Prof Marcus Richards

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Personal Profile

Name: Marcus Richards Email: m.richards@ucl.ac.uk
Title: Prof Tel: 020 7670 5710
Department: MRC Unit for Lifelong Hlth & Ageing Fax:
Position: Scientific Programme Leader Address: MRC Unit for Lifelong Health and Ageing, 33 Bedford Place, London, WC1B 5JU
Research Domain: Ageing, Neuroscience, Populations & Lifelong Health Web Page:  

Profile

Research Description

The research programme of Marcus Richards is focused on the life course epidemiology of mental ageing and its consequences for health and function; this combines a long interest in cognition and mental health, with an equal emphasis on biomedical and social science approaches.


Research Activities

Cognitive development and ageing

Epidemiology and public health

Life course epidemiology

mental health

neurodegeneration

Education Description

UCL Collaborators

Dr Anne Peasey; Dr Dorina Cadar; Prof Christine Power; Prof Mika Kivimaki; Dr Kate Walters; Prof Diana Kuh; Prof Aroon Hingorani

External Collaborators

Publications

    2014

    • Horvat P, Richards M, Kubinova R, Pajak A, Malyutina S, Shishkin S, Pikhart H, Peasey A, Marmot MG, Singh-Manoux A, Bobak M (2014). Alcohol consumption, drinking patterns, and cognitive function in older Eastern European adults. Neurology (Wolters Kluwer), , - .
    • Gaysina D, Gardner MP, Richards M, Ben-Shlomo Y (2014). Cortisol and cognitive function in midlife: the role of childhood cognition and educational attainment.. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 47, 189 - 198. doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2014.05.018
    • Tikhonoff V, Hardy R, Deanfield J, Friberg P, Kuh D, Muniz G, Pariante CM, Hotopf M, Richards M, NSHD scientific and data collection teams (2014). Symptoms of anxiety and depression across adulthood and blood pressure in late middle age: the 1946 British birth cohort.. J Hypertens, 32(8), 1590 - 1598. doi:10.1097/HJH.0000000000000244
    • Horvat P, Richards M, Malyutina S, Pajak A, Kubinova R, Tamosiunas A, Pikhart H, Peasey A, Marmot MG, Bobak M (2014). Life course socioeconomic position and mid-late life cognitive function in Eastern Europe.. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci, 69(3), 470 - 481. doi:10.1093/geronb/gbu014
    • Pot GK, Richards M, Prynne CJ, Stephen AM (2014). Development of the Eating Choices Index (ECI): a four-item index to measure healthiness of diet.. Public Health Nutr, 17(12), 2660 - 2666. doi:10.1017/S1368980013003352
    • Colman I, Weeks M, Naicker K, Jones PB, Kuh D, Richards M, Croudace TJ (2014). Early development, stress and depression across the life course: pathways to depression in a national British birth cohort. Psychological Medicine, , - . doi:10.1017/S0033291714000385
    • Pastorino S, Richards M, Hardy R, Abington J, Wills A, Kuh D, Pierce M, the National Survey of Health and Development Scientific and Data Collection Teams (2014). Validation of self-reported diagnosis of diabetes in the 1946 British birth cohort.. Prim Care Diabetes, , - . doi:10.1016/j.pcd.2014.05.003
    • Silverwood RJ, Richards M, Pierce M, Hardy R, Sattar N, Ferro C, Savage C, Kuh D, Nitsch D, NSHD scientific and data collection teams (2014). Cognitive and kidney function: results from a British birth cohort reaching retirement age.. PLoS One, 9(1), e86743 - . doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0086743
    • Byford M, Abbott RA, Maughan B, Kuh D, Richards M (2014). Adolescent mental health and subsequent parenting: a longitudinal birth cohort study.. J Epidemiol Community Health, 68(5), 396 - 402. doi:10.1136/jech-2013-202997

    2013

    • Taylor C, Tillin T, Chaturvedi N, Dewey M, Ferri CP, Hughes A, Prince M, Richards M, Shah A, Stewart R (2013). Mid-life hypertensive status and cognitive function 20 years later: the SABRE study. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 61(9), 1489 - 1498.
    • Lee A, Chan WC, Chiu H, Richards M, Ng S, Hui L, Chan WM, Lam L (2013). Widened pulse pressure is a potential risk factor for significant cognitive impairment among community-dwelling Chinese younger old people.. Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease, 35(4), 687 - 696. doi:10.3233/JAD-122116.
    • Lee ATC, Chan WC, Chiu HFK, Lam LCW, Richards M, Lee RSY, Chan WM (2013). Endurance exercise may be associated with a reduced risk of significant cognitive impairment in community-dwelling older people. INTERNATIONAL PSYCHOGERIATRICS, 25, S164 - S164.
    • Shah T, Engmann J, Finan C, Holmes MV, Kumari M, Kivimaki M, Casas JP, Hingorani AD, Dale C, Amuzu A, Warren H, Ebrahim S, Dudbridge F, Shah S, White J, Giambartolomei C, Zabaneh D, Plagnol V, McLachlan S, Price J, Cavadino A, Power C, Hypponen E, Wong A, Ong K, Richards M, Hardy R, Kuh D, Wareham N, Gaunt T, Davies T-L, Lawlor DA, Day IN, Drenos F, Cooper J, Talmud PJ, Humphries SE, Sofat R, Caulfield M, Ben-Shlomo Y, Whincup P, Morris R, Strachan MWJ, Whittaker JC (2013). Population Genomics of Cardiometabolic Traits: Design of the University College London-London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine-Edinburgh-Bristol (UCLEB) Consortium. PLoS ONE, 8(8), - . doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0071345
    • Hurst L, Stafford M, Cooper R, Hardy R, Richards M, Kuh D (2013). Lifetime socioeconomic inequalities in physical and cognitive aging.. Am J Public Health, 103(9), 1641 - 1648. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2013.301240
    • Gaysina D, Xu MK, Barnett JH, Croudace TJ, Wong A, Richards M, Jones PB, LHA genetics group (2013). The catechol-O-methyltransferase gene (COMT) and cognitive function from childhood through adolescence.. Biol Psychol, 92(2), 359 - 364. doi:10.1016/j.biopsycho.2012.11.007
    • Clouston SAP, Brewster P, Hofer SM, Kuh D, Richards M, Cooper R, Hardy R, Rubin MS (2013). The dynamic relationship between physical function and cognition in longitudinal aging cohorts. Epidemiologic Reviews, 35(1), 33 - 50. doi:10.1093/epirev/mxs004
    • Xu MK, Jones PB, Barnett JH, Gaysina D, Kuh D, Croudace TJ, Richards M (2013). Adolescent self-organization predicts midlife memory in a prospective birth cohort study.. Psychol Aging, 28(4), 958 - 968. doi:10.1037/a0033787
    • Soressi M, McPherron SP, Lenoir M, Dogandzic T, Goldberg P, Jacobs Z, Maigrot Y, Martisius NL, Miller CE, Rendu W, Richards M, Skinner MM, Steele TE, Talamo S, Texier J-P (2013). Neandertals made the first specialized bone tools in Europe. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110(35), 14186 - 14190. doi:10.1073/pnas.1302730110
    • Silverwood RJ, Richards M, Pierce M, Hardy R, Sattar N, Ferro C, Savage C, Kuh D, Nitsch D (2013). COGNITIVE AND KIDNEY FUNCTION AT AGE 60-64 YEARS: RESULTS FROM THE 1946 BRITISH BIRTH COHORT STUDY.
    • Stafford M, Black S, Shah I, Hardy R, Pierce M, Richards M, Wong A, Kuh D (2013). Using a birth cohort to study ageing: representativeness and response rates in the National Survey of Health and Development.. Eur J Ageing, 10(2), 145 - 157. doi:10.1007/s10433-013-0258-8

