Prof Rosalind Raine

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Personal Profile

Name: Rosalind Raine Email: r.raine@ucl.ac.uk
Title: Prof Tel: 0044 207 679 1713
Department: Epidemiology & Public Health Fax:
Position: Professor of Health Care Evaluation Address: 1-19 Torrington Place, London, London, WC1E 7HB
Research Domain: Global Health, Populations & Lifelong Health Web Page: Personal Web Page

Profile

Research Description

My particular  expertise is in the evaluation of health care / public health interventions and policies across the NHS.  

Major themes of my work are
1. the determinants of health service use;
2. examining the relationship between health care inequalities and health inequalities across socio-economic and other groups (particularly age and gender);
3. developing and experimentally evaluating interventions to reduce the socio-economic gradient in health care use;
4. the evaluation of health care and public health programmes, with particular reference to variations across socio-economic and other groups; 

5. analysis of NHS policy;
6. clinical decision making in areas of uncertainty.


I am Chief investigator on the following major research programmes:

Director of NIHR Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care (CLAHRC): North Thames

Designing and evaluating strategies to reduce the social gradient in health service use: ASCEND Project (NIHR Applied Programme Grant)

Improving the effectiveness of multidisciplinary team meetings for patients with chronic diseases. (NIHR HSR Research Programme)

The relative influences of health care and risk factors on future longevity across socio-demographic groups in England. (L&G)

Evaluation of the Planning and Delivery of NHS London’s Olympic and Para-Olympic Programme (NHS London)

I am also a co-applicant on the following major research programmes:

NIHR School for Public Health Research (NIHR, UCL Lead, Professor Anne Johnson)

Policy Research Unit in Cancer Awareness, Screening and Early Diagnosis (DHPRP, Led by Professor Stephen Duffy, QMUL. I lead the Inequalities and Early Diagnosis Themes)

Evaluation of Specialist Cancer Services for Teenagers and Young Adults (NIHR Applied Programme Grant, led by Dr Jeremy Whelan)

Innovative use of antibiotics in the prevention COPD exacerbations (NIHR Applied Programme Grant, led by Professor Wisia Wedzicha)



Research Activities

Determinants of adherence to long term antibiotics to prevent exacerbations of COPD

Improving the effectiveness of multidisciplinary team meetings for patients with chronic diseases

Investigating socioeconomic variations in access to chlamydia testing in young people in England

Primary care characteristics and diagnosis of lung cancer through emergency presentation

Public Health

Reducing socioeconomic inequalities in uptake of bowel cancer screening

Education Description

I teach a module for year 3 medical students on screening (epidemiology and health services research)

UCL Collaborators

Dr Mai Stafford; Prof Steve Morris; Ms Jessica Sheringham; Dr Penny Xanthopoulou; Dr Nora Pashayan; Ms Caoimhe Nic A Bhaird; Prof Graham Hart; Miss Isla Wallace

External Collaborators

Publications

    2014

    • Martins T, Hamilton W, Ukoumunne O, Banks J, Raine R (2014). Patients' views on testing for prostate cancer: a vignette-based study of primary care attendees. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CANCER CARE, 23, 25 - 25.
    • Smith SG, Raine R, Obichere A, Wolf MS, Wardle J, von Wagner C (2014). The effect of a supplementary ('gist-based') information leaflet on colorectal cancer knowledge and screening intention: a randomized controlled trial.. J Behav Med, , - . doi:10.1007/s10865-014-9596-z
    • Raine R, Xanthopoulou P, Wallace I, Nic a’ Bháird C, Lanceley A, Clarke A, Livingston G, Prentice A, Ardron D, Harris M, King M, Michie S, Blazeby JM, Austin-Parsons N, Gibbs S, Barber J (2014). Determinants of treatment plan implementation in multidisciplinary team meetings for patients with chronic diseases: a mixed-methods study. BMJ Quality & Safety, , - . doi:10.1136/bmjqs-2014-002818
    • Smith SG, Raine R, Jane W, von Wagner C (2014). EXAMINING THE EFFECT OF A 'GIST-BASED' COLORECTAL CANCER SCREENING INFORMATION LEAFLET: A MULTI-CENTRE RANDOMISED CONTROLLED TRIAL. ANNALS OF BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE, 47, S235 - S235.
    • Palmer CK, Thomas MC, von Wagner C, Raine R (2014). Reasons for non-uptake and subsequent participation in the NHS Bowel Cancer Screening Programme: a qualitative study.. Br J Cancer, , - . doi:10.1038/bjc.2014.125
    • Black G, Kononovas K, Taylor J, Raine R (2014). Healthcare planning for the olympics in london: a qualitative evaluation.. PLoS One, 9(3), e92338 - . doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0092338

