Prof Rosalind Raine

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Personal Profile

Name: Rosalind Raine Email: r.raine@ucl.ac.uk
Title: Prof Tel: 0044 207 679 1713
Department: Epidemiology & Public Health Fax:
Position: Professor of Health Care Evaluation Address: 1-19 Torrington Place, London, London, WC1E 7HB
Research Domain: Global Health, Populations & Lifelong Health Web Page: Personal Web Page

Profile

Research Description

My particular  expertise is in the evaluation of health care / public health interventions and policies across the NHS.  

Major themes of my work are
1. the determinants of health service use;
2. examining the relationship between health care inequalities and health inequalities across socio-economic and other groups (particularly age and gender);
3. developing and experimentally evaluating interventions to reduce the socio-economic gradient in health care use;
4. the evaluation of health care and public health programmes, with particular reference to variations across socio-economic and other groups; 

5. analysis of NHS policy;
6. clinical decision making in areas of uncertainty.


I am Chief investigator on the following major research programmes:

Director of NIHR Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care (CLAHRC): North Thames

Designing and evaluating strategies to reduce the social gradient in health service use: ASCEND Project (NIHR Applied Programme Grant)

Improving the effectiveness of multidisciplinary team meetings for patients with chronic diseases. (NIHR HSR Research Programme)

The relative influences of health care and risk factors on future longevity across socio-demographic groups in England. (L&G)

Evaluation of the Planning and Delivery of NHS London’s Olympic and Para-Olympic Programme (NHS London)

I am also a co-applicant on the following major research programmes:

NIHR School for Public Health Research (NIHR, UCL Lead, Professor Anne Johnson)

Policy Research Unit in Cancer Awareness, Screening and Early Diagnosis (DHPRP, Led by Professor Stephen Duffy, QMUL. I lead the Inequalities and Early Diagnosis Themes)

Evaluation of Specialist Cancer Services for Teenagers and Young Adults (NIHR Applied Programme Grant, led by Dr Jeremy Whelan)

Innovative use of antibiotics in the prevention COPD exacerbations (NIHR Applied Programme Grant, led by Professor Wisia Wedzicha)



Research Activities

Determinants of adherence to long term antibiotics to prevent exacerbations of COPD

Improving the effectiveness of multidisciplinary team meetings for patients with chronic diseases

Investigating socioeconomic variations in access to chlamydia testing in young people in England

Primary care characteristics and diagnosis of lung cancer through emergency presentation

Public Health

Reducing socioeconomic inequalities in uptake of bowel cancer screening

Education Description

I teach a module for year 3 medical students on screening (epidemiology and health services research)

UCL Collaborators

Dr Mai Stafford; Prof Steve Morris; Ms Jessica Sheringham; Dr Penny Xanthopoulou; Dr Nora Pashayan; Ms Caoimhe Nic A Bhaird; Prof Graham Hart; Miss Isla Wallace

External Collaborators

Publications

    2014

    • Smith SG, Raine R, Jane W, von Wagner C (2014). EXAMINING THE EFFECT OF A 'GIST-BASED' COLORECTAL CANCER SCREENING INFORMATION LEAFLET: A MULTI-CENTRE RANDOMISED CONTROLLED TRIAL. ANNALS OF BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE, 47, S235 - S235.
    • Palmer CK, Thomas MC, von Wagner C, Raine R (2014). Reasons for non-uptake and subsequent participation in the NHS Bowel Cancer Screening Programme: a qualitative study.. Br J Cancer, , - . doi:10.1038/bjc.2014.125
    • Raine R, Xanthopoulou P, Wallace I, Nic a’ Bháird C, Lanceley A, Clarke A, Livingston G, Prentice A, Ardron D, Harris M, King M, Michie S, Blazeby JM, Austin-Parsons N, Gibbs S, Barber J (2014). Determinants of treatment plan implementation in multidisciplinary team meetings for patients with chronic diseases: a mixed-methods study. BMJ Quality & Safety, , - . doi:10.1136/bmjqs-2014-002818
    • Black G, Kononovas K, Taylor J, Raine R (2014). Healthcare planning for the olympics in london: a qualitative evaluation.. PLoS One, 9(3), e92338 - . doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0092338

