Prof Steve Wilson


Personal Profile

Name: Steve Wilson Email:
Title: Prof Tel: 020 7679 3348
Department: Cell & Developmental Biology Fax: 020 7679 7349
Position: Professor of Developmental Biology Address: Gower St, , London, WC1E 6BT
Research Domain: Basic Life Sciences, Biomedical Imaging (Frontier Disciplines), Neuroscience, Personalised Medicine Web Page: Personal Web Page


Research Description

The primary aim of our research group is to elucidate the mechanisms that underlie patterning of the vertebrate forebrain. We would like to know how the brain takes shape, how neurons acquire their identities and how they integrate into functional circuits. For our studies, we work with zebrafish, as the brains of fish embryos are relatively simple and are amenable to genetic, molecular and imaging approaches. One focus for our research is to study how left-right asymmetries in circuitry are generated in the brain, and to investigate their behavioural consequences. In humans, this handedness is evident both in terms of behavioural asymmetries such as preferential hand use and in terms of sensory processing including aspects of language processing in the left hemisphere. Nervous system asymmetries are not just limited to humans and indeed are probably a universal feature of all asymmetric nervous systems. In fish there are several prominent asymmetries in the forebrain and we have been studying how they are established. Our research suggests that two mechanisms are involved in generating asymmetry. First, one set of signals breaks symmetry by promoting migration of cells (the parapineal nucleus) to one side of the brain. Second, another signalling pathway ensures that the direction of the asymmetry is consistent between individuals (just as it is in humans). A consequence of the activity of these two pathways is the generation of asymmetric neuroanatomical connectivity with consistent laterality. We are studying how neurons respond to the signals that establish asymmetry and consequently establish lateralised circuitry. To facilitate this approach, we have developed a single cell electroporation technique to enable us to visualise individual neurons in their entirety. A recent result is that we find that neurons on the left and right sides of the brain exhibit different terminal morphologies and targeting.

Research Activities

Blinding diseases (genetics and mechanisms)

Mechanisms that underlie patterning and development of neurons in the vertebrate forebrain.

Mechanisms underlying morphogenetic movements

Regulation and targeting of the hypoxia inducible factor (HIF) pathway

Education Description

UCL Collaborators

Prof Barbara Pedley; Prof David Gems; Prof Alison Hardcastle; Prof Mike Cheetham; Dr Masazumi Tada; Prof Tony Segal; Prof Patrick Maxwell; Prof Philip Beales; Prof Michael Duchen; Prof Margaret Ashcroft; Prof Tony Moore; Prof Andrew Webster; Prof Chris Boshoff; Prof Stephen Caddick; Dr Maryse Bailly; Prof Susan Povey

External Collaborators



    • Bazin-Lopez N, Valdivia LE, Wilson SW, Gestri G (2015). Watching eyes take shape.. Current opinion in genetics & development, 32C, 73 - 79. doi:10.1016/j.gde.2015.02.004
    • Sibley CR, Emmett W, Blazquez L, Faro A, Haberman N, Briese M, Trabzuni D, Ryten M, Weale ME, Hardy J, Modic M, Curk T, Wilson SW, Plagnol V, Ule J (2015). Recursive splicing in long vertebrate genes.. Nature, , - . doi:10.1038/nature14466
    • Naville M, Louis A, Roest Crollius H, Ishibashi M, Rinkwitz S, Manning E, Becker TS, Ferg M, Rastegar S, Strähle U, Bengani H, Van Heyningen V, Fitzpatrick DR, Krecsmarik M, Bally-Cuif L, Hawkins TA, Wilson SW, Chilamakuri CSR, Wilson DI, Lucy Raymond F, Lenhard B (2015). Long-range evolutionary constraints reveal cis-regulatory interactions on the human X chromosome. Nature Communications, 6, - . doi:10.1038/ncomms7904


