Prof Jonathan Knowles

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Personal Profile

Name: Jonathan Knowles Email: j.knowles@ucl.ac.uk
Title: Prof Tel: 020 3456 1189
Department: Biomaterials & Tissue Eng Fax: 020 3456 1227
Position: Professor of Biomaterials Science Address: UCL Eastman Dental Institute, 256 Grays Inn Road, London, WC1X 8LD
Research Domain: Personalised Medicine, Stem Cells & Regenerative Medicine (Frontier Disciplines) Web Page: Personal Web Page

Profile

Research Description

My academic strengths lie in my research. This is reflected in my ranking of 473/3936 (as of 11/05/12) in the scientist rankings for Materials Science. This also places me as the highest ranked Materials Scientist in UCL with over 4500 citations and an H-index of 37. I have for the past 15 years pursued the development of novel materials for hard and soft tissue regeneration.
A significant proportion of my work focusses on soluble glasses and is proving very successful and has attracted a significant amount of sponsorship from the research councils (BBSRC and EPSRC and MRC) and also industrially. The work has made some significant contributions to the understanding of the materials and in particular the degradation processes where the current view in the literature has been shown to incompletely model the degradation process occurring. This has important consequences if the material is to be used in vivo. The work has also developed the materials as novel antibacterial agents using copper and silver as potential antibacterial ions. The work has shown that whilst very high levels of the ions may be released, the bacteria which form colonies are able to form sacrificial layers to inhibit ion release. Recent work funded with two large grants by the EPSRC and collaboration with the Universities of Kent and Warwick has seen further developments of the glasses in sol-gel form and also applied a largoe portfolio of high end techniques such as NMR and neutron diffraction. This work has had an unprecedented output with almost 50 papers in three years and this includes some of the highest impact factor papers, including Advanced Materials and Advanced Functional Materials.


Research Activities

Craniofacial development and muscle regeneration

Development of new injectable adhesive composites for bone repair

Materials for hard and soft tissue regneration

Education Description

I teach to MSc's at the Eastman and also on the MSc in Tissue Engineering in Mechanical Engineering on aspects of materials use in orofacial care.

UCL Collaborators

Dr Rishma Shah; Dr Dave Spratt; Dr Anne Young; Prof Nigel Hunt; Prof Jawwad Darr

External Collaborators

Juha-Pekka Nuutinen

Publications

    2014

    • Kim T-H, Eltohamy M, Kim M, Perez RA, Kim J-H, Yun Y-R, Lee E-J, Knowles JC, Kim H-W, Jang J-H (2014). Therapeutic foam scaffolds incorporating biopolymer-shelled mesoporous nanospheres with growth factors. Acta Biomaterialia, 10(6), 2612 - 2621. doi:10.1016/j.actbio.2014.02.005
    • Won J-E, El-Fiqi A, Jegal S-H, Han C-M, Lee E-J, Knowles JC, Kim H-W (2014). Gelatin-apatite bone mimetic co-precipitates incorporated within biopolymer matrix to improve mechanical and biological properties useful for hard tissue repair. JOURNAL OF BIOMATERIALS APPLICATIONS, 28(8), 1213 - 1225. doi:10.1177/0885328213502100
    • Tredwin CJ, Young AM, Abou Neel EA, Georgiou G, Knowles JC (2014). Hydroxyapatite, fluor-hydroxyapatite and fluorapatite produced via the sol-gel method: dissolution behaviour and biological properties after crystallisation. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE-MATERIALS IN MEDICINE, 25(1), 47 - 53. doi:10.1007/s10856-013-5050-y
    • Perez RA, Kim M, Kim T-H, Kim J-H, Lee JH, Park J-H, Knowles JC, Kim H-W (2014). Utilizing core-shell fibrous collagen-alginate hydrogel cell delivery system for bone tissue engineering. Tissue Engineering - Part A, 20(1-2), 103 - 114. doi:10.1089/ten.tea.2013.0198
    • Abou Neel EA, Knowles JC, Chrzanowski W (2014). Biological performance of titania containing phosphate-based glasses for bone tissue engineering applications. Materials Science and Engineering C, 35(1), 307 - 313. doi:10.1016/j.msec.2013.10.029
    • Kim TH, Eltohamy M, Kim M, Perez RA, Kim JH, Yun YR, Jang JH, Lee EJ, Knowles JC, Kim HW (2014). Therapeutic foam scaffolds incorporating biopolymer-shelled mesoporous nanospheres with growth factors.. Acta Biomater, , - . doi:10.1016/j.actbio.2014.02.005
    • Amin HD, Olsen I, Knowles J, Donos N, Dard M (2014). A tyrosine-rich amelogenin peptide promotes neovasculogenesis in vitro and ex vivo. Acta Biomaterialia, 10(5), 1930 - 1939. doi:10.1016/j.actbio.2013.11.027
    • Pickup DM, Newport RJ, Barney ER, Kim J-Y, Valappil SP, Knowles JC (2014). Characterisation of phosphate coacervates for potential biomedical applications. JOURNAL OF BIOMATERIALS APPLICATIONS, 28(8), 1226 - 1234. doi:10.1177/0885328213502586
    • Singh RK, Patel KD, Kim J-J, Kim T-H, Kim J-H, Shin US, Lee E-J, Kim H-W, Knowles JC (2014). Multifunctional hybrid nanocarrier: Magnetic CNTs ensheathed with mesoporous silica for drug delivery and imaging system. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 6(4), 2201 - 2208. doi:10.1021/am4056936
    • Park J-H, Lee E-J, Knowles JC, Kim H-W (2014). Preparation of in situ hardening composite microcarriers: Calcium phosphate cement combined with alginate for bone regeneration. Journal of Biomaterials Applications, 28(7), 1079 - 1084. doi:10.1177/0885328213496486
    • Patel KD, Singh RK, Lee E-J, Han C-M, Won J-E, Kim H-W, Knowles JC (2014). Tailoring solubility and drug release from electrophoretic deposited chitosan-gelatin films on titanium. Surface and Coatings Technology, 242, 232 - 236. doi:10.1016/j.surfcoat.2013.11.049
    • Neel EA, Chrzanowski W, Salih VM, Kim HW, Knowles JC (2014). Tissue Engineering in Dentistry.. J Dent, , - . doi:10.1016/j.jdent.2014.05.008

    2013

    • Chaudhry AA, Knowles JC, Rehman I, Darr JA (2013). Rapid hydrothermal flow synthesis and characterisation of carbonate- and silicate-substituted calcium phosphates.. J Biomater Appl, 28(3), 448 - 461. doi:10.1177/0885328212460289
    • Amin HD, Olsen I, Knowles JC, Donos N, Dard M (2013). Effects of enamel matrix proteins on multi-lineage differentiation of periodontal ligament cells in vitro. Acta Biomaterialia, 9(1), 4796 - 4805. doi:10.1016/j.actbio.2012.09.008
    • Patel KD, Singh RK, Lee E-J, Han C-M, Won J-E, Kim H-W, Knowles JC (2013). Tailoring solubility and drug release from electrophoretic deposited chitosan-gelatin films on titanium. Surface and Coatings Technology, , - . doi:10.1016/j.surfcoat.2013.11.049
    • Pereira JR, McDonald A, Petrie A, Knowles JC (2013). Effect of cavity design on tooth surface strain.. J Prosthet Dent, , - . doi:10.1016/j.prosdent.2013.08.004
    • Lee I-H, Foroutan F, Lakhkar NJ, Gong M-S, Knowles JC (2013). Sol-gel synthesis and structural characterization of P2O5-CaO-Na2O glasses. PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY OF GLASSES-EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF GLASS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY PART B, 54(3), 115 - 120.
    • Shah R, Knowles JC, Hunt NP, Lewis MP (2013). Development of a novel smart scaffold for human skeletal muscle regeneration.. J Tissue Eng Regen Med, , - . doi:10.1002/term.1780
    • Gellynck K, Shah R, Deng D, Parkar M, Liu W, Knowles JC, Buxton P (2013). Cell cytoskeletal changes effected by static compressive stress lead to changes in the contractile properties of tissue regenerative collagen membranes.. Eur Cell Mater, 25, 317 - 325.
    • Lakhkar NJ, Salih V, Knowles JC, Lee I-H, Kim H-W, Wall IB (2013). Bone formation controlled by biologically relevant inorganic ions: Role and controlled delivery from phosphate-based glasses. Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews, 65(4), 405 - 420. doi:10.1016/j.addr.2012.05.015
    • Tredwin CJ, Georgiou G, Knowles JC, Kim H-W (2013). Hydroxyapatite, fluor-hydroxyapatite and fluorapatite produced via the sol-gel method: Bonding to titanium and scanning electron microscopy. Dental Materials, 29(5), 521 - 529. doi:10.1016/j.dental.2013.02.002
    • Mehdawi IM, Pratten J, Spratt DA, Knowles JC, Young AM (2013). High strength re-mineralizing, antibacterial dental composites with reactive calcium phosphates. Dental Materials, 29(4), 473 - 484. doi:10.1016/j.dental.2013.01.010
    • Lee I-H, Yu H-S, Kim H-W, Gong M-S, Knowles JC, Wall IB, Lakhkar NJ (2013). Development, characterisation and biocompatibility testing of a cobalt-containing titanium phosphate-based glass for engineering of vascularized hard tissues. Materials Science and Engineering C, 33(4), 2104 - 2112. doi:10.1016/j.msec.2013.01.024
    • Tredwin CJ, Georgiou G, Kim H-W, Knowles JC (2013). Hydroxyapatite, fluor-hydroxyapatite and fluorapatite produced via the sol-gel method: Bonding to titanium and scanning electron microscopy. Dental Materials, , - .
    • Mehdawi IM, Pratten J, Spratt DA, Knowles JC, Young AM (2013). High strength re-mineralizing, antibacterial dental composites with reactive calcium phosphates.. Dent Mater, 29(4), 473 - 484. doi:10.1016/j.dental.2013.01.010
    • Tredwin CJ, Young AM, Georgiou G, Knowles JC, Shin S-H, Kim H-W (2013). Hydroxyapatite, fluor-hydroxyapatite and fluorapatite produced via the sol-gel method. Optimisation, characterisation and rheology. Dental Materials, 29(2), 166 - 173. doi:10.1016/j.dental.2012.11.008
    • García-Gareta E, Hua J, Blunn GW, Knowles JC (2013). Comparison of mesenchymal stem cell proliferation and differentiation between biomimetic and electrochemical coatings on different topographic surfaces. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, 24(1), 199 - 210. doi:10.1007/s10856-012-4789-x
    • Partington L, Mason C, Wall IB, Lowdell MW, Mordan NJ, Knowles JC, Kim H-W, Birchall MA (2013). Biochemical changes caused by decellularization may compromise mechanical integrity of tracheal scaffolds. Acta Biomaterialia, 9(2), 5251 - 5261. doi:10.1016/j.actbio.2012.10.004
    • García-Gareta E, Hua J, Knowles JC, Blunn GW (2013). Erratum to: Comparison of mesenchymal stem cell proliferation and differentiation between biomimetic and electrochemical coatings on different topographic surfaces.. J Mater Sci Mater Med, 24(1), 269 - . doi:10.1007/s10856-012-4801-5
    • Lakhkar NJ, Knowles JC (2013). Structural investigations of titanium metaphosphate glasses by ambient and high-temperature X-ray diffraction techniques. Macromolecular Symposia, 334(1), 10 - 16. doi:10.1002/masy.201300105
    • Knowles J (2013). Journal of tissue engineering editor's update: Open, rigorous and rapid. Journal of Tissue Engineering, 4(1), 1 - 2. doi:10.1177/2041731413507760
    • Poggi G, Toccafondi N, Giorgi R, Baglioni P, Melita LN, Knowles JC, Bozec L (2013). Calcium hydroxide nanoparticles for the conservation of cultural heritage: new formulations for the deacidification of cellulose-based artifacts. Applied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing, , 1 - 9. doi:10.1007/s00339-013-8172-7
    • Basnett P, Smith C, Keshavarz T, Roy I, Locke IC, Ching KY, Stolz M, Knowles JC, Boccaccini AR (2013). Novel Poly(3-hydroxyoctanoate)/Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) blends for medical applications. Reactive and Functional Polymers, 73(10), 1340 - 1348. doi:10.1016/j.reactfunctpolym.2013.03.019
    • Park HS, Gong MS, Park JH, Moon SI, Wall I, Kim HW, Lee JH, Knowles JC (2013). Silk fibroin-polyurethane blends: Physical properties and effect of silk fibroin content on viscoelasticity, biocompatibility and myoblast differentiation.. Acta Biomater, , - . doi:10.1016/j.actbio.2013.07.013
    • Singh RK, Kim T-H, Kim J-J, Lee E-J, Knowles JC, Kim H-W (2013). Mesoporous silica tubular nanocarriers for the delivery of therapeutic molecules. RSC ADVANCES, 3(23), 8692 - 8704. doi:10.1039/c3ra22975k
    • Lim D-I, Park H-S, Park J-H, Knowles JC, Gong M-S (2013). Application of high-strength biodegradable polyurethanes containing different ratios of biobased isomannide and poly (Ïμ-caprolactone) diol. Journal of Bioactive and Compatible Polymers, 28(3), 274 - 288.
    • Pérez RA, Won J-E, Kim H-W, Knowles JC (2013). Naturally and synthetic smart composite biomaterials for tissue regeneration. Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews, 65(4), 471 - 496. doi:10.1016/j.addr.2012.03.009
    • Basnett P, Smith C, Keshavarz T, Roy I, Locke IC, Ching KY, Stolz M, Knowles JC, Boccaccini AR (2013). Novel Poly(3-hydroxyoctanoate)/Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) blends for medical applications. Reactive and Functional Polymers, , - . doi:10.1016/j.reactfunctpolym.2013.03.019
    • Park H-S, Gong M-S, Knowles JC (2013). Catalyst-free synthesis of high elongation degradable polyurethanes containing varying ratios of isosorbide and polycaprolactone: physical properties and biocompatibility. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE-MATERIALS IN MEDICINE, 24(2), 281 - 294. doi:10.1007/s10856-012-4814-0
    • Cama G, Gharibi B, Sait MS, Knowles JC, Lagazzo A, Romeed S, Di Silvio L, Deb S (2013). A novel method of forming micro- and macroporous monetite cements. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY B, 1(7), 958 - 969. doi:10.1039/c2tb00153e
    • Lee I-H, Shin S-H, Gong M-S, Knowles JC, Foroutan F, Lakhkar NJ (2013). Effects of magnesium content on the physical, chemical and degradation properties in a MgO-CaO-NaO-PO glass system. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 363(1), 57 - 63. doi:10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2012.11.036
    • Basnett P, Ching KY, Stolz M, Knowles JC, Boccaccini AR, Smith C, Locke IC, Roy I (2013). Aspirin-loaded P(3HO)/P(3HB) blend films: potential materials for biodegradable drug-eluting stents. BIOINSPIRED BIOMIMETIC AND NANOBIOMATERIALS, 2(3), 141 - 153. doi:10.1680/bbn.13.00009

