Prof Dipak Kalra

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Personal Profile

Name: Dipak Kalra Email: d.kalra@ucl.ac.uk
Title: Prof Tel: +44 20 7288 5966
Department: CHIME Fax:
Position: Professorial Research Associate Address: CHIME, Holborn Union Building, The Archway Campus, Highgate Hill, London, N19 5LW
Research Domain: Computational Science & Digital Systems, Global Health, Personalised Medicine, Populations & Lifelong Health Web Page: Personal Web Page

Profile

Research Description

Professor Dipak Kalra plays a leading international role in research and development of electronic health record architectures and systems. His interests include the requirements and models needed to ensure the robust long-term preservation of clinical meaning and protection of privacy.  

Dipak has led the development of the world’s first formal standard for electronic health record communication. This series of five inter-related standards, has been published as ISO EN 13606 Parts 1-5, between 2008 and 2010. He has also led the development of other international standards on EHR requirements, access policy models, and contributed to others on audit, pseudonymisation, consent and EHR adoption. 

Dipak has been a key player in 18 successive EU, MRC and EPSRC projects. He and his team are partners in two Innovative Medicines Initiative projects. EHR4CR focuses on enabling the re-use of electronic health record information for clinical research, alongside ten global pharmaceutical companies. EMIF is developing a European platform to support large scale research across multiple data sources, initially in dementia and metabolic disorders. 

Dipak leads a European Network of Excellence on semantic interoperability,  and a project developing a European roadmap on the adoption of eHealth solutions for person centred care.

Dipak and his research team have developed and deployed electronic health record systems that support shared care for chronic conditions, in particular for stroke prevention. This is now being used across a large part of north London. 


Research Activities

Electronic Health Records for Clinical Research

Health Informatics

complex systems

Education Description

Dipak is the Module lead for two modules on the UCL Masters in Health Informatics (Shared Care and Electronic Health Records, Healthcare Quality and Evidence Based Practice), and chairs its Exam Board. He is currently supervising five PhD students, working in areas of confidentiality and access control, medication profiles, the governance of semantic interoperability artefacts and the presentation of anatomical visualisations of hand pathology to patients.

Dipak gives guest lectures on other Masters programmes across Europe, and examines 2-4 PhD theses per annum.

UCL Collaborators

Mr Tony Austin; Prof David Ingram; Dr Dionisio Acosta Mena; Dr Paul Taylor

External Collaborators

Publications

    2014

    • Fernando B, Morrison Z, Kalra D, Cresswell K, Sheikh A (2014). Approaches to recording drug allergies in electronic health records: qualitative study.. PLoS One, 9(4), e93047 - . doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0093047

    2013

    • Tapuria A, Kalra D, Kobayashi S (2013). Contribution of Clinical Archetypes, and the Challenges, towards Achieving Semantic Interoperability for EHRs.. Healthc Inform Res, 19(4), 286 - 292. doi:10.4258/hir.2013.19.4.286
    • Morrison Z, Fernando B, Kalra D, Cresswell K, Sheikh A (2013). National evaluation of the benefits and risks of greater structuring and coding of the electronic health record: exploratory qualitative investigation.. J Am Med Inform Assoc, , - . doi:10.1136/amiajnl-2013-001666
    • Austin T, Sun S, Hassan T, Kalra D (2013). Evaluation of ISO EN 13606 as a result of its implementation in XML.. Health Informatics J, , - . doi:10.1177/1460458212473993
    • Kalra D, Fernando B (2013). A review of the empirical evidence of the healthcare benefits of personal health records.. Yearb Med Inform, 8(1), 93 - 102.
    • Coorevits P, Sundgren M, Klein GO, Bahr A, Claerhout B, Daniel C, Dugas M, Dupont D, Schmidt A, Singleton P, De Moor G, Kalra D (2013). Electronic health records: new opportunities for clinical research.. J Intern Med, , - . doi:10.1111/joim.12119
    • Ahn S, Huff SM, Kim Y, Kalra D (2013). Quality metrics for detailed clinical models.. Int J Med Inform, 82(5), 408 - 417. doi:10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2012.09.006
    • Rodrigues JM, Schulz S, Rector A, Spackman K, Ustün B, Chute CG, Della Mea V, Millar J, Brand Persson K, Kalra D (2013). Do we need a Common Ontology between ICD 11 and SNOMED CT to ensure Seamless Re-Use and Semantic Interoperability?. Stud Health Technol Inform, 192, 1234 - .
    • Hofdijk J, Rigby M, Lovis C, Haux R, Kalra D, Bos C, Pagliari C, Pinciroli F, van Gemert-Peijnen L, Beuscart-Zephir MC, Mazzoleni C, Mueller S, Waki K, Baardmans J, van den Eerenbeemt J, Bults N, Chronaki C (2013). Village of the future - copenhagen next stop.. Stud Health Technol Inform, 192, 1261 - .
    • Dugas M, Breil B, Trinczek B, Stausberg J, Kalra D (2013). Open metadata for medical data models.. Stud Health Technol Inform, 192, 1257 - .
    • Tapuria A, Austin T, Sun S, Lea N, Iliffe S, Kalra D, Ingram D, Patterson D, IEEE (2013). Clinical advantages of decision support tool for anticoagulation control.
    • Fitzsimons M, Dunleavy B, O'Byrne P, Dunne M, Grimson J, Kalra D, Normand C, Delanty N (2013). Assessing the quality of epilepsy care with an electronic patient record.. Seizure, 22(8), 604 - 610. doi:10.1016/j.seizure.2013.03.002
    • Chronaki C, Dolin RH, Melgara M, Solbrig H, Ferguson J, Kalra D (2013). Bridging Patient Summaries across the Atlantic.. Stud Health Technol Inform, 192, 1254 - .