    • Cardozo MJ, Sánchez-Arrones L, Sandonis A, Sánchez-Camacho C, Gestri G, Wilson SW, Guerrero I, Bovolenta P (2014). Cdon acts as a Hedgehog decoy receptor during proximal-distal patterning of the optic vesicle.. Nat Commun, 5, 4272 - . doi:10.1038/ncomms5272
    • Hüsken U, Stickney HL, Gestri G, Bianco IH, Faro A, Young RM, Roussigne M, Hawkins TA, Beretta CA, Brinkmann I, Paolini A, Jacinto R, Albadri S, Dreosti E, Tsalavouta M, Schwarz Q, Cavodeassi F, Barth AK, Wen L, Zhang B, Blader P, Yaksi E, Poggi L, Zigman M, Lin S, Wilson SW, Carl M (2014). Tcf7l2 is required for left-right asymmetric differentiation of habenular neurons.. Curr Biol, 24(19), 2217 - 2227. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2014.08.006
    • Dreosti E, Vendrell Llopis N, Carl M, Yaksi E, Wilson SW (2014). Left-right asymmetry is required for the habenulae to respond to both visual and olfactory stimuli.. Curr Biol, 24(4), 440 - 445. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2014.01.016


    • Colombo A, Palma K, Armijo L, Mione M, Signore IA, Morales C, Guerrero N, Meynard MM, Perez R, Suazo J, Marcelain K, Briones L, Haertel S, Wilson SW, Concha ML (2013). Daam1a mediates asymmetric habenular morphogenesis by regulating dendritic and axonal outgrowth. DEVELOPMENT, 140(19), 3997 - 4007. doi:10.1242/dev.091934
    • Fodor E, Zsigmond A, Horvath B, Molnar J, Nagy I, Toth G, Wilson SW, Varga M (2013). Full Transcriptome Analysis of Early Dorsoventral Patterning in Zebrafish. PLOS ONE, 8(7), - . doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0070053
    • Ivanovitch K, Cavodeassi F, Wilson SW (2013). Precocious Acquisition of Neuroepithelial Character in the Eye Field Underlies the Onset of Eye Morphogenesis. Developmental Cell, , - . doi:10.1016/j.devcel.2013.09.023
    • Cavodeassi F, Ivanovitch K, Wilson SW (2013). Eph/Ephrin signalling maintains eye field segregation from adjacent neural plate territories during forebrain morphogenesis.. Development, 140(20), 4193 - 4202. doi:10.1242/dev.097048
    • Mahmood F, Fu S, Cooke J, Wilson SW, Cooper JD, Russell C (2013). A zebrafish model of CLN2 disease is deficient in tripeptidyl peptidase 1 and displays progressive neurodegeneration accompanied by a reduction in proliferation. BRAIN, 136, 1488 - 1507. doi:10.1093/brain/awt043


    • Concha ML, Bianco IH, Wilson SW (2012). Encoding asymmetry within neural circuits. NATURE REVIEWS NEUROSCIENCE, 13(12), 832 - 843. doi:10.1038/nrn3371
    • Cerveny KL, Varga M, Wilson SW (2012). Continued growth and circuit building in the anamniote visual system.. Dev Neurobiol, 72(3), 328 - 345. doi:10.1002/dneu.20917
    • Roussigne M, Blader P, Wilson SW (2012). Breaking symmetry: The zebrafish as a model for understanding left-right asymmetry in the developing brain. DEVELOPMENTAL NEUROBIOLOGY, 72(3), 269 - 281. doi:10.1002/dneu.20885
    • Takesono A, Moger J, Faroq S, Cartwright E, Dawid IB, Wilson SW, Kudoh T (2012). Solute carrier family 3 member 2 (Slc3a2) controls yolk syncytial layer (YSL) formation by regulating microtubule networks in the zebrafish embryo. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 109(9), 3371 - 3376. doi:10.1073/pnas.1200642109
    • Andreazzoli M, Gestri G, Landi E, D'Orsi B, Barilari M, Iervolino A, Vitiello M, Wilson SW, Dente L (2012). Kidins220/ARMS interacts with Pdzrn3, a protein containing multiple binding domains.. Biochimie, 94(9), 2054 - 2057. doi:10.1016/j.biochi.2012.05.002
    • Folgueira M, Bayley P, Navratilova P, Becker TS, Wilson SW, Clarke JD (2012). Morphogenesis underlying the development of the everted teleost telencephalon.. Neural Dev, 7, 32 - . doi:10.1186/1749-8104-7-32
    • Chiavacci E, Dolfi L, Verduci L, Meghini F, Gestri G, Evangelista AM, Wilson SW, Cremisi F, Pitto L (2012). MicroRNA 218 mediates the effects of Tbx5a over-expression on zebrafish heart development.. PLoS One, 7(11), e50536 - . doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0050536