    2012

    • Singh RK, Kim T-H, Patel KD, Knowles JC, Kim H-W (2012). Biocompatible magnetite nanoparticles with varying silica-coating layer for use in biomedicine: Physicochemical and magnetic properties, and cellular compatibility. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A, , - .
    • Kiani A, Hanna JV, King SP, Rees GJ, Smith ME, Roohpour N, Salih V, Knowles JC (2012). Structural characterization and physical properties of P2O5-CaO-Na2O-TiO2 glasses by Fourier transform infrared, Raman and solid-state magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopies.. Acta Biomater, 8(1), 333 - 340. doi:10.1016/j.actbio.2011.08.025
    • Akaraonye E, Moreno C, Keshavarz T, Roy I, Knowles JC (2012). Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) production by Bacillus cereus SPV using sugarcane molasses as the main carbon source. Biotechnology Journal, 7(2), 293 - 303. doi:10.1002/biot.201100122
    • Chrzanowski W, Szade J, Hart AD, Dalby MJ, Knowles JC (2012). Biocompatible, smooth, plasma-treated nickel-titanium surface-an adequate platform for cell growth. Journal of Biomaterials Applications, 26(6), 707 - 731. doi:10.1177/0885328211416023
    • Kiani A, Lakhkar NJ, Salih V, Smith ME, Hanna JV, Newport RJ, Pickup DM, Knowles JC (2012). Titanium-containing bioactive phosphate glasses.. Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci, 370(1963), 1352 - 1375. doi:10.1098/rsta.2011.0276
    • Pickup DM, Newport RJ, Knowles JC (2012). Sol-Gel Phosphate-based Glass for Drug Delivery Applications. JOURNAL OF BIOMATERIALS APPLICATIONS, 26(5), 613 - 622. doi:10.1177/0885328210380761
    • Amin HD, Olsen I, Knowles JC, Donos N (2012). Differential effect of amelogenin peptides on osteogenic differentiation in vitro: identification of possible new drugs for bone repair and regeneration.. Tissue Eng Part A, 18(11-12), 1193 - 1202. doi:10.1089/ten.TEA.2011.0375
    • Knowles JC (2012). Book review.. J Biomater Appl, 26(6), 761 - 762. doi:10.1177/0885328212437192
    • Park H-S, Gong M-S, Knowles JC (2012). Synthesis and biocompatibility properties of polyester containing various diacid based on isosorbide. Journal of Biomaterials Applications, 27(1), 99 - 109. doi:10.1177/0885328212447245
    • Shah R, Ready D, Knowles JC, Hunt NP, Lewis MP (2012). Sequential identification of a degradable phosphate glass scaffold for skeletal muscle regeneration.. J Tissue Eng Regen Med, , - . doi:10.1002/term.1581
    • Singh RK, Kim T-H, Patel KD, Knowles JC, Kim H-W (2012). Biocompatible magnetite nanoparticles with varying silica-coating layer for use in biomedicine: Physicochemical and magnetic properties, and cellular compatibility. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A, 100 A(7), 1734 - 1742.
    • Pérez RA, Won J-E, Knowles JC, Kim H-W (2012). Naturally and synthetic smart composite biomaterials for tissue regeneration. Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews, , - .
    • Park H-S, Gong M-S, Knowles JC (2012). Catalyst-free synthesis of high elongation degradable polyurethanes containing varying ratios of isosorbide and polycaprolactone: physical properties and biocompatibility. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, , 1 - 14.
    • Tredwin CJ, Young AM, Georgiou G, Shin S-H, Kim H-W, Knowles JC (2012). Hydroxyapatite, fluor-hydroxyapatite and fluorapatite produced via the sol-gel method. Optimisation, characterisation and rheology. Dental Materials, , - .
    • Alekseeva T, Neel EA, Knowles JC, Brown RA (2012). Development of conical soluble phosphate glass fibers for directional tissue growth.. J Biomater Appl, 26(6), 733 - 744. doi:10.1177/0885328210394396
    • Joo N-Y, Knowles JC, Lee G-S, Kim J-W, Kim H-W, Son Y-J, Hyun JK (2012). Effects of phosphate glass fiber-collagen scaffolds on functional recovery of completely transected rat spinal cords. Acta Biomaterialia, 8(5), 1802 - 1812. doi:10.1016/j.actbio.2012.01.026
    • Singh RK, Kim T-H, Patel KD, Kim H-W, Knowles JC (2012). Biocompatible magnetite nanoparticles with varying silica-coating layer for use in biomedicine: Physicochemical and magnetic properties, and cellular compatibility. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A, 100 A(7), 1734 - 1742. doi:10.1002/jbm.a.34140
    • Kim Y-P, Lee G-S, Kim J-W, Kim MS, Ahn H-S, Kim H-W, Knowles JC, Hyun JK, Lim J-Y, Son Y-J (2012). Phosphate glass fibres promote neurite outgrowth and early regeneration in a peripheral nerve injury model. Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine, , - . doi:10.1002/term.1626
    • García-Gareta E, Hua J, Knowles JC, Blunn GW (2012). Comparison of mesenchymal stem cell proliferation and differentiation between biomimetic and electrochemical coatings on different topographic surfaces. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, , 1 - 12.
    • Park H-S, Seo J-A, Lee H-Y, Kim H-W, Wall IB, Gong M-S, Knowles JC (2012). Synthesis of elastic biodegradable polyesters of ethylene glycol and butylene glycol from sebacic acid. Acta Biomaterialia, 8(8), 2911 - 2918. doi:10.1016/j.actbio.2012.04.026
    • Amin HD, Olsen I, Knowles JC, Dard M, Donos N (2012). Effects of enamel matrix proteins on multi-lineage differentiation of periodontal ligament cells in vitro.. , , - . doi:10.1016/j.actbio.2012.09.008
    • Basnett P, Smith C, Keshavarz T, Roy I, Knowles JC, Pishbin F, Boccaccini AR (2012). Novel biodegradable and biocompatible poly(3-hydroxyoctanoate)/bacterial cellulose composites. Advanced Engineering Materials, 14(6), - . doi:10.1002/adem.201180076
    • Chaudhry AA, Yan H, Viola G, Reece MJ, Knowles JC, Gong K, Rehman I, Darr JA (2012). Phase stability and rapid consolidation of hydroxyapatite-zirconia nano-coprecipitates made using continuous hydrothermal flow synthesis.. J Biomater Appl, 27(1), 79 - 90. doi:10.1177/0885328212444483
    • Hertz A, Fitzgerald V, Pignotti E, Bruce IJ, Knowles JC, Sen T (2012). Preparation and characterisation of porous silica and silica/titania monoliths for potential use in bone replacement. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 156, 51 - 61. doi:10.1016/j.micromeso.2012.02.004
    • Joo N-Y, Knowles JC, Lee G-S, Kim J-W, Kim H-W, Son Y-J, Hyun JK (2012). Effects of phosphate glass fiber-collagen scaffolds on functional recovery of completely transected rat spinal cords. Acta Biomaterialia, 8(5), 1802 - 1812.
    • Abou Neel E, Bozec L, Knowles JC, Syed O, Mudera V, Day R, Hyun JK (2012). Collagen - Emerging Collagen Based Therapies Hit the Patient. Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews, 65(4), 429 - 456. doi:10.1016/j.addr.2012.08.010
    • Lakhkar NJ, Park JH, Mordan NJ, Salih V, Wall IB, Kim HW, King SP, Hanna JV, Martin RA, Addison O, Mosselmans JF, Knowles JC (2012). Titanium phosphate glass microspheres for bone tissue engineering.. Acta biomaterialia, 8(11), 4181 - 4190.
    • Martin RA, Moss RM, Newport RJ, Lakhkar NJ, Knowles JC, Cuello GJ, Smith ME, Hanna JV (2012). Structural characterization of titanium-doped Bioglass using isotopic substitution neutron diffraction. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 14(45), 15807 - 15815. doi:10.1039/c2cp43032k
    • Hyun JK, Kim MS, Kim JW, Kim HW, Knowles JC (2012). Multi-walled carbon nanotubes-coated phosphate glass fibers enhance the regeneration of peripheral nerve following injury; in vitro and in vivo studies. JOURNAL OF TISSUE ENGINEERING AND REGENERATIVE MEDICINE, 6, 77 - 77.
    • Joo N-Y, Knowles JC, Lee G-S, Kim J-W, Kim H-W, Son Y-J, Hyun JK (2012). Effects of phosphate glass fiber-collagen scaffolds on functional recovery of completely transected rat spinal cords. Acta Biomaterialia, , - .