    2012

    • Barnett JH, McDougall F, Xu MK, Croudace TJ, Richards M, Jones PB (2012). Childhood cognitive function and adult psychopathology: associations with psychotic and non-psychotic symptoms in the general population. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 201(2), 124 - 130. doi:10.1192/bjp.bp.111.102053
    • Gale CR, Cooper R, Craig L, Elliott J, Kuh D, Richards M, Starr JM, Whalley LJ, Deary IJ (2012). Cognitive function in childhood and lifetime cognitive change in relation to mental wellbeing in four cohorts of older people.. PLoS One, 7(9), e44860 - . doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0044860
    • Hurst L, Stafford M, Cooper R, Richards M, Kuh D (2012). LIFETIME SOCIOECONOMIC INEQUALITIES IN PHYSICAL AND COGNITIVE AGEING. doi:10.1136/jech-2012-201753.118
    • Cadar D, Pikhart H, Mishra G, Kuh D, Richards M (2012). Is there a role for physical activity in preventing cognitive decline?.
    • Cadar D, Pikhart H, Mishra G, Stephen A, Kuh D, Richards M (2012). The role of lifestyle behaviors on 20-year cognitive decline. J.Aging Res., 2012, 304014 - . doi:10.1155/2012/304014
    • Lee WE, Kwok CH, Hunter EC, Richards M, David AS (2012). Prevalence and childhood antecedents of depersonalization syndrome in a UK birth cohort.. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol, 47(2), 253 - 261. doi:10.1007/s00127-010-0327-7
    • Horvat P, Richards M, Bobak M (2012). LIFECOURSE SOCIOECONOMIC POSITION AND COGNITIVE FUNCTION IN LATER LIFE IN CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE: PRELIMINARY FINDINGS FROM THE HAPIEE STUDY. JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY AND COMMUNITY HEALTH, 66, A16 - A17. doi:10.1136/jech-2012-201753.042
    • Cadar D, Pikhart H, Mishra G, Stephen AM, Kuh D, Richards M (2012). FOOD FOR THOUGHT! THE ROLE OF DIETARY CHOICES ON COGNITIVE BEHAVIOUR. doi:10.1136/jech-2012-201753.148
    • Albanese E, Hardy R, Wills A, Kuh D, Richards M, Guralnik J (2012). No association between gain in body mass index across the life course and midlife cognitive function and cognitive reserve - The 1946 British birth cohort study. Alzheimer's and Dementia, 8(6), 470 - 482. doi:10.1016/j.jalz.2011.09.228
    • Byford M, Kuh D, Richards M (2012). Parenting practices and intergenerational associations in cognitive ability.. Int J Epidemiol, 41(1), 263 - 272. doi:10.1093/ije/dyr188
    • Kuh D, Cooper R, Richards M, Gale C, von Zglinicki T, Guralnik J (2012). A life course approach to healthy ageing: the HALCyon programme.. Public Health, 126(3), 193 - 195. doi:10.1016/j.puhe.2012.01.025
    • Henderson M, Richards M, Stansfeld S, Hotopf M (2012). The association between childhood cognitive ability and adult long-term sickness absence in three British birth cohorts: a cohort study.. BMJ Open, 2(2), e000777 - . doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2011-000777