    2012

    • Kalra D, Fernando B, Morrison Z, Sheikh A (2012). A review of the empirical evidence of the value of structuring and coding of clinical information within electronic health records for direct patient care.. Inform Prim Care, 20(3), 171 - 180.
    • Santos MR, Bax MP, Kalra D (2012). Dealing with the Archetypes Development Process for a Regional EHR System. APPLIED CLINICAL INFORMATICS, 3(3), 258 - 275. doi:10.4338/ACI-2011-12-RA-0074
    • Fernando B, Kalra D, Morrison Z, Byrne E, Sheikh A (2012). Benefits and risks of structuring and/or coding the presenting patient history in the electronic health record: systematic review.. BMJ Qual Saf, 21(4), 337 - 346. doi:10.1136/bmjqs-2011-000450
    • Denaxas SC, George J, Herrett E, Shah AD, Kalra D, Hingorani AD, Kivimaki M, Timmis AD, Smeeth L, Hemingway H (2012). Data resource profile: cardiovascular disease research using linked bespoke studies and electronic health records (CALIBER).. Int J Epidemiol, 41(6), 1625 - 1638. doi:10.1093/ije/dys188
    • Cresswell K, Morrison Z, Kalra D, Sheikh A (2012). "There are too many, but never enough": qualitative case study investigating routine coding of clinical information in depression.. PLoS One, 7(8), e43831 - . doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0043831
    • Cresswell K, Morrison Z, Kalra D, Sheikh A (2012). Correction: "there are too many, but never enough": qualitative case study investigating routine coding of clinical information in depression.. PLoS One, 7(10), - . doi:10.1371/annotation/48c1ae80-d961-4c30-b966-243f010a0a1b

    2011

    • Austin T, Lim Y, Nguyen D, Kalra D (2011). Design of an Electronic Healthcare Record server based on part 1 of ISO EN 13606. Journal of Healthcare Engineering, 2, 143 - 160.
    • Kalra D, Schmidt A, Potts HWW, Dupont D, Sundgren M, De Moor G, EHR4CR Research Consortium (2011). Case report from the EHR4CR project—A European survey on electronic health records systems for clinical research. iHealth Connections, 1(2), 108 - 113.
    • Kalra D, Fernando B (2011). Approaches to enhancing the validity of coded data in electronic medical records.. Prim Care Respir J, 20(1), 4 - 5. doi:10.4104/pcrj.2010.00078
    • Iliffe S, Curry L, Kharicha K, Rait G, Wilcock J, Lowery D, Tapuria A, Kalra D, Ritchie C (2011). Developing a Dementia Research Registry: a descriptive case study from North Thames DeNDRoN and the EVIDEM programme.. BMC Med Res Methodol, 11(1), 9 - . doi:10.1186/1471-2288-11-9
    • Kalra D, Musen M, Smith B, Ceusters W, De Moor G (2011). ARGOS policy brief on semantic interoperability.. Stud Health Technol Inform, 170, 1 - 15.
    • Kalra D (2011). Health informatics 3.0.. Yearb Med Inform, 6(1), 8 - 14.