    2013

    • Fulop N, Raine R (2013). Leading healthcare in London: time for a radical response?. BMJ, 347, f4711 - .
    • Fulop N (2013). Leading healthcare in London: Time for a radical response? King's Fund report should have been even more radical. BMJ (Online), 347(7919), - . doi:10.1136/bmj.f4711
    • Scholes S, Bajekal M, Norman P, O'Flaherty M, Hawkins N, Kivimäki M, Capewell S, Raine R (2013). Quantifying policy options for reducing future coronary heart disease mortality in England: a modelling study.. PLoS One, 8(7), e69935 - . doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0069935
    • Smith SG, Wolf MS, Obichere A, Raine R, Wardle J, von Wagner C (2013). The development and testing of a brief ('gist-based') supplementary colorectal cancer screening information leaflet.. Patient Educ Couns, , - . doi:10.1016/j.pec.2013.08.013
    • Bajekal M, Scholes S, O'Flaherty M, Raine R, Norman P, Capewell S (2013). Unequal trends in coronary heart disease mortality by socioeconomic circumstances, England 1982-2006: an analytical study.. PLoS One, 8(3), e59608 - . doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0059608
    • Hawkins NM, Scholes S, Bajekal M, Love H, O'Flaherty M, Raine R, Capewell S (2013). The UK national health service: Delivering equitable treatment across the spectrum of coronary disease. Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes, 6(2), 208 - 216.
    • Smith SG, Vart G, Wolf MS, Obichere A, Baker HJ, Raine R, Wardle J, von Wagner C (2013). How do people interpret information about colorectal cancer screening: observations from a think-aloud study.. Health Expect, , - . doi:10.1111/hex.12117

    2012

    • Barratt HS, Harrison DA, Rowan KM, Raine R (2012). Effect of non-clinical inter-hospital critical care unit to unit transfer of critically ill patients: a propensity-matched cohort analysis.. Critical Care (UK), 2012(16), - . doi:10.1186/cc11662
    • Palmer C, Thomas M, Raine R, Von Wagner C (2012). ACCOUNTING FOR NON-UPTAKE OF BOWEL CANCER SCREENING: A QUALITATIVE STUDY. doi:10.1136/jech-2012-201753.038
    • Hawkins N, Scholes S, Bajekal M, Love H, O'Flaherty M, Raine R, Capewell S (2012). Community care in England: reducing socioeconomic inequalities in heart failure.. Circulation, 126(9), 1050 - 1057.
    • Sheringham J, Baraitser P, Simms I, Hart G, Raine R (2012). Chlamydia screening in England: a qualitative study of the narrative behind the policy.. BMC Public Health, 12, 317 - . doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-317
    • Scholes S, Bajekal M, Love H, Hawkins N, Raine R, O'Flaherty M, Capewell S (2012). Persistent socioeconomic inequalities in cardiovascular risk factors in England over 1994-2008: a time-trend analysis of repeated cross-sectional data.. BMC Public Health, 12, 129 - . doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-129
    • Brentnall AR, Duffy SW, Baio G, Raine R (2012). Strategy for power calculation for interactions: application to a trial of interventions to improve uptake of bowel cancer screening.. Contemp Clin Trials, 33(1), 213 - 217. doi:10.1016/j.cct.2011.09.021
    • Barratt H, Raine R (2012). Hospital service reconfiguration: the battle for hearts and minds.. BMJ, 344, e953 - .
    • Morris S, Baio G, Kendall, E , von Wagner C, Wardle J, Atkin W, Halloran S, Handley G, Logan R, Obichere A, Rainbow S, Smith S, Snowball J, Raine R (2012). Socioeconomic variation in uptake of colonoscopy following a positive Faecal Occult Blood test result: a retrospective analysis of the NHS Bowel Cancer Screening Programme. British Journal of Cancer, , - . doi:10.1038/bjc.2012.303
    • Pearson-Stuttard J, Bajekal M, Scholes S, Raine R, O'Flaherty M, Capewell S, Hawkins NM (2012). Recent UK trends in the unequal burden of coronary heart disease. Heart, 98(21), 1573 - 1582. doi:10.1136/heartjnl-2012-302435
    • Sheringham J, Mann S, Simms I, Stafford M, Hart G, Raine R (2012). It matters what you measure: A systematic literature review examining whether young people in poorer socioeconomic circumstances are more at risk of chlamydia. Sex Transm Infec, , - . doi:10.1136/sextrans-2011-050223
    • Cross J, Raine R, Harris P, Richards T, FEVAR Consensus Working Group of the British Society of Endovascular Therapy (2012). Indications for fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair.. Br J Surg, 99(2), 217 - 224. doi:10.1002/bjs.7811