    2011

    • Richards M, Huppert FA (2011). Do positive children become positive adults? Evidence from a longitudinal birth cohort study.. J Posit Psychol, 6(1), 75 - 87. doi:10.1080/17439760.2011.536655
    • Landy R, Head J, Richards M, Hardy R (2011). TESTING LIFE COURSE MODELS TO INVESTIGATE THE EFFECT OF SOCIOECONOMIC POSITION ON CRYSTALLISED COGNITIVE FUNCTION IN OLDER AGE, ACCOUNTING FOR MISSING DATA. doi:10.1136/jech.2011.142976c.26
    • Factor-Litvak P, Straka N, Cherkerzian S, Richards M, Liu X, Sher A, Neils G, Goldstein J (2011). Associations between birth weight, preeclampsia and cognitive functions in middle-aged adults. JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENTAL ORIGINS OF HEALTH AND DISEASE, 2(6), 365 - 374. doi:10.1017/S2040174411000596
    • Richards M, Hatch SL (2011). Good news about the ageing brain.. BMJ, 343, d6288 - .
    • Cadar D, Pikhart H, Mishra G, Richards M (2011). THE LONG AND SHORT TERM EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION ON COGNITIVE DECLINE. doi:10.1136/jech.2011.143586.75
    • Gaysina D, Hotopf M, Richards M, Colman I, Kuh D, Hardy R (2011). Symptoms of depression and anxiety, and change in body mass index from adolescence to adulthood: results from a British birth cohort.. Psychol Med, 41(1), 175 - 184. doi:10.1017/S0033291710000346
    • Kuh D, Pierce M, Adams J, Deanfield J, Ekelund U, Friberg P, Ghosh AK, Harwood N, Hughes A, Macfarlane PW, Mishra G, Pellerin D, Wong A, Stephen AM, Richards M, Hardy R, NSHD scientific and data collection team (2011). Cohort profile: updating the cohort profile for the MRC National Survey of Health and Development: a new clinic-based data collection for ageing research.. Int J Epidemiol, 40(1), e1 - e9. doi:10.1093/ije/dyq231
    • Gaysina D, Pierce M, Richards M, Hotopf M, Kuh D, Hardy R (2011). Association between adolescent emotional problems and metabolic syndrome: the modifying effect of C-reactive protein gene (CRP) polymorphisms.. Brain Behav Immun, 25(4), 750 - 758. doi:10.1016/j.bbi.2011.01.019
    • Roberts BA, Fuhrer R, Marmot M, Richards M (2011). Does retirement influence cognitive performance? The Whitehall II Study.. J Epidemiol Community Health, 65(11), 958 - 963. doi:10.1136/jech.2010.111849
    • Richards M, Sacker A (2011). Is education causal? Yes.. Int J Epidemiol, 40(2), 516 - 518. doi:10.1093/ije/dyq166
    • Pierce MB, Silverwood R, Hardy R, Adams J, Black S, Deanfield J, Franklyn JA, Richards M, Stafford M, Stephens AM, MacFarlane P, Nitsch D, Ong K, Kuh D, NSHD Sci Team , Data Collection Team (2011). CLINICAL PROBLEMS IN A POST WAR BRITISH COHORT REACHING RETIREMENT: EVIDENCE FROM THE FIRST BRITISH BIRTH COHORT STUDY. doi:10.1136/jech.2011.143586.66

    2010

    • Landy R, Hardy R, Head J, Richards M (2010). THE EFFECT OF MISSING DATA ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LIFECOURSE SOCIO-ECONOMIC POSITION AND VERBAL COGNITIVE ABILITY AT OLDER AGES. doi:10.1136/jech.2010.120956.30
    • Richards M, Brayne C (2010). What do we mean by Alzheimer's disease?. BMJ, 341, c4670 - .
    • Gaysina D, Maughan B, Richards M (2010). Association of reading problems with speech and motor development: results from a British 1946 birth cohort. DEV MED CHILD NEUROL, 52(7), 680 - 681. doi:10.1111/j.1469-8749.2010.03649.x
    • Gaysina D, Pierce M, Richards M, Hotopf M, Hardy R (2010). Association between symptoms of depression and anxiety and metabolic syndrome: the modifying effect of C-reactive protein (CRP) gene polymorphisms.
    • Richards M, Goldberg D (2010). Are there early adverse exposures that differentiate depression and anxiety risk?. In Goldberg D, Kendler KS, Sirovatka PJ, Regier DA (Ed.), Diagnostic issues in depression and generalized anxiety disorder (pp. 241 - 256). : American Psychiatric Pub.
    • Dangour A, Allen E, Elbourne D, Fasey N, Fletcher A, Hardy P, Holder G, Knight R, Letley L, Richards M, Uauy R (2010). Effect of 2-year n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation on cognitive function in older people (the OPAL trial): a randomised, double blind, controlled trial.. Am J Clin Nutr, 91, 1725 - 1732.
    • Richards M, Stephen A, Mishra G (2010). Health returns to cognitive capital in the British 1946 birth cohort.. Longitudinal and Life Course Studies, 1, 281 - 296.
    • Dangour A, Allen E, Richards M, Whitehouse P, Uauy R, Meheust A (2010). Design considerations in long-term intervention studies for the prevention of cognitive decline or dementia.. Nutr Rev, 68(Suppl. 1), S16 - S21.
    • Richards M, Deary IJ (2010). Cognitive capital in the British birth cohorts: an introduction.. Longit Life Course Studies, 1, 197 - 200.
    • Gale CR, Deary IJ, Kuh D, Huppert F, Richards M, HALCyon Study Team (2010). Neuroticism in Adolescence and Cognitive Function in Midlife in the British 1946 Birth Cohort: The HALCyon Program. J GERONTOL B-PSYCHOL, 65(1), 50 - 56. doi:10.1093/geronb/gbp082

    2009

    • Bobak M, Richards M, Malyutina S, Kubinova R, Peasey A, Pikhart H, Shishkin S, Nikitin Y, Marmot M (2009). Association between year of birth and cognitive functions in Russia and the Czech Republic: cross-sectional results of the HAPIEE study.. Neuroepidemiology, 33(3), 231 - 239. doi:10.1159/000229777
    • Kuh D, Shah I, Richards M, Mishra G, Wadsworth M, Hardy R (2009). Do childhood cognitive ability or smoking behaviour explain the influence of lifetime socio-economic conditions on premature adult mortality in a British post war birth cohort?. Soc Sci Med, 68(9), 1565 - 1573. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2009.02.006
    • Richards M, Colman I (2009). Life course profiles of mental illness and longitudinal points for intervention: a longitudinal birth cohort approach..
    • Kuh D, Cooper R, Hardy R, Guralnik J, Richards M (2009). Lifetime cognitive performance is associated with midlife physical performance in a prospective national birth cohort study. Psychosomatic Medicine, 71, 38 - 48.
    • Hogervorst E, Yaffe K, Richards M, Huppert FAH (2009). Hormone replacement therapy to maintain cognitive function in women with dementia. COCHRANE DB SYST REV, (1), - . doi:10.1002/14651858.CD003799.pub2
    • Richards M, Power C, Sacker A (2009). Paths to literacy and numeracy problems: evidence from two British birth cohorts.. J Epidemiol Community Health, 63(3), 239 - 244. doi:10.1136/jech.2007.064923