    2013

    • Hawkins NM, Scholes S, Bajekal M, Love H, O'Flaherty M, Raine R, Capewell S (2013). The UK national health service: Delivering equitable treatment across the spectrum of coronary disease. Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes, 6(2), 208 - 216.
    • Smith SG, Vart G, Wolf MS, Obichere A, Baker HJ, Raine R, Wardle J, von Wagner C (2013). How do people interpret information about colorectal cancer screening: observations from a think-aloud study.. Health Expect, , - . doi:10.1111/hex.12117
    • Fulop N, Raine R (2013). Leading healthcare in London: time for a radical response?. BMJ, 347, f4711 - .
    • Scholes S, Bajekal M, Norman P, O'Flaherty M, Hawkins N, Kivimäki M, Capewell S, Raine R (2013). Quantifying policy options for reducing future coronary heart disease mortality in England: a modelling study.. PLoS One, 8(7), e69935 - . doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0069935
    • Smith SG, Wolf MS, Obichere A, Raine R, Wardle J, von Wagner C (2013). The development and testing of a brief ('gist-based') supplementary colorectal cancer screening information leaflet.. Patient Educ Couns, , - . doi:10.1016/j.pec.2013.08.013
    • Bajekal M, Scholes S, O'Flaherty M, Raine R, Norman P, Capewell S (2013). Unequal trends in coronary heart disease mortality by socioeconomic circumstances, England 1982-2006: an analytical study.. PLoS One, 8(3), e59608 - . doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0059608
    • Fulop N (2013). Leading healthcare in London: Time for a radical response? King's Fund report should have been even more radical. BMJ (Online), 347(7919), - . doi:10.1136/bmj.f4711

    2012

    • Cross J, Raine R, Harris P, Richards T, FEVAR Consensus Working Group of the British Society of Endovascular Therapy (2012). Indications for fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair.. Br J Surg, 99(2), 217 - 224. doi:10.1002/bjs.7811
    • Scholes S, Bajekal M, Love H, Hawkins N, Raine R, O'Flaherty M, Capewell S (2012). Persistent socioeconomic inequalities in cardiovascular risk factors in England over 1994-2008: a time-trend analysis of repeated cross-sectional data.. BMC Public Health, 12, 129 - . doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-129
    • Sheringham J, Baraitser P, Simms I, Hart G, Raine R (2012). Chlamydia screening in England: a qualitative study of the narrative behind the policy.. BMC Public Health, 12, 317 - . doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-317
    • Hawkins N, Scholes S, Bajekal M, Love H, O'Flaherty M, Raine R, Capewell S (2012). Community care in England: reducing socioeconomic inequalities in heart failure.. Circulation, 126(9), 1050 - 1057.
    • Palmer C, Thomas M, Raine R, Von Wagner C (2012). ACCOUNTING FOR NON-UPTAKE OF BOWEL CANCER SCREENING: A QUALITATIVE STUDY. doi:10.1136/jech-2012-201753.038
    • Barratt HS, Harrison DA, Rowan KM, Raine R (2012). Effect of non-clinical inter-hospital critical care unit to unit transfer of critically ill patients: a propensity-matched cohort analysis.. Critical Care (UK), 2012(16), - . doi:10.1186/cc11662
    • Barratt H, Raine R (2012). Hospital service reconfiguration: the battle for hearts and minds.. BMJ, 344, e953 - .
    • Brentnall AR, Duffy SW, Baio G, Raine R (2012). Strategy for power calculation for interactions: application to a trial of interventions to improve uptake of bowel cancer screening.. Contemp Clin Trials, 33(1), 213 - 217. doi:10.1016/j.cct.2011.09.021
    • Morris S, Baio G, Kendall, E , von Wagner C, Wardle J, Atkin W, Halloran S, Handley G, Logan R, Obichere A, Rainbow S, Smith S, Snowball J, Raine R (2012). Socioeconomic variation in uptake of colonoscopy following a positive Faecal Occult Blood test result: a retrospective analysis of the NHS Bowel Cancer Screening Programme. British Journal of Cancer, , - . doi:10.1038/bjc.2012.303
    • Pearson-Stuttard J, Bajekal M, Scholes S, Raine R, O'Flaherty M, Capewell S, Hawkins NM (2012). Recent UK trends in the unequal burden of coronary heart disease. Heart, 98(21), 1573 - 1582. doi:10.1136/heartjnl-2012-302435
    • Sheringham J, Mann S, Simms I, Stafford M, Hart G, Raine R (2012). It matters what you measure: A systematic literature review examining whether young people in poorer socioeconomic circumstances are more at risk of chlamydia. Sex Transm Infec, , - . doi:10.1136/sextrans-2011-050223