    2011

    • Zhao X, Olsen I, Pratten J, Knowles JC, Young AM (2011). Reactive calcium-phosphate-containing poly(ester-co-ether) methacrylate bone adhesives: Setting, degradation and drug release considerations. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, 22(9), 1993 - 2004. doi:10.1007/s10856-011-4378-4
    • Lakhkar N, Abou Neel EA, Salih V, Knowles JC (2011). Titanium and strontium-doped phosphate glasses as vehicles for strontium ion delivery to cells.. J Biomater Appl, 25(8), 877 - 893. doi:10.1177/0885328210362125
    • Carta D, Newport RJ, Knowles JC, Smith ME, Guerry P (2011). Sol-gel produced sodium calcium phosphosilicates for bioactive applications: Synthesis and structural characterisation. Materials Chemistry and Physics, 130(1-2), 690 - 696. doi:10.1016/j.matchemphys.2011.07.050
    • Page K, Wilson M, Mordan NJ, Chrzanowski W, Knowles J, Parkin IP (2011). Study of the adhesion of Staphylococcus aureus to coated glass substrates. J MATER SCI, 46(19), 6355 - 6363. doi:10.1007/s10853-011-5582-9
    • Amin HD, Olsen I, Knowles J, Donos N (2011). A procedure for identifying stem cell compartments with multi-lineage differentiation potential.. Analyst, 136(7), 1440 - 1449. doi:10.1039/c0an00816h
    • Alekseeva T, Tully F, Knowles JC, Brown RA (2011). Introducing stable microgrooves in to fluid-leaving surface of plastic compressed collagen by embossing.
    • Shin US, Lee G-S, Knowles JC, Kim H-W, Yoon I-K, Jang W-C (2011). Carbon nanotubes in nanocomposites and hybrids with hydroxyapatite for bone replacements. Journal of Tissue Engineering, 2(1), 1 - 10. doi:10.4061/2011/674287
    • Panchal B, Roy I, Knowles J, Priestley J (2011). Production of polyhydroxyalkanoates by pseudomonas mendocina using vegetable oils as the sole carbon source. 24th European Conference on Biomaterials - Annual Conference of the European Society for Biomaterials, , - .
    • Basnett P, Smith C, Keshavarz T, Roy I, Boccaccini A, Knowles J (2011). Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA)/Bacterial Cellulose composites for biomedical applications. 24th European Conference on Biomaterials - Annual Conference of the European Society for Biomaterials, , - .
    • Rai R, Boccaccini AR, Knowles JC, Mordon N, Salih V, Locke IC, Moshrefi-Torbati M, Keshavarz T, Roy I (2011). The Homopolymer Poly(3-hydroxyoctanoate) as a Matrix Material for Soft Tissue Engineering. doi:10.1002/app.34772
    • Carta D, Newport RJ, Knowles JC, Smith ME, Guerry P (2011). Sol-gel produced sodium calcium phosphosilicates for bioactive applications: Synthesis and structural characterisation. Materials Chemistry and Physics, , - .
    • Francis L, Keshavarz T, Roy I, Meng D, Boccaccini AR, Knowles J (2011). Controlled delivery of gentamicin using poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) microspheres. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 12(7), 4294 - 4314. doi:10.3390/ijms12074294
    • Weng X, Wu Z, Knowles JC, Abrahams I, Darr JA (2011). In situ variable temperature X-ray diffraction studies on the transformations of nano-precursors to LaNiO phases. Journal of Solid State Chemistry, 184(7), 1688 - 1694. doi:10.1016/j.jssc.2011.04.031
    • Zhao X, Olsen I, Pratten J, Knowles JC, Young AM (2011). Reactive calcium-phosphate-containing poly(ester-co-ether) methacrylate bone adhesives: setting, degradation and drug release considerations.. J Mater Sci Mater Med, 22(9), 1993 - 2004. doi:10.1007/s10856-011-4378-4
    • Page K, Wilson M, Mordan NJ, Chrzanowski W, Knowles J, Parkin IP (2011). Study of the adhesion of Staphylococcus aureus to coated glass substrates. Journal of Materials Science, , 1 - 9.
    • Shin US, Knowles JC, Kim HW (2011). Positive Charge-doping on Carbon Nanotube Walls and Anion-directed Tunable Dispersion of the Derivatives. B KOREAN CHEM SOC, 32(5), 1635 - 1639. doi:10.5012/bkcs.2011.32.5.1635
    • Laurencin D, Almora-Barrios N, de Leeuw NH, Gervais C, Bonhomme C, Mauri F, Chrzanowski W, Knowles JC, Newport RJ, Wong A, Gan ZH, Smith ME (2011). Magnesium incorporation into hydroxyapatite. BIOMATERIALS, 32(7), 1826 - 1837. doi:10.1016/j.biomaterials.2010.11.017
    • Vitale-Brovarone C, Novajra G, Milanese D, Lousteau J, Knowles JC (2011). Novel phosphate glasses with different amounts of TiO2 for biomedical applications Dissolution tests and proof of concept of fibre drawing. MAT SCI ENG C-MATER, 31(2), 434 - 442. doi:10.1016/j.msec.2010.11.001
    • Laurance-Young P, Bozec L, Gracia L, Rees G, Lippert F, Lynch RJ, Knowles JC (2011). A review of the structure of human and bovine dental hard tissues and their physicochemical behaviour in relation to erosive challenge and remineralisation.. J Dent, 39(4), 266 - 272. doi:10.1016/j.jdent.2011.01.008
    • Novajra G, Vitale-Brovarone C, Knowles JC, Maina G, Aina V, Ghigo D, Bergandi L (2011). Effects of TiO2-containing phosphate glasses on solubility and in vitro biocompatibility. J BIOMED MATER RES A, 99A(2), 295 - 306. doi:10.1002/jbm.a.33186
    • Rai R, Yunos DM, Boccaccini AR, Knowles JC, Barker IA, Howdle SM, Tredwell GD, Keshavarz T, Roy I (2011). Poly-3-hydroxyoctanoate P(3HO), a Medium Chain Length Polyhydroxyalkanoate Homopolymer from Pseudomonas mendocina. BIOMACROMOLECULES, 12(6), 2126 - 2136. doi:10.1021/bm2001999
    • Tamimi F, Nihouannen DL, Bassett DC, Ibasco S, Flynn A, Komarova SV, Barralet JE, Gbureck U, Knowles J, Wright A (2011). Biocompatibility of magnesium phosphate minerals and their stability under physiological conditions. Acta Biomaterialia, 7(6), 2678 - 2685. doi:10.1016/j.actbio.2011.02.007
    • Weng X, Knowles JC, Abrahams I, Wu Z, Darr JA (2011). In situ variable temperature X-ray diffraction studies on the transformations of nano-precursors to La-Ni-O phases. Journal of Solid State Chemistry, , - .
    • Chaudhry AA, Yan H, Gong K, Inam F, Viola G, Reece MJ, Goodall JB, ur Rehman I, McNeil-Watson FK, Corbett JC, Knowles JC, Darr JA (2011). High-strength nanograined and translucent hydroxyapatite monoliths via continuous hydrothermal synthesis and optimized spark plasma sintering.. Acta Biomater, 7(2), 791 - 799. doi:10.1016/j.actbio.2010.09.029
    • Novajra G, Vitale-Brovarone C, Knowles JC, Maina G, Aina V, Ghigo D, Bergandi L (2011). Effects of TiO-containing phosphate glasses on solubility and in vitro biocompatibility. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A, 99 A(2), 295 - 306. doi:10.1002/jbm.a.33186

    2010

    • Rai R, Keshavarz T, Roy I, Boccaccini AR, Knowles JC, Salih V, Mordon N, Locke IC, Gordge MP, Mc Cormick A (2010). Fabrication of a novel poly(3-hydroxyoctanoate) / nanoscale bioactive glass composite film with potential as a multifunctional wound dressing. AIP Conference Proceedings, 1255, 126 - 128. doi:10.1063/1.3455552
    • Chrzanowski W, Neel EA, Armitage DA, Zhao X, Knowles JC, Salih V (2010). In vitro studies on the influence of surface modification of Ni-Ti alloy on human bone cells.. J Biomed Mater Res A, 93(4), 1596 - 1608. doi:10.1002/jbm.a.32646
    • Alani A, Lee CP, Bishop K, Knowles JC, Gilmour ASM, Sloan SJ (2010). Growth dynamics of pulp cells in the presence of polycaprolactone bioactive glass composites. International Endodontic Journal, 43(9), 830 - 830.
    • Francis L, Meng DC, Knowles JC, Roy I, Boccaccini AR (2010). Multi-functional P(3HB) microsphere/45S5 Bioglass (R)-based composite scaffolds for bone tissue engineering. ACTA BIOMATER, 6(7), 2773 - 2786. doi:10.1016/j.actbio.2009.12.054
    • Chen QZ, Ishii H, Thouas GA, Lyon AR, Wright JS, Blaker JJ, Chrzanowski W, Boccaccini AR, Ali NN, Knowles JC, Harding SE (2010). An elastomeric patch derived from poly(glycerol sebacate) for delivery of embryonic stem cells to the heart. Biomaterials, 31(14), 3885 - 3893.
    • Misra SK, Ansari TI, Valappil SP, Mohn D, Philip SE, Stark WJ, Roy I, Knowles JC, Salih V, Boccaccini AR (2010). Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) multifunctional composite scaffolds for tissue engineering applications. Biomaterials, 31(10), 2806 - 2815.
    • Laurance-Young P, Bozec L, Knowles JC, Rees G, Lippert F (2010). Behaviour of enamel following a short duration acid exposure.
    • Keshaw H, Thapar N, Burns AJ, Mordan N, Knowles JC, Forbes A, Day RM (2010). Microporous collagen spheres produced via thermally induced phase separation for tissue regeneration. ACTA BIOMATER, 6(3), 1158 - 1166. doi:10.1016/j.actbio.2009.08.044
    • Sobhani OE, Gulabivala K, Knowles JC, Ng YL (2010). The effect of irrigation time, root morphology and dentine thickness on tooth surface strain when using 5% sodium hypochlorite and 17% EDTA. International Endodontic Journal, 43(3), 190 - 199.
    • Misra SK, Ohashi F, Valappil SP, Knowles JC, Roy I, Silva SR, Salih V, Boccaccini AR (2010). Characterization of carbon nanotube (MWCNT) containing P(3HB)/bioactive glass composites for tissue engineering applications.. Acta Biomater, 6(3), 735 - 742. doi:10.1016/j.actbio.2009.09.023
    • Abou Neel EA, Palmer G, Knowles JC, Salih V, Young AM (2010). Chemical, modulus and cell attachment studies of reactive calcium phosphate filler-containing fast photo-curing, surface-degrading, polymeric bone adhesives.. Acta Biomater, 6(7), 2695 - 2703. doi:10.1016/j.actbio.2010.01.012
    • Rajasingham R, Ng YL, Knowles JC, Gulabivala K (2010). The effect of sodium hypochlorite and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid irrigation, individually and in alternation, on tooth surface strain. International Endodontic Journal, 43(1), 31 - 40.
    • Chrzanowski W, Valappil SP, Dunnill CW, Abou Neel EA, Lee K, Parkin IP, Wilson M, Armitage DA, Knowles JC (2010). Impaired bacterial attachment to light activated Ni-Ti alloy. Materials Science and Engineering: C, 30(2), 225 - 234.
    • Abou Neel EA, Chrzanowski W, Georgiou G, Dalby MJ, Knowles JC (2010). In vitro biocompatibility and mechanical performance of titanium doped high calcium oxide metaphosphate-based glasses.. J Tissue Eng, 2010, 390127 - . doi:10.4061/2010/390127
    • Francis L, Meng DC, Locke IC, Mordan N, Salih V, Knowles JC, Boccaccini AR, Roy I (2010). The Influence of Tetracycline Loading on the Surface Morphology and Biocompatibility of Films Made from P(3HB) Microspheres. doi:10.1002/adem.201080020
    • Kiani A, Cahill LS, Abou Neel EA, Hanna JV, Smith ME, Knowles JC (2010). Physical properties and MAS-NMR studies of titanium phosphate-based glasses. MATER CHEM PHYS, 120(1), 68 - 74. doi:10.1016/j.matchemphys.2009.10.023
    • Qiu D, Martin RA, Knowles JC, Smith ME, Newport RJ (2010). A comparative study of the structure of sodium borophosphates made by sol-gel and melt-quench methods. J NON-CRYST SOLIDS, 356(9-10), 490 - 494. doi:10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2009.12.016
    • Misra SK, Ansari T, Mohn D, Valappil SP, Brunner TJ, Stark WJ, Roy I, Knowles JC, Sibbons PD, Jones EV, Boccaccini AR, Salih V (2010). Effect of nanoparticulate bioactive glass particles on bioactivity and cytocompatibility of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) composites.. J R Soc Interface, 7(44), 453 - 465. doi:10.1098/rsif.2009.0255
    • Carta D, Knowles JC, Guerry P, Smith ME, Newport RJ (2010). Sol-gel and melt-quenched borophosphate glasses for biomedical applications. In Chung MP (Ed.), Handbook on Borates (pp. - ). : .
    • Laurencin D, Wong A, Chrzanowski W, Knowles JC, Qiu D, Pickup DM, Newport RJ, Gan ZH, Duer MJ, Smith ME (2010). Probing the calcium and sodium local environment in bones and teeth using multinuclear solid state NMR and X-ray absorption spectroscopy. PHYS CHEM CHEM PHYS, 12(5), 1081 - 1091. doi:10.1039/b915708e
    • Dashti A, Ready D, Salih V, Knowles JC, Barralet JE, Wilson M, Donos N, Nazhat SN (2010). In vitro antibacterial efficacy of tetracycline hydrochloride adsorbed onto Bio-Oss bone graft.. J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater, 93(2), 394 - 400. doi:10.1002/jbm.b.31594
    • Lin Y-M, Bismarck A, Chrzanowski W, Knowles J, Bishop A (2010). Functionalized poly(D,L-lactide) for pulmonary epithelial cell culture. Advanced Engineering Materials, 12(4), - . doi:10.1002/adem.200980031

