for British Research in the Levant), the British Museum, the National Geographic Society, the Palestine Exploration Fund and the G.A. Wainwright Fund. See website: http://www.ucl.ac.uk/archaeology/research/directory/azraq_garrard. The Qadisha Valley Project (Lebanon). This survey and excavation project has been co-directed by myself and Corine Yazbeck (Lebanese University Beirut) and has focused on Palaeolithic and Neolithic settlement in the forested mountain environments of the Qadisha Valley in northern Lebanon. A major element has been the excavation of two caves with Early Epipalaeolithic through to Late Neolithic levels (22,000–7,500 cal BP) at Moghr el-Ahwal. Collaborators include: Gassia Artin (Lebanese University Beirut), Martin Bates (University of Wales Lampeter) and Susan Colledge, Yvonne Edwards, Kevan Edinborough, Richard Macphail and Katherine Wright (UCL, London). Funds have been provided by the British Academy, the Council for British Research in the Levant, the Leakey Foundation, the Seven Pillars of Wisdom Trust, the Society of Antiquaries of London and the University of London Central Research Fund. See website: http://www.ucl.ac.uk/archaeology/research/projects/qadisha.

Teaching summary

From 1990-2005, I was responsible for all BA/BSc and MA/MSc Palaeolithic teaching at the Institute of Archaeology UCL, running courses on 'Early Hominin Societies’ and on ‘Late Palaeolithic and Mesolithic Societies’. In 2005 a new staff member with research interests in the earlier periods was recruited and since then I have been teaching BA/BSc and MA/MSc courses on the ‘Archaeology of Hunter-Gatherers from the Emergence of Modern Humans’, and within my own research field, on the ‘Evolution of Palaeolithic and Neolithic Societies in the Near East’. In addition, since 2008 I have been the co-ordinator of a new very successful MSc degree in ‘Palaeoanthropology and Palaeolithic Archaeology’ which has been taught jointly by staff in the Dept of Anthropology and the Institute of Archaeology. I am also the co-ordinator of the core course for that degree. In addition, since first arriving at UCL, I have been first supervisor of a number of very successful PhD students in fields including: the Lower Palaeolithic of Britain and Spain; the Epipalaeolithic of Jordan; the Neolithic of the Aegean region and of central Anatolia; the beginnings of animal domestication in the Levant; the history and context of late C19th and early C20th archaeological research in the Middle East; ethnobotanical studies amongst traditional communities in eastern Siberia.


University of Cambridge
PhD, Archaeology | 1981
University of Cambridge
PGCert, Archaeology | 1972
University of Newcastle upon Tyne
BSc Hons, Zoology and Geology | 1971


BSc in Zoology and Geology from University of Newcastle (1971); Postgraduate Certificate in Prehistoric Archaeology from University of Cambridge (1972); PhD on “Man-animal-plant relationships in the Upper Pleistocene and Early Holocene of the Levant” from University of Cambridge (1981). During my university training period (from 1967 onwards) involved in Palaeolithic and Neolithic field projects in Britain, Greece, Israel, Lebanon, Jordan and Saudi-Arabia. Between 1982-83 Assistant-Director and from 1983-1989 Director of the British Institute at Amman for Archaeology and History (Jordan). During that period, ran a major survey and excavation project on the late Palaeolithic and Neolithic of the Azraq Basin in eastern Jordan involving staff and students from a range of countries. For further information see: http://www.ucl.ac.uk/archaeology/research/directory/azraq_garrard. Between 1989-90, Leverhulme Research Fellow at Department of Archaeology, University of Sheffield. In 1990 appointed to Lectureship in Palaeolithic and Mesolithic Archaeology at the Institute of Archaeology UCL, where I continue until the present day. In 2003 promoted to Senior Lectureship. During those years have continued with field research on the late Palaeolithic and Neolithic of the Near East running a field project in the Sakcagozu area of south-east Turkey and co-directing a survey and excavation project in the Qadisha Valley of northern Lebanon. For further information see: http://www.ucl.ac.uk/archaeology/research/projects/qadisha. In 1997 elected as Fellow of Society of Antiquaries of London, and from end of 2006 have been Honorary Secretary of the Council for British Research in the Levant.