    2011

    • Bajekal M, Scholes S, Love H, Hawkins N, O'Flaherty M, Raine R, Capewell S (2011). EXPLAINING RECENT CORONARY HEART DISEASE MORTALITY TRENDS IN ENGLAND BY SOCIOECONOMIC CIRCUMSTANCES, 2000-2007. J EPIDEMIOL COMMUN H, 65, A14 - A14. doi:10.1136/jech.2011.142976a.30
    • McKee M, Raine R (2011). Riots on the streets. BRIT MED J, 343, - . doi:10.1136/bmj.d5248
    • Hawkins NM, Scholes S, Bajekal M, Love H, O'Flaherty M, Raine R, Capewell S (2011). REDUCING SOCIOECONOMIC INEQUALITY IN CORONARY DISEASE TREATMENTS: THE NHS FINALLY TRIUMPHS?. J EPIDEMIOL COMMUN H, 65, - . doi:10.1136/jech.2011.143586.46
    • Bajekal M, Scholes S, Love H, Hawkins N, O'Flaherty M, Raine R, Capewell S (2011). EXPLAINING RECENT CORONARY HEART DISEASE MORTALITY TRENDS IN ENGLAND BY SOCIOECONOMIC CIRCUMSTANCES, 2000-2007. J EPIDEMIOL COMMUN H, 65, A10 - A10. doi:10.1136/jech.2011.143586.22
    • McKee M, Pollock AM, Clarke A, McCoy D, Middleton J, Raine R, Scott-Samuel A (2011). HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE BILL In defence of the NHS: why writing to the House of Lords was necessary. BRIT MED J, 343, - . doi:10.1136/bmj.d6535
    • Sheringham J, Simms I, Riha J, Talebi A, Emmett L, Macintosh M, Raine R (2011). Will Chlamydia Screening Reach Young People in Deprived Areas in England? Baseline Analysis of the English National Chlamydia Screening Programme Delivery in 2008. SEX TRANSM DIS, 38(8), 677 - 684. doi:10.1097/OLQ.0b013e31821597ca
    • Forde I, Chandola T, Raine R, Marmot MG, Kivimaki M (2011). Socioeconomic and ethnic differences in use of lipid-lowering drugs after deregulation of simvastatin in the UK: the Whitehall II prospective cohort study.. Atherosclerosis, 215(1), 223 - 228. doi:10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2010.12.012
    • Tanskanen S, Morant NT, Hinton M, Lloyd-Evans B, Crosby M, Killaspy H, Raine R, Pilling S, Johnson S (2011). Service user and carer experiences of seeking help for a first episode of psychosis: a UK qualitative study. BMC Psychiatry, 11, - . doi:10.1186/1471-244X-11-157
    • Osborn DPJ, Baio G, Walters K, Petersen I, Limburg H, Raine R, Nazareth I (2011). Inequalities in the provision of cardiovascular screening to people with severe mental illnesses in primary care: Cohort study in the United Kingdom THIN Primary Care Database 2000–2007. Schizophrenia Research, , - . doi:10.1016/j.schres.2011.04.003
    • Osborn D, BAIO G, Walters K, Petersen I, Limburg H, Raine R, Nazareth I (2011). Inequalities in the provision of cardiovascular screening to people with severe mental illnesses in primary care. Cohort study in the United Kingdom THIN Primary Care Database 2000- 2007. Schizophrenia Research, , - . doi:10.1016/j.schres.2011.04.003
    • von Wagner C, Baio G, Raine R, Snowball J, Morris S, Atkin W, Obichere A, Handley G, Logan R, Rainbow S, Smith S, Halloran S, Wardle J (2011). DISPARITIES IN UPTAKE OF AN ORGANIZED NATIONAL COLORECTAL CANCER SCREENING PROGRAM: RESULTS FROM THE FIRST 2.6 MILLION INVITATIONS IN ENGLAND. ANNALS OF BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE, 41, S6 - S6.
    • McKee M, Hurst L, Aldridge RW, Raine R, Mindell JS, Wolfe I, Holland WW (2011). Public health in England: an option for the way forward?. Lancet, 378(9790), 536 - 539. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(11)60241-9
    • Brown MM, Raine R (2011). Should sex influence the choice between carotid stenting and carotid endarterectomy?. Lancet Neurol, 10(6), 494 - 497. doi:10.1016/S1474-4422(11)70103-X
    • von Wagner C, Baio G, Raine R, Snowball J, Morris S, Atkin W, Obichere A, Handley G, Logan RF, Rainbow S, Smith S, Halloran S, Wardle J (2011). Inequalities in participation in an organized national colorectal cancer screening programme: results from the first 2.6 million invitations in England. INT J EPIDEMIOL, 40(3), 712 - 718. doi:10.1093/ije/dyr008
    • Karlsen S, Say L, Souza JP, Hogue CJ, Calles DL, Gülmezoglu AM, Raine R (2011). The relationship between maternal education and mortality among women giving birth in health care institutions: analysis of the cross sectional WHO Global Survey on Maternal and Perinatal Health.. BMC Public Health, 11, 606 - . doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-606