    2008

    • Rudnicka AR, Owen CG, Richards M, Wadsworth MEJ, Strachan DP (2008). Early determinants of visual outcome in British children and adolescents.
    • Cooper R, Hardy R, Guralnik J, Richards M, Kuh D (2008). Cognitive function across life and mid-life physical performance: Findings from a British birth cohort study.
    • Richards M, Black S, Mishra G, Gale C, Deary IJ (2008). IQ in childhood and the metabolic syndrome in middle age: extended follow-up of the 1946 British Birth Cohort Study.. Intelligence, 37, 567 - 572.
    • Abbott RA, Croudace TJ, Ploubidis GB, Kuh D, Richards M, Huppert FA (2008). The relationship between early personality and midlife psychological well-being: evidence from a UK birth cohort study. SOC PSYCH PSYCH EPID, 43(9), 679 - 687. doi:10.1007/s00127-008-0355-8
    • Rudnicka AR, Owen CG, Richards M, Wadsworth MEJ, Strachan DP (2008). Effect of breastfeeding and sociodemographic factors on visual outcome in childhood and adolescence. AM J CLIN NUTR, 87(5), 1392 - 1399.
    • Dangour A, Allen E, Elbourne D, Fletcher A, Richards M, Uauy R (2008). Fish consumption and cognitive function among older people in the UK: analysis of baseline data from the OPAL study..

    2007

    • Hatch S, Huppert F, Abbott R, Croudace T, Ploubidis G, Richards M, MEJ W, Kuh D (2007). A life course approach to well-being.. In Haworth J, Hart G (Ed.), Well-being: individual, community and social perspectives (pp. 187 - 205). : Palgrave MacMillan.
    • Hatch SL, Feinstein L, Link BG, Wadsworth MEJ, RichardS M (2007). The continuing benefits of education: Adult education and midlife cognitive ability in the British 1946 birth cohort. J GERONTOL B-PSYCHOL, 62(6), S404 - S414.
    • Richards M, Sacker A, Deary IJ (2007). Lifetime antecedents of cognitive reserve.. In Stern Y (Ed.), Cognitive reserve (pp. 37 - 52). : Psychology Press.
    • Hatch SL, Jones PB, Kuh D, Hardy R, Wadsworth MEJ, Richards M (2007). Childhood cognitive ability and adult mental health in the British 1946 birth cohort. SOC SCI MED, 64(11), 2285 - 2296. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2007.02.027
    • Richards M (2007). Childhood intelligence and being a vegetarian - Do bright children grow up to make healthy choices?. BRIT MED J, 334(7587), 216 - 217. doi:10.1136/bmj.39107.671412.80
    • Murray GK, Jones PB, Kuh D, Richards M (2007). Infant developmental milestones and subsequent cognitive function. ANN NEUROL, 62(2), 128 - 136. doi:10.1002/ana.21120

    2006

    • Dangour A, Clemens F, Elbourne D, Fasey N, Fletcher A, Hardy P, Holder G, Huppert F, Knight R, Letley L, Richards M, Truesdale A, Vickers M, Uauy R (2006). A randomised controlled trial investigating the effect of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation on cognitive and retinal function in cognitively healthy older people: the Older People And n-3 Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (OPAL) study protocol [ISRCTN72331636].. J Nutr, 5, 20 - 20.
    • Dangour AD, Clemens F, Elbourne D, Fasey N, Fletcher AE, Hardy P, Holder GE, Huppert FA, Knight R, Letley L, Richards M, Truesdale A, Vickers M, Uauy R (2006). A randomised controlled trial investigating the effect of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation on cognitive and retinal function in cognitively healthy older people: the Older People And n-3 Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (OPAL) study protocol [ISRCTN72331636]. NUTRITION JOURNAL, 5, - . doi:10.1186/1475-2891-5-20
    • Kok H, Kuh D, Cooper R, van der Schouw YT, Grobbee DE, Wadsworth MEJ, Richards M (2006). Cognitive function across the life course and the menopausal transition in a British birth cohort.. Menopause, 13, 19 - 27.
    • Kuh D, Hardy R, Butterworth S, Okell L, Richards M, Wadsworth M, Cooper C, Sayer AA (2006). Developmental origins of midlife physical performance: evidence from a British birth cohort.. Am J Epidemiol, 164(2), 110 - 121. doi:10.1093/aje/kwj193
    • Richards M (2006). Do heavier babies make brighter children?. In MacCabe J (Ed.), Beyond Nature and Nurture in Psychiatry (pp. 27 - 34). : Informa HealthCare.

    2005

    • Singh-Manoux A, Richards M, Marmot M (2005). Socioeconomic position across the lifecourse: how does it relate to cognitive function in midlife?. Annals of Epidemiology, 15(8), 572 - 578.
    • Wadsworth MEJ, Kuh D, Richards M, Hardy R (2005). Cohort profile: the 1946 national birth cohort (MRC National Survey of Health & Development).. International Journal of Epidemiology, 35, 49 - 54.
    • Richards M, Hatch S, Hardy R, Kuh D, Susser E, Wadsworth M (2005). Post-natal growth and cognitive development in a population-based birth cohort.
    • Richards M, Hardy R, Wadsworth MEJ (2005). Alcohol consumption and midlife cognitive change in the British 1946 birth cohort study. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 40, 112 - 117.
    • Richards M, Strachan D, Hardy R, Kuh D, Wadsworth M (2005). Lung function and cognitive ability in a longitudinal birth cohort study.. Psychosom Med, 67(4), 602 - 608. doi:10.1097/01.psy.0000170337.51848.68
    • Hall I, Strydom A, Richards M, Hardy R, Bernal J, Wadsworth M (2005). Social outcomes in adulthood of children with intellectual impairment: evidence from a birth cohort.. J Intellect Disabil Res, 49(Pt 3), 171 - 182. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2788.2005.00636.x
    • Kuh D, Butterworth SL, Kok H, Richards M, Hardy R, Wadsworth MEJ, Leon DA (2005). Childhood cognitive ability and age at menopause: evidence from two cohort studies. Menopause, 12, 475 - 482.
    • Richards M, Deary IJ (2005). A life course approach to cognitive reserve: a model for cognitive aging and development?. Ann Neurol, 58(4), 617 - 622. doi:10.1002/ana.20637

