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Marieta C. Valdivia Lefort

State Project and Education: the construction of a whitening and homogenising national identity imaginary in Chile between 1900 and 1970


Supervisor:

Professor Paulo Drinot

Subsidiary supervisor:

Professor Nicola Miller

Expected completion date: 2024

The definition of public policies on education, in particular those concerning the school history and civic education curriculum, are strongly determined by political ideologies. In the case of Chile, the definition of the school history curriculum has been strongly shaped by notions of development and modernity, which have implicitly promoted the "whitening" of history and the identity of the nation through both the choice and the omission of specific content in the history curriculum, i.e. what should be taught and what should not. In that sense, studies on national identity, political ideologies, history teaching, and formal and "hidden" curriculum in Chile since 1970 have been widely addressed, however, the curricular composition and ideological tensions present in the political-administrative process to define the school history curriculum prior to 1970 has been little addressed, especially in relation to the first decades of existence of the Ministry of Education (first half of the twentieth century). In this sense, this research project aims to analyse how the definition of certain educational policies concerning the history and civic education curricula influenced the construction of a whitened and homogenous imaginary of national identity in Chile between 1900 and 1970, highlighting the role of the creation of an autonomous and independent Ministry of Education and the ideological tensions that either jeopardised or facilitated the policymaking process.


Awards | Grants | Scholarships | Funding

  • Scholarship for PhD abroad BECAS CHILE - Call 2019
  • Scholarship for Master Abroad BECAS CHILE - Call 2016
  • Scholarship "Teacher's vocation" - Call 2011

Conference presentations and talks

Chair "UCL Americas Research Network Sixth Annual Conference: Histories of Inequality". June 1st, 2021 – London, UK. Chair of panel: 'Structures of Inequality.'

Chair and speaker in talk "Reflexivity and social processes: rethinking research in the context of the pandemic". September 4th, 2020 – Chile. Theme: Analysing the current pandemic as a space of opportunity to stress the role of traditional academia and its incidence in the decision-making process of central and local governments.

Workshop Facilitator in "XIII Annual Conference of La Araucanía for the Development of Students with Academic Talents: Effective Schools and their role in promoting Talent - PROENTA-UFRO". August 29th, 2019 – Temuco, Chile. Workshop based on the results obtained from project "Gifted women in STEM: A longitudinal study about career choice in secondary education", Fondecyt ID 1181770. Theme "How to encourage high-capacity women to choose STEM careers? Recommendations from the evidence" - reflections and suggestions for education and policy implementation.

Speaker at the "5th Interdisciplinary Conference on Research in Education - CIIE 2019". August 20th, 21st and 22nd, 2019 - Santiago, Chile. Presentation based on results of the project "Gifted women in STEM: A longitudinal study about career choice in secondary education", Fondecyt ID 1181770. Theme: Gender stereotypes, self-concept, and self-efficacy in high school women with high interests in science and mathematics - reflections and suggestions for education and policy implementation.

Speaker at "Cycle of Conferences at the University of Valparaiso - San Felipe Campus". May 29th, 2019 – San Felipe, Chile. Presentation based on the theoretical discussion on power, interest groups, and social paradigm that allows the understanding of the conformation of the contemporary political agenda. Topic: Determinants of the definition of the political agenda - Theories of Power and Governance.

Speaker at the "Third Cycle of Talks for TIC Girls (Technology, Engineering and Science) - Technovation Chile". May 7th, 2019 - Santiago, Chile. Presentation based on results of the project "Gifted women in STEM: A longitudinal study about career choice in secondary education", Fondecyt ID 1181770. Theme: Gender and Education - Some causes of gender gaps in science and mathematics in secondary education.


Publications

Gomez-Arizaga, M.P., Valdivia-Lefort, M., Castillo-Hermosilla, H., Hébert, T. P., & Conejeros-Solar, M. L. (2020). Tales from Within: Gifted Students' Lived Experiences with instructional practices in Regular Classrooms. Education Sciences, 10(5), ISSN 2227-7102.

Roa-Tampe, K., Castillo-Hermosilla, H., Valdivia-Lefort, M., Briseño Ossandón, M.P., Gómez-Arizaga, M. P., Navarro Ciudad, M., Martin, A., Rivera Lino, B., & Conejeros-Solar, M. L. (2020). Autoconcepto y alta capacidad: influencia de estereotipos de género y programas de enriquecimiento. Revista Espacios, 41(17), ISSN 0798 1015.

Gomez-Arizaga, M. P., Navarro, M., Roa-Tampe, K., Conejeros-Solar, M. L., Martin, A., Rivera-Lino, B., Valdivia-Lefort, M., & Castillo-Hermosilla, H. (2020). Exploración de las decisiones académicas en estudiantes con alta capacidad. Cadernos de Pesquisa, 50(178), 1041-1060.

Gómez-Arízaga, M. P., Navarro, M., Martin, A., Roa-Tampe, K.., Conejeros-Solar, M. L., Kronborg, L., Valdivia-Lefort, M., Castillo-Hermosilla, H., & Rivera Lino, B. (2020). Socio-emotional dimensions in gifted Chilean high school students with interests in STEM: Influence of gender and university enrichment program participation. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 16(12).

Valdivia-Lefort, M. (2019). “Migration, Freedom of Movement, and Social Justice: Does the ‘brain drain’ effect justify restrictions on immigration?”. Status Quo and Social Change: International Public Policy Review IPPR, 3(1), UCL School of Public Policy.


Research experience

  • Research Assistant in doctoral project about labour policy and unemployment in Chile. Faculty of Administration and Economics, University of Santiago de Chile (policy application) | Santiago, Chile (2019-2021).
  • Research Assistant in project "Gifted women in STEM: A longitudinal study about career choice in secondary education". Project funded by the National Fund for Scientific and Technological Development (Fondecyt). Fondecyt ID 1181770 | Education and Learning Research Centre, Faculty of Education, Universidad de los Andes. Santiago, Chile (2018-2021).
  • Research Assistant in project "Characterization of high ability student experiences in regular classrooms: An exploratory study". Project financed by the National Fund for Scientific and Technological Development (Fondecyt). Fondecyt (Initiation) ID 11140480 | Faculty of Education, Universidad de los Andes. Santiago, Chile (2014-2016).

Teaching

  • PGTA in Introduction to Politics. BA History and Politics of the Americas (Year 1), Institute of the Americas, University College London | London, UK (2021-22) 
  • Assistant lecturer in "Research Methods in Education". Faculty of Education, Universidad Diego Portales | Santiago, Chile (2021).
  • Module assistant lecturer in ‘Academic Production'. Part of the programme “Master's Degree in Gender Studies and Psychosocial Intervention". School of Psychology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Central | Santiago, Chile (2020)
  • Principal module lecturer in 'Imaginaries of National Identity and Symbolic Violence', part of the optional course 'Three perspectives for the institutional and cultural analysis of violence'. Programme “Master’s in Social Sciences with mention in Sociology of Modernization”. Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Chile | Santiago, Chile (2020).
  • Principal lecturer in course "Gender(s) and Society(s)". School of Psychology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Central | Santiago, Chile (2020).

Memberships

  • Active member of the ‘Space Law and Policy’ Project: Space Generation Advisory Council SGAC (2021-current)
  • Affiliated PhD Student at the Racism and Racialisation PhD Group, hosted by UCL Sarah Parker Remond Centre, University College London | London, UK (2021-current)
  • Active member of the MINGA network: Chilean Group of Organizational Studies | Chile (2019-current)