    • Lupo G, Gestri G, O'Brien M, Denton RM, Chandraratna RA, Ley SV, Harris WA, Wilson SW (2011). Retinoic acid receptor signaling regulates choroid fissure closure through independent mechanisms in the ventral optic cup and periocular mesenchyme.. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 108(21), 8698 - 8703. doi:10.1073/pnas.1103802108
    • Valdivia LE, Young RM, Hawkins TA, Stickney HL, Cavodeassi F, Schwarz Q, Pullin LM, Villegas R, Moro E, Argenton F, Allende ML, Wilson SW (2011). Lef1-dependent Wnt/β-catenin signalling drives the proliferative engine that maintains tissue homeostasis during lateral line development.. Development, 138(18), 3931 - 3941. doi:10.1242/dev.062695
    • Dente L, Gestri G, Tsang M, Kudoh T, Wilson SW, Dawid IB, Andreazzoli M (2011). Cloning and developmental expression of zebrafish pdzrn3.. Int J Dev Biol, 55(10-12), 989 - 993. doi:10.1387/ijdb.113437ld
    • Andoniadou CL, Signore M, Young RM, Gaston-Massuet C, Wilson SW, Fuchs E, Martinez-Barbera JP (2011). HESX1- and TCF3-mediated repression of Wnt/β-catenin targets is required for normal development of the anterior forebrain.. Development, 138(22), 4931 - 4942. doi:10.1242/dev.066597


    • Ewan K, Pajak B, Stubbs M, Todd H, Barbeau O, Quevedo C, Botfield H, Young R, Ruddle R, Samuel L, Battersby A, Raynaud F, Allen N, Wilson S, Latinkic B, Workman P, McDonald E, Blagg J, Aherne W, Dale T (2010). A useful approach to identify novel small-molecule inhibitors of Wnt-dependent transcription.. Cancer Res, 70(14), 5963 - 5973. doi:10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-10-1028
    • Tschopp M, Takamiya M, Cerveny KL, Gestri G, Biehlmaier O, Wilson SW, Strähle U, Neuhauss SC (2010). Funduscopy in adult zebrafish and its application to isolate mutant strains with ocular defects.. PLoS One, 5(11), e15427 - . doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0015427
    • Cerveny KL, Cavodeassi F, Turner KJ, de Jong-Curtain TA, Heath JK, Wilson SW (2010). The zebrafish flotte lotte mutant reveals that the local retinal environment promotes the differentiation of proliferating precursors emerging from their stem cell niche.. Development, 137(13), 2107 - 2115. doi:10.1242/dev.047753
    • Cruz C, Maegawa S, Weinberg ES, Wilson SW, Dawid IB, Kudoh T (2010). Induction and patterning of trunk and tail neural ectoderm by the homeobox gene eve1 in zebrafish embryos. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 107(8), 3564 - 3569. doi:10.1073/pnas.1000389107
    • Fantin A, Vieira JM, Gestri G, Denti L, Schwarz Q, Prykhozhij S, Peri F, Wilson SW, Ruhrberg C (2010). Tissue macrophages act as cellular chaperones for vascular anastomosis downstream of VEGF-mediated endothelial tip cell induction.. Blood, 116(5), 829 - 840. doi:10.1182/blood-2009-12-257832