    2011

    • Tanskanen S, Morant NT, Hinton M, Lloyd-Evans B, Crosby M, Killaspy H, Raine R, Pilling S, Johnson S (2011). Service user and carer experiences of seeking help for a first episode of psychosis: a UK qualitative study. BMC Psychiatry, 11, - . doi:10.1186/1471-244X-11-157
    • Forde I, Chandola T, Raine R, Marmot MG, Kivimaki M (2011). Socioeconomic and ethnic differences in use of lipid-lowering drugs after deregulation of simvastatin in the UK: the Whitehall II prospective cohort study.. Atherosclerosis, 215(1), 223 - 228. doi:10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2010.12.012
    • Hawkins NM, Scholes S, Bajekal M, Love H, O'Flaherty M, Raine R, Capewell S (2011). REDUCING SOCIOECONOMIC INEQUALITY IN CORONARY DISEASE TREATMENTS: THE NHS FINALLY TRIUMPHS?. J EPIDEMIOL COMMUN H, 65, - . doi:10.1136/jech.2011.143586.46
    • McKee M, Raine R (2011). Riots on the streets. BRIT MED J, 343, - . doi:10.1136/bmj.d5248
    • Bajekal M, Scholes S, Love H, Hawkins N, O'Flaherty M, Raine R, Capewell S (2011). EXPLAINING RECENT CORONARY HEART DISEASE MORTALITY TRENDS IN ENGLAND BY SOCIOECONOMIC CIRCUMSTANCES, 2000-2007. J EPIDEMIOL COMMUN H, 65, A14 - A14. doi:10.1136/jech.2011.142976a.30
    • Sheringham J, Simms I, Riha J, Talebi A, Emmett L, Macintosh M, Raine R (2011). Will Chlamydia Screening Reach Young People in Deprived Areas in England? Baseline Analysis of the English National Chlamydia Screening Programme Delivery in 2008. SEX TRANSM DIS, 38(8), 677 - 684. doi:10.1097/OLQ.0b013e31821597ca
    • Karlsen S, Say L, Souza JP, Hogue CJ, Calles DL, Gülmezoglu AM, Raine R (2011). The relationship between maternal education and mortality among women giving birth in health care institutions: analysis of the cross sectional WHO Global Survey on Maternal and Perinatal Health.. BMC Public Health, 11, 606 - . doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-606
    • von Wagner C, Baio G, Raine R, Snowball J, Morris S, Atkin W, Obichere A, Handley G, Logan RF, Rainbow S, Smith S, Halloran S, Wardle J (2011). Inequalities in participation in an organized national colorectal cancer screening programme: results from the first 2.6 million invitations in England. INT J EPIDEMIOL, 40(3), 712 - 718. doi:10.1093/ije/dyr008
    • Brown MM, Raine R (2011). Should sex influence the choice between carotid stenting and carotid endarterectomy?. Lancet Neurol, 10(6), 494 - 497. doi:10.1016/S1474-4422(11)70103-X
    • McKee M, Hurst L, Aldridge RW, Raine R, Mindell JS, Wolfe I, Holland WW (2011). Public health in England: an option for the way forward?. Lancet, 378(9790), 536 - 539. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(11)60241-9
    • McKee M, Pollock AM, Clarke A, McCoy D, Middleton J, Raine R, Scott-Samuel A (2011). HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE BILL In defence of the NHS: why writing to the House of Lords was necessary. BRIT MED J, 343, - . doi:10.1136/bmj.d6535
    • Osborn DPJ, Baio G, Walters K, Petersen I, Limburg H, Raine R, Nazareth I (2011). Inequalities in the provision of cardiovascular screening to people with severe mental illnesses in primary care: Cohort study in the United Kingdom THIN Primary Care Database 2000–2007. Schizophrenia Research, , - . doi:10.1016/j.schres.2011.04.003
    • Osborn D, BAIO G, Walters K, Petersen I, Limburg H, Raine R, Nazareth I (2011). Inequalities in the provision of cardiovascular screening to people with severe mental illnesses in primary care. Cohort study in the United Kingdom THIN Primary Care Database 2000- 2007. Schizophrenia Research, , - . doi:10.1016/j.schres.2011.04.003
    • von Wagner C, Baio G, Raine R, Snowball J, Morris S, Atkin W, Obichere A, Handley G, Logan R, Rainbow S, Smith S, Halloran S, Wardle J (2011). DISPARITIES IN UPTAKE OF AN ORGANIZED NATIONAL COLORECTAL CANCER SCREENING PROGRAM: RESULTS FROM THE FIRST 2.6 MILLION INVITATIONS IN ENGLAND. ANNALS OF BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE, 41, S6 - S6.
    • Bajekal M, Scholes S, Love H, Hawkins N, O'Flaherty M, Raine R, Capewell S (2011). EXPLAINING RECENT CORONARY HEART DISEASE MORTALITY TRENDS IN ENGLAND BY SOCIOECONOMIC CIRCUMSTANCES, 2000-2007. J EPIDEMIOL COMMUN H, 65, A10 - A10. doi:10.1136/jech.2011.143586.22

