UCL Department of Science and Technology Studies


History and Philosophy of Science BSc

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UCAS U80 V550

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Science is much more than a bundle of facts that we patiently collect; it is also about a long history of conflicts and questions about how we understand and make sense of the world. This degree investigates the history of science from Antiquity to the present and around the globe. It also investigates science as a way of knowing. The goal is to better understand science’s many methods, fundamental concepts, logic, and ethics. Another goal is to build a broad perspective on the origins of science and its role in our modern world.

Many people select this degree simply to train their mind for future analytical and reflective work, perhaps in science or in careers elsewhere in our science-driven global economy. This study of history and philosophy of science is supported by a wide range of modules in contemporary science communication, science policy, and sociology of science. UCL is unique in the UK in offering this single honours BSc.

Our degree explores the sciences from three directions: 

  • history of science
  • philosophy of science
  • integrated history and philosophy of science (a thriving discipline we helped invent!)

All this is supported by a wide range of modules in science and society. UCL is unique in the UK in offering this single honours degree.

Students point-of-view


Common First Year

Our degrees follow a common first year whereby students in each degree take the same modules. We do this because we want a solid foundation for everyone. We also want to give you flexibility. At the end of the first year students have the opportunity to switch streams within the department. Our first year modules are organised into two core themes. 

History and Philosophy of Science core

  • HPSC1001 History of Science: Antiquity to Enlightenment
  • HPSC1003 Philosophy of Science 1
  • HPSC1011 History of Modern Science
  • HPSC1012 Investigating History and Philosophy of Science

Science and Society core

  • HPSC1004 Science Policy
  • HPSC1007 Investigating Science and Society
  • HPSC1008 Science Communication and Public Engagement
  • HPSC1010 Revealing Science

Second and Third Years

In the second and third years you take modules following a simple plan. We have a few compulsory modules. We also ask you to take a set of modules clustering in the specialisation of your degree. Beyond this, your degree builds with a supporting group of related modules in the department and from across UCL. Most students find there is far more variety than they could possibly take up. That leads to wonderful choices every year.

Core elements

We keep compulsory modules to a minimum:

  • HPSC3004 Dissertation

We use a simple structure for other parts of the degree. This is designed to maximise flexibility and cater to your growing choices.

Year 2

  • 3 option modules in History and Philosophy of Science
  • 1 option module in STS
  • 2 more modules from any subject within the department

Year 3

  • 3 option modules in History and Philosophy of Science
  • 2 more modules from any subject within the department

History and Philosophy of Science option modules

The department offers a wide range of option modules both in History and Philosophy of Science as an area of study and also across the whole range of the department, including:


  • HPSC2003    Philosophy of Science 2
  • HPSC2004    Magic to Science
  • HPSC2006    Science and Ethics
  • HPSC2012    Historiography of Science
  • HPSC2013    Evolution in Science and Culture
  • HPSC2026    Science and Empire
  • HPSC2028    Thinking about Technology
  • HPSC2024    Special Topics in HPS


  • HPSC3012    Science in the Twentieth Century
  • HPSC3014    Science in the Age of Newton
  • HPSC3015    History of Astronomy and Cosmology
  • HPSC3020    Philosophy of Natural Sciences
  • HPSC3028    Philosophy of Medicine
  • HPSC3029    History of Medicine
  • HPSC3030    Science and Global History
  • HPSC3034    Science, Art and Philosophy
  • HPSC3040    Science, Politics and the State in Russia and the Soviet Union
  • HPSC3041    Disease in History
  • HPSC3042    Madness and Society
  • HPSC3043    History of Modern Medicine
  • HPSC3044    Philosophy of Cognitive Sciences
  • HPSC3045    Philosophy of Information
  • HPSC3048    Science in the Ancient World
  • HPSC3049    Sleep and Dreaming
  • HPSC3050    Science in Nineteenth-Century London
  • HPSC3054    Philosophy of Social Science
  • HPSC3055    Philosophy of Biological Sciences
  • HPSC3022    Research-led History and Philosophy of Science

(Not all modules are offered every year, and these titles evolve as we work to keep the programme on the cutting edge. We'll keep you up-to-date any changes.)

Degree Benefits

  • Explore the history of science, from Antiquity to the present and across the world. This includes following changes as scientific knowledge moves between cultures
  • Investigate how scientific knowledge and methods are intertwined with other elements of society. Also, investigate how historians and sociologists piece together an understanding of the past based on evidence drawn from archives, libraries, museums, witnesses, and elsewhere
  • Investigate science as a way of knowing, including its many methods, fundamental concepts, logic, and ethics
  • Use science as a focus for developing expertise in key areas of philosophy, from metaphysics to aesthetics
  • Develop critical and reflective skills useful for careers well beyond academic work, such as law, investment, and consultancy. Also, learn how to use history and philosophy to assess, understand, and challenge positions in contemporary debates about science and technology

Science is neither timeless nor unchanging, and facts don’t simply speak for themselves. History and Philosophy of Science BSc aims to produce graduates ready to use deep historical and philosophical perspectives to interpret science’s influence on modern society. History provides a key route for cross-cultural comparison. Philosophy builds solid ground for discussing ethics, social justice, and relative merit.

With our focus on key skills, practical methods, and broader perspectives, we also aim to create versatile thinkers ready to engage emerging issues. This might involve contributing to debates on science funding and priority setting. It might involve assessments of conflicting or ambiguous evidence. It might involve consulting on the impact of new technologies and new discoveries.

This degree is designed to be flexible. In addition to the core modules, students have a strong choice of optional, exploratory modules. The real strength of the degree is its breadth across a wide range of themes in history and philosophy, held together by strong interdisciplinary connections. This provides an excellent springboard for specialization in the final year or in further study at the postgraduate level.

Your final year culminates in a research project of your own design, resulting in a dissertation approximately the length of a published academic paper. Normally, projects focus on case studies in history or philosophy of science, often developing ideas from original research. Some dissertations have been published; others have served as strong portfolio items for postgraduate applications and as superb conversation starters in interviews.

Your Learning

The History and Philosophy of Science BSc is taught by the Department of Science and Technology Studies, a department with a reputation for excellence in the classroom. Tutors have won local and international teaching awards. The department has recently received a UCL award for its public engagement. We consistently rank high in student evaluations. Typical comments rate us as friendly, supportive, down-to-earth, and inspirational.

Our teaching methods adapt to the specific needs of our students. Many modules include small group discussions and active participation. We make use of resources across London, from the Royal Society to the Wellcome Trust, from the Science Museum to Parliament. With 15-20 undergraduate students in each year group, we have a student-to-tutor ratio of approximately 4-to-1.


Assessment is organised so you can develop skills for a wide range of academic challenges. We also want you to build a solid portfolio to demonstrate your abilities. Coursework ranges from short position pieces to significant research papers. In addition to essays, we sometimes assess using posters, blogs, and multimedia projects. Practical work includes mock parliamentary reports, radio programmes, presentations, and Web projects. Group work sometimes is used, as are unseen exams. Writing, presenting, and adapting to new audiences are key skills your tutors will help you to cultivate.