    2004

    • Bobak M, Richards M, Wadsworth M (2004). Relation between children's height and air pollution from coal-burning sources in the British 1946 birth cohort. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, 77, 383 - 386.
    • Richards M, Wadsworth MEJ (2004). Long-term effects of early adversity on cognitive function. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 89, 922 - 927.
    • Richards M, Shipley B, Fuhrer R, Wadsworth MEJ (2004). Childhood cognitive ability and cognitive decline in midlife: longitudinal birth cohort study. BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.), 328, 552 - 554. doi:10.1136/bmj.37972.513819.EE
    • Kuh DJL, Richards M, Hardy R, Butterworth S, Wadsworth MEJ (2004). Childhood cognitive ability and deaths up until middle age: a post war birth cohort study. International Journal of Epidemiology, 33, 408 - 413. doi:10.1093/ije/dyh043

    2003

    • Richards M, Jarvis MJ, Thompson N, Wadsworth ME (2003). Cigarette smoking and cognitive decline in midlife: evidence from a prospective birth cohort study.. Am J Public Health, 93(6), 994 - 998.
    • Singh-Manoux A, Richards M, Marmot MG (2003). Leisure activities and cognitive function in middle aged adults: evidence from the Whitehall II Study. Epidemiology and Community Health, 57(11), 907 - 913.
    • Richards M, Hardy R, Wadsworth MEJ (2003). Does active leisure protect cognition? Evidence from a national birth cohort. Social Science and Medicine, 56, 785 - 792.
    • Wadsworth MEJ, Butterworth S, Hardy R, Kuh D, Richards M, Langenberg C, Hilder WS, Connor M (2003). The life course prospective design: an example of benefits and problems associated with study longevity. Social Science and Medicine, 57(11), 2193 - 2205.
    • Richards M, Sacker A (2003). Lifetime antecedents of cognitive reserve. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 25(5), 614 - 624. doi:10.1076/jcen.25.5.614.14581
    • Richards M, Hardy R, Kuh D, Wadsworth MEJ (2003). Prenatal growth, postnatal growth, and cognitive function across the life course..

    2002

    • Richards M, Hardy R, Wadsworth M (2002). Long-term effects of breast-feeding in a national birth cohort: educational attainment and midlife cognitive function. Public Health Nutrition, 5, 631 - 635.
    • Hogervorst E, Yaffe K, Richards M, Huppert F (2002). Hormone replacement therapy to maintain cognitive function in women with dementia (Cochrane Review).
    • Hogervorst E, Yaffe K, Richards M, Huppert F (2002). Hormone replacement therapy for cognitive function in postmenopausal women (Cochrane Review).
    • Richards M, Touchon J, Ledesert B, Ritchie K (2002). Mild extrapyramidal signs and functional impairment in ageing.. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry, 17(2), 150 - 153.
    • Kuh DJL, Hardy R, Langenberg C, Richards M, Wadsworth M (2002). Mortality in adults aged 26-54 years related to socioeconomic conditions in childhood and adulthood: post war birth cohort study. BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.), 325, 1076 - 1080. doi:10.1136/bmj.325.7372.1076
    • Stewart R, Richards M (2002). Surveying older people from minority ethnic groups: an evaluation of a primary care sampling method for UK African-Caribbean elders. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 11, 178 - 183.
    • Stewart R, MRC CFAS, Richards M, Brayne C, Mann A (2002). The distribution of Mini-Mental State Examination scores in an older UK African-Caribbean population compared to MRC CFA Study norms. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 17, 745 - 751.
    • Richards M (2002). IQ and the wealth of nations. INTELLIGENCE, 30(6), 574 - 576.
    • Richards M, Hardy R, Kuh D, Wadsworth M (2002). Birthweight, postnatal growth and cognitive function in a national UK birth cohort. International Journal of Epidemiology, 31, 342 - 348.
    • Ritchie K, Richards M (2002). Neuropsychological research in psychiatry. In Lopez-Ibor JJ, Gaebel W, Maj M, Sartorius N (Ed.), Psychiatry as a neuroscience (pp. - ). : John Wiley & Sons.

    2001

    • Stewart R, Prince M, Richards M, Brayne C, Mann A (2001). Stroke, vascular risk factors-and depression - Cross-sectional study in a UK Caribbean-born population. BRIT J PSYCHIAT, 178, 23 - 28.
    • Bobak M, Richards M, Wadsworth M (2001). Air pollution and birth weight in Britain in 1946. Annual Conference of the International Society for Environmental Epidemiology, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany, September 1-5, 2001.
    • Stewart R, Richards M, Brayne C, Mann A (2001). Cognitive function in UK community-dwelling African Caribbean elders: normative data for a test battery. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 16, 518 - 527.
    • Richards M (2001). Re: Birthweight, cognition and diabetes.. BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.), (13 Feb), - .
    • Leask SJ, Crow TJ, Jones PB, Richards M (2001). Authors' reply to MukherjeeT, Galanis V. Breast feeding and schizophrenia.. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 178, 83 - .
    • Bobak M, Richards M, Wadsworth M (2001). Air pollution and birth weight in Britain in 1946. Epidemiology, 15, 358 - 359.
    • Richards M, Hardy R, Kuh D, Wadsworth M (2001). Birth weight and cognitive function in the British 1946 birth cohort: longitudinal population based study. BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.), 322, 199 - 203. doi:10.1136/bmj.322.7280.199
    • Bobak M, Richards M, Wadsworth M (2001). Air pollution and birth weight in Britain in 1946.
    • Richards M, Maughan B, Hardy R, Hall I, Strydom A, Wadsworth M (2001). Long-term affective disorder in people with mild learning disability.. Br J Psychiatry, 179, 523 - 527.
    • Stewart R, Russ C, Richards M, Brayne C, Lovestone S, Mann A (2001). Depression, APOE genotype and subjective memory impairment: a cross-sectional study in an African-Caribbean population.. Psychol Med, 31(3), 431 - 440.
    • Stewart R, Richards M, Brayne C, Mann A (2001). Vascular risk and cognitive impairment in an older, British, African-Caribbean population. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 49, 263 - 269.
    • Richards M (2001). Re: We actually found the opposite.. British Medical Journal, (21 Feb), - .
    • Stewart R, Russ C, Richards M, Brayne C, Lovestone S, Mann A (2001). Apolipoprotein E genotype, vascular risk and early cognitive impairment in an African Caribbean population.. Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord, 12(4), 251 - 256.