    2010

    • Mc Quaid L, Breen P, Grimson J, Normand C, Dunne M, Delanty N, Kalra D, Fitzsimons M (2010). Socio-technical considerations in epilepsy electronic patient record implementation.. Int J Med Inform, 79(5), 349 - 360. doi:10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2010.01.013
    • Byrne E, Fernando B, Kalra D, Sheikh A (2010). The benefits and risks of structuring and coding of patient histories in the electronic clinical record: protocol for a systematic review.. Inform Prim Care, 18(3), 197 - 203.
    • Santos MR, Bax MP, Kalra D (2010). Building a logical EHR architecture based on ISO 13606 standard and semantic web technologies.. Stud Health Technol Inform, 160(Pt 1), 161 - 165.

    2009

    • van der Linden H, Kalra D, Hasman A, Talmon J (2009). Inter-organizational future proof EHR systems. International Journal of Medical Informatics, 78, 141 - 160. doi:10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2008.06.013
    • Kalra D, Beale T, Lloyd D, Heard S (2009). ISO 13606 Electronic Health Record Communication Part 2: Archetype Interchange Specification [146 pages].
    • Kalra D (2009). ISO 13606 Electronic Health Record Communication Part 3: Reference Archetypes and Term Lists [41 pages].
    • Stroetman V, Kalra D, Lewalle P, Rector A, Rodrigues J, Stroetman K, Surjan G, Ustun B, Virtanen M, Zanstra P (2009). Semantic Interoperability for Better health and Safer Healthcare [34 pages]. doi:10.2759/38514
    • Austin T, Sun S, Kalra D, Cheng L (2009). SESAME Experiment Repository.
    • Austin T, Sun S, Lea N, Iliffe S, Kalra D, Ingram D, Patterson D (2009). Clinical Benefits of an Embedded Decision Support System in Anticoagulant Control.
    • Blobel B, Kalra D, Koehn M, Lunn K, Pharow P, Ruotsalainen P, Schulz S, Smith B (2009). The role of ontologies for sustainable, semantically interoperable and trustworthy EHR solutions.. Stud Health Technol Inform, 150, 953 - 957.
    • Blobel B, Chronaki C, Stegwee R, Grain H, Hammond WE, Jaffe C, Kalra D, Koehn M, Macary F, Sabutsch S, Sheetham E, Schulz S, Tan M, HL7 Affiliates Council (2009). HL7's comprehensive standards set and its international collaboration for enabling semantically interoperable eHealth and pHealth solutions.. Stud Health Technol Inform, 150, 982 - 986.
    • Austin T, Kalra D, Lea N, Patterson D, Ingram D (2009). Analysis of Clinical Record Data for Anticoagulation Management within an EHR System. The Open Medical Informatics Journal, 3, 54 - 64.
    • Lea N, Austin T, Hailes S, Kalra D (2009). Expression of Security Policy in Medical Systems for Electronic Healthcare Records.
    • Austin T, Tapuria A, Kalra D, Lim Y, Nguyen D (2009). GreyMatters MH: Old Age Psychiatry.