    2009

    • Knowles J (2009). Special Issue on Nanotechnology in Biomaterials. J BIOMATER APPL, 24(1), 5 - 5. doi:10.1177/0885328209339880
    • Abou Neel EA, Chrzanowski W, Valappil SP, O'Dell LA, Pickup DM, Smith ME, Newport RJ, Knowles JC (2009). Doping of a high calcium oxide metaphosphate glass with titanium dioxide. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 355(16-17), 991 - 1000.
    • Shah R, Knowles JC, Hunt NP, Lewis MP (2009). Engineered craniofacial muscle constructs express markers of muscle differentiation.
    • Amin HD, Olsen I, Knowles JC, Dard M, Donos N (2009). Effect of EMD and EMD fractions on lineage specification of human periodontal ligament cells.
    • Lakhar NJ, Abou Neel EA, Salih V, Knowles JC (2009). Strontium oxide doped quaternary glasses: effect on structure, degradation and cytocompatibility. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, 20(6), 1339 - 1346.
    • Abou Neel EA, Chrzanowski W, Pickup DM, O'Dell LA, Mordan NJ, Newport RJ, Smith ME, Knowles JC (2009). Structure and properties of strontium-doped phosphate-based glasses. Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 6(34), 435 - 446.
    • Valappil SP, Ready D, Abou Neel EA, Pickup DM, O'Dell LA, Chrzanowski W, Pratten J, Newport RJ, Smith ME, Wilson M, Knowles JC (2009). Controlled delivery of antimicrobial gallium ions from phosphate-based glasses. Acta Biomaterialia, 5(4), 1198 - 1210.
    • O'Dell LA, Abou Neel EA, Knowles JC, Smith ME (2009). Identification of phases in partially crystallised Ti-, Sr- and Zn-containing sodium calcium phosphates by two dimensional NMR. Materials Chemistry and Physics, 114(2-3), 1008 - 1015.
    • Martin RA, Twyman H, Qiu D, Knowles JC, Newport RJ (2009). A study of the formation of amorphous calcium phosphate and hydroxyapatite on melt quenched Bioglass(R) using surface sensitive shallow angle X-ray diffraction. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, 20(4), 883 - 888.
    • Ahmed I, Cronin PS, Abou Neel EA, Parsons AJ, Knowles JC, Rudd CD (2009). Retention of mechanical properties and cytocompatibility of a phosphate-based glass fiber/polylactic acid composite. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials, 89B(1), 18 - 27.
    • Pittayachawan P, McDonald AV, Young AM, Knowles JC (2009). Flexural strength, fatigue life and stress-induced phase transformation study of Y-TZP dental ceramic. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials, 88B(2), 366 - 377.
    • Abou Neel EA, Pickup DM, Valappil SP, Newport RJ, Knowles JC (2009). Bioactive functional materials: a perspective on phosphate-based glasses. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 19(6), 690 - 701.
    • Zhang Z, Goodhall JBM, Morgan DJ, Brown S, Clark RJH, Knowles JC, Mordan NJ, Evans JRG, Carley AF, Bowker M, Darr JA (2009). Photocatalytic activities of N-doped nano-titanias and titanium nitride. Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 29(11), 2343 - 2353.
    • Abou Neel EA, Knowles JC (2009). Biocompatibility and other properties of phosphate-based glasses for medical applications. In Di Silvio L (Ed.), Cellular Response to Biomaterials (pp. 156 - 182). : Woodhead Publishing Ltd..
    • Knowles J (2009). Editorial. Journal of Biomaterials Applications, 24(1), 5 - 5. doi:10.1177/0885328209339880
    • Weng X, Cockcroft JK, Hyett G, Vickers M, Boldrin P, Tang CC, Thompson SP, Parker JE, Knowles JC, Rehman I, Parkin I, Evans JRG, Darr JA (2009). High-throughput continuous hydrothermal synthesis of an entire nanoceramic phase diagram. Journal of Combinatorial Chemistry, 11(5), 829 - 834.
    • Weng X, Perston B, Wang XZ, Abrahams I, Lin T, Yang S, Evans JRG, Morgan DJ, Carley AF, Bowker M, Knowles JC, Rehman I, Darr JA (2009). Synthesis and characterization of doped nano-sized ceria-zirconia solid solutions. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 90(3-4), 405 - 415. doi:10.1016/j.apcatb.2009.03.031
    • Young AM, Ho SM, Abou Neel EA, Ahmed I, Barralet JE, Knowles JC, Nazhat SN (2009). Chemical characterization of a degradable polymeric bone adhesive containing hydrolysable fillers and interpretation of anomalous mechanical properties. Acta Biomaterialia, 5(6), 2072 - 2083. doi:10.1016/j.actbio.2009.02.022
    • Chrzanowski W, Szade J, Hart AD, Armitage DA, Dalby MJ, Knowles JC (2009). Role of surface nickel content on human cell cytoskeleton formation on Nitinol.
    • Abou Neel EA, O'Dell LA, Chrzanowski W, Smith ME, Knowles JC (2009). Control of surface free energy in titanium doped phosphate based glasses by co-doping with zinc. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials, 89B(2), 392 - 407.
    • Misra SK, Philip SE, Chrzanowski W, Nazhat SN, Roy I, Knowles JC, Salih V, Boccaccini AR (2009). Incorporation of vitamin E in poly(3hydroxybutyrate)/Bioglass composite films: effect on surface properties and cell attachment. Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 6(33), 401 - 409.
    • Pickup DM, Valappil SP, Moss RM, Twyman HL, Guerry P, Smith ME, Wilson M, Knowles JC, Newport RJ (2009). Preparation, structural characterisation and antibacterial properties of Ga-doped sol-gel phosphate-based glass. Journal of Materials Science, 44(7), 1858 - 1867.
    • Cattell MJ, Chadwick TC, Knowles JC, Clarke RL (2009). The development and testing of glaze materials for application to the fit surface of dental ceramic restorations. Dental Materials, 25(4), 431 - 441.
    • Alani A, Knowles JC, Chrzanowski W, Ng YL, Gulabivala K (2009). Ion release characteristics, precipitate formation and sealing ability of a phosphate glass-polycaprolactone-based composite for use as a root canal obturation method. Dental Materials, 25(3), 400 - 410.
    • Pickup DM, Moss RM, Qiu D, Newport RJ, Valappil SP, Knowles JC, Smith ME (2009). Structural characterization by x-ray methods of novel antimicrobial gallium-doped phosphate-based glasses. The Journal of Chemical Physics, 130(6), 1 - 7.
    • Carta D, Knowles JC, Guerry P, Smith ME, Newport RJ (2009). Sol-gel synthesis and structural characterisation of P2O5-B2O3-Na2O glasses for biomedical applications. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 19(1), 150 - 158.
    • Weng X, Lin T, Evans JRG, Darr JA, Yang S, Rehman I, Perston B, Wang XZ, Abrahams I, Morgan DJ, Carley AF, Bowker M, Knowles JC (2009). Synthesis and characterization of doped nano-sized ceria-zirconia solid solutions. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 90(3-4), 405 - 415. doi:10.1016/j.apcatb.2009.03.031
    • Keshaw H, Georgiou G, Blaker JJ, Forbes A, Knowles JC, Day RM (2009). Assessment of Polymer/Bioactive Glass-Composite Microporous Spheres for Tissue Regeneration Applications. Tissue Engineering: Part A, 15(7), 1451 - 1461. doi:10.1089/ten.tea.2008.0203
    • Alekseeva T, Abou Neel EA, Nazhat S, Bitar M, Knowles JC, Salih V, Brown RA (2009). Plastic Compressed Collagen Reinforced with Phosphate-Based Glass for Bone Tissue Engineering.

