Dr Sushrut Jadhav
My broad area of research involves an inter-disciplinary approach to cultural dimensions of mental health across nations, with a focus on Britain and South Asia. I am particulalry interested in generating questions from the clinic, and based on insights from social sciences, to carry out translational research and bring the findings back to the clinic.
Through a series of linked research questions being addressed in the UK and India, I aim to systematically build a portfolio of themses that shape mental health and suffering of marginalsed groups: Black and Ethnic minority patients in psychiatric care, homeless population in London and Chennai, Cultural identity of Dalit (formerly 'untouchable' caste)groups in India. Applying insights from anthropology and public health, my research objective focuses on how 'centres' construct and generate 'periphery' and vice versa, and how these issues might impact on mental health and cultural identity.
I have recently pioneered an innovative clinical approach for acutely unwell patients in mental health care. This approach, called The Cultural Formulation approach, involves a cultural dialogue between clinicians and patients, between institutions and communities, that faciliates better assessment and engagement with psychiatric patients. I am currently testing out the clinical efficacy of this clinical cultural intervention through a randomised controlled intervention trial in acute mental health settings of Camden & islington NHS Foundation Trust. This department of Health funded project is also aimed at examining the cultural barriers and facilitators to delivering care across ethnic groups. This is being achieved through an ethnography of a locked intensive care unit for acutely unwell patients.
My other research activity in the UK is the examination of the cultural encounters between NHS overseas staff and indegenous white british patients. I have conducted A pilot study on South asian psychiatrists in Northern England. Findings suggest considerable scope and potential for cultural skills training for overseas health professionals.
International Research include:
1)Co-directing a research unit at the Banyan Academy for Leadership in Mental Health. This collaborative research aims at examining a) the efficacy of a popular Chennai based NGO for homeless mentally unwell women b) ethnographic examination of narratives of return to home.
The project is expected to deliver a better understanding of mental health aspects of marginalised population in India, and contribute to the development of organically rooted knowledge and texts on local socio-economic and political forces that shape suffering. Seed funding for this pilot initiative has been provided by the office of the Vice Provost International. For further details see http://www.balm.in/html/ucl_collaporation.html
2) Stigmatisation of severe mental illness across 16 nations (jointly with Prof. Roland Littlewood) deploying an ethnographically constructed stigmatisation questionnairre developed by Prof. Littlewood. Findigs from this ongoing study have been published.
Current doctorate research supervision focusses on Clinical Anthropology & Mental Health, with a strong focus on India. Current topics include: 1) Rural mental Health in India, 2) Rehabilitation of Child Soldiers in Nepal, 3) Farmers Suicide in India, & 4) Mental health dimensions of Health Tourism in India. Post doctorate research on Cross-cultural research on Stigmatisation, and Ethno-semantics of Stigma in progress.
Caste & Mental Health
Cultural Formulations in Mental Health
Mental Health & Marginality
1) Co-Director, UCL MSc in Culture & Mental Health. 2) Director, UCL-BALM Short Courses in Culture & Mental Health. 3) PhD Supervisor, (a) Delivery of mental health services in rural Uttar Pradesh, India; (b) Mental Health dimensions of Child Soldiers in Nepal 4) International Teaching faculty, McGill Univesity Division of Transcultural Psychiatry & Advanced Study Institute, Montreal, Canada. 5) Consultant & Trainer, Learning and Development Wing, Camden and Islington NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK. 6) Lead Clinician, Cultural Consultancy Service,Camden and Islington NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.
- Jadhav SS, jadhav S (2013). Challenges of teaching clinically applied anthropology and cultural psychiatry in India: an evolving partnership between a UK university and an Indian NGO. Teaching Anthropology, 2(2), 3 - 14.
- Jadhav S (2012). Textbook on Community Psychiatry in India (Eds).
- Barua M, Bhagwat S, Jadhav S (2012). The Hidden Dimensions of Human-Wildlife Conflict: Health Impacts, Opportunity and Transaction Costs. Biological Conservation, 157, 309 - 316. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2012.07.014
- Jadhav SS, Chowdhury A (2012). Eco-psychiatry: culture, mental health and ecology with special reference to India. In Chavan BS, Gupta N, Arun P, Sidana A, Jadhav S (Ed.), Community mental health in india (pp. 521 - 542). : Jaypee Brothers.
- Jadhav SS, Barua M (2012). The elephant vanishes: impact of human-elephant conflict on people's wellbeing. Health and Place, 18(6), 1356 - 1365. doi:10.1016/j.healthplace.2012.06.019
- Jain S, Jadhav S (2009). Pills that swallow policy: Clinical ethnography of a community mental health program in northern India. Transcultural Psychiatry, 46(1), 60 - 85. doi:10.1177/1363461509102287
- JADHAV DRSUSHRUT (2009). What is cultural validity and why is it ignored?. In Geest SVD, Tankink M (Ed.), Theory and action:essays for an anthropologist (pp. - ). : AMB Diemen 2009.