    2008

    • KALRA D, Blobel B (2008). Electronic health records and eHealth – state of the art. In 2007 E-HC, Berlin , Zens M (Ed.), Experts' special interest sessions (pp. - ). : .
    • Lea N, Hailes S, Austin T, Kalra D (2008). Knowledge management for the protection of information in electronic medical records.. Stud Health Technol Inform, 136, 685 - 690.
    • Lea N, Hailes S, Austin T, Kalra D (2008). Knowledge Management for the Security of Medical Information in Electronic Patient Records. In Andersen S, Klein G, Schultz S, Arts J, Mazzoleni C (Ed.), eHealth Beyond the Horizon – Get IT There (pp. 685 - 690). : IOS Press.
    • Lewalle P, Rodrigues J, Zanstra P, Ustun B, Kalra D, Surjan G, Rector A, Stroetmann V, Virtanen M (2008). A deployment and research roadmap for semantic interoperability: the EU SemanticHEALTH project. In Andersen S, Klein G, Schultz S, Arts J, Mazzoleni C (Ed.), eHealth Beyond the Horizon – Get IT There (pp. 635 - 640). : IOS Press.
    • Singleton P, Lea N, Tapuria A, Kalra D (2008). Public and Professional attitudes to privacy of healthcare data: a survey of the literature.
    • Smith K, Kalra D (2008). Electronic Health Records In Complementary and Alternative Medicine. International Journal of Medical Informatics, 77(9), 576 - 588.
    • Byrne E, Kalra D, Stramer K, Greenhalgh T (2008). Data Quality Evaluation for the Summary Care Record. (An independent evaluation by University College London).
    • Austin T, Lea N, Tapuria A, Kalra D, Ingram D (2008). Implementation of a Query Interface for a Generic Record Server. International Journal of Medical Informatics, 77(11), 754 - 764. doi:10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2008.05.003
    • Kalra D, Lloyd D (2008). ISO 13606 Electronic Health Record Communication Part 1: Reference Model [99 pages].
    • Kalra D (2008). ISO DTS 13606 Electronic Health Record Communication Part 4: Security [44 pages].
    • Kalra D (2008). ISO/EN 13606 Electronic Health Record Communication Part 5: Interface Specification [21 pages].
    • Kalra D (2008). ISO DIS 18308 Requirements for an Electronic Health Record Reference Architecture [31 pages].
    • Kalra D, Freriks G, Mennerat F, Devlies J, Blobel B (2008). Inventory of resources supporting EHR interoperability [106 pages].
    • Kalra D, Tapuria A, Freriks G, Mennerat F, Devlies J (2008). Management and maintenance policies for EHR interoperability resources [36 pages].
    • Austin T, Lea N L, Y N, D K, D P, D I, D (2008). Heartbeat AC: Anticoagulation.
    • Hassan T, Kalra D, Austin T, Sun S (2008). ISO 13606 part 1 XML form.
    • Austin T, Kalra D, Sun S (2008). ISO 13606 part 3 XML form.
    • Austin T, Kalra D, Sun S (2008). ISO 13606 part 4 XML form.
    • Austin T, Sun S, Kalra D (2008). ISO 13606 part 5 XML form.
    • De Moor G, Kalra D, Devlies J (2008). Certification of Electronic Health Record systems and the Importance of the Validation of Clinical Archetypes. In De Clercq E, De Moor G, Bellon J, Foulon M, van der Lei J (Ed.), Collaborative Patient Centred eHealth (pp. 82 - 91). : IOS Press. doi:10.3233/978-1-58603-922-6-82

    2007

    • Beale T, Heard S, Lloyd D, Kalra D (2007). Data Types Information Model.
    • Beale T, Heard S, Lloyd D, Kalra D (2007). Common Information Model.
    • Kalra D, Blobel B (2007). Semantic Interoperability of EHR Systems. In Bos L, Blobel B (Ed.), Medical and Care Compunetics 4 (pp. 231 - 245). : IOS Press.
    • McGilchrist M, Sullivan F, Kalra D (2007). Assuring the confidentiality of shared electronic health records. BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.), 335, 1223 - 1224.
    • Kalra D, Lloyd D (2007). EN 13606 Electronic Health Record Communication Part 1: Reference Model [99 pages].
    • Kalra D, Beale T, Lloyd D, Heard S (2007). EN 13606 Electronic Health Record Communication Part 2: Archetype Interchange Specification [146 pages].
    • Kalra D (2007). EN 13606 Electronic Health Record Communication Part 3: Reference Archetypes and Term Lists [41 pages].
    • Kalra D (2007). EN 13606 Electronic Health Record Communication Part 4: Security [44 pages].
    • Kalra D (2007). Report on the EHCR [55 pages].
    • Kalra D, Devlies J (2007). Labelling Terminology and Functional Profiles for EHRs to be certified [36 pages].
    • Kalra D (2007). Barriers, approaches and research priorities for semantic interoperability in support of clinical care [33 pages].
    • Stroetmann V, Jung B, Rector A, Rodrigues J, Ustun B, Lewalle P, Dobrev A, Kalra D (2007). Semantic Interoperability Deployment and Research Roadmap [79 pages].
    • Beale T, Heard S, Lloyd D, Kalra D (2007). Support Terminology [27 pages].
    • Beale T, Heard S, Lloyd D, Kalra D (2007). EHR Information Model.
    • Beale T, Heard S, Lloyd D, Kalra D (2007). Support Information Model.