    2000

    • Leask SJ, Done DJ, Crow TJ, Richards M, Jones PB (2000). No association between breast-feeding and adult psychosis in two national birth cohorts. BRIT J PSYCHIAT, 177, 218 - 221.
    • Richards M (2000). Cognitive links across the lifecourse, and implications for health in later life. Age and Ageing, 29, 477 - 478.
    • Richards M, Brayne C, Dening T, Abas M, Carter J, Price M, Jones C, Levy R (2000). Cognitive function in UK community-dwelling African Caribbean and white elders: a pilot study.. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry, 15(7), 621 - 630.

    1999

    • Kuh D, Hardy R, Richards M, MEJ W (1999). Lifetime predictors of early menopause: findings from a British birth cohort study..
    • Richards M, Kuh D, Hardy R, Wadsworth M (1999). Lifetime cognitive function and timing of the natural menopause.. Neurology, 53(2), 308 - 314.
    • Richards M, Abas M (1999). Cross cultural approaches to depression and dementia.. In Bhugra D, Bahl V (Ed.), Ethnicity: an agenda for mental health (pp. 106 - 122). : Royal College of Psychiatrists.
    • Prince M, Macdonald A, Sham P, Richards M, Qureshi S, Horn I (1999). The development and initial validation of a telephone administered cognitive test battery (TACT).. Int J Methods Psychiat Res, 8, 49 - 57.
    • Ritchie K, Richards M (1999). Recent developments in neuropsychological assessment. CURR OPIN PSYCHIATR, 12(3), 345 - 349.
    • Richards M, Touchon J, Ledesert B, Richie K (1999). Cognitive decline in ageing: are AAMI and AACD distinct entities?. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry, 14(7), 534 - 540.

    1998

    • Kuh D, Richards M, Hardy R, MEJ W (1998). A life course study shows that cognitive and reproductive function may be influenced by a common early factor..
    • Al Saffar B, Hu M, Richards M, Winkler A, Agapito C, Brooks DJ, Ray C (1998). Do immigrant Afro-Caribbean and Indian subjects suffer from an atypical levodopa hyporesponsive parkinsonism.
    • Richards M, Wadsworth MEJ, Rahimi-Foroushani A, Hardy RJ, Kuh D, Paul A (1998). Infant nutrition and cognitive development in the first offspring of a national UK birth cohort. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 40, 163 - 167.
    • Richards M, Brayne C, Abas M, Carter J, Forder C, Osagie A, Levy R (1998). Social support and activities of daily living in older Afro Caribbean and white UK residents. Age and Ageing, 27, 252 - 253.
    • Richards M, Kuh D, Hardy RJ, Wadsworth MEJ (1998). Cognitive performance across the lifespan and menopause transition in a national UK birth cohort.
    • Richards M, Stern Y, Hardy RJ, Wadsworth MEJ (1998). Childhoot IQ, education and midlife cognitive function in a national UK birth cohort.

    1997

    • Richards M, Hardy R, Wadsworth MEJ (1997). The effects of divorce and separation on health in a national UK birth cohort. Psychological Medicine, 27, 1121 - 1128.
    • Richards M (1997). Dementia in ethnic minorities. In Holmes C, Howard R (Ed.), Advances in old age psychiatry: chromosomes to community care (pp. 22 - 29). : Wrightson Biomedical Publ Ltd.
    • Richards M, Meade TW, Peart S, Brennan PJ, Mann AH (1997). Is there any evidence for a protective effect of antithrombotic medication on cognitive function in men at risk of cardiovascular disease? Some preliminary findings.. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry, 62(3), 269 - 272.
    • Chaudhuri KR, Richards M (1997). How far are we in understanding the cause of Parkinson's disease?. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 62, 104 - 104.
    • Richards M (1997). Anxiety in later life.. In Norman IJ, Redfern SJ (Ed.), Mental health care for elderly people (pp. 289 - 312). : Elsevier Health Sciences.

    1996

    • Richards M, Brayne C (1996). Cross cultural research into cognitive impairment and dementia: some practical experiences.. Int J Geriatr Psychiat, 11, 383 - 387.
    • Richards M, Chaudhury RK (1996). A pilot study of Parkinson's disease in an Afro Caribbean migrant community in London..
    • Richards M (1996). Neurobiological treatments of Alzheimer's disease.. In Morris R (Ed.), The cognitive neuropsychology of Alzheimer-type dementia (pp. 327 - 342). : Oxford University Press, USA.
    • Abas M, Phillips C, Richards M, Carter J, Levy R (1996). Initial development of a new culture-specific screen for emotional distress in older Caribbean people.. Int J Geriatr Psychiat, 11, 1097 - 1103.
    • Richards M, Chaudhuri RK (1996). Parkinson's disease in populations of African origin: a review.. Neuroepidemiol, 15, 214 - 221.
    • Richards M, Chaudhuri RK, Brooks DJ (1996). Atypical Parkinson's disease in Afro-Caribbean and Asian populations..
    • Richards M, Brayne C, Forde C, Abas M, Levy R (1996). Surveying African Caribbean elders in the community: implications for research on health and health service use.. Int J Geriatr Psychiat, 11, 41 - 45.