- Littlewood R, Jadhav S, Ryder AG (2008). A Cross-National Study of the Stigmatization of Severe Psychiatric Illness: Historical Review, Methodological Considerations and Development of the Questionnaire. Transcultural Psychiatry, 44(2), 171 - 202. doi:10.1177/1363461507077720
- Jain S, Jadhav S (2008). A cultural critique of community psychiatry in India. International Journal of Health Services, 38(3), 561 - 584. doi:10.2190/HS.38.3.j
- Jadhav S (2007). Dhis and Dhat: Evidence of Seman Retention Syndrone Amongst White Britions. Anthropology and Medicine, 14(3), 229 - 239. doi:10.1080/13648470701772770
- Jadhav S, Littlewood R, Ryder AG, Chakraborty A, Jain S, Barua M (2007). Stigmatization of severe mental illness in India: Against the simple industrialization hypothesis. Indian Journal of Psychiatry, 49(3), 189 - 194.
- Littlewood R, Jadhav S, Ryder A (2007). Littlewood, R & Jadhav, S (2006): A cross national study of the stigmatisation of severe psychiatric illness: I. Methodological considerations and the development of the questionnaire. Transcultural Psychiatry. Accepted, October 2006.. Transcultural Psychiatry, 44(2), 171 - 202. doi:10.1177/1363461507077720
- Jadhav SS, Salas S (2004). Meeting the needs of Muslim service users. Professional Nurse, 20(1), 22 - 24.
- Jadhav SS (2004). Sensitising mental health professionals to Islam. Foundation of Nursing Studies Dissemination Series, 2(5), 1 - 4.
- (2004). Dhat syndrome: a re-evaluation. Psychiatry, (3:8), 14 - 16.
- Jadhav S (2004). How 'culture bound' is cultural psychiatry?. Indian Psychiatry, (4), 6 - 7.
- Jadhav S (2002). British Nerves: Cultural experience of Depression among White British natives of London.
- Sekhar M, Doughty H, Jadhav SS (2002). British banks, Indian blood..
- (2001). Psychiatric Stigma Across Cultures: Local Validation in Bangalore and London. Anthropology and Medicine, , - .
- Jadhav S (2001). Jadhav, S (2001): Community psychiatry and clinical anthropology. Chapter in “Cultural Psychiatry: Euro-international perspectives”. Eds. Yilmaz AT, Reicher-Rossler A and Weiss M. Karger Verlag. 169, 141-154.. In (Ed.), Cultural Psychiatry: Euro-international perspectives (pp. 141 - 154). : .
- Jadhav S (2001). Founding Editor, Anthropology & Medicine journal.
- Jadhav S (2001). Cultural experience of depression among White Britons in London.. Anthropology and Medicine, 8(1), - .
- (2001). Cultural constructs of psychiatric stigma: London and Bangalore. Anthropology and Medicine, 8, 1(Specia), - .
- Jadhav S (2000). Cultural construction of western depression. In Cox J, Skultans V (Ed.), Anthropological Approaches to Psychological Medicine (pp. - ). : Jessica Kingsley.
- (2000). Culture and Depression in London. Anthropology and Medicine, 8, 1(Specia), - .
- Jadhav S (2000). Community psychiatry and clinical anthropology: lessons from Bangalore and London. In Yilmaz AT, Reicher-Rossler A, Weiss MG (Ed.), Transcultural Psychiatry: Challenges for Diagnosis and Treatment (pp. - ). : Karger Verlag.
- Jadhav S, Raguram R, Littlewood R (1999). Circles of desire: myths, narratives and sexuality in India. In Roberts G, Holmes J (Ed.), Narrative Approaches in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy (pp. - ). : Oxford University Press.
- (1999). Tropical fruits or jungle madness. Inviited commentary on the roast breadfruit psychosis: disturbed racial identification in African-Carribeans. Psychiatric Bulletin, 23, 135 - 136.
- Jadhav S (1999). The cultural experience of Depression amongst white Britons in London.
- Jadhav S (1999). Computer-assisted qualitative data analysis. In Kapur RL (Ed.), Qualitative Methods in Mental Health Research (pp. - ). : National Institute of Advanced Studies Publication 4-99.
- Jadhav S, Littlewood R, Raguram R (1999). Circles of Desire A Therapeutic Narrative from South Asia -Translation to Creolization. In Roberts G, Holmes J (Ed.), Healing Stories: Narrative in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy (pp. 90 - 105). : Oxford University Press.
- Jadhav S (1999). Studying patterns of distress, perceived causes and help seeking pathways of white British depressed subjects in London. In Kapur RL (Ed.), Qualitative Methods in Mental Health Research (pp. - ). : National Institute of Advanced Studies Publication 4-99.
- (1997). The anatomy of a journal. Anthropology and Medicine, 4(1), 1 - 3.
- (1996). The cultural origins of western depression. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 42(4), 269 - 286.
- Jadhav S (1995). The Ghost busters of Psychiatry. The Lancet, 345(1 april), 808 - 810.
- Jadhav S, Littlewood R (1994). Defeat Depression Campaign: Some Medical Anthropological Issues. Psychiatric Bulletin, 18(9), 572 - 573.
- Jadhav S (1994). Folk approrpiation of ECT in South India.
- Jadhav S (1994). Myths about Untouchability in India, 29, No 3..
- (1994). Founding Editor. Anthropology and Medicine, 1-(1-), - .
- JADHAV S (1994). Anthropology and Medicine Journal.
- Littlewood SJRLSSJDSSR (). Exchanging time for space: The place of culture in acute psychiatry.