AMERG038: In Uncle Sam's Shadow: Canada and the Americas since 1898

Course convenor: Dr Tony McCulloch

Not running in 2014-15

The course begins by comparing Canada’s colonial heritage – in relation to New France and then British North America until 1867 – with that of Latin America. It then examines Canada’s relationship with the Pan American Union and, from 1948, with the Organisation of American States as a reflection of Canadian policy towards Latin America more generally. The Trudeau government’s decision to adopt “permanent observer” status in 1972 is analysed in the context of the Third Option debate and the “new internationalism” of the Trudeau era. Canada’s decision to become a full member of the OAS in 1990 is similarly set within the context of Canadian foreign policy at that time, including membership of NAFTA, as well as US and Latin American policies.

Canada’s historical relationships with specific states and regions within the Americas are then examined, commencing with the Canada-US relationship  which has been very strong – but often difficult – since the Second World War. The policies of the two North American states towards the rest of the Americas are compared with particular reference to Cuba where these policies have been notably different. Canada’s relations with other Caribbean and Latin American states are then examined, including Haiti (which has strong links with Quebec), Mexico, Colombia and Brazil. The course concludes with an assessment of Canada’s current relationship with the Americas in the light of its membership of NAFTA and the OAS and its exclusion, alongside the US, from CELAC – the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States.