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Institute of Archaeology

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Dr Andrew Garrard

Dr Andrew Garrard

Reader in Early Prehistory

Institute of Archaeology Gordon Square

Institute of Archaeology

Joined UCL
1st Oct 1990

Research summary

Much of my research has focused on the development of hunter-gatherer and early farming communities through the Epipalaeolithic and Neolithic in the Levantine sector of the Near East. This has been considered against the backdrop of changing environments between the last glacial maximum and the early to mid-Holocene. I have particularly centred my field-studies on lesser known areas lying at the margins of the park-woodland belt where many of the earliest domesticates had their origins. I have directed three major archaeological field projects in the region including in the Azraq Basin located in the steppe/desert environments of eastern Jordan; in the Sakçagözu area at the northern end of the Levantine rift valley (south-eastern Turkey); and more recently in the Qadisha Valley which is situated in the forested mountain environments of northern Lebanon. Further details are given below: 

The Azraq Basin Project (Jordan). Currently preparing a multi-volume report on this large-scale survey and excavation project undertaken in the steppe and oasis environments of the Azraq Basin in eastern Jordan. This focussed on late Upper Palaeolithic, Epipalaeolithic and Neolithic settlement in the region (30,000-7,500 cal BP). In collaboration with: Brian Byrd (Davis, CA), Douglas Baird and Christopher Hunt (University of Liverpool) and Susan Colledge, Louise Martin and Katherine Wright (UCL, London). Funds came from a number of sources including the British Academy, the British Institute at Amman for Archaeology and History (now the Council for British Research in the Levant), the British Museum, the National Geographic Society, the Palestine Exploration Fund and the G.A. Wainwright Fund. See website: http://www.ucl.ac.uk/archaeology/research/directory/azraq_garrard.  

The Qadisha Valley Project (Lebanon). This survey and excavation project has been co-directed by myself and Corine Yazbeck (Lebanese University Beirut) and has focused on Palaeolithic and Neolithic settlement in the forested mountain environments of the Qadisha Valley in northern Lebanon. A major element has been the excavation of two caves with Epipalaeolithic and Neolithic levels (20,000–8,500 cal BP) at Moghr el-Ahwal. Collaborators include: Gassia Artin (Lebanese University Beirut), Martin Bates (University of Wales Lampeter) and Susan Colledge, Yvonne Edwards, Kevan Edinborough, Richard Macphail and Katherine Wright (UCL, London). Funds have been provided by the British Academy, the Council for British Research in the Levant, the Leakey Foundation, the Seven Pillars of Wisdom Trust, the Society of Antiquaries of London and the University of London Central Research Fund. See website: http://www.ucl.ac.uk/archaeology/research/projects/qadisha.

Teaching summary

Coordinator of the MSc degree in Palaeoanthropology and Palaeolithic Archaeology.

Coordinator of following courses:

- Themes in Palaeoanthropology and Palaeolithic Archaeology (Masters course)

- Archaeology of Hunter-Gatherers from the Emergence of Modern Humans (Masters course)

- Emergence and Spread of Modern Humans (Undergraduate course: years 2-3)

Since first arriving at UCL, I have been involved in the supervision of a number of very successful PhD students in fields including: the Lower and Middle Palaeolithic of Britain and Spain; Neanderthal diet and tooth attrition; Neanderthal resource use in Portugal; the settlement, food procurement strategies and technology of Epipalaeolithic and Neolithic communities in the Levant; the Neolithic of the Aegean region and of central Anatolia; the transition from hunting and gathering to plant and animal domestication in the Near East; the Mesolithic of Scandinavia; wild plant use amongst indigenous communities in Eastern Siberia; Archaic period hunter-gatherers in the Chilean Andes and Patagonia; and on the early history and context of archaeological research in the Middle East.

Education

University of Cambridge
Doctorate, Doctor of Philosophy | 1981
University of Cambridge
Other Postgraduate qualification (including professional), Postgraduate Certificate | 1972
University of Newcastle upon Tyne
First Degree, Bachelor of Science | 1971

Biography

BSc in Zoology and Geology from University of Newcastle (1971); Postgraduate Certificate in Prehistoric Archaeology from University of Cambridge (1972); PhD on “Man-animal-plant relationships in the Upper Pleistocene and Early Holocene of the Levant” from University of Cambridge (1981). Whilst taking these degrees, I was involved in Palaeolithic and Neolithic field projects in Britain, Greece, Israel, Lebanon, Jordan and Saudi-Arabia. Between 1982-83 I was Assistant-Director and from 1983-1989 Director of the British Institute at Amman for Archaeology and History in Jordan (now under the umbrella of the Council for British Research in the Levant). During that period, I ran a major survey and excavation project on the late Palaeolithic and Neolithic of the Azraq Basin in eastern Jordan involving staff and students from a range of countries. For further information see: http://www.ucl.ac.uk/archaeology/research/directory/azraq_garrard. 

Between 1989-90, Leverhulme Research Fellow at Department of Archaeology, University of Sheffield. In 1990 appointed to Lectureship in Palaeolithic and Mesolithic Archaeology at the Institute of Archaeology UCL, where I continue until the present day. In 2003 promoted to Senior Lectureship and in 2014 to Readership in Early Prehistory. During these years I have continued with field research on the late Palaeolithic and Neolithic of the Near East including running field project in the Sakcagozu area of south-easterrn Turkey and co-directing a survey and excavation project in the Qadisha Valley of northern Lebanon. For further information see: http://www.ucl.ac.uk/archaeology/research/projects/qadisha.  

In 1997 elected as Fellow of Society of Antiquaries of London, and at intervals from 1990 to the present have served on Management Committees of the Council for British Research in the Levant and its forerunners (the British School of Archaeology in Jerusalem, and the British Institute at Amman for Archaeology and History) as well as on the British Institute in Ankara.

I am currently the Chair of Examiners and the joint Coordinator of the Archaeology Sciences Section at the Institute of Archaeology UCL.

Publications