    1995

    • Richards M, Stern Y, Mayeux R (1995). Subtle extrapyramidal signs and incident dementia: a follow-up analysis.. Neurology, 45(10), 1942 - .
    • Richards M, McLoughlin D, Levy R (1995). Relationships between extrapyramidal signs and cognitive function in patients with moderate to severe Alzheimer's disease.. Int J Geriatr Psychiat, 10, 395 - 399.
    • Richards M (1995). The epidemiology of Alzheimer's disease.. Alzheimer's Review, 5, 113 - 117.
    • Marder K, Richards M, Bello J, Bell K, Sano M, Miller L, Folstein M, Albert M, Stern Y (1995). Clinical correlates of Alzheimer's disease with and without silent radiographic abnormalities.. Arch Neurol, 52(2), 146 - 151.
    • Sano M, Devanand DP, Richards M, Miller LW, Marder K, Bell K, Dooneief G, Bylsma FW, Lafleche G, Albert M (1995). A standardized technique for establishing onset and duration of symptoms of Alzheimer's disease.. Arch Neurol, 52(10), 961 - 966.

    1994

    • Richards M, Marder K, Cote L, Mayeux R (1994). Interrater reliability of the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale motor examination.. Mov Disord, 9(1), 89 - 91. doi:10.1002/mds.870090114
    • Stern Y, Albert SM, Sano M, Richards M, Miller L, Folstein M, Albert M, Bylsma FW, Lafleche G (1994). Assessing patient dependence in Alzheimer's disease.. J Gerontol, 49(5), M216 - M222.
    • Eagger S, Richards M, Levy R (1994). Long term effects of tacrine in Alzheimer's disease: an open study.. Int J Geriatr Psychiat, 9, 643 - 647.
    • Bylsma F, Folstein M, Devanand D, Richards M, Bello J, Albert M, Stern Y (1994). Delusions and patterns of cognitive impairment in Alzheimer's disease.. Neuropsychol Behav Neurology, 7, 98 - 103.
    • Richards M, Marder K, Cote L, Mayeux R (1994). Reliability of symptom onset assessment in Parkinson's disease.. Mov Disord, 9(3), 340 - 342. doi:10.1002/mds.870090313
    • Levy R, Howard R, Richards M, Amaducci L, Corn T, Derouesne C, Hofman A, Huppert F, Rabins P, Ratopoulos P, Ustun B, Whitehouse P (1994). Aging-associated cognitive decline. International Psychogeriatrics, 6(1), 63 - 68. doi:10.1017/S1041610294001626

    1993

    • Richards M, Cote LJ, Stern Y (1993). The relationship between visuospatial ability and perceptual motor function in Parkinson's disease.. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry, 56(4), 400 - 406.
    • Richards M, Cote LJ, Stern Y (1993). Executive function in Parkinson's disease: set-shifting or set-maintenance?. J Clin Exp Neuropsychol, 15(2), 266 - 279. doi:10.1080/01688639308402562
    • Richards M, Stern Y, Marder K, Cote L, Mayeux R (1993). Relationships between extrapyramidal signs and cognitive function in a community-dwelling cohort of patients with Parkinson's disease and normal elderly individuals.. Ann Neurol, 33(3), 267 - 274. doi:10.1002/ana.410330307
    • Hollander E, Cohen L, Richards M, Mullen L, DeCaria C, Stern Y (1993). A pilot study of the neuropsychology of obsessive-compulsive disorder and Parkinson's disease: basal ganglia disorders.. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci, 5(1), 104 - 107.
    • Richards M, Folstein M, Albert M, Miller L, Bylsma F, Lafleche G, Marder K, Bell K, Sano M, Devanand D (1993). Multicenter study of predictors of disease course in Alzheimer disease (the "predictors study"). II. Neurological, psychiatric, and demographic influences on baseline measures of disease severity.. Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord, 7(1), 22 - 32.
    • Stern Y, Folstein M, Albert M, Richards M, Miller L, Bylsma F, Lafleche G, Marder K, Bell K, Sano M (1993). Multicenter study of predictors of disease course in Alzheimer disease (the "predictors study"). I. Study design, cohort description, and intersite comparisons.. Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord, 7(1), 3 - 21.
    • Mayeux R, Stern Y, Xin-Tang M, Todak G, Marder K, Sano M, Richards M, Stein Z, Ehrhardt A, Gorman J (1993). Mortality risks in gay men with human immunodeficiency virus infection and cognitive impairment.. Neurology, 43, 176 - 182.
    • Richards M (1993). Cognitive neuropsychology by McCarthy E, Warrington E.. Biological Psychology, 35, 81 - 82.
    • LaFleche G, Albert M, Miller L, Richards M, Bylsma F, Stern Y (1993). Predictors of functional status in mild Alzheimer's disease (AD)..
    • Richards M, Stern Y, Marder K, Cote L, Mayeux R (1993). Persistent extrapyramidal signs are a risk factor for dementia in aging..
    • Stern Y, Richards M, Folstein M, Albert M, Miller L, Bylsma F, LaFleche G (1993). Clinical heterogeneity revisited: baseline findings of the Predictors Study..
    • Richards M, Stern Y, Mayeux R (1993). Subtle extrapyramidal signs can predict the development of dementia in elderly individuals.. Neurology, 43(11), 2184 - 2188.
    • Stern Y, Richards M, Sano M, Mayeux R (1993). Comparison of cognitive changes in patients with Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease.. Arch Neurol, 50(10), 1040 - 1045.
    • Richards M, Bell K, Dooneief G, Marder K, Sano M, Mayeux R, Stern Y (1993). Patterns of neuropsychological performance in Alzheimer's disease patients with and without extrapyramidal signs.. Neurology, 43(9), 1708 - 1711.