    • Castleman VH, Romio L, Chodhari R, Hirst RA, de Castro SC, Parker KA, Ybot-Gonzalez P, Emes RD, Wilson SW, Wallis C, Johnson CA, Herrera RJ, Rutman A, Dixon M, Shoemark A, Bush A, Hogg C, Gardiner RM, Reish O, Greene ND, O 'Callaghan C, Purton S, Chung EM, Mitchison HM (2009). Mutations in Radial Spoke Head Protein Genes RSPH9 and RSPH4A Cause Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia with Central-Microtubular-Pair Abnormalities.. The American Journal of Human Genetics, 84(2), 197 - 209. doi:10.1016/j.ajhg.2009.01.011
    • Picker A, Cavodeassi F, Machatem A, Bernauer S, Hans S, Abe G, Kawakami K, Wilson SW, Brand M2009 (2009). Dynamic coupling of pattern formation and morphogenesis in the developing vertebrate retina. PLoS Biology, 7(10), - . doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1000214
    • McMahon C, Gestri G, Wilson SW, Link BA (2009). Lmx1b is essential for survival of periocular mesenchymal cells and influences Fgf-mediated retinal patterning in zebrafish.. Developmental Biology, 332(2), 287 - 298. doi:10.1016/j.ydbio.2009.05.577
    • Roussigné M, Bianco IH, Wilson SW, Blader P (2009). Nodal signalling imposes left-right asymmetry upon neurogenesis in the habenular nuclei. Development, 136(9), 1549 - 1557. doi:10.1242/dev.034793
    • Gestri G, Osborne RJ, Wyatt AW, Gerrelli D, Gribble S, Stewart H, Fryer A, Bunyan DJ, Prescott K, Collin JRO, Fitzgerald T, Robinson D, Carter NP, Wilson SW, Ragge NK (2009). Reduced TFAP2A function causes variable optic fissure closure and retinal defects and sensitizes eye development to mutations in other morphogenetic regulators. Human Genetics, 126(6), 791 - 803.
    • Cavodeassi F, Kapsimali M, Wilson SWY, R (2009). Forebrain: early development. In Squire LR (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Neuroscience (pp. 321 - 325). : Elsevier.
    • Carreira-Barbosa F, Kajita M, Morel V, Wada H, Okamoto H, Martinez Arias A, Fujita Y, Wilson SW, Tada M (2009). Flamingo regulates epiboly and convergence/extension movements through cell cohesive and signalling functions during zebrafish gastrulation. Development, 136, 383 - 392. doi:10.1242/dev.026542
    • Ferrante MI, Romio L, Castro S, Collins JE, Goulding DA, Stemple DL, Woolf AS, Wilson SW (2009). Convergent Extension Movements and Ciliary Function are Mediated by ofd1, A Zebrafish Orthologue of the Human Oral-Facial-Digital Type 1 Syndrome Gene.. Human Molecular Genetics, 18(2), 289 - 303. doi:10.1093/hmg/ddn356
    • Regan JC, Concha LM, Roussigne M R, C W, S W (2009). An Fgf8-Dependent Bistable Cell Migratory Event Establishes CNS Asymmetry. Neuron, 61(1), 27 - 34. doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2008.11.030


    • Bianco IH, Wilson SW (2008). The habenular nuclei: a conserved asymmetric relay station in the vertebrate brain.. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, epub, - .
    • Bianco IH, Carl M, Russell C, Clarke JDW, Wilson SW (2008). Brain asymmetry is encoded at the level of axon terminal morphology. Neural Development, 3(1), 9 - .
    • Hawkins TA, Haramis A-P, Etard C, Prodromou C, Vaughan CK, Ashworth R, Ray S, Behra M, Holder N, Talbot WS, Pearl LH, Strähle U, Wilson SW (2008). The ATPase-dependent chaperoning activity of Hsp90a regulates thick filament formation and integration during skeletal muscle myofibrillogenesis. Development, 135(6), 1147 - 1156. doi:10.1242/dev.018150


    • Hadzhiev Y, Lele Z, Schindler S, Wilson SW, Ahlberg A, Straehle U, Mueller F (2007). Hedgehog signaling patterns the outgrowth of unpaired skeletal appendages in zebrafish. BMC Developmental Biology, 7(1), 75 - . doi:10.1186/1471-213X-7-75
    • Carl M, Bianco IH, Bajoghli B, Aghaallaei N, Czerny T, Wilson SW (2007). Wnt/Axin1/ß-catenin signaling regulates asymmetric Nodal activation, elaboration, and concordance of CNS asymmetries. Neuron, 55(3), 393 - 405. doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2007.07.007
    • Kapsimali M, Kloosterman WP, de Bruijn E, Rosa F, Plasterk RHA, Wilson SW (2007). MicroRNAs show a wide diversity of expression profiles in the developing and mature central nervous system. Genome Biology, 8(8), R173 - . doi:10.1186/gb-2007-8-8-r173


    • Costagli A, Felice B, Guffanti A, Wilson SW, Mione M (2006). Identification of alternatively spliced dab1 isoforms in zebrafish. Development, Genes and Evolution, 216(6), 291 - 299.
    • Aligianis IA, Morgan NV, Mione M, Johnson CA, Rosser E, Hennekam RC, Adams G, Trembath RC, Pilz DT, Stoodley N, Moore AT, Wilson S, Maher ER (2006). Mutation in Rab3 GTPase-activating protein (RAB3GAP) noncatalytic subunit in a kindred with Martsolf syndrome. The American Journal of Human Genetics, 78(4), 702 - 707.
    • Jeong JY, Einhorn Z, Mercurio S, Lee S, Lau B, Mione M, Wilson SW, Guo S (2006). Neurogenin1 is a determinant of zebrafish basal forebrain dopaminergic neurons and is regulated by the conserved zinc finger protein Tof/Fezl. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 103, 5143 - 5148.


