Imperial Logistics: The Making of the Terracotta Army

Blog posts

3d models and the faces of Qin?

Publication date:

We're excited to have just had another paper come out (you can find it in the Journal of Archaeological Science here) that describes how we have been building 3d models of the terracotta warriors and using them not simply for nice documentation and presentation, but also to try to address some thorny analytical questions too. The 3d modelling technique itself is an extremely promising one (derived from the fascinating filed of 'computer vision') which is fast becoming popular in archaeology since it was first introduced a couple of years ago (our project can claim to be an early adopter, but the first archaeological application is probably this one). I'll come back to the technique itself below, but the background rationale for why we might find such models useful for the Imperial Logistics project is also interesting.

Do archaeologists always carry two toothbrushes?

Publication date:

Children listening (courtesy of Elinor Hoskins, Archant)

You can never prepare well enough for an encounter with schoolchildren. They will always manage to catch you off-guard. A few weeks ago I had great fun, and some moments of nerves, talking about archaeology and archaeologists with some 350 children aged 7 to 11 at St. Augustine’s Catholic Primary School.

Crossbow triggers and imperial craft organisation

Publication date:

PCA showing groupings based on measurements of different trigger parts

Our latest paper has just been published in the journal Antiquity and focuses on the crossbow triggers for the Qin Terracotta Army.

What’s so special… and spatial… about the Terracotta Army?

Publication date:

We’ve been getting some nice publicity recently due to a Channel 4 documentary that has featured our collaborative work on the terracotta warriors and their weapons. We’ve also got some papers out or on the way, that discuss in a bit more detail our project methods and results. In fact, a lot of what we have had to say has had a strong ‘spatial’ component. By this I mean, that we are rarely interested only in Qin warriors and weapons as if they had been unearthed at random (i.e. as if they were just one enormous bag of finds from an unknown find-spot), but instead, thanks to the excellent recording methods of the excavators at locations such as the vast “Pit 1”, we can explore what additional information the spatial distribution of warriors or their weapons can offer. Janice Li first began looking at the warriors and weapons in this way on behalf of our project, and we have been following that lead ever since (in Pit 1 especially).

Archaeometallurgy at the BUMA conference in Japan

Publication date:

Bronze trigger, and details of the surface filing and inscription as seen on silicone rubber impressions observed under the SEM

Janice and I will spend this week at the beautiful town of Nara (Japan) attending the 8th International Conference on the Beginnings of the Use of Metals and Alloys (BUMA 8). Notwithstanding the somewhat dull title, this is a very exciting archaeometallurgical conference with a strong emphasis on the Asian world. Clearly the place to be!

On a day like this 39 years ago… serendipity and the Terracotta Army

Publication date:

Close up of warrior head small

On 29 March 1974, a group of farmers digging a water well in Lintong, to the east of Xi’an, struck upon one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of all time. The Terracotta Army would become the icon of the 2,200 year-old city-like mausoleum of China’s First Emperor. A further four decades since its discovery, have we learned anything about serendipity?

The terracotta warriors under the microscope

Publication date:

Patrick in Pit 1

I arrived back from my first trip to Xi'an to initiate the ceramics phase of the project. Was great to see the Terracotta Army, to see the Mausoleum, and to experience China. Inspirational!

The British Academy in Xi'an

Publication date:

Prof Dame Hellen Wallace (right) and Dr Xiuzhen Janice Li

I have just returned from a spell of a few months in Xi’an, where I have been continuing the data acquisition while working on ongoing publications. A highlight of my time there was the visit by a distinguished delegation led by Professor Dame Helen Wallace, Foreign Secretary of the British Academy, to the Emperor Qin Shihuang’s Mausoleum Site Museum. That was an official visit to mark the adoption of our “Imperial Logistics” as a British Academy project.

Toyota and the Terracotta Army: mass production and mass media

Publication date:

Cars and terracotta warriors in China Daily

Last year ended with a substantial amount of media and blog coverage triggered by our publication in the Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory. What was all the fuss about? And how accurate was the news coverage?

Long live adoption!

Publication date:


Our first blog entry has to be devoted to the very news behind the origins of this blog: we have been adopted! The British Academy has recently announced that Imperial Logistics is one of the five projects they have decided to adopt as “Academy Research Projects”.

Search UCL News

Imperial Logistics: The Making of the Terracotta Army
UCL Institute of Archaeology, 31-34 Gordon Square, London WC1H 0PY UK
+44 (0) 20 7679 7496 ·