I am Senior Research Fellow in the Vision and Eye Research Unit at Anglia Ruskin University.  I also hold an honorary Senior Research Associate position at UCL.  My research centres on visual function in people with eye disease.  I am particularly interested in the rehabilitation and performance of people with central vision loss due to macular disease.

My PhD was awarded in 2004 for work performed with Gary Rubin at UCL on the development of the Preferred Retinal Locus (PRL) in people with macular disease.  I have performed postdoctoral research with Gordon Legge (Minnesota), Gary Rubin (UCL), Steven Dakin (UCL) and Peter Bex (Harvard).

Please see below for a list of my research publications.

Peer-reviewed journal articles

34. Rosenfield M, Howarth PA, Sheedy JE, Crossland MD (2012).  Vision and IT displays: a whole new visual world.  Ophthalmic Physiol Opt,32, 363-6. 

33. Crossland MD, Rubin GS (2012).  Text accessibility by people with reduced contrast sensitivity.  Optom Vis Sci, 89, 1276-81.

32. Dunbar HM, Crossland MD, Bunce C, Egan C, Rubin GS (2012).  The effect of low vision rehabilitation in diabetic eye disease: a randomised controlled trial protocol.  Ophthalmic Physiol Opt, 32, 282-93.

31. Baseler HA, Gouws A, Crossland MD, Leung C, Tufail A, Rubin GS, Morland AB (2011).  Objective visual assessment of antiangiogenic treatment for wet age-related macular degeneration.  Optometry and Vision Science, 88, 1255-61. Link

30. Uppal G, Feely MP, Crossland MD, Membrey L, Lee J, da Cruz L, Rubin GS (2011).  Assessment of reading behaviour with an infrared eyetracker after 360 macular translocation for age-related macular degeneration.  Investigative Ophthalmology and Vision Science, 52, 6486-96.

29. Chen FK, Patel PJ, Xing W, Crossland MD, Bunce C, Rubin GS< da Cruz L (2011).  Intrasession repeatability of fixation stability assessment with the Nidek MP1.  Optometry and Vision Science, 88, 742-50.