    • Cavodeassi F, Carreira-Barbosa F, Young RM, Concha ML, Allende ML, Houart C, Tada M, Wilson SW (2005). Early stages of zebrafish eye formation require the coordinated activity of Wnt11, Fz5, and the Wnt/β-catenin pathway. Neuron, 47(1), 43 - 56. doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2005.05.026
    • Gestri G, Carl M, Appolloni I, Wilson SW, Barsacchi G, Andreazzoli M (2005). Six3 functions in anterior neural plate specification by promoting cell proliferation and inhibiting Bmp4 expression.. Development, 132(10), 2401 - 2413. doi:10.1242/dev.01814
    • Norton WH, Mangoli M, Lele Z, Pogoda HM, Diamond B, Mercurio S, Russell C, Teraoka H, Stickney HL, Rauch GJ, Heisenberg CP, Houart C, Schilling TF, Frohnhoefer HG, Rastegar S, Neumann CJ, Gardiner RM, Strahle U, Geisler R, Rees M, Talbot WS, Wilson SW (2005). Monorail/Foxa2 regulates floorplate differentiation and specification of oligodendrocytes, serotonergic raphe neurones and cranial motoneurones.. Development, 132(4), 645 - 658. doi:10.1242/dev.01611
    • Aizawa H, Bianco IH, Hamaoka T, Miyashita T, Uemura O, Concha ML, Russell C, Wilson SW, Okamoto H (2005). Laterotopic representation of left-right information onto the dorso-ventral axis of a zebrafish midbrain target nucleus. Current Biology, 15, 238 - 243.
    • Barth KA, Miklosi A, Watkins J, Bianco IH, Wilson SW, Andrew RJ (2005). fsi zebrafish show concordant reversal of laterality of viscera, neuroanatomy, and a subset of behavioral responses.. Current Biology, 15, 844 - 850.


    • Kapsimali M, Caneparo L, Houart C, Wilson SW (2004). Inhibition of Wnt/Axin/beta-catenin pathway activity promotes ventral CNS midline tissue to adopt hypothalamic rather than floorplate identity.. Development, 131(23), 5923 - 5933. doi:10.1242/dev.01453
    • Paukert M, Sidi S, Russell C, Siba M, Wilson SW, Nicolson T, Grunder S (2004). A family of acid-sensing ion channels from the zebrafish - Widespread expression in the central nervous system suggests a conserved role in neuronal communication. J BIOL CHEM, 279(18), 18783 - 18791. doi:10.1074/jbc.M401477200
    • Teraoka H, Russell C, Regan J, Chandrasekhar A, Concha ML, Yokoyama R, Higashi K, Take-uchi M, Dong W, Hiraga T, Holder N, Wilson SW (2004). Hedgehog and Fgf signaling pathways regulate the development of tphR-expressing serotonergic raphe neurons in zebrafish embryos. Journal of Neurobiology, 60(3), 275 - 288.
    • Wilson SW, Houart C (2004). Early steps in the development of the forebrain. Developmental Cell, 6, 167 - 181.
    • Kudoh T, Concha ML, Houart C, Dawid IB, Wilson SW (2004). Combinatorial Fgf and Bmp signalling patterns the gastrula ectoderm into prospective neural and epidermal domains. Development, 131, 3581 - 3592.