    2006

    • Kalra D (2006). Electronic health record standards. In Haux R, Kulikowski C (Ed.), IMIA Yearbook of Medical Informatics 2006 (pp. 136 - 144). : International Medical Informatics Association and Schattauer.
    • Beale T, Heard S, Lloyd D, Kalra D (2006). Demographic Information Model.
    • Beale T, Heard S, Lloyd D, Kalra D (2006). Data Structures Information Model.
    • Beale T, Heard S, Lloyd D, Kalra D (2006). Integration Information Model.
    • Austin T, Kalra D (2006). Electronic Healthcare Record Server.
    • Kalra D, Ingram D (2006). Electronic health records. In Zielinski K, Duplaga M, Ingram D (Ed.), Information Technology Solutions for Healthcare (pp. - ). : Springer-Verlag London Ltd..
    • Kalra D (2006). Report on the EHCR [25 pages].
    • Kalra D, Gertz R, Singleton P, Inskip H (2006). Confidentiality of personal health information used for research. BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.), 333, 196 - 198. doi:10.1136/bmj.333.7560.196
    • Kalra D, Gertz R, Singleton P, Inskip HM (2006). Confidentiality and consent in medical research - Confidentiality of personal health information used for research. BRIT MED J, 333(7560), 196 - 198.
    • Ingram D, Kalra D, Austin T, Darlison M, Modell B, Patterson D (2006). Towards an interoperable healthcare information infrastructure: working from the bottom up. BT Technology Journal, 24(3), 17 - 32.
    • Kalra D, Ingram D (2006). Ethical issues of electronic patient data and informatics in clinical trial settings. In Nagl S (Ed.), Cancer bioinformatics: from therapy to treatment (pp. 233 - 256). : John Wiley & Sons.
    • Grant A, Kalra D, Fuller M (2006). Good principles and practices for a clinical data warehouse.

    2005

    • Evans MG, Kalra D (2005). Healthcare computer systems - global approaches. The Lancet, 365(9453), 10 - 11. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(04)17678-2
    • Kalra D, Forslund D (2005). Open source health systems. In Demetriades J, Kolodner R, Christoperson G (Ed.), Person-Centred Health Records: toward HealthePeople (pp. 169 - 185). : Springer.
    • Zhang N, Rector A, Buchan I, Shi Q, Kalra D, Rogers J, Goble C, Walker S, Ingram D, Singleton P (2005). A Linkable Identity Privacy Algorithm for HealthGrid. In Solomonides T, McClatchey R (Ed.), From Grid to Healthgrid. Proceedings of Healthgrid (pp. 234 - 245). : IOS Press.
    • Kalra D (2005). Workshop on the EHCR [84 pages].
    • Austin T, Kalra D (2005). Object Dictionary Client.
    • Kalra D, Singleton P, Milan J, MacKay J, Detmer D, Rector A, Ingram D (2005). Security and confidentiality approach for the Clinical E-Science Framework (CLEF). Methods of Information in Medicine, 44(2), 193 - 197.
    • Kalra D, Beale T, Heard S (2005). The openEHR Foundation. In Saranummi N, Piggott D, Katehakis D, Tsiknakis M, Bernstein K (Ed.), Regional Health Economies and ICT Services: the PICNIC Experience (pp. 153 - 173). : IOS Press.
    • Austin T, Kalra D (2005). CHIME Mobile Rapid Access Chest Pain System.
    • Austin T, Kalra D, Lea N (2005). CLEF Clinical Query Interface.
    • Kalra D (2005). Report on the EHCR [12 pages].