28. Baseler HA, Gouws A, Haak KV, Racey C, Crossland MD, Tufail A, Rubin GS, Cornelissen FW, Morland AB (2011).  Large-scale remapping of visual cortex is absent in humans with macular degeneration.  Nature Neuroscience, Published online.  Link
27.  Crossland MD, Engel SA, Legge GE (2011).  The preferred retinal locus in macular disease: towards a consensus definition.  Retina, Published online.
26.  Macedo AFT, Crossland MD, Rubin GS (2011).  Investigating unstable fixation in macular disease.  Investigative Ophthalmology and Vision Science, 52, 1275-80.  Link
25.  Crossland MD, Luong VA, Rubin GS, Fitzke FW (2011).  Retinal specific measurement of dark-adapted retinal function: Validation of a modifed microperimeter.  BMC Ophthalmology, 11(5).  PDF
24. Pearce E, Crossland MD, Rubin GS (2011).  The efficacy of low vision device training in a low vision clinic.  British Journal of Ophthalmology, 95, 105-108.  PDF
23.  Crossland MD, Crabb DP, Rubin GS (2011).  Task specific fixation behaviour in macular disease.  Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 52, 411-416. PDF
22. Dunbar HMP, Crossland MD, Rubin GS (2010).  Fixation stability assessment: A comparison between the Nidek MP-1 and the Rodenstock Scanning Laser Ophthalmoscope in people with and without diabetic retinopathy.  Investigative Ophthalmology and Vision Science, 51, 4346-4350.  PDF
21.  Crossland MD, Macedo AF, Rubin GS (2010).  Electronic books as low vision aids.  British Journal of Ophthalmology, 94, 1109.  PDF
20. Crossland MD, Dunbar HMP, Rubin GS (2009). Fixation stability measurement using the MP1 microperimeter. Retina, 29, 651-656.  PDF
19. Crossland MD, Bex PJ (2009). Spatial alignment over retinal scotomas. Investigative Ophthalmology and Vision Science, 50, 1464-1469. PDF
18. Macedo AF, Crossland MD, Rubin GS (2008). The effect of retinal image slip on peripheral visual acuity. Journal of Vision, 8, 14(16), 1-11. Link
17. Crossland MD, Bex PJ (2008). The twinkle aftereffect is precortical and is independent of filling-in. Journal of Vision, 8, 11(13),1-10.  Link
16. Crossland MD, Morland AB, Feely MP, von dem Hagen E, Rubin GS (2008). The effect of ageing and fixation instability on retinotopic mapping of primary visual cortex. Investigative Ophthalmology and Vision Science, 49, 3734-9.  PDF
15. Crossland MD, Legge GE, Dakin SC (2008). Development of an automated sentence generator for the assessment of reading speed: A methodological study. Behavioral and Brain Functions, 4, 14.  Link
14. Crossland MD, Dakin SC, Bex PJ (2007). Illusory stimuli can be used to identify retinal blind spots. PLoS ONE, 2, e1060.  Link
13. Crossland MD, Helman CG, Feely MP, Gould ES, Rubin GS (2007). Why did I lose vision?: A qualitative study of patient perceptions of the causes of age-related macular disease. Visual Impairment Research, 9, 39-43. PDF
12. Crossland MD, Rubin GS (2007). The Amsler chart: Absence of evidence is not evidence of absence. British Journal of Ophthalmology, 91, 391-3. PDF
11. Thayaparan K, Crossland MD, Rubin GS (2007). Clinical assessment of two novel contrast sensitivity charts. British Journal of Ophthalmology, 91, 749-752. PDF
10. Kabanarou SA, Crossland MD, Bellmann C, Rees A, Culham LE, Rubin GS (2006). Gaze changes with binocular versus monocular viewing in age-related macular degeneration. Ophthalmology, 113, 2251-2258. PDF
9.   Crossland MD, Rubin GS (2006). Eye movements and reading in macular disease: Further support for the shrinking perceptual span hypothesis. Vision Research, 46, 590-597.  PDF
8.   Crossland MD, Culham LE, Kabanarou SA, Rubin GS (2005). Preferred retinal locus development in patients with macular disease. Ophthalmology, 112, 1579-1585. PDF
7.   Crossland MD, Silver JH (2005). Thirty years in an urban low vision clinic: Changes in prescribing habits of low vision practitioners. Optometry and Vision Science, 82, 617-622. PDF
6.   Crossland MD, Culham LE, Rubin GS (2005). Predicting reading fluency in patients with macular disease. Optometry and Vision Science, 82, 11-17. PDF
5.   Bellmann C, Feely M, Crossland MD, Kabanarou SA, Rubin GS (2004). Fixation stability using central and pericentral fixation targets in patients with age-related macular degeneration. Ophthalmology, 111, 2265-2270. PDF
4.   Crossland MD, Kabanarou SA, Rubin GS (2004). An unusual strategy for fixation in a patient with bilateral advanced age-related macular disease (AMD). British Journal of Ophthalmology, 88, 1479-1480. PDF
3.   Crossland MD, Culham LE, Rubin GS (2004). Fixation stability and reading speed in patients with newly developed macular disease. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics, 24, 327-333. PDF
2.   Crossland MD, Sims M, Galbraith RF, Rubin GS (2004). A new quantitative technique to determine the number and extent of preferred retinal loci in macular disease. Vision Research, 44, 1537-1546. PDF
1.   Crossland MD, Rubin GS (2002). The use of an infra-red eyetracker in the assessment of macular disease. Optometry and Vision Science, 79, 735-739. PDF

Continuing education publications

Painter J & Crossland MD (2006). Smoking, eye disease and cessation strategies. Optometry in practice, 7, 147-154.
Crossland MD (2006). Journal review. Optometric Quarterly, 57.
Crossland MD (2005). Sensibilite au contraste en basse vision. La Revue d'Optometrie, 14, 32-36. [In French]
Crossland MD (2004). The role of contrast sensitivity measurement in patients with low vision. Optometry in practice, 5, 105-114.
Crossland MD, Culham LE (2000).  Psychological aspects of visual impairment.  Optometry in practice 1(1) 21-26.