    2008

    • Qiu D, Guerry P, Knowles JC, Smith ME, Newport RJ (2008). Formation of functional phosphosilicate gels from phytic acid and tetraethyl orthosilicate. Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology, , 1 - 6.
    • Armitage DA, Mihoc RI, Jones FH, Tate TJ, Knowles JC (2008). Calcium-enriched titanium surfaces via a hydrothermal process. J PHARM PHARMACOL, 60, A2 - A3.
    • Chrzanowski W, Armitage DA, Mordan N, Knowles JC, Salih V (2008). Human cell response on surface-modified nickel titanium alloy (Nitinol). 8th World Biomaterials Congress 2008, 3, 1209 - 1209.
    • Ibasco S, Nihouannen DL, Barralet JE, Gbureck U, Knowles J, Wright A, Desjardins R, Vengallatore S, Harvey E (2008). Investigation into aqueous magnesium phosphate precipitation. 8th World Biomaterials Congress 2008, 2, 699 - 699.
    • Misra SK, Boccaccini AR, Mohn D, Brunner TJ, Stark WJ, Philip SE, Roy I, Salih V, Knowles JC (2008). Nano- versus micron-sized bioactive glass reinforcement of P(3HB) - Are nano-fillers the way forward?. 8th World Biomaterials Congress 2008, 2, 863 - 863.
    • Chrzanowski W, Valappil SP, Knowles JC, Pratten J, Armitage DA (2008). Effect of surface modification of nickel titanium alloy on bacterial attachment. 8th World Biomaterials Congress 2008, 3, 1208 - 1208.
    • Ahmed I, Parsons A, Rudd C, Palmer G, Knowles J (2008). The properties of PCL and PLA reinforced with phosphate based glass fibres. 8th World Biomaterials Congress 2008, 1, 128 - 128.
    • Qiu D, Moss RM, Pickup DM, Ahmed I, Knowles JC, Newport RJ (2008). An X-ray absorption spectroscopy study of the local environment of iron in degradable iron-phosphate glasses. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 354(52-54), 5542 - 5546.
    • Borbely P, Gulabivala K, Knowles JC (2008). Degradation properties and ion release characteristics of Resilon(R) and phosphate glass/polycaprolactone composites. International Endodontic Journal, 41(12), 1093 - 1100.
    • Chaudhry AA, Goodall J, Vickers M, Cockcroft JK, Rehman I, Knowles JC, Darr JA (2008). Synthesis and characterisation of magnesium substituted calcium phosphate bioceramic nanoparticles made via continuous hydrothermal flow synthesis. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 18(48), 5900 - 5908. doi:10.1039/b807920j
    • Qiu D, Guerry P, Knowles JC, Smith ME, Newport RJ (2008). Formation of functional phosphosilicate gels from phytic acid and tetraethyl orthosilicate. Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology, 48(3), 378 - 383.
    • Chrzanowski W, Abou Neel EA, Armitage DA, Knowles JC (2008). Effect of surface treatment on the bioactivity of nickel-titanium. Acta Biomaterialia, 4(6), 1969 - 1984.
    • Shah R, Knowles JC, Hunt NP, Lewis MP (2008). Engineered craniofacial muscle constructs: another step towards implantable jaw muscle.
    • Abou Neel EA, Zhao X, Ho SM, Knowles JC, Salih V, Young AM (2008). Injectable degradable polymeric adhesives containing reactive calcium phosphate filler particles.
    • Blaker JJ, Pratten J, Ready D, Knowles JC, Forbes A, Day RM (2008). Assessment of antimicrobial microspheres as a prospective novel treatment targeted towards the repair of perianal fistulae. Aliment.Pharmacol.Ther., 28(5), 614 - 622.
    • Ahmed I, Parsons AJ, Palmer G, Knowles JC, Walker GS, Rudd CD (2008). Weight loss, ion release and initial mechanical properties of a binary calcium phosphate glass fibre/PCL composite. Acta Biomaterialia, 4(5), 1307 - 1314.
    • Alani A, Knowles JC, Ng YL, Gulabivala K (2008). Ion release characteristics, precipitate formation and sealing ability of a potential new root canal filling material.
    • Carta D, Qiu D, Guerry P, Ahmed I, Abou Neel EA, Knowles JC, Smith ME, Newport RJ (2008). The effect of composition on the structure of sodium borophosphate glasses. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 354(31), 3671 - 3677.
    • Buxton PG, Bitar M, Gellynck K, Parkar MH, Brown RA, Young AM, Knowles JC, Nazhat SN (2008). Dense collagen matrix accelerates osteogenic differentiation and rescues the apoptotic response to MMP inhibition. Bone, 43(2), 377 - 385.
    • Valappil SP, Knowles JC, Wilson M (2008). Effect of silver-doped phosphate-based glasses on bacterial biofilm growth. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 74(16), 5228 - 5230.
    • Abou Neel EA, Chrzanowski W, Knowles JC (2008). Effect of increasing titanium dioxide content on bulk and surface properties of phosphate-based glasses. Acta Biomaterialia, 4(3), 523 - 534.
    • Misra SK, Mohn D, Brunner TJ, Stark WJ, Philip SE, Roy I, Salih V, Knowles JC, Boccaccini AR (2008). Comparison of nanoscale and microscale bioactive glass on the properties of P(3HB)/Bioglass® composites. Biomaterials, 29(12), 1750 - 1761.
    • Chrzanowski W, Abou Neel EA, Armitage DA, Knowles JC (2008). Surface preparation of bioactive Ni-Ti alloy using alkali, thermal treatments and spark oxidation. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, 19(4), 1553 - 1557.
    • Abou Neel EA, O'Dell LA, Smith ME, Knowles JC (2008). Processing, characterisation, and biocompatibility of zinc modified metaphosphate based glasses for biomedical applications. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, 19(4), 1669 - 1679.
    • Pickup DM, Abou Neel EA, Moss RM, Wetherall KM, Guerry P, Smith ME, Knowles JC, Newport RJ (2008). Ti K-edge XANES study of the local environment of titanium in bioresorbable TiO2-CaO-Na2O-P2O5 glasses. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, 19(4), 1681 - 1685.
    • Blaker JJ, Knowles JC, Day RM (2008). Novel fabrication techniques to produce microspheres by thermally induced phase separation for tissue engineering and drug delivery. Acta Biomater., 4(2), 264 - 272. doi:10.1016/j.actbio.2007.09.011
    • Tsalouchou E, Cattell MJ, Knowles JC, Pittayachawan P, McDonald AV (2008). Fatigue and fracture properties of yttria partially stabilized zirconia crown systems. Dental Materials, 24(3), 308 - 318.
    • Moss RM, Pickup DM, Ahmed I, Knowles JC, Smith ME, Newport RJ (2008). Structural characteristics of antibacterial bioresorbable phosphate glass. Advanced Functional Materials, 18(4), 634 - 639.
    • Pickup DM, Speight RJ, Knowles JC, Smith ME, Newport RJ (2008). Sol-gel synthesis and structural characterisation of binary TiO2-P2O5 glasses. Materials Research Bulletin, 43(2), 333 - 342.
    • Bitar M, Brown RA, Salih V, Kidane AG, Knowles JC, Nazhat SN (2008). Effect of cell density on osteoblastic differentiation and matrix degradation of biomimetic dense collagen scaffolds. Biomacromolecules, 9(1), 129 - 135.
    • Abou Neel EA, Knowles JC (2008). Physical and biocompatibility studies of novel titanium dioxide doped phosphate-based glasses for bone tissue engineering applications. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, 19(1), 377 - 386.
    • Alekseeva T, Allovskaya A, Abou Neel EA, Knowles JC, Brown RA (2008). Development of conical soluble phosphate glass fibres for directional generation of microchannels in dense collagen implants.
    • Valappil S, Chrzanowski W, Wilson M, Knowles JC (2008). Nanoscale investigation of the effect of silver doped-phosphate based glasses on bacterial biofilms. 8th World Biomaterials Congress 2008, 2, 1067 - 1067.
    • Kim H-W, Lee H-H, Knowles JC (2008). Nanofibrous glass tailored with apatite-fibronectin interface for bone cell stimulation. Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 8(6), 3013 - 3019.
    • Qiu D, Guerry P, Ahmed I, Pickup DM, Carta D, Knowles JC, Smith ME, Newport RJ (2008). A high-energy X-ray diffraction, 31P and 11B solid-state NMR study of the structure of aged sodium borophosphate glasses. Materials Chemistry and Physics, 111(2-3), 455 - 462.
    • Chen QZ, Ahmed I, Knowles JC, Nazhat SN, Boccaccini AR, Rezwan K (2008). Collagen release kinetics of surface functionalized 45S5 Bioglass®-based porous scaffolds. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, 86(4), 987 - 995. doi:10.1002/jbm.a.31718
    • Valappil S, Ready D, Wilson M, Knowles JC (2008). Antimicrobial activity of metal-doped phosphate based glasses on periodontal pathogens.
    • Amin HD, Knowles JC, Dard M, Donos N, Olsen I (2008). Effect of EMD/fractions on lineage specification of human periodontal (PDL) cells.
    • Chrzanowski W, Abou Neel EA, Armitage DA, Lee K, Walke W, Knowles JC (2008). Nanomechanical evaluation of nickel-titanium surface properties after alkali and electrochemical treatments. Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 5(26), 1009 - 1022.
    • Pickup DM, Wetherall KM, Knowles JC, Smith ME, Newport RJ (2008). Sol-gel preparation and high-energy XRD study of (CaO)x(TiO2)0.5-x(P2O5)0.5 glasses (x = 0 and 0.25). Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, 19(4), 1661 - 1668.
    • Kim TI, Jang JH, Kim HW, Knowles JC, Ku Y (2008). Biomimetic approach to dental implants. CURR PHARM DESIGN, 14(22), 2201 - 2211.
    • Chrzanowski W, Armitage DA, Knowles JC, Szade J, Korlacki W, Marciniak J (2008). Chemical, corrosion and topographical analysis of stainless steel implants after different implantation periods. Journal of Biomaterials Applications, 23(1), 51 - 71.
    • Chrzanowski W, Walke W, Armitage DA, Knowles JC (2008). Study on bioactivity of NiTinol after surface treatment. Archives of Materials Science and Engineering, 31(1), 5 - 8.
    • O'Dell LA, Guerry P, Wong A, Abou Neel EA, Pham TN, Knowles JC, Brown SP, Smith ME (2008). Quantification of crystalline phases and measurement of phosphate chain lengths in a mixed phase sample by 31P refocused INADEQUATE MAS NMR. Chemical Physics Letters, 455(4-6), 178 - 183.
    • Ahmed I, Parsons AJ, Rudd CD, Nazhat SN, Knowles JC, Guerry P, Smith ME (2008). Comparison of phosphate-based glasses in the range 50P2O5-(50-x)CaO-xNa2O prepared using different precursors. Glass Technology: European Journal of Glass Science and Technology Part A, 49(2), 63 - 72.
    • Valappil SP, Ready D, Abou Neel EA, Pickup DM, Chrzanowski W, O'Dell LA, Newport RJ, Smith ME, Wilson M, Knowles JC (2008). Antimicrobial gallium-doped phosphate-based glasses. Advanced Functional Materials, 18(5), 732 - 741.
    • Knowles J (2008). Engineered composites for endodontic surgery. J PHARM PHARMACOL, 60, A68 - A68.

    2007

    • Ahmed I, Abou Neel EA, Valappil SP, Nazhat SN, Pickup DM, Carta D, Carroll DL, Newport RJ, Smith ME, Knowles JC (2007). The structure and properties of silver-doped phosphate-based glasses. Journal of Materials Science, 42(23), 9827 - 9835.
    • Skelton KL, Glenn JV, Clarke SA, Georgiou G, Valappil SP, Knowles JC, Nazhat SN, Jordan GR (2007). Effect of ternary phosphate-based glass compositions on osteoblast and osteoblast-like proliferation, differentiation and death in vitro. Acta Biomaterialia, 3(4), 563 - 572.
    • Pickup DM, Guerry P, Moss RM, Knowles JC, Smith ME, Newport RJ (2007). New sol-gel synthesis of a (CaO)0.3(Na2O)0.2(P2O5)0.5 bioresorbable glass and its structural characterisation. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 17(45), 4777 - 4784. doi:10.1039/b709955j
    • Abou Neel EA, Young AM, Nazhat SN, Knowles JC (2007). A facile synthesis route to prepare microtubes from phosphate glass fibres. Advanced Materials, 19(19), 2856 - 2862. doi:10.1002/adma.200700039
    • Pittayachawan P, McDonald A, Petrie A, Knowles JC (2007). The biaxial flexural strength and fatigue property of Lava(TM) Y-TZP dental ceramic. Dental Materials, 23(8), 1018 - 1029. doi:10.1016/j.dental.2006.09.003
    • Shah R, Hunt NP, Mudera V, Knowles JC, Lewis MP (2007). Novel glasses to engineer human craniofacial muscle.
    • Alekseeva T, Allovskaya A, Abou Neel EA, King V, Knowles JC, Brown RA (2007). Engineering microchannels into collagen constructs with soluble phosphate glass fibres for neural tissue repair.
    • Nazhat SN, Abou Neel EA, Kidane A, Ahmed I, Hope C, Kershaw M, Lee PD, Stride E, Saffari N, Knowles JC, Brown RA (2007). Controlled microchannelling in dense collagen scaffolds by soluble phosphate glass fibers. Biomacromolecules, 8(2), 543 - 551. doi:10.1021/bm060715f
    • Abou Neel E, Ahmed I, Knowles JC (2007). Investigation of the mixed alkali effect in a range of phosphate glasses. Key Engineering Materials, 330-332, 161 - 164.
    • Abou Neel EA, Mizoguchi T, Ito M, Bitar M, Salih V, Knowles JC (2007). In vitro bioactivity and gene expression by cells cultured on titanium dioxide doped phosphate-based glasses. Biomaterials, 28(19), 2967 - 2977.
    • Carta D, Pickup DM, Knowles JC, Ahmed I, Smith ME, Newport RJ (2007). A structural study of sol-gel and melt-quenched phosphate-based glasses. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 353(18-21), 1759 - 1765.
    • Lilley KJ, Gbureck U, Wright AJ, Knowles JC, Farrar DF, Barralet JE (2007). Brushite cements from polyphosphoric acid, calcium phosphate systems. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 90(6), 1892 - 1898.
    • Grant K, Knowles J, Dawas K, Burnstock G, Taylor I, Loizidou M (2007). Mechanisms of endothelin 1-stimulated proliferation in colorectal cancer cell lines. British Journal of Surgery, 94(1), 106 - 112. doi:10.1002/bjs.5536
    • Georgiou G, Mathieu L, Pioletti DP, Bourban P-E, Månson J-AE, Knowles JC, Nazhat SN (2007). Polylactic acid-phosphate glass composite foams as scaffolds for bone tissue engineering. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials, 80B(2), 322 - 331.
    • Guerry P, Carroll DL, Gunawidjaja PN, Bhattacharya P, Thomas PA, Smith ME, Carta D, Pickup DM, Newport RJ, Ahmed I, Abouneel E, Knowles JC (2007). Solid State NMR as a probe of inorganic materials:Examples from glasses and sol-gels. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, 984, 135 - 146.
    • Pickup DM, Ahmed I, Guerry P, Knowles JC, Smith ME, Newport RJ (2007). The structure of phosphate glass biomaterials from neutron diffraction and 31P nuclear magnetic resonance data. Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 19(41), 1 - 8. doi:10.1088/0953-8984/19/41/415116
    • Salih V, Patel A, Knowles JC (2007). Zinc-containing phosphate-based glasses for tissue engineering.. Biomed Mater, 2(1), 11 - 20. doi:10.1088/1748-6041/2/1/003
    • Carta D, Knowles JC, Smith ME, Newport RJ (2007). Synthesis and structural characterization of P2O5-CaO-Na2O sol-gel materials. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 353(11-12), 1141 - 1149.
    • Salvio LA, Correr-Sobrinho L, Consani S, Sinhoreti MAC, de Goes MF, Knowles JC (2007). Effect of water storage and surface treatments on the tensile bond strength of IPS Empress 2 ceramic. Journal of Prosthodontics, 16(3), 192 - 199.
    • Valappil SP, Pickup DM, Carroll DL, Hope CK, Pratten J, Newport RJ, Smith ME, Wilson M, Knowles JC (2007). Effect of silver content on the structure and antibacterial activity of silver-doped phosphate-based glasses. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 51(12), 4453 - 4461. doi:10.1128/AAC.00605-07

