History of the Institute
Institute of Archaeology: 80 Years of history 1937 - 2017
The origin of the Institute of Archaeology goes back to
Mortimer Wheeler’s vision of creating a centre for archaeological training in
Britain, which he conceived in the 1920s. Thanks to his efforts and those of
his wife, Tessa Verney Wheeler, his ambitions were realised when the Institute
was officially opened in 1937, with Mortimer Wheeler as its first director.
its early members of staff were some of the founding ancestors of archaeology
in Britain. Foremost among these, apart from Wheeler himself, was Gordon
Childe, director from 1946 to 1957, but there were many others, including
Kathleen Kenyon, excavator of Jericho, initially secretary then the Institute’s
acting director during World War II; Frederick Zeuner, one of the founders of
quaternary studies and of zooarchaeology; Joan du Plat Taylor, the Institute’s
librarian for many years, who was a founder of underwater archaeology; and Max
Mallowan, Professor of Western Asiatic Archaeology (and second husband of
Celebrating our 80th Anniversary
The Institute celebrated its 80th Anniversary in 2017.
Today the Institute remains at the forefront of research and teaching in world archaeology, archaeological sciences and heritage studies, focusing on the importance of the past in the present and for the future, and has a student body whose remarkable diversity is second to none.
Celebrating our 75th Anniversary
The Institute of Archaeology celebrated its 75th anniversary
in 2012 and a number of events and activities were held to mark this milestone. Read some of the articles and coverage from this anniversary.
More about our history
Initially the Institute was based in St John’s Lodge, Regent’s Park, but in 1958 it moved into purpose-built new premises in Gordon Square, next to UCL in the heart of Bloomsbury, where it remains to this day, ideally placed between the British Museum and the British Library and with its own outstanding library, laboratories and collections. Until the mid 1980s the Institute of Archaeology was an independent institute within the University of London but in 1986 it joined UCL.
Although the Institute is proud of its founding ancestors it
has never rested on its laurels and today it is the largest Department of
Archaeology in Britain, and one of the largest in the world. The Institute is at the forefront
of research and teaching in world archaeology, archaeological sciences and
heritage studies, focusing on the importance of the past in the present, and has a student body whose remarkable diversity is second to