    2010

    • Barratt H, Wilson M, Moore F, Raine R (2010). Republished paper: The implications of the NICE guidelines on neurosurgical management for all severe head injuries: systematic review.. Postgrad Med J, 86(1017), 437 - 442. doi:10.1136/pgmj.2009.075382rep
    • Raine R, Scholes S, Wong W, Ashton C, Obichere A, Ambler G (2010). Social variations in access to hospital care for patients with colorectal, breast and lung cancer between 1999 and 2006: a retrospective analysis of Hospital Episode Statistics. BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.), 340, - .
    • Burt J, Plant H, Omar R, Raine R (2010). Equity of use of specialist palliative care by age: cross-sectional study of lung cancer patients. Palliative Med, , 641 - 650.
    • McBride D, Hardoon S, Walters K, Gilmour S, Raine R (2010). Explaining variation in referral from primary to secondary care: cohort study.. BMJ, 341, c6267 - .
    • Hollowell J, Grocott M, Hardy R, Hadad F, Mythen M, Raine R (2010). Major elective joint replacement surgery: socioeconomic variations in surgical risk, postoperative morbidity and length of stay. J Evaluation in Clin Practice, , - . doi:10.1111/j.1365-2753.2009.01154.x
    • Hollowell J, Grocott M, Hardy R, Hadad F, Mythen M, Raine R (2010). Major elective joint replacement surgery:socioeconomic variations in surgical risk, postoperative morbidity and length of stay. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 16, 529 - 538.
    • Ashton C, Bajekal M, Raine R (2010). Quantifying the contribution of leading causes of death to mortality decline among older people in England, 1991-2005.. Health Stat Q, (45), 100 - 127. doi:10.1057/hsq.2010.6
    • Wolf J, Adger N, Lorenzoni L, Abrahamson V, Raine R (2010). Social capital, individual responses to heat waves and climate change adaption: an empirical study of two UK cities. Global Environmental Change, (20), 44 - 52.
    • Barratt H, Wilson M, Moore F, Raine R (2010). The implications of the NICE guidelines on neurosurgical management for all severe head injuries: systematic review. Emergency Med J, (27), 173 - 178.
    • Scholes S, Bajekal M, Raine R, O'Flaherty M, Capewell S (2010). SOCIO-ECONOMIC TRENDS IN CARDIOVASCULAR RISK FACTORS IN ENGLAND, 1994-2008. J EPIDEMIOL COMMUN H, 64, A13 - A13. doi:10.1136/jech.2010.120956.33
    • Bajekal M, Scholes S, O'Flaherty M, Raine R, Norman P, Capewell S (2010). TRENDS IN CORONARY HEART DISEASE MORTALITY IN ENGLAND BY SOCIO-ECONOMIC CIRCUMSTANCES, 1982-2006. J EPIDEMIOL COMMUN H, 64, A2 - A2. doi:10.1136/jech.2010.120956.5