    2006

    • Shah R, Ahmed I, Knowles JC, Hunt NP, Sinanan ACM, Lewis MP (2006). 'Novel scaffolds for tissue engineering of human skeletal muscles'.
    • Salih V, Mordan NJ, Abou Neel EA, Armitage DA, Jones FH, Knowles JC, Nazhat SN, Vargas-Coronado R, Cauich-Rodriguez JV (2006). Surface characterisation of various bone cements prepared with functionalised methacrylates/bioactive ceramics in relation to HOB behaviour. Acta Biomaterialia, 2(2), 143 - 154. doi:10.1016/j.actbio.2005.12.001
    • Ahmed I, Ready D, Wilson M, Knowles JC (2006). Antimicrobial effect of silver-doped phosphate-based glasses. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, 79(3), 618 - 626.
    • Harle J, Kim H-W, Mordan NJ, Knowles JC, Salih V (2006). Initial responses of human osteoblasts to sol-gel modified titanium with hydroxyapatite and titania composition. Acta Biomaterialia, 2(5), 547 - 556. doi:10.1016/j.actbio.2006.05.005
    • Borbely P, Gulabivala K, Knowles JC (2006). Degradation properties and ion release characteristics of Resilon© and phosphate glass/polycaprolactone composites.
    • Kim H-W, Kim H-E, Knowles JC (2006). Production and potential of bioactive glass nanofibers as a next-generation biomaterial. Advanced Functional Materials, 16(12), 1529 - 1535. doi:10.1002/adfm.200500750
    • Abou Neel E, Cheema U, Knowles JC, Brown RA, Nazhat SN (2006). Use of unconfined multiple compression for the control of collagen gel scaffold density and mechanical properties.. Soft Matter, , - . doi:10.1039/b609784g
    • Nazhat SN, Kidane A, Abou Neel EA, Ahmed I, Knowles JC, Brown RA (2006). Micro-Channelling in Dense Collagen Scaffolds by Degrading Phosphate Glass Fibres.ESB 2006. 20th European Conference on Biomaterials. Citè des Congrès, Nantes, France. 27 September-1 October 2006..
    • Cattell MJ, Chadwick TC, Knowles JC, Clarke RL, Samarawickrama DYD (2006). The nucleation and crystallization of fine grained leucite glass-ceramics for dental applications. Dental Materials, 22(10), 925 - 933.
    • Kim H-W, Lee H-H, Knowles JC (2006). Electrospinning biomedical nanocomposite fibers of hydroxyapatite/poly(lactic acid) for bone regeneration. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, 79(3), 643 - 649.
    • Mendes WB, Correr-Sobrinho L, Muzilli M, Correr AB, Sinhoreti MAC, Consani S, Knowles JC (2006). Influence of the surface treatment on ceramic roughness.
    • Muslim Tandjung YR, Knowles JC, Howlett JA (2006). Effect of glass addition on properties of hydroxyapatite.
    • Pickup DM, Ahmed I, FitzGerald V, Moss RM, Wetherall KM, Knowles JC, Smith ME, Newport RJ (2006). X-ray absorption spectroscopy and high-energy XRD study of the local environment of copper in antibacterial copper-releasing degradable phosphate glasses. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 352(28-29), 3080 - 3087.
    • Patel A, Knowles JC (2006). Investigation of silica-iron-phosphate glasses for tissue engineering.. J Mater Sci Mater Med, 17(10), 937 - 944. doi:10.1007/s10856-006-0183-x
    • Abou Neel E, Ahmed I, Knowles JC (2006). Titanium Phosphate Glasses for Potential Bone Tissue Engineering Applications. ESB2006. 20th European Conference on Biomaterials, 27th september-1st October 2006. Cite des Congress, Nantes, France..

    2005

    • Ahmed I, Lewis MP, Nazhat SN, Knowles JC (2005). Quantification of anion and cation release from a range of ternary phosphate-based glasses with fixed 45 mol% P2O5.. J Biomater Appl, 20(1), 65 - 80. doi:10.1177/0885328205049396
    • Abou Neel EA, Knowles JC, Brown RA, Nazhat SN (2005). Development of 3D phosphate glass fibre-Plastic Compressed Collagen Constructs for Tissue Engineering Oral presentation at “A Forecast of the Future for Biomaterials”..
    • Kim H-W, Knowles JC, Kim H-E (2005). Porous scaffolds of gelatin-hydroxyapatite nanocomposites obtained by biomimetic approach: characterization and antibiotic drug release. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials, 74B(2), 686 - 698.
    • Kim H-W, Knowles JC, Kim H-E (2005). Hydroxyapatite porous scaffold engineered with biological polymer hybrid coating for antibiotic Vancomycin release. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, 16(3), 189 - 195.
    • Rickerby J, Prabhakar R, Patel A, Knowles J, Brocchini S (2005). A biomedical library of serinol-derived polyesters. doi:10.1016/j.jconrel.2004.07.021
    • Kevorkian L, Young DA, Porter S, Edwards DR, Clark IM, Pennington CJ, Darrah C, Donell ST, Shepstone L, Brockbank S, Parker AE, Boubriak OA, Cui Z, Shengda Z, Wu M-H, Xu X, Li Z, Urban JPG, Derham B, Tew SR, Li Y, Tweats LM, Hawkins RE, Hardingham TE, Adesida A, Green D, Partridge KA, Oreffo ROC, Yang X, Webb D, Cooper C, Leveque I, Mann S, Ball SG, Kielty CM, Qin M, Tai G, Polak JM, Bishop AE, Stolzing A, Scutt A, Colley H, Mc Arthur S, Screen HRC, Shelton JC, Bader DL, Lee DA, Heywood HK, Baria KE, Chowdhury TT, Sharma AM, Knight MM, Appleby RN, Hall A, Hayes A, Caterson B, Brown L, Tubo R, Blain EJ, Gilbert SJ, Duance VC, Davies L, Blain E, Duance V, Cheung F, Sims T, Hollander AP, Dickinson S, Miot S, Martin I, Roughley PJ, Soranzo C, Pavesio A, Pittarello L, Blaker J, Boccaccini AR, Maquet V, Eves P, Beck AJ, Shard AG, Mac Neil S, Gawkrodger DJ, Sudre L, Rajpar MH, Kadler KE, Thornton DJ, Briggs MD, Boot-Handford RP, Wallis G, Ellis MJ, Chaudhuri JB, Tai C-C, Perera S, Callender P, Mason DJ, Scutt N, Rolf CG, Mirmalek-Sani SH, Roach HI, Hanley NA, Wilson DI, MacIntosh AC, Crawford A, Hatton PV, Shah R, Knowles JC, Hunt NP, Lewis MP, Rippon HJ, Ali BE, De Bank PA, Kellam B, Shakesheff KM, Suciati T, Comerford EJ, Tarlton JF, Bailey AJ, Rose FRAJ, Wales A, Innes JF, Olivier V, Xie Y, Hivart P, Hardouin P, Descamps M, Lu J, Anderson V, Vaughan-Thomas A, Spiller DG, Eissa SZS, Birch HL, Faram T, Zeugolis D, Attenburrow G, Paul G, Bhadal N, Whawell SA, Worrall LK, Bradshaw TD, Stevens MFG, Chuo CB, Wiseman MA, Phillips JB, Brown RA, Harrison CA, Gossiel F, Bullock AJ, Blumsohn A, Frazer A, Fraser S, Gaissmaier C, Krackhardt T, Flesch I, Fritz J, Aicher WK, Ashammakhi N, Liu K-K, Yang Y, Ahearne M, El Haj A, Then K, Cheung I, Wright TC, Kostyuk O, Bomzon Z, Kimmel E, Fish RS, Ralphs JR, Farjanel J, Sève S, Borel A, Sommer P, Hulmes DJS, Whiting CV, Dalton SJ, Stenfeldt C, Avery NC, Tidswell H, Crabtree J, Mitchell DC, Kafienah W, Mistry S, Hollander A, Cartmell S, Magnay J, Dobson J, Salter DM, Barry JJA, Howdle SM, Nazhat SN, Scotchford CA, Roberts S, Gargiulo B, Evans EH, Menage J, Johnson WEB, Eisenstein S, Richardson JB, Wong M, Mudera V, Beckett K, Grobbelaar A, Bax DV, Cain SA, Humphries MJ, Lomas A, Oldershaw R, Murdoch A, Brennan K, Redman S, Haughton L, Dowthwaite G, Archer CW, Williams A, Esfandiari E, Stokes CR, Bailey M, Hayman AR, Day MJ, Cox TM, Evans MJ, Williams R, Evans D, Millwards-Sadler J, Salter D, Smith R, Goodship A, Korda M, Porter R, Kalia P, Wiseman M, Blunn G, McClumpha A, Pabbruwe MB, Du X, Stewart K, Horrocks M, Lakey RL, Cawston TE, Palmer L, Tasman C, Clare M, Gidley J, Sandy J, Mansell J, Ellis T, Lauder R, Burger F, Khan I, Smith M (2005). British society for matrix biology autumn meeting. International Journal of Experimental Pathology, 86(3), - . doi:10.1111/j.0959-9673.2005.00426.x
    • Ahmed I, Lewis MP, Knowles JC (2005). Quantification of anions and cations from ternary phosphate based glasses with fixed 50 and 55 mol% P2O5 using ion chromatography. PHYS CHEM GLASSES, 46(6), 547 - 552.
    • Abou Neel EA, Ahmed I, Blaker JJ, Bismarck A, Boccaccini AR, Lewis MP, Nazhat SN, Knowles JC (2005). Effect of iron on the surface, degradation and ion release properties of phosphate-based glass fibres.. Acta Biomater, 1(5), 553 - 563. doi:10.1016/j.actbio.2005.05.001
    • Prabhakar R, Brocchini S, Knowles J (2005). Effect of glass composition on the degradation properties and ion release characteristics of phosphate glass?polycaprolactone composites. Biomaterials, 26(15), - .
    • Patel A, Knowles JC (2005). Investigation of silica-iron phosphate glasses for tissue engineering.
    • Rickerby J, Prabhakar R, Patel A, Knowles JC, Brocchini S (2005). A biomedical library of serinol-derived polyesters. Journal of Controlled Release, 101(1-3), 21 - 34.
    • Kim H-W, Lee E-J, Kim H-E, Salih V, Knowles JC (2005). Effect of fluoridation of hydroxyapatite in hydroxyapatite-polycaprolactone composites on osteoblast activity. Biomaterials, 26(21), 4395 - 4404. doi:10.1016/j.biomaterials.2004.11.008
    • Kim H-W, Knowles JC, Li L-H, Kim H-E (2005). Mechanical performance and osteoblast-like cell responses of fluorine-substituted hydroxyapatite and zirconia dense composite. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, 72(3), 258 - 268.
    • Kim H-W, Kim H-E, Knowles JC (2005). Improvement of hydroxyapatite sol-gel coating on titanium with ammonium hydroxide addition. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 88(1), 154 - 159.
    • Abou Neel EA, Ahmed I, Pratten J, Nazhat SN, Knowles JC (2005). Characterisation of antibacterial copper releasing degradable phosphate glass fibres. Biomaterials, 26(15), 2247 - 2254. doi:10.1016/j.biomaterials.2004.07.024
    • Kim H-W, Knowles JC, Kim H-E (2005). Hydroxyapatite and gelatin composite foams processed via novel freeze-drying and crosslinking for use as temporary hard tissue scaffolds. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, 72(2), 136 - 145.
    • Kim H-W, Kim H-E, Salih V, Knowles JC (2005). Hydroxyapatite and titania sol-gel composite coatings on titanium for hard tissue implants; mechanical and in vitro biological performance. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials, 72B(1), 1 - 8.
    • Shah R, Sinanan ACM, Knowles JC, Hunt NP, Lewis MP (2005). Craniofacial muscle engineering using a 3-dimensional phosphate glass fibre construct. Biomaterials, 26(13), 1497 - 1505. doi:10.1016/j.biomaterials.2004.04.049
    • Cattell MJ, Chadwick TC, Knowles JC, Clarke RL (2005). The crystallization of an aluminosilicate glass in the K2O-Al2O3-SiO2 system. Dental Materials, 21(9), 811 - 822.
    • Lilley KJ, Gbureck U, Knowles JC, Farrar DF, Barralet JE (2005). Cement from magnesium substituted hydroxyapatite. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, 16(5), 455 - 460.
    • Rickerby J, Prabhakar R, Ali M, Knowles JC, Brocchini S (2005). Water-soluble polyacetals derived from diphenols. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 15(18), 1849 - 1856.
    • Carta D, Pickup DM, Knowles JC, Smith ME, Newport RJ (2005). Sol-gel synthesis of the P2O5-CaO-Na2O-SiO2 system as a novel bioresorbable glass. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 15(21), 2134 - 2140.
    • Kim H-W, Lee E-J, Jun I-K, Kim H-E, Knowles JC (2005). Degradation and drug release of phosphate glass/polycaprolactone biological composites for hard-tissue regeneration. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials, 75B(1), 34 - 41.
    • Shah R, Knowles JC, Hunt NP, Lewis MP (2005). The engineering of human craniofacial muscle on a soluble glass fibre construct.
    • Kesisoglou A, Knowles JC, Olsen I (2005). Effects of Ca-containing phosphate glasses on T lymphocytes in vitro. Key Engineering Materials, 284-286, 597 - 600.
    • Bitar M, Knowles JC, Lewis MP, Salih V (2005). Soluble phosphate glass fibres for repair of bone-ligament interface. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, 16(12), 1131 - 1136.
    • Mendes WB, Sobrinho LC, Carvalhal CIO, Sinhoreti MAC, Consani S, Knowles JC (2005). Water storage effect on the fatigue strength of Empress 2.
    • Mizoguchi T, Yoshida T, Terashima N, Nagasawa S, Ito M, Knowles JC (2005). Influence of the glass ceramics on cell proliferation.
    • Carta D, Pickup DM, Newport RJ, Knowles JC, Smith ME, Drake KO (2005). Structural studies of bioactive sol-gel phosphate based glasses. Physics and Chemistry of Glasses, 46(4), 365 - 371.
    • Abou Neel EA, Hope C, Kershaw CM, Lee PD, Brown RA, Knowles JC, Nazhat SN (2005). Plastic compression as an ultra rapid preparation of cellular phosphate glass fibre/collagen constructs..
    • Kim H-W, Kim H-E, Salih V, Knowles JC (2005). Sol-gel-modified titanium with hydroxyapatite thin films and effect on osteoblast-like cell responses. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, 74(3), 294 - 305.