    2010

    • Scholes S, Bajekal M, Raine R, O'Flaherty M, Capewell S (2010). SOCIO-ECONOMIC TRENDS IN CARDIOVASCULAR RISK FACTORS IN ENGLAND, 1994-2008. J EPIDEMIOL COMMUN H, 64, A13 - A13. doi:10.1136/jech.2010.120956.33
    • Bajekal M, Scholes S, O'Flaherty M, Raine R, Norman P, Capewell S (2010). TRENDS IN CORONARY HEART DISEASE MORTALITY IN ENGLAND BY SOCIO-ECONOMIC CIRCUMSTANCES, 1982-2006. J EPIDEMIOL COMMUN H, 64, A2 - A2. doi:10.1136/jech.2010.120956.5
    • Ashton C, Bajekal M, Raine R (2010). Quantifying the contribution of leading causes of death to mortality decline among older people in England, 1991-2005.. Health Stat Q, (45), 100 - 127. doi:10.1057/hsq.2010.6
    • Wolf J, Adger N, Lorenzoni L, Abrahamson V, Raine R (2010). Social capital, individual responses to heat waves and climate change adaption: an empirical study of two UK cities. Global Environmental Change, (20), 44 - 52.
    • Barratt H, Wilson M, Moore F, Raine R (2010). The implications of the NICE guidelines on neurosurgical management for all severe head injuries: systematic review. Emergency Med J, (27), 173 - 178.
    • Hollowell J, Grocott M, Hardy R, Hadad F, Mythen M, Raine R (2010). Major elective joint replacement surgery:socioeconomic variations in surgical risk, postoperative morbidity and length of stay. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 16, 529 - 538.
    • Hollowell J, Grocott M, Hardy R, Hadad F, Mythen M, Raine R (2010). Major elective joint replacement surgery: socioeconomic variations in surgical risk, postoperative morbidity and length of stay. J Evaluation in Clin Practice, , - . doi:10.1111/j.1365-2753.2009.01154.x
    • McBride D, Hardoon S, Walters K, Gilmour S, Raine R (2010). Explaining variation in referral from primary to secondary care: cohort study.. BMJ, 341, c6267 - .
    • Barratt H, Wilson M, Moore F, Raine R (2010). Republished paper: The implications of the NICE guidelines on neurosurgical management for all severe head injuries: systematic review.. Postgrad Med J, 86(1017), 437 - 442. doi:10.1136/pgmj.2009.075382rep
    • Raine R, Scholes S, Wong W, Ashton C, Obichere A, Ambler G (2010). Social variations in access to hospital care for patients with colorectal, breast and lung cancer between 1999 and 2006: a retrospective analysis of Hospital Episode Statistics. BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.), 340, - .
    • Burt J, Plant H, Omar R, Raine R (2010). Equity of use of specialist palliative care by age: cross-sectional study of lung cancer patients. Palliative Med, , 641 - 650.

