Bentham Project

Dr Tim Causer

Senior Research Associate

Tel: +44 (0)203 549 5626

Email: Tim Causer

Address:  Bentham Project, Faculty of Laws, University College London, Bentham House, Endsleigh Gardens, London, WC1H 0EG profile

Research interests: 

  • Convict transportation
  • Australian colonial history
  • Convict history
  • the Norfolk Island penal settlement (1825-1855)
  • History of crime and punishment


  • Co-ordination of the award-winning Transcribe Bentham collaborative transcription initiative
  • Working on the EC-funded tranScriptorium project
  • Editor of the Journal of Bentham Studies.
  • Previously worked on the JISC-funded EPICURE project (in association with UCL Library Services), which has established a model for the publication of open-access journals in the College.


Edited primary sources

Causer, T. (ed.), The Memorandoms of James Martin (UCL Bentham Project, 2014). Online publication.

Articles and book chapters

Causer, T., and Terras, M. (2014), '"Many hands make light work. Many hands together make merry work": Transcribe Bentham and crowdsourcing manuscript collections', in Crowdsourcing Our Cultural Heritage, ed. M. Ridge (Ashgate), pp. 57-88.

Causer, T., and Terras, M. (2014), 'Crowdsourcing Bentham: Beyond the Traditional Boundaries of Academic History', International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing, vol. 8 (1), pp. 46-64. Pre-publication version available in UCL Discovery.

B. Gatos, G. Louloudis, T. Causer, K. Grint, V. Romero, J.A. Sánchez, A.H. Toselli, and E. Vidal, ‘Ground-Truth Production in the tranScriptorium Project’, DAS 2014, 11th IAPR International Workshop on Document Analysis Systems, pp.237-44

Causer, T. (2012), 'Anti-transportation, "unnatural crime", and the "horrors" of Norfolk Island', Journal of Australian Colonial History, vol. 14, pp.230-40.

Causer, T., and Wallace, V. (2012), 'Building a Volunteer Community: Results and Findings from Transcribe Bentham', Digital Humanities Quarterly, vol. 6 (2).

Causer, T., Tonra, J., and Wallace, V. (2012), 'Transcription Maximized; Expense Minimized? Crowdsourcing and Editing The Collected Works of Jeremy Bentham', Literary and Linguistic Computing, vol. 27 (2), pp. 119-137.

Causer, T. (2011), ‘“The Worst Types of Sub-human Beings”? The Myth and Reality of the Convicts of the Second Penal Settlement at Norfolk Island, 1825-1855’, Islands of History (Sydney, 2011), pp.8-31

Causer, T. (2011),‘Norfolk Island’s “suicide lotteries”: Legend and Reality’, Islands of History (Sydney, 2011), pp.61-68

Causer, T. (2008), ‘“On British Felony the Sun Never Sets”: Narratives of Political Prisoners in New South Wales and Van Diemen’s Land, 1838-1853’, Cultural and Social History, Vol. 4 (5), pp.423-435.


Causer, T. (2014), 'Dark Paradise: Norfolk Island - Isolation, Savagery, Mystery, and Murder, by Robert Macklin', Reviews in Australian Studies, Vol. 8 (1).

Causer, T. (2013), 'A Merciless Place: The lost story of Britain's convict disaster in Africa by Emma Christopher', Reviews in Australian Studies, Vol. 7 (5).

Causer, T. (2011), 'Exiled: The Port Arthur convict photographs by Edwin Barnard', Reviews in Australian Studies, Vol. 5 (4).

Causer, T. (2010), 'A Swindler’s Progress: Nobles and Convicts in the Age of Liberty by Kirsten McKenzie', Reviews in Australian Studies, Vol. 4 (2).

Causer, T. (2008), 'Australia’s Birthstain: The Startling Legacy of the Convict Era by Babette Smith', Reviews in Australian Studies, Vol. 3 (7).

Causer, T. (2008), 'Closing Hell’s Gates: The Death of a Convict Station by Hamish Maxwell-Stewart', Reviews in Australian Studies, Vol. 3 (4).

Causer, T. (2008), 'Gender, Crime and Empire: Convicts, Settlers and the State in Early Colonial Australia by Kirsty Reid', Reviews in Australian Studies, Vol. 3 (2).

Causer, T. (2007), 'The History of Australian Corrections, by Sean O'Toole', Reviews in Australian Studies, Vol. 2 (5).