    2009

    • Sheringham J, Sowden S, Stafford M, Simms I, Raine R (2009). Monitoring inequalities in the National Chlamydia Screening Programme in England: added value of ACORN, a commercial geodemographic classification tool.. Sexual Health, 6(1), 57 - 62.
    • Abrahamson V, Raine R (2009). Health and social care responses to the Department of Health Heatwave Plan. Journal of Public Health, , 1 - 12. doi:10.1093/pubmed/fdp059
    • Raine R, Cartwright M, Richens Y, Mahamed Z, Smith D (2009). A qualitative study of women’s experiences of communication in antenatal care: identifying areas for action. Maternal and Child Health Journal, , - . doi:10.1007/s10995-009-0489-7
    • Abrahamson V, Wolf J, Lorenzoni I, Fenn B, Kovats S, Wilkinson P, Adger WN, Raine R (2009). Perceptions of heatwave risks to health: interview-based study of older people in London and Norwich, UK.. J Public Health (Oxf), 31(1), 119 - 126. doi:10.1093/pubmed/fdn102
    • Raine R, Wong W, Ambler G, Petersen I, Hardoon S, Morris R (2009). Sociodemographic variations in the contribution of secondary drug prevention to stroke survival at middle and older ages: cohort study. BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.), 338, b1279 - . doi:10.1136/bmj.b1279
    • Say L, Jackson D, Raine R, Bergel E, Gibbons L (2009). Measuring equity of reproductive health services. TROP MED INT HEALTH, 14, 102 - 102.
    • Chambers S, Raine R, Rahman A, Isenberg D (2009). Why do patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) take or fail to take their prescribed medications? A qualitative study in a UK cohort. Rheumatology, , 1 - 6. doi:10.1093/rheumatology/ken479

    2008

    • Chambers SA, Raine R, Rahman A, De Ceulaer K, Hagley K, Isenberg D (2008). Factors influencing adherence to medications in a group of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in Jamaica.
    • Sowden S, Breeze E, Barber J, Raine R (2008). Do general practices provide equitable access to physical activity interventions?. British Journal of General Practice, , - .
    • Anya I, Raine R (2008). Strengthening clinical and research ethics in Nigeria - an agenda for change.. The Lancet, 372, 1594 - 1597.
    • Sowden S, Raine R (2008). Running along parallel lines: how political reality impedes the evaluation of public health interventions. A case study of exercise referral schemes in England.. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 62(9), 835 - 841.
    • Forde I, Raine R (2008). Placing the individual within a social determinants approach to health equity. The Lancet, 372(9650), 1694 - 1696. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(08)61695-5
    • Chambers S, Raine R, Rahman A, Hagley K, De Ceulaer K, Isenberg D (2008). Factors influencing adherence to medications in a group of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in Jamaica.. Lupus, 17, 761 - 769.

    2007

    • Say L, Raine R (2007). A systematic review of inequalities in the use of maternal health care in developing countries: examining the scale of the problem and the importance of context.. Bulletin of the World Health Organisation, 85, 1 - 8.
    • Say L, Raine R (2007). A systematic review of inequalities in the use of maternal health care in developing countries: examining the scale of the problem and the importance of context. B WORLD HEALTH ORGAN, 85(10), 812 - 819. doi:10.2471/BLT.06.035659
    • Carpenter J, Hutchings A, Raine R, Sanderson C (2007). An experimental study of the influence of individual participant characteristics on formal consensus development. INT J TECHNOL ASSESS, 23(1), 108 - 115.
    • Michie S, Berentson-Shaw J, Pilling S, Dieppe P, Raine R, Cluzeau F, Alderson P, Ellis S, Feder G (2007). Turning Evidence into Recommendations: protocol of a study guideline development group. Implementation Science, 2, 29 - . doi:10.1186/1748-5908-2-29