    2009

    • Say L, Jackson D, Raine R, Bergel E, Gibbons L (2009). Measuring equity of reproductive health services. TROP MED INT HEALTH, 14, 102 - 102.
    • Raine R, Wong W, Ambler G, Petersen I, Hardoon S, Morris R (2009). Sociodemographic variations in the contribution of secondary drug prevention to stroke survival at middle and older ages: cohort study. BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.), 338, b1279 - . doi:10.1136/bmj.b1279
    • Abrahamson V, Wolf J, Lorenzoni I, Fenn B, Kovats S, Wilkinson P, Adger WN, Raine R (2009). Perceptions of heatwave risks to health: interview-based study of older people in London and Norwich, UK.. J Public Health (Oxf), 31(1), 119 - 126. doi:10.1093/pubmed/fdn102
    • Raine R, Cartwright M, Richens Y, Mahamed Z, Smith D (2009). A qualitative study of women’s experiences of communication in antenatal care: identifying areas for action. Maternal and Child Health Journal, , - . doi:10.1007/s10995-009-0489-7
    • Abrahamson V, Raine R (2009). Health and social care responses to the Department of Health Heatwave Plan. Journal of Public Health, , 1 - 12. doi:10.1093/pubmed/fdp059
    • Sheringham J, Sowden S, Stafford M, Simms I, Raine R (2009). Monitoring inequalities in the National Chlamydia Screening Programme in England: added value of ACORN, a commercial geodemographic classification tool.. Sexual Health, 6(1), 57 - 62.
    • Chambers S, Raine R, Rahman A, Isenberg D (2009). Why do patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) take or fail to take their prescribed medications? A qualitative study in a UK cohort. Rheumatology, , 1 - 6. doi:10.1093/rheumatology/ken479

    2008

    • Chambers SA, Raine R, Rahman A, De Ceulaer K, Hagley K, Isenberg D (2008). Factors influencing adherence to medications in a group of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in Jamaica.
    • Sowden S, Breeze E, Barber J, Raine R (2008). Do general practices provide equitable access to physical activity interventions?. British Journal of General Practice, , - .
    • Chambers S, Raine R, Rahman A, Hagley K, De Ceulaer K, Isenberg D (2008). Factors influencing adherence to medications in a group of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in Jamaica.. Lupus, 17, 761 - 769.
    • Forde I, Raine R (2008). Placing the individual within a social determinants approach to health equity. The Lancet, 372(9650), 1694 - 1696. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(08)61695-5
    • Sowden S, Raine R (2008). Running along parallel lines: how political reality impedes the evaluation of public health interventions. A case study of exercise referral schemes in England.. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 62(9), 835 - 841.
    • Anya I, Raine R (2008). Strengthening clinical and research ethics in Nigeria - an agenda for change.. The Lancet, 372, 1594 - 1597.

    2007

    • Michie S, Berentson-Shaw J, Pilling S, Dieppe P, Raine R, Cluzeau F, Alderson P, Ellis S, Feder G (2007). Turning Evidence into Recommendations: protocol of a study guideline development group. Implementation Science, 2, 29 - . doi:10.1186/1748-5908-2-29
    • Carpenter J, Hutchings A, Raine R, Sanderson C (2007). An experimental study of the influence of individual participant characteristics on formal consensus development. INT J TECHNOL ASSESS, 23(1), 108 - 115.
    • Say L, Raine R (2007). A systematic review of inequalities in the use of maternal health care in developing countries: examining the scale of the problem and the importance of context.. Bulletin of the World Health Organisation, 85, 1 - 8.
    • Say L, Raine R (2007). A systematic review of inequalities in the use of maternal health care in developing countries: examining the scale of the problem and the importance of context. B WORLD HEALTH ORGAN, 85(10), 812 - 819. doi:10.2471/BLT.06.035659