    2004

    • Kalra D, Ingram D, Austin T, Griffith V, Lloyd D, Patterson D, Kirstein P, Conversin P, Fritsche W (2004). Demonstrating wireless IPv6 access to a Federated Health Record Server. International Conference on Computational Science - ICCS 2004, Vol IV, 1165 - 1171. doi:10.1007/b98005
    • Rector A, Taweel A, Rogers J, Ingram D, Kalra D, Gaizauskas R, Hepple M, Milan J, Powers R, Scott D, Singleton P (2004). Joining up health and bioinformatics: e-science meets e-health. In (Ed.), Proceedings of the UK e-science All Hands Meeting, September 2004 (pp. 248 - 254). : Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC).
    • Kalra D (2004). Developing the Standards for Electronic Health Records. In (Ed.), Hospital Healthcare Europe 2004-5 (pp. - ). : Campden Publishing Limited.
    • Taweel A, Rector AL, Rogers J, Ingram D, Kalra D, Gaizauskas R, Hepple M, Milan J, Power R, Scott D, Singleton P (2004). CLEF - Joining up Healthcare with Clinical and Post-Genomic Research.
    • Kalra D, Singleton P, Ingram D, Milan J, MacKay J, Detmer D, Rector A (2004). Security and confidentiality approach for the Clinical E-ScienceFramework (CLEF).

    2003

    • Kalra D, Singleton P, Ingram D, Milan J, Mackay J, Detmer D, Rector A (2003). Security and confidentiality approach for the Clinical E-Science Framework (CLEF). In Cox S (Ed.), Proceedings of UK e-Science All Hands Meeting 2003 (pp. 825 - 832). : Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC).
    • Rector A, Rogers J, Taweel A, Ingram D, Kalra D, Milan J, Singleton P, Gaizauskas R, Hepple M, Scott D, Power R (2003). CLEF: joining up healthcare with clinical and post-genomic research. In Cox S (Ed.), Proceedings of UK e-Science All Hands Meeting 2003, Nottingham, UK, September 2003 (pp. - ). : Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC).
    • Austin T, Griffith V K, D P, D I, D (2003). CHIME Rapid Access Chest Pain Clinic System.
    • Lloyd D, Kalra D (2003). EHR requirements. In Blobel B, Pharow P (Ed.), Advanced Health Telematics and Telemedicine: The Magdeburg Expert Summit Textbook (pp. 231 - 237). : IOS Press.
    • Kalra D (2003). Clinical foundations and information architecture for the implementation of a federated health record service.

    2002

    • Kalra D, Lloyd D, Austin A, O'Connor A, Patterson D, Ingram D (2002). Information architecture for a federated health record server. In Mennerat F (Ed.), Electronic Health Records and Communication for Better Health Care. Proceedings of EuroRec 2001 (pp. 47 - 71). : IOS Press.
    • Kalra D, Lawrentowski A (2002). Description and Experience of the Clinical Testbeds [79 pages].
    • Kalra D (2002). Description of Implementations of the Clinical Testbed Applications [83 pages].
    • Brown NJG, Kalra D (2002). PACS, ICRS and IHE: making sense of electronic healthcare records. Imaging, 14(6), 439 - 449.

    2001

    • Kalra D, Austin A, O'Connor A, Lloyd D, Patterson D, Ingram D (2001). Design and implementation of a federated health record server.
    • Kalra D (2001). Specification and Needs of the Clinical Testbeds [54 pages].
    • Dixon R, Grubb P, Lloyd D, Kalra D (2001). Consolidated List of Requirements [59 pages].
    • Martini J, Kalra D (2001). GP-CARE computer system - NHS Accreditation RFA99.2.
    • Austin T, O Connor A, Kalra D (2001). “Medicate” Asthma Recording and Decision Support System.

    2000

    • Austin T, O'Connor A K, D P, D I, D (2000). CHIME Anticoagulation Management System.
    • Martini J, Kalra D (2000). GP-CARE computer system - NHS Accreditation RFA99.
    • Kalra D, Austin A, O Connor A, Patterson D, Lloyd D, Ingram D (2000). London SynEx Demonstrator Site: Impact Assessment Report [60 pages].
    • Kalra D, Austin A, O'Connor A, Patterson D, Lloyd D, Ingram D (2000). London SynEx Demonstrator Site: Marketing situation and exploitation plans [17 pages].
    • Kalra D, Austin A, O'Connor A, Patterson D, Lloyd D, Ingram D (2000). Software Components developed by University College London for the SynEx Project [68 pages].
    • Kalra D, Austin A, O Connor A, Lloyd D, Ingram D (2000). Disease Management System Design Specification, System Verification and Administration [92 pages].
    • Austin T, Kalra D (2000). Electronic Healthcare Record Server.