    • Ulrich F, Concha ML, Heid PJ, Voss E, Witzel S, Roehl H, Tada M, Wilson SW, Adams RJ, Soll DR, Heisenberg CP (2003). Slb/Wnt11 controls hypoblast cell migration and morphogenesis at the onset of zebrafish gastrulation. Development, 130, 5375 - 5384. doi:10.1242/dev.00758
    • Barrios A, Poole RJ, Durbin L, Brennan C, Holder N, Wilson SW (2003). Eph/Ephrin signaling regulates the mesenchymal-to-epithelial transition of the paraxial mesoderm during somite morphogenesis. Current Biology, 13(18), 1571 - 1582. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2003.08.030
    • Carreira-Barbosa F, Concha ML, Takeuchi M, Ueno N, Wilson SW, Tada M (2003). Prickle1 regulates cell movements during gastrulation and neuronal migration in zebrafish. Development, 130, 4037 - 4046. doi:10.1242/dev.00567
    • Concha ML, Russell C, Regan JC, Tawk M, Sidi S, Gilmour DT, Kapsimali M, Sumoy L, Goldstone K, Amaya E, Kimelman D, Nicolson T, Gründer S, Gomperts M, Clarke JDW, Wilson SW (2003). Local tissue interactions across the dorsal midline of the forebrain establish CNS laterality. Neuron, 39, 423 - 438. doi:10.1016/S0896-6273(03)00437-9
    • Bink RJ, Habuchi H, Lele Z, Dolk E, Joore J, Rauch GJ, Geisler R, Wilson SW, Den Hertog J, Kimata K, Zivkovic D (2003). Heparan Sulfate 6-O-Sulfotransferase is essential for muscle development in zebrafish. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 278, 31118 - 31127.
    • Take-Uchi M, Clarke JDW, Wilson SW (2003). Hedgehog signaling maintains the optic stalk/retinal interface through the regulation of Vax gene activity. Development, 130, 955 - 968.
    • Cau E, Wilson SW (2003). Ash1a and Neurogenin1 function downstream of Floating head to regulate epiphysial neurogenesis. Development, 130, 2455 - 2466.
    • Masai I, Lele Z, Yamaguchi M, Komori A, Nakata A, Nishiwaki Y, Wada H, Tanaka H, Nojima Y, Hammerschmidt M, Wilson SW, Okamoto H (2003). N-cadherin mediates retinal lamination, maintenance of forebrain compartments and patterning of retinal neurites. Development, 130, 2479 - 2494.


    • Grandel H, Lun K, Rauch GJ, Rhinn M, Piotrowski T, Houart C, Sordino P, Kuchler AM, Schulte-Merker S, Geisler R, Holder N, Wilson SW, Brand M (2002). Retinoic acid signalling in the zebrafish embryo is necessary during pre-segmentation stages to pattern the anterior-posterior axis of the CNS and to induce a pectoral fin bud. DEVELOPMENT, 129(12), 2851 - 2865.
    • Lele Z, Folchert A, Concha M, Rauch GJ, Geisler R, Rosa F, Wilson SW, Hammerschmidt M, Bally-Cuif L (2002). parachute/n-cadherin is required for morphogenesis and maintained integrity of the zebrafish neural tube. DEVELOPMENT, 129(14), 3281 - 3294.
    • Mathieu J, Barth A, Rosa FM, Wilson SW, Peyrieras N (2002). Distinct and cooperative roles for Nodal and Hedgehog signals during hypothalamic development. DEVELOPMENT, 129(13), 3055 - 3065.
    • Houart C, Caneparo L, Heisenberg CP, Barth AK, Take-Uchi M, Wilson SW (2002). Establishment of the telencephalon during gastrulation by local antagonism of Wnt signaling. Neuron, 35(2), 255 - 265. doi:10.1016/S0896-6273(02)00751-1
    • Wilson SW, Brand M, Eisen JS (2002). Patterning the zebrafish central nervous system. In Solnica-Krezel L (Ed.), Pattern Formation in Zebrafish (pp. 181 - 215). : Springer.
    • Feldman B, Concha ML, Saude L, Parsons MJ, Adams RJ, Wilson SW, Stemple DS (2002). Lefty antagonism of Squint is essential for normal gastrulation. Current Biology, 12, 2129 - 2135.
    • Kudoh T, Wilson SW, Dawid IB (2002). Distinct roles for Fgf, Wnt and retinoic acid in posteriorizing the neural ectoderm. Development, 129, 4335 - 4346.
    • Wendl T, Lun K, Mione M, Favor J, Brand M, Wilson SW, Rohr KB (2002). Pax2.1 is required for development of thyroid follicles in zebrafish. Development, 129, 3751 - 3760.
    • Costagli A, Kapsimali M, Wilson SW, Mione M (2002). Conserved and divergent patterns of reelin expression in the zebrafish central nervous system. The Journal of Comparative Neurology, 450, 73 - 93.