    2004

    • Abou Neel EA, Knowles JC, Brown RA, Nazhat SN (2004). Mechanical and viscoelastic characterisation of collagen gel demonstrating the engineering of tissue through ultra-rapid plastic compression..
    • Ahmed I, Collins CA, Lewis MP, Olsen I, Knowles JC (2004). Processing, characterisation and biocompatibility of iron-phosphate glass fibres for tissue engineering. Biomaterials, 25(16), 3223 - 3232.
    • Kim HW, Kim HE, Salih V, Knowles JC (2004). Dissolution control and cellular responses of calcium phosphate coatings on zirconia porous scaffold. J BIOMED MATER RES A, 68A(3), 522 - 530. doi:10.1002/jbm.a..20094
    • Georgiou G, Knowles JC, Barralet JE (2004). Dynamic shrinkage behaviour of hydroxyapatite and glass-reinforced hydroxyapatites. Journal of Materials Science, 39(6), 2205 - 2208.
    • Kim H-W, Kim H-E, Knowles JC (2004). Sol-gel apatite films on titanium implant for hard tissue regeneration. Key Engineering Materials, 254-25, 423 - 426.
    • Kim H-W, Knowles JC, Kim H-E (2004). Mechanical and biological performance of calcium phosphate coatings on porous bone scaffold. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 87(11), 2135 - 2138.
    • Georgiou G, Knowles JC, Barralet JE, Kong YM, Kim HE (2004). The effect of hot pressing on the physical properties of glass reinforced hydroxyapatite. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, 15(6), 705 - 710.
    • Kim H-W, Kim H-E, Knowles JC (2004). Fluor-hydroxyapatite sol-gel coating on titanium substrate for hard tissue implants. Biomaterials, 25(17), 3351 - 3358.
    • Kim H-W, Georgiou G, Knowles JC, Koh Y-H, Kim H-E (2004). Calcium phosphates and glass composite coatings on zirconia for enhanced biocompatibility. Biomaterials, 25(18), 4203 - 4213.
    • Kim H-W, Kim H-E, Knowles JC (2004). Hard-tissue-engineered zirconia porous scaffolds with hydroxyapatite sol-gel and slurry coatings. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials, 70B(2), 270 - 277.
    • Kim H-W, Knowles JC, Kim H-E (2004). Development of hydroxyapatite bone scaffold for controlled drug release via poly(î-caprolactone) and hydroxyapatite hybrid coatings. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials, 70B(2), 240 - 249.
    • Kim H-W, Knowles JC, Kim H-E (2004). Effect of biphasic calcium phosphates on drug release and biological and mechanical properties of poly(î-caprolactone) composite membranes. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, 70(3), 467 - 479.
    • Kim H-W, Knowles JC, Salih V, Kim H-E (2004). Hydroxyapatite and fluor-hydroxyapatite layered film on titanium processed by a sol-gel route for hard-tissue implants. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials, 71B(1), 66 - 76.
    • Kim H-W, Kim H-E, Knowles JC (2004). Bioactive porous bone scaffold coated with biphasic calcium phosphates. Key Engineering Materials, 254-256, 1103 - 1106.
    • Correr Sobrinho L, S lvio LA, Consani S, de Goes MF, Sinhoreti MAC, Knowles JC (2004). Effect of water storage on the IPS Empress 2 strength.
    • Ahmed I, Collins C, Olsen I, Lewis MP, Knowles JC (2004). Iron-phosphate Glass Fibres for Tissue Engineering..
    • Kim HW, Knowles JC, Kim HE (2004). Biocompatible bone scaffolds with calcium phosphate ceramic and glass coatings. Transactions - 7th World Biomaterials Congress, , 363 - 363.
    • Milan FM, Consani S, Correr Sobrinho L, Sinhoreti MAC, Sousa-Neto MD, Knowles JC (2004). Influence of casting methods on marginal and internal discrepancies of complete cast crowns. Brazilian Dental Journal, 15(2), 127 - 132.
    • Bitar M, Knowles JC, Salih V, Lewis MP (2004). Biocompatible phosphate glass fibre scaffolds engineering of the hard/ soft tissue interface.
    • Kim HW, Knowles JC, Kim HE (2004). Calcium phosphates hybridised poly(ε-caprolactone) membranes for antibiotic drug releases. Transactions - 7th World Biomaterials Congress, , 854 - 854.
    • Kim HW, Knowles JC, Kim HE (2004). Composite approach to hydroxyapatite-gelatin in tissue regeneration and controlled release. Transactions - 7th World Biomaterials Congress, , 1300 - 1300.
    • Prabhakar RL, Knowles JC, Brocchini S (2004). Isothermal crystallisation of PCL/PLA blends. Transactions - 7th World Biomaterials Congress, , 521 - 521.
    • Kim HW, Knowles JC, Kim HE (2004). Sol-gel derived hydroxyapatite and titania thin films on titanium. Transactions - 7th World Biomaterials Congress, , 1775 - 1775.
    • Prabhakar RL, Knowles JC, Brocchini S (2004). In vitro degradation study of polymer-glass composites. Transactions - 7th World Biomaterials Congress, , 1292 - 1292.
    • Ahmed I, Collins C, Olsen I, Lewis MP, Knowles JC (2004). Phosphate-Based Glass Fibres for Tissue Engineering Applications..
    • Bitar M, Salih V, Mudera V, Knowles JC, Lewis MP (2004). Soluble phosphate glasses: in vitro studies using human cells of hard and soft tissue origin. Biomaterials, 25(12), 2283 - 2292. doi:10.1016/j.biomaterials.2003.08.054
    • Kim H-W, Knowles JC, Kim H-E (2004). Hydroxyapatite/poly(ε-caprolactone) composite coatings on hydroxyapatite porous bone scaffold for drug delivery. Biomaterials, 25(7-8), 1279 - 1287. doi:10.1016/j.biomaterials.2003.07.003
    • Ahmed I, Lewis MP, Olsen I, Knowles JC (2004). Phosphate glasses for tissue engineering: Part 2. Processing and characterisation of a ternary-based P2O5-CaO-Na2O glass fibre system. Biomaterials, 25(3), 501 - 507.
    • Ahmed I, Lewis MP, Olsen I, Knowles JC (2004). Phosphate glasses for tissue engineering: Part 1. Processing and characterisation of a ternary-based P2O5-CaO-Na2O glass system. Biomaterials, 25(3), 491 - 499.
    • Kim HW, Li LH, Koh YH, Knowles JC, Kim HE (2004). Sol-gel preparation and properties of fluoride-substituted hydroxyapatite powders. J AM CERAM SOC, 87(10), 1939 - 1944.

