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Small Grants for Academic Year 2014-2015

Details of the awards made in 2014/15 Grand Challenge of Sustainable Cities Small Grants Scheme are shown below:

Sustainable Solutions to Gender Based Violence in Slums

First Applicant: Dr Jyoti Belur (Department of Security and Crime Science)

Second Applicant: Dr Priti Parikh (Department of Civil, Environmental and Geomatic Engineering)

Additional Collaborators:

Katrina Kimmorley (Pollinate Energy, Bangalore, India)

In developing countries, urbanisation results in the formation of slums; neighbourhoods which are characterised by environmental degradation, lack of provision of water-sanitation, lack of access to affordable energy and dilapidated housing stock. Within this setting there is evidence to demonstrate that communal facilities such as public toilets, if not well sited and designed, could potentially act as crime generators, especially for gender based violent crimes such as assault and rape. The absence of lighting, among other factors, such as inadequate provision of basic sanitation and lack of police presence in slums, has been highlighted as facilitators for violence against women in slums in third world countries (Lennon 2011; Amnesty International 2010).

This research project proposes to test the hypothesis that provision of adequate lighting around public toilets in slums will reduce womens perception of insecurity and fear of crime.

Mapping the Current Landscape of Food Co-operatives in London

First Applicant: Dr Mary Hilson (School of European Languages, Culture and Society)

Second Applicant: Prof Muki Haklay (Department of Civil, Environmental, Geomatic Engineering)

Additional Collaborators:

How can large complex cities such as London develop sustainable food systems? The UNs designation of 2012 as International Year of Co-operatives stimulated interest in co-operatives as a way of responding to this major challenge of the 21st century. However, while they are often cited as a means of bridging the divide between consumers and producers, research on co-operatives has itself been divided across different disciplines. Agricultural, consumer and worker co-operatives have generated quite distinct bodies of research. Seeking novel ways to integrate these disparate traditions this pilot project will map the current landscape of food co-operatives in London as a significant starting point to understand the role and potential of food co-operatives in feeding the twenty-first century city.

Deconstructing Demolition: Journeys through scrap and salvage

First Applicant: Dr Hilary Powell (Bartlett School of Architecture)

Second Applicant: Prof Susanne Kuechler (Anthropology)

Additional Collaborators:

Artist Hilary Powell reclaims the base metals of roofing zinc and copper piping from demolition sites and scrap yards in order to create etchings that both depict and re-imagine the post industrial landscapes from which they emerge. Through imaginative salvage the work explores regeneration and economic transition through putting the physical remnants of industrial decline to artistic use. In the project creative production and the poetry and politics of place combine with the science, agency and political ecology of materials.

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Emerging from intensive on site research and production this new collaborative project unpacks the material components of the demolition site (ZINC, COPPER, STEEL, CONCRETE, LONDON BRICK STOCK, ASBESTOS, LIME MORTAR, CEMENT, LEAD, SLATE…..) It follows the life cycles and journeys of these seemingly banal by-products of regeneration and examines what these assorted materials illuminate through their passage through and rupture with human systems of use and value. The story of each material, its place in the demolition site and onward journey will be told through:

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A series of workshop events focused on each specific material exploring its properties, histories and associations with diverse experts from anthropology, chemistry, archaeology, science and technology studies and the arts.

A publication containing a series of stories made in collaboration with the materials themselves and an exhibition of these works

Client-architect interactions during minor domestic works: an overlooked opportunity for enhancing the sustainability of the UK housing stock?

First Applicant: Dr Aeli Roberts (School of Construction and Project Management)

Second Applicant: Dr Russell Hitchings (Geography)

Additional Collaborators:

The decisions made by householders during minor construction works on their home will, in part, determine domestic energy consumption through the coming decades. With 87% of the existing housing stock likely to still be in use in 2050, sustainable cities of the future will require high energy-efficiency in homes already built. Owner-occupiers remain critical gate-keepers. In terms of householder response to policy initiatives aimed at energy efficiency, evidence suggests that cost and disruption are amongst the primary reasons for rejection of change. Yet when householders undertake construction work on their home, a financial commitment and an expectation of disruption are already taken for granted. Minor works might therefore be a point at which barriers to more sustainable change may be lowered. The proposed project will examine minor construction works as an important ‘point of change’ with significant potential for the enhancement of the energy-efficiency of existing building stock.

Our study will provide a detailed appreciation of the discussions between householder and architect at the start of a minor works project (extension, loft conversion, conservatory replacement or extensive refurbishment) to examine if and how issues of sustainability are broached, considered, accepted or rejected. This will be done through a novel ethnographic approach, focussed on observation of interpersonal dynamics in two critical meetings: the initial brief and the first presentation of designs. Through a detailed analysis of the resulting fieldnotes and interview transcripts, we will generate a nuanced appreciation of how the assumptions and interactions that characterise such minor works currently lead to more or less sustainable homes and how architects could encourage owner-occupiers to choose more sustainable homes. By exploring ways in which today’s householders could be encouraged to make their properties more sustainable, we are working towards more comfortable and healthier homes for the next generation of occupants.

HS2: “a rich man’s toy”?: understanding the distributional impacts of transport

First Applicant: Dr Helena Titheridge (Civil, Environmental and Geomatic Engineering)

Second Applicant Dr John Ward (Omega Centre, Bartlett School of Planning)

Additional Collaborators:

Dr Nicola Christie (UCL Transport Institute)

There is considerable evidence (Titheridge et al, 2014) that those on low incomes living in deprived neighbourhoods, are more adversely affected by the impacts of transport than those living in more affluent neighbourhoods. These differences include an increased risk of road traffic injury, increased concerns about personal security, and higher exposure rates to ozone and particulate matter. People without cars, those with disabilities, the elderly and school children are the most severely affected by severance (where transport schemes or traffic act as a barrier to mobility and social interaction). This combination of problems can reduce access to key services such as employment, education and healthcare, lead to social isolation and reduce physical and mental well-being.

However, current methods used to appraise and evaluate transport schemes are based on aggregate measures of the ratio of total benefits to total costs. Distributional impacts, if considered at all, are typically assessed using qualitative methods and are thus likely to be given less weight in decision-making process than total benefits given the current dominance of quantitative methods within the field of transport planning.

This project aims to assess the extent to which distributional impacts are considered in appraisal and evaluation of major transport policies, programmes and projects and critically assess the evidence that transport projects lead to distributional impacts.

Page last modified on 10 jul 14 13:00