    2006

    • Black N, Raine R (2006). Analytical Models for Decision Making.
    • Hutchings A, Raine R (2006). A systematic review of factors affecting the judgements produced by formal consensus development methods in healthcare.. Journal of Health Services Research and Policy, 11, 172 - 179.
    • Raine R, Hutchings A, Sanderson C, Black N (2006). A comparison of formal consensus methods used for developing clinical guidelines.. Journal of Health Services Research and Policy, 11, 218 - 224.
    • Leydon G, Raine R (2006). The need to act versus reluctance to act: a qualitative study of primary care antidepressant prescribing for patients with common somatic conditions of uncertain cause.. Primary Care Mental Health, 4(2), 131 - 142.
    • Raine R, Godden S, Mckee M (2006). Information and intelligence for healthy populations - Important, but maybe just too ambitious. BRIT MED J, 332(7552), 1226 - 1227.
    • Burt J, Raine R (2006). The effect of age on referral to and use of specialist palliative care services in adult cancer patients: a systematic review. Age and Ageing, 35(5), 469 - 476.
    • Raine R (2006). Are Maori underserved for cardiac interventions? (letter). NZJM, 115, 26 - .
    • Raine R, McIvor M (2006). Nine years on - what progress has been made on achieving health care equity?. The Lancet, 368, 1542 - 1544.
    • Black N, Raine R (2006). Making Health Policy.
    • Raine R, Godden S, McKee M (2006). Information and intelligence for healthy populations.. BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.), 332, 1226 - 1227.
    • Black N, Raine R (2006). Health Promotion Practice.
    • Black N, Raine R (2006). Environmental Epidemiology.
    • Black N, Raine R (2006). Environment, Health and Sustainable Development.
    • Black N, Raine R (2006). Controlling Communicable Disease.

    2005

    • Smith S, Sinclair D, Raine , R , Reeves B (2005). Health Care Evaluation.
    • Black N, Raine R (2005). Making Health Policy.

    2004

    • Raine R, Carter S, Sensky T, Black N (2004). General practitioners' perceptions of chronic fatigue syndrome and beliefs about its management, compared with irritable bowel syndrome: qualitative study. BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.), 328, 1354 - 1357. doi:10.1136/bmj.38078.503819.EE
    • Raine R, Walt G, Basnett I (2004). The white paper on public health. BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.), 329, 1247 - 1248.

    2003

    • Glasier A, Brechin S, Raine R, Penney G (2003). a consensus process to adapt the WHO Selected Practice Recommendations for UK use.. Contraception, 68, 327 - 333.
    • Raine R, Hutchings A, Black N (2003). Is publicly funded health care really distributed according to need? The example of cardiac rehabilitation in the UK.. Health Policy, 63, 63 - 72.

    2002

    • Raine R (2002). Bias measuring bias.. Journal of Health Services Research and Policy, 7(1), 65 - 67.
    • Walker D, Grave N, Raine R, Hutchings A, Roberts J (2002). Cost data for individual patients included in clinical studies: no amount of statistical analysis can compensate for inadequate costing methods.. Health Economics, 11, 735 - 739.
    • Raine R, Goldfrad C, Black N, Rowan K (2002). Gender differences in admission to intensive care.. Epidemiology and Community Health, 56, 418 - 423.
    • Raine R, Black N, Bowker T, Wood D (2002). Gender differences in the management and outcome of patients with acute coronary artery disease.. Epidemiology and Community Health, 56, 791 - 797.
    • Raine R, Basnett I (2002). What the UK government is (not) doing about health inequalities.. The Lancet, 360, 1891 - 1892.

    2000

    • Raine R (2000). Does gender bias exist in the use of specialist health care?. Journal of Health Services Research and Policy, 5(4), 237 - 249.
    • Raine R, Lewis L, Sensky T, Hutchings A, Hirsch S, Black N (2000). Patient determinants of mental health interventions in primary care.. British Journal of General Practice, 50(457), 620 - 625.

    • Bajekal M, Scholes S, Love H, Hawkins N, O'Flaherty M, Raine R, Capewell S (). Analysing Recent Socioeconomic Trends in Coronary Heart Disease Mortality in England, 2000–2007: A Population Modelling Study.. PLoS Medicine, , - . doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1001237
    • Wolf J, Adger N, Lorenzoni L, Abrahamson V, Raine R (). Social capital, individual responses to heat waves and climate change adaption: an empirical study of two UK cities. Global Environmental Change, , - .
    • Barratt H, Wilson M, Moore F, Raine R (). The implications of the NICE guidelines on neurosurgical management for all severe head injuries: systematic review. Emergency Medicine Journal, , - .