    1999

    • Rossi Mori A, Rodrigues J, Kalra D (1999). ENV 13606: EHCR Communications: Part 2 Domain Termlist.
    • Kalra D, Milan J, Austin A, Ingram D, Lloyd D, Patterson D, Grimson J, Grimson W (1999). The Synapses Federated Healthcare Record Server.
    • Sotille P, Ferrara F, Grimson W, Kalra D, Scherrer JR (1999). The holisitc healthcare system - a middleware-based solution for supporting operational, managerial and healthcare record needs.
    • Kalra D, Austin A, Ingram D, Patterson D, Ferrara F, Sotille P, Grimson W, Solomon D (1999). The SynEx project.
    • Kalra D, Milan J, Austin A, Ingram D, Lloyd D, Grimson J, Grimson W (1999). Federated cancer records at the Royal Marsden Hospital.
    • Patterson D, Ingram D, Kalra D (1999). Information for clinical governance. In Lugon M, Secker-Walker J (Ed.), Clinical governance: making it happen (pp. - ). : Royal Society of Medicine Press.
    • Kalra D, Austin A, O Connor A, Curran P, Lloyd D, Ingram D (1999). Disease Management System Software Components [54 pages].

    1998

    • Grimson J, Grimson W, Berry D, Stephens G, Felton E, Kalra D, Toussaint P, Weier OW (1998). A CORBA-based integration of distributed electronic healthcare records using the synapses approach.. IEEE Trans Inf Technol Biomed, 2(3), 124 - 138.
    • Berry D, Grimson W, Grimson J, Stephens G, Felton E, Persano G, Jung B, Kalra D, LLoyd D, Hurlen P, Skijfeld K (1998). Client interfaces to Synapses Record Server using CORBA.
    • Kalra D (1998). The convincing case for Electronic Healthcare Record Systems in Primary Care. In Iakavidis I (Ed.), User acceptance of health telematics applications (pp. 81 - 89). : IOS Press.
    • Kalra D, Austin A, Milan J, Ingram D, Patterson D, Fox J, Ferarra F, Sotille P, Grimson W (1998). The SynEx Project.
    • Kalra D, Milan J, Austin A, Ingram D, Lloyd D, Grimson J, Grimson W (1998). Synapses in Use: Supporting Cancer Care at the Royal Marsden Hospital.
    • Kalra D, Milan J, Austin A, Ingram D, Lloyd D, Patterson D, Grimson J, Grimson W (1998). Synapses in Use: Supporting Cardiac Care at the Whittington Hospital.
    • Austin T, Kalra D (1998). Object Dictionary Client.
    • Kalra D (1998). Synapses ODP Information Viewpoint [64 pages].
    • Kalra D, Lloyd D, Darlinson M, Rossi Mori A (1998). Headings within Electronic Healthcare Records [75 pages].
    • Kalra D (1998). Headings within Structured Templates and Clinical Object Definitions [65 pages].
    • Kalra D (1998). Using Headings to Structure Letters and Reports [69 pages].
    • Martini J, Duffy L, Kalra D (1998). GP-CARE computer system - NHS Accreditation RFA4.
    • Kalra D, Austin A, Ingram D, Patterson D, Ferarra F, Sotille P, Grimson W, Solomon D (1998). The SynEx Project.

    1997

    • Kalra D, Lloyd D, Austin A, Ingram D (1997). The Synapses Object Model and Object Dictionary [119 pages].
    • Kalra D, Ingram D, Lloyd D, Austin A (1997). Synapses Services V1.
    • Kalra D, Ingram D, Lloyd D (1997). Design and functional specification of FHCR server and interfaces.
    • Kalra D, Lloyd D (1997). The Synapses Project.
    • Kalra D, Muris N (1997). The Impact of Patient Mobility on General Practice Workload [30 pages].
    • Kalra D, Ingram D, Lloyd D, Austin A (1997). Synapses Integration and Test Report [62 pages].
    • Kalra D (1997). Synapses Programmer Guide [66 pages].
    • Ingram D, Williams J, Kalra D, Milan J, Lloyd D, Morgan J (1997). Structured Record Architecture.
    • Kalra D, Dutt G, Hunjan S, Stramer K (1997). The Attitudes of Bengali Women to Cervical Smear Tests.