    2006

    • Hutchings A, Raine R (2006). A systematic review of factors affecting the judgements produced by formal consensus development methods in healthcare.. Journal of Health Services Research and Policy, 11, 172 - 179.
    • Black N, Raine R (2006). Analytical Models for Decision Making.
    • Raine R (2006). Are Maori underserved for cardiac interventions? (letter). NZJM, 115, 26 - .
    • Black N, Raine R (2006). Controlling Communicable Disease.
    • Black N, Raine R (2006). Environment, Health and Sustainable Development.
    • Black N, Raine R (2006). Environmental Epidemiology.
    • Black N, Raine R (2006). Health Promotion Practice.
    • Raine R, Godden S, McKee M (2006). Information and intelligence for healthy populations.. BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.), 332, 1226 - 1227.
    • Raine R, Hutchings A, Sanderson C, Black N (2006). A comparison of formal consensus methods used for developing clinical guidelines.. Journal of Health Services Research and Policy, 11, 218 - 224.
    • Leydon G, Raine R (2006). The need to act versus reluctance to act: a qualitative study of primary care antidepressant prescribing for patients with common somatic conditions of uncertain cause.. Primary Care Mental Health, 4(2), 131 - 142.
    • Raine R, Godden S, Mckee M (2006). Information and intelligence for healthy populations - Important, but maybe just too ambitious. BRIT MED J, 332(7552), 1226 - 1227.
    • Burt J, Raine R (2006). The effect of age on referral to and use of specialist palliative care services in adult cancer patients: a systematic review. Age and Ageing, 35(5), 469 - 476.
    • Black N, Raine R (2006). Making Health Policy.
    • Raine R, McIvor M (2006). Nine years on - what progress has been made on achieving health care equity?. The Lancet, 368, 1542 - 1544.

    2005

    • Smith S, Sinclair D, Raine , R , Reeves B (2005). Health Care Evaluation.
    • Black N, Raine R (2005). Making Health Policy.

    2004

    • Raine R, Carter S, Sensky T, Black N (2004). General practitioners' perceptions of chronic fatigue syndrome and beliefs about its management, compared with irritable bowel syndrome: qualitative study. BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.), 328, 1354 - 1357. doi:10.1136/bmj.38078.503819.EE
    • Raine R, Walt G, Basnett I (2004). The white paper on public health. BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.), 329, 1247 - 1248.

    2003

    • Glasier A, Brechin S, Raine R, Penney G (2003). a consensus process to adapt the WHO Selected Practice Recommendations for UK use.. Contraception, 68, 327 - 333.
    • Raine R, Hutchings A, Black N (2003). Is publicly funded health care really distributed according to need? The example of cardiac rehabilitation in the UK.. Health Policy, 63, 63 - 72.

    2002

    • Raine R (2002). Bias measuring bias.. Journal of Health Services Research and Policy, 7(1), 65 - 67.
    • Walker D, Grave N, Raine R, Hutchings A, Roberts J (2002). Cost data for individual patients included in clinical studies: no amount of statistical analysis can compensate for inadequate costing methods.. Health Economics, 11, 735 - 739.
    • Raine R, Basnett I (2002). What the UK government is (not) doing about health inequalities.. The Lancet, 360, 1891 - 1892.
    • Raine R, Black N, Bowker T, Wood D (2002). Gender differences in the management and outcome of patients with acute coronary artery disease.. Epidemiology and Community Health, 56, 791 - 797.
    • Raine R, Goldfrad C, Black N, Rowan K (2002). Gender differences in admission to intensive care.. Epidemiology and Community Health, 56, 418 - 423.

    2000

    • Raine R (2000). Does gender bias exist in the use of specialist health care?. Journal of Health Services Research and Policy, 5(4), 237 - 249.
    • Raine R, Lewis L, Sensky T, Hutchings A, Hirsch S, Black N (2000). Patient determinants of mental health interventions in primary care.. British Journal of General Practice, 50(457), 620 - 625.

    • Wolf J, Adger N, Lorenzoni L, Abrahamson V, Raine R (). Social capital, individual responses to heat waves and climate change adaption: an empirical study of two UK cities. Global Environmental Change, , - .
    • Bajekal M, Scholes S, Love H, Hawkins N, O'Flaherty M, Raine R, Capewell S (). Analysing Recent Socioeconomic Trends in Coronary Heart Disease Mortality in England, 2000–2007: A Population Modelling Study.. PLoS Medicine, , - . doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1001237
    • Barratt H, Wilson M, Moore F, Raine R (). The implications of the NICE guidelines on neurosurgical management for all severe head injuries: systematic review. Emergency Medicine Journal, , - .