    1992

    • Marder K, Stern Y, Malouf R, Tang MX, Bell K, Dooneief G, el-Sadr W, Goldstein S, Gorman J, Richards M (1992). Neurologic and neuropsychological manifestations of human immunodeficiency virus infection in intravenous drug users without acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Relationship to head injury.. Arch Neurol, 49(11), 1169 - 1175.
    • Richards M, Stern Y, Marder K, Cote L, Mayeux R (1992). Cognitive function in normal individuals with subtle extrapyramidal signs resembles that of patients with Parkinson's disease..
    • Richards M, Sano M, Goldstein S, Mindry D, Todak G, Stern Y (1992). The stability of neuropsychological test performance in a group of parenteral drug users.. J Subst Abuse Treat, 9, 371 - 377.
    • Richards M (1992). Contemporary neuropsychology and the legacy of Luria by Goldberg E (Ed.). Biological Psychology, 34, 87 - 89.
    • Richards M, Stern Y (1992). Cognitive studies of Alzheimer's disease.. In Stein DJ, Young JE (Ed.), Cognitive science and clinical disorders (pp. 289 - 312). : Academic Pr.
    • Richards M, Cote L, Stern Y (1992). The Odd-Man Out Test is a sensitive measure of fronto-striatal function in Parkinson's disease..
    • Richards M, Cote L, Groves M, Stern Y (1992). Impaired visuomotor function with preserved visuospatial ability in Parkinson's disease..
    • Devanand D, Miller L, Richards M, Marder K, Bell K, Mayeux R, Stern Y (1992). The Columbia University Scale for Psychopathology in Alzheimer's disease.. Arch Neurol, 49, 371 - 376.
    • Stern Y, Sano M, Miller L, Richards M, Marder K, Bell K, Bylsma F, Lafleche G (1992). Assessing dependence, a unique feature of functional decline in Alzheimer's disease..
    • Sano M, Devanand D, Richards M, Miller L, Marder K, Bell K, Dooneief G, Bylsma F, Lafleche G, Stern Y (1992). A reliable standardized technique for dating the onset of Alzheimer's disease..
    • Richards M, Stern Y, Marder K, Cote L, Mayeux R (1992). Interater reliability and factor structure of the Unified Parkinson's Disease rating Scale motor examination..
    • Mayeux R, Stern Y, Xin-Tang M, Marder K, Todak G, Sano M, Richards M, Stein Z, Ehrhardt A, Gorman J (1992). A logistic mortality risk model for seropositive gay men with neurological manifestations..
    • Marder K, Richards M, Bello J, Bell K, Sano M, Miller L, Lafleche G (1992). Outcomes and clinical correlates of Alzheimer's disease patients with "silent" stroke..
    • Bell K, Marder K, Sano M, Richards M, Miller L, Lafleche G, Mayeux R (1992). Comparison of medical conditions and neurological examination in early Alzheimer's disease and normal elderly..

    1991

    • Richards M, Marder K, Bell K, Dooneief G, Mayeux R, Stern Y (1991). Interrater reliability of extrapyramidal signs in a group assessed for dementia.. Arch Neurol, 48(11), 1147 - 1149.
    • Richards M, Eves F (1991). Personality, temperament and the cardiac defense response.. Pers Individ Dif, 12, 999 - 1007.
    • Stern Y, Marder K, Bell K, Chen J, Dooneief G, Goldstein S, Mindry D, Richards M, Sano M, Williams J, Gorman J, Ehrhardt A, Mayeux R (1991). Multidisciplinary baseline assessment of gay men with and without HIV infection: III. neurological and neuropsychological findings.. Arch Gen Psychiat, 48, 131 - 138.
    • Jung B, Richards M, Dahme B, Eves F (1991). Personality and the cardiac defense response: a partial replication..
    • Richards M, Stern Y, Sano M, Mayeux R (1991). Patterns of neuropsychological impairment are distinct in Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease dementia..

    1990

    • Stern Y, Sano M, Marder K, Mindry D, Goldstein S, Richards M, Gorman J (1990). Subtle neuropsychological changes in HIV+ gay men..
    • Stern Y, Sano M, Richards M, Goldstein S, Mindry D, Todak G, Gorman J (1990). Reliability of neuropsychological test performance in IV drug abusers..
    • Richards M, Martin I (1990). Eysenck's incubation of fear hypothesis: an experimental test.. Behav Res Ther, 28(5), 373 - 384.

    1987

    • Davidson L, Richards M (1987). Maternal personality and injury in children: is Stability a protective factor?. Pers Individ Diff, 8, 961 - 963.

    1986

    • Richards M (1986). Relationships between the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, Strelau Temperament Inventory and the Freiberger Beschwerdenliste Gesamtform.. Pers Individ Dif, 7, 587 - 589.

    1985

    • Golding J, Richards M (1985). EEG spectral analysis, visual evoked potential and photic driving correlates of personality and memory.. Pers Individ Dif, 6, 67 - 76.
    • Richards M (1985). Temperament Personality Activity by Strelau J.. Bulletin of the British Psychological Society, 38(July), - .
    • Richards M, Martin I (1985). The effect of CS duration on the extinction of classical aversive autonomic CRs: a test of Eysenck's theory of incubation..

    • Richards M, Barnett JH, Xu Man K, Croudace TJ , Gaysina D , Kuh D, Jones PB (). Lifetime affect and midlife cognitive function: prospective birth cohort study. British Journal of Psychiatry, 203, - . doi:10.1192/bjp.bp.113.128942
    • Ertan T, Richards M, Eker E (). Problems in cross cultural psychogeriatric research: contacting older Turkish immigrants in the UK.. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 14, 892 - 893.
    • Richards M, Barnett JH, Xu Man K, Croudace TJ, Gaysina D, Kuh D, Jones PB (). Lifetime affect and midlife cognitive function: prospective birth cohort function.. British Journal of Psychiatry, In press., - . doi:10.1192/bjp.bp.113.128942
    • Richards M, Abbott R (). Childhood mental health and adult life chances in post-war Britain: insights from three national birth cohort studies..