    1996

    • Kalra D (1996). Electronic Healthcare Records.
    • Kalra D, Ingram D, Grimson J, Lloyd D (1996). The Synapses Project.
    • Kalra D, Lloyd D (1996). The Synapses Object Model and Object Dictionary.
    • Milan J, Williams J, Morgan J, Ingram D, Kalra D, Lloyd D, Severs M (1996). Electronic Patient Records: The Need for an Underlying Structure.
    • Kalra D, Lloyd D, Ingram D (1996). An Architecture for a Comprehensive Healthcare Record.
    • Kalra D (1996). The Synapses User Requirements and Functional Specification (Part A) [176 pages].
    • Derrett C, Kalra D, Gordon G (1996). Information and information systems in general practice: A study in part of East London.
    • Martini J, Duffy L, Kalra D (1996). GP-CARE computer system - NHS Accreditation RFA3.

    1995

    • Kalra D, Griffith S, Lloyd D, Ingram D (1995). A Portable Communicative Architecture for Electronic Healthcare Records: the Good European Health Record Project.
    • Kalra D, Lloyd D (1995). The GEHR Final Architecture Description [250 pages].
    • Kalra D (1995). Information Technology for Doctors. British Journal of Hospital Medicine, 55(3), 144 - 146.
    • Griffith SM, Kalra D, Lloyd DS, Ingram D (1995). A portable communicative architecture for electronic healthcare records: the Good European Healthcare Record project (Aim project A2014).. Medinfo, 8 Pt 1, 223 - 226.

    1994

    • KALRA D (1994). MEDICINE IN EUROPE .11. ELECTRONIC HEALTH RECORDS - THE EUROPEAN SCENE. BRIT MED J, 309(6965), 1358 - 1361.
    • Kalra D (1994). The Good European Health Record. Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine, 45, 83 - 89.
    • Kalra D (1994). Electronic health records: the European scene. BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.), 309, 1358 - 1361.
    • Kalra D, Ingram D, Southgate L, Philips P (1994). The Interim GEHR Architecture and its Implications for Term Lists.

    1993

    • Heard S, Doyle L, Ingram D, Southgate L, Kalra D (1993). GEHR Requirements for Ethical and Legal Acceptability [68 pages].
    • Ingram D, Southgate L, Kalra D, Griffith S, Heard S (1993). GEHR Clinical Functional Specification [85 pages].
    • Kalra D, Camplin D, Grubb P, Ingram D (1993). The Good European Health Record.
    • Kalra D (1993). The European Medical Record. Practice Computing, (October), - .
    • Kalra D, Ingram D (1993). The Good European Health Record.

    1992

    • Kalra D, Ingram D, Maskens A (1992). The Good European Health Record.
    • Kalra D (1992). Medical Records. The Practitioner, 236, 533 - 535.
    • Kalra D (1992). Patient List Turnover in East London.
    • Derrett C, Kalra D, Gordon G (1992). Information and Information Systems in General Practice.
    • Ingram D, Southgate L, Kalra D, Griffith S, Heard S (1992). GEHR Requirements for Clinical Comprehensiveness [144 pages].
    • Kalra D, Ingram D (1992). The Good European Health Record.

    1987

    • KALRA D (1987). WITHER THE COLLEGE. J ROY COLL GEN PRACT, 37(304), 525 - 525.

    1982

    • Wilkins BH, Kalra D (1982). Comparison of blood glucose test strips in the detection of neonatal hypoglycaemia.. Arch Dis Child, 57(12), 948 - 950.

    • Sun S, Austin T, Kalra D (). A data types profile suitable for use with ISO EN 13606. J Med Syst, , - . doi:10.1007/s10916-012-9837-z
    • Kalra D, Tapuria A, Austin T, de Moor G (). Quality requirements for EHR Archetypes.
    • Austin T, Tapuria A, Kalra D, Nguyen D, Lim Y, Patterson D, Hardman S (). HeartBeat HF: Heart Failure.
    • Nguyen D, Austin T, Tapuria A, Sun S, Lim Y, Kalra D, Simpson S (). SESAME Athlete Coaching Record System.
    • Austin T, Tapuria A, Kalra D, Lim Y, Nguyen D (). GreyTrials: National Patient Register of Dementia Trial Participation.