    • Rohr K, Barth KA, Varga ZM, Wilson SW (2001). The nodal pathway acts upstream of Hedgehog signalling to specify ventral telencephalic identity. Neuron, 29, 341 - 351. doi:10.1016/S0896-6273(01)00210-0
    • Cooke J, Moens C, Roth L, Durbin L, Shiomi K, Brennan C, Kimmel C, Wilson SW, Holder N (2001). Eph signalling functions downstream of Val to regulate cell sorting and boundary formation in the caudal hindbrain. Development, 128(4), 571 - 580.
    • Heisenberg CP, Houart C, Take-uchi M, Rauch GJ, Masai I, Caneparo L, Concha ML, Dale TC, Wilson SW, Stemple DL (2001). A mutation in the Gsk3-binding domain of zebrafish Masterblind/Axin1 leads to a fate transformation of telencephalon and eyes to diencephalon. Genes and Development, 15, 1427 - 1434.
    • Concha ML, Wilson SW (2001). Asymmetry in the epithalamus of vertebrates. Journal of Anatomy, 199(1-2), 63 - 84.


    • Heisenberg CP, Tada M, Rauch GJ, Saúde L, Concha ML, Geisler R, Stemple DL, Smith JC, Wilson SW (2000). Silberblick/Wnt11 mediates convergent extension movements during zebrafish gastrulation.. Nature, 405(6782), 76 - 81. doi:10.1038/35011068
    • Durbin L, Sordino P, Barrios A, Gering M, Thisse C, Thisse B, Brennan C, Green A, Wilson SW, Holder N (2000). Anterior-posterior patterning is required within segments for somite boundary formation in developing zebrafish. Development, 127, 1703 - 1713.
    • Shanmugalingam S, Houart C, Picker A, Reifers F, Macdonald R, Barth KA, Griffin K, Brand M, Wilson SW (2000). Ace/Fgf8.1 is required for forebrain commissure formation and patterning of the telencephalon. Development, 127, 2549 - 2561.
    • Concha M, Burdine R, Russell C, Schier AS, Wilson SW (2000). A Nodal signalling pathway regulates the laterality of CNS asymmetries in the zebrafish forebrain. Neuron, 28, 399 - 409.
    • Masai I, Stemple DL, Okamoto H, Wilson SW (2000). Midline signals regulate retinal neurogenesis in zebrafish. Neuron, 27, 251 - 263.
    • Williams JA, Barrios A, Gatchalian C, Rubin L, Wilson SW, Holder N (2000). Programmed cell death in zebrafish Rohon Beard neurons is influenced by TrkC1/NT3 signalling. Developmental Biology, 226, 220 - 230.
    • Wilson SW, Rubenstein JL (2000). Induction and dorsoventral patterning of the telencephalon. Neuron, 28, 641 - 651.


    • Heisenberg C-PH, Brennan C, Wilson SW (1999). Zebrafish aussicht embryos exhibit widespread overexpression of ace (fgf8) and coincident defects in CNS development. Development, 126, 2129 - 2140.
    • Guo S, Wilson SW, Cooke S, Chitnis A, Driever W, Rosenthal A (1999). Mutations in the zebrafish unmask shared regulatory pathways controlling the development of catecholaminergic neurons. Developmental Biology, 208, 473 - 487.
    • Guo S, Brush J, Teraoka H, Goddard A, Wilson SW, Mullins MC, Rosenthal A (1999). Development of noradrenergic neurons in the zebrafish hindbrain requires BMP, FGF8, and the homeodomain protein Soulless/Phox2a. Neuron, 24, 555 - 566.
    • Barth KA, Kishimoto Y, Rohr KB, Seydler C, Schulte-Merker S, Wilson SW (1999). Bmp activity establishes a gradient of positional information throughout the entire neural plate.. Development, 126(22), 4977 - 4987.
    • Ho C-Y, Houart C, Wilson SW, Stainier DYR (1999). A role for the extraembryonic yolk syncitial layer in patterning the zebrafish embryo suggested by properties of the hex gene. Current Biology, 9, 1131 - 1135.
    • Wilson S (1999). Nigel Holder (July 2, 1953-December 11, 1998).. Developmental Biology, 208, 253 - 254.


    • Shanmugalingam S, Wilson SW (1998). Isolation, expression and regulation of a zebrafish paraxis homologue.. Mechanisms of Development, 78, 85 - 89.
    • Houart C, Westerfield M, Wilson SW (1998). A small population of anterior cells patterns the forebrain during zebrafish gastrulation.. Nature, 391(6669), 788 - 792. doi:10.1038/35853


    • Wilson SW, Brennan C, Macdonald R, Brand M, Holder N (1997). Analysis of axon tract formation in the zebrafish brain: the role of territories of gene expression and their boundaries. Cell and Tissue Research, 290, 189 - 196.
    • Marcos-Gutierrez C, Wilson SW, Holder N, Pachnis V (1997). The zebrafish homologue of the ret receptor and its pattern of expression during embryogenesis. Oncogene, 14, 879 - 889.
    • Kazanskaya OV, Severtzova EA, Barth KA, Ermakova GV, Lukyanov SA, Benjumov AO, Pannese M, Boncinelli E, Wilson SW, Zaraisky AG (1997). Anf: a novel class of vertebrate homeobox genes expressed at the anterior end of the main embryonic axis. Gene, 200, 25 - 34.
    • Macdonald R, Scholes J, Strähle U, Brennan C, Holder N, Brand M, Wilson SW (1997). The Pax protein Noi is required for commissural axon pathway formation in the rostral forebrain. Development, 124, 2397 - 2408.
    • Macdonald R, Wilson SW (1997). Distribution of Pax6 protein during eye development suggests discrete roles in proliferative and differentiated visual cells. Development, Genes and Evolution, 206, 363 - 369.
    • Masai I, Heisenberg CP, Barth KA, Adamek S, Macdonald R, Wilson SW (1997). Floating head and masterblind regulate neuronal patterning in the roof of the forebrain. Neuron, 18, 43 - 57.
    • Cooke JE, Xu Q, Wilson SW, Holder N (1997). Characterisation of five novel Eph-related receptor tyrosine kinases suggests roles in patterning the neural plate. Development, Genes and Evolution, 206, 515 - 531.


    • Barth KA, Wilson SW (1995). Expression of zebrafish nk2.2 is influenced by sonic hedgehog/vertebrate hedgehog-1 and demarcates a zone of neuronal differentiation in the embryonic forebrain. Development, 121(6), 1755 - 1768.
    • Macdonald R, Barth KA, Xu Q, Holder N, Mikkola I, Wilson SW (1995). Midline signalling is required for Pax gene regulation and patterning of the eyes. Development, 121(10), 3267 - 3278.
    • Neave B, Rodaway A, Wilson SW, Patient R, Holder N (1995). Expression of zebrafish GATA 3 (gta3) during gastrulation and neurulation suggests a role in the specification of cell fate. Mechanisms of Development, 51, 169 - 182.


    • Macdonald R, Xu Q, Barth KA, Mikkola I, Holder N, Fjose A, Krauss S, Wilson SW (1994). Regulatory gene expression boundaries demarcate sites of neuronal differentiation in the embryonic zebrafish forebrain. Neuron, 13, 1039 - 1053.



    • Mikkola I, Fjose A, Kuwada JY, Wilson S, Guddal PH, Krauss S (1992). The paired domain-containing nuclear factor pax[b] is expressed in specific commissural interneurons in zebrafish embryos. Journal of Neurobiology, 23, 933 - 946.
    • Krauss S, Maden M, Holder N, Wilson SW (1992). ebrafish pax[b] is involved in the formation of the midbrain-hindbrain boundary. Nature, 360, 87 - 89.
    • Bernhardt RR, Patel CK, Wilson SW, Kuwada JY (1992). Axonal trajectories and distribution of GABAergic spinal neurons in wildtype and mutant zebrafish lacking floor plate cells. The Journal of Comparative Neurology, 326, 263 - 272.


    • Wilson SW, Easter SSJ (1991). Stereotyped pathway selection by growth cones of early epiphysial neurons in the embryonic zebrafish. Development, 112, 723 - 746.
    • Wilson SW, Easter SSJ (1991). A pioneering growth cone in the embryonic zebrafish brain. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 88, 2293 - 2296.


    • Wilson SW, Ross LS, Parrett T, Easter SSJ (1990). The development of a simple scaffold of axon tracts in the brain of the embryonic zebrafish, Brachydanio rerio. Development, 108, 121 - 145.

    • Hitchcock PF, Macdonald RE, VanDeRyt JT, Wilson SW (). Antibodies against Pax6 immunostain amacrine and ganglion cells and neuronal progenitors, but not rod precursors, in the normal and regenerating retina of the goldfish.. J. Neurobiol., 29, 399 - 413.
    • Schilling T, Wilson SW (). Evolution, development and genome analysis.. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond., 336(Special issue), 1517 - 1679.
    • Macdonald RE, Wilson SW (). Pax genes and eye development. Curr. Op. Neurobiol., 6, 49 - 66.