    2003

    • Webber BL, McDonald A, Knowles JC (2003). An in vitro study of the compressive load at fracture of Procera AllCeram crowns with varying thickness of veneer porcelain. Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, 89(2), 154 - 160. doi:10.1067/mpr.2003.85
    • Mulligan AM, Wilson M, Knowles JC (2003). Effect of increasing silver content in phosphate-based glasses on biofilms of Streptococcus sanguis. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, 67(2), 401 - 412.
    • Mulligan AM, Wilson M, Knowles JC (2003). The effect of increasing copper content in phosphate-based glasses on biofilms of Streptococcus sanguis. Biomaterials, 24(10), 1797 - 1807.
    • Abou Neel EA, Ahmed I, Nazhat SN, Knowles JC (2003). DSC as a rapid test method for determining Tg of phosphate-based glass fibres.
    • Correr Sobrinho L, Knowles JC, Sinhoreti MAC, Consani S, Reges RV (2003). Comparison of the wet and dry fatigue properties of all-ceramic crowns.. J DENT RES, 82, B123 - B123.
    • Ahmed I, Lewis MP, Olsen I, Knowles JC (2003). Processing, Characterisation and Biocompatibility of Iron-Phosphate Glass-Fibres for Tissue Engineering.
    • Grover LM, Knowles JC, Fleming GJP, Barralet JE (2003). In vitro ageing of brushite calcium phosphate cement. Biomaterials, 24(23), 4133 - 4141.
    • Knowles JC (2003). Phosphate based glasses for biomedical applications. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 13(10), 2395 - 2401.
    • Spohr AM, Sobrinho LC, Consani S, Sinhoreti MAC, Knowles JC (2003). Influence of surface conditions and silane agent on the bond of resin to IPS Empress 2 ceramic. International Journal of Prosthodontics, 16(3), 277 - 282.
    • Harrington Z, McDonald A, Knowles JC (2003). An in vitro study to investigate the load at fracture of Procera AllCeram crowns with various thickness of occlusal veneer porcelain. International Journal of Prosthodontics, 16(1), 54 - 58.
    • Correr Sobrinho L, Knowles JC, Sinhoreti MAC, Consani S, Reges RV (2003). Comparison of the wet and dry fatigue properties of all-ceramic crowns.
    • Kesisoglou A, Knowles JC, Olsen I (2003). Effects of metal-containing phosphate glasses on T-cell activation.. J DENT RES, 82, B378 - B378.

    2002

    • Barralet JE, Gaunt T, Wright AJ, Gibson IR, Knowles JC (2002). Effect of porosity reduction by compaction on compressive strength and microstructure of calcium phosphate cement. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, 63(1), 15 - 23.
    • Franks K, Salih V, Knowles JC, Olsen I (2002). The effect of MgO on the solubility behavior and cell proliferation in a quaternary soluble phosphate based glass system. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, 13(6), 549 - 556.
    • Correr Sobrinho L, Spohri AM, Consani S, Sinhoreti MAC, Knowles JC (2002). The tensile bond strength of the ceramic IPS Empress 2 with different surface treatments.
    • Cattell MJ, Palumbo RP, Knowles JC, Clarke RL, Samarawickrama DYD (2002). The effect of veneering and heat treatment on the flexural strength of Empressr 2 ceramics. Journal of Dentistry, 30(4), 161 - 169.
    • Callcut S, Knowles JC (2002). Correlation between structure and compressive strength in a reticulated glass-reinforced hydroxyapatite foam. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, 13(5), 485 - 489.
    • Barralet JE, Gaunt T, Wright AJ, Gibson IR, Knowles JC (2002). Effect of porosity reduction by compaction on compressive strength and microstructure of calcium phosphate cement. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials, 63(1), 1 - 9. doi:10.1002/jbm.1074
    • Sobrinho LC, Spohr AM, Consani S, Sinhoreti MAC, Knowles JC (2002). Bond strength of the ceramic IPS Empress 2 with different surface treatments.. J DENT RES, 81, A421 - A421.
    • Shah R, Knowles JC, Hunt NP, Lewis MP (2002). Human craniofacial skeletal muscle tissue engineering using a soluble glass fibre substrate.
    • Bitar M, Ahmed I, Knowles JC, Salih V, Lewis MP (2002). Development of novel soluble glasses for tissue engineering of hard tissue.
    • Gatti A, Knowles JC (2002). Biocompatibility and Biological Tests. In Barbucci R (Ed.), Integrated biomaterials science (pp. - ). : Springer Us.
    • Rajasingham R, Knowles JC, Ng YL, Rahbaran S, Gulabivala K (2002). The effect of root-canal irrigation with sodium hypochlorite and EDTA on tooth surface strain.
    • Thomas SM, Knowles JC (2002). Classy glass - potential for glass in tissue engineering. Materials World, 10(5), 25 - 27.
    • Pearce LJ, Barralet JE, Nazhat SN, Knowles JC (2002). In vitro release of tetracycline hydrochloride from surface adsorbed Bio-Ossr.
    • Barralet J, Knowles JC, Best S, Bonfield W (2002). Thermal decomposition of synthesised carbonate hydroxyapatite. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, 13(6), 529 - 533.
    • Kesisoglou A, Knowles JC, Olsen I (2002). Effects of phosphate-based glasses on T lymphocytes in vitro. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, 13(12), 1189 - 1192.
    • Goldsmith M, Gulabivala K, Knowles JC (2002). The effect of sodium hypochlorite irrigant concentration on tooth surface strain. Journal of Endodontics, 28(8), 575 - 579.
    • Abrahams I, Hawkes GE, Ahmed A, Franks K, Knowles JC, Bodart PR, Nunes T (2002). Structure of calcium tetrasodium bis-cyclotriphosphate CaNa4(P3O9)2 by X-ray diffraction and solid-state NMR. Journal of the Chemical Society, Dalton Transactions, 2002(8), 1800 - 1805.

    2001

    • Grigoratos D, Ng Y-L, Gulabivala K, Knowles J (2001). Effect of exposing dentine to sodium hypochlorite and calcium hydroxide on its flexural strength and elastic modulus. International Endodontic Journal, 34(2), 113 - 119. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2591.2001.00356.x
    • Harle J, Salih V, Knowles JC, Mayia F, Olsen I (2001). Effects of therapeutic ultrasound on osteoblast gene expression. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, 12(10-12), 1001 - 1004.
    • Franks K, Abrahams I, Georgiou G, Knowles JC (2001). Investigation of thermal parameters and crystallisation in a ternary CaO-Na2 O-P2O5-based glass system. Biomaterials, 22(5), 497 - 501.
    • Sinhoreti MAC, Consani S, de Goes MF, Sobrinho LC, Knowles JC (2001). Influence of loading types on the shear strength of the dentin-resin interface bonding. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, 12(1), 39 - 44.
    • Sim TPC, Knowles JC, Ng YL, Shelton J, Gulabivala K (2001). Effect of sodium hypochlorite on mechanical properties of dentine and tooth surface strain. International Endodontic Journal, 34(2), 120 - 132.
    • Salih V, Knowles JC, O'Hare MJ, Olsen I (2001). Retroviral transduction of alveolar bone cells with a temperature-sensitive SV40 large T antigen. Cell and Tissue Research, 304(3), 371 - 376. doi:10.1007/s004410100391
    • Grigoratos D, Knowles JC, Ng YL, Gulabivala K (2001). Effect of exposing dentine to sodium hypochlorite and calcium hydroxide on its flexural strength and elastic modulus. International Endodontic Journal, 34(2), 113 - 119.
    • Queiroz AC, Santos JD, Monteiro FJ, Gibson IR, Knowles JC (2001). Adsorption and release studies of sodium ampicillin from hydroxyapatite and glass-reinforced hydroxyapatite composites. Biomaterials, 22(11), 1393 - 1400.
    • Knowles JC, Franks K, Abrahams I (2001). Investigation of the solubility and ion release in the glass system K2O-Na2O-CaO-P2O5. Biomaterials, 22(23), 3091 - 3096.
    • Harle J, Salih V, Mayia F, Knowles JC, Olsen I (2001). Effects of ultrasound on the growth and function of bone and periodontal ligament cells in vitro. Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology, 27(4), 579 - 586.
    • Gillam DG, Mordan NJ, Sinodinou AD, Tang JY, Knowles JC, Gibson IR (2001). The effects of oxalate-containing products on the exposed dentine surface: an SEM investigation. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, 28(11), 1037 - 1044.
    • Georgiou G, Knowles JC (2001). Glass reinforced hydroxyapatite for hard tissue surgery - Part I: mechanical properties. Biomaterials, 22(20), 2811 - 2815.
    • Cattell MJ, Chadwick TC, Knowles JC, Clarke RL, Lynch E (2001). Flexural strength optimisation of a leucite reinforced glass ceramic. Dental Materials, 17(1), 21 - 33.
    • Salih V, Georgiou G, Knowles JC, Olsen I (2001). Glass reinforced hydroxyapatite for hard tissue surgery - Part II: in vitro evaluation of bone cell growth and function. Biomaterials, 22(20), 2817 - 2824. doi:10.1016/S0142-9612(01)00026-6

    2000

    • Salih V, Franks K, James M, Hastings GW, Knowles JC (2000). Development of soluble glasses for biomedical use. Part II: the biological response of human osteoblast cell lines to phosphate-based soluble glasses. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, 11(10), 615 - 620.
    • Salih V, Knowles JC, O'Hare MJ, Olsen I (2000). Establishment of long-term cultures of alveolar bone cells.
    • Knowles JC, Callcut S, Georgiou G (2000). Characterisation of the rheological properties and zeta potential of a range of hydroxyapatite powders. Biomaterials, 21(13), 1387 - 1392.
    • Lopes MA, Knowles JC, Santos JD (2000). Structural insights of glass-reinforced hydroxyapatite composites by Rietveld refinement. Biomaterials, 21(18), 1905 - 1910.
    • Lopes MA, Knowles JC, Santos JD, Monteiro FJ, Olsen I (2000). Direct and indirect effects of P2O5 glass reinforced-hydroxyapatite composites on the growth and function of osteoblast-like cells. Biomaterials, 21(11), 1165 - 1172.
    • Correr Sobrinho L, de Goes MF, Consani S, Sinhoreti MAC, Knowles JC (2000). Correlation between light intensity and exposure time on the hardness of composite resin. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, 11(6), 361 - 364.
    • Franks K, Abrahams I, Knowles JC (2000). Development of soluble glasses for biomedical use. Part I: in vitro solubility measurement. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, 11(10), 609 - 614.
    • Webber BL, McDonald AV, Knowles JC (2000). Procera AllCeram crowns: fracture load with varying veneer porcelain thicknesses.
    • Salih V, Franks K, James M, Hastings GW, Knowles JC (2000). Development of soluble glasses for biomedical use. Part II: the biological response of human osteoblast cell lines to phosphate-based soluble glasses. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, 11(10), 615 - 620.
    • Palumbo-Akhtar R, Cattell MJ, Knowles JC (2000). Effect of veneering and heat treatment on empress 2 flexural strength.
    • Harle J, Salih V, Knowles JC, Mayia F, Olsen I (2000). Flow cytometry analysis of bone and periodontal cell response to ultrasound.
    • Franks K, Abrahams I, Knowles JC (2000). Development of soluble glasses for biomedical use. Part I: in vitro solubility measurement. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, 11(10), 609 - 614.
    • Ferraz MP, Knowles JC, Olsen I, Monteiro FJ, Santos JD (2000). Flow cytometry analysis of the effects of pre-immersion on the biocompatibility of glass-reinforced hydroxyapatite plasma-sprayed coatings. Biomaterials, 21(8), 813 - 820.
    • Correr Sobrinho L, Lima ADAD, Consani S, Sinhoreti MAC, Knowles JC (2000). Influence of curing tip distance on composite Knoop hardness values. Brazilian Dental Journal, 11(1), 11 - 17.
    • Cattell MJ, Chadwick TC, Knowles JC, Clarke RL, Lynch E (2000). Flexural strength optimisation of a leucite reinforced glass ceramic.
    • Grigoratos D, Knowles JC, Ng YL, Gulabivala K (2000). Effect of sodium hypochlorite and calcium hydroxide on the modulus of elasticity and flexural strength of dentine.
    • Goldsmith M, Gulabivala K, Knowles JC (2000). The effect of sodium hypochlorite irrigant on tooth surface strain.

    1999

    • Tan YTF, Hobkirk JA, Knowles JC (1999). Characterisation and bond strength of hydroxyapatite coatings on titanium. J DENT RES, 78(5), 1064 - 1064.
    • Salih V, Franks K, James M, Hastings GW, Knowles JC, Olsen I (1999). Biological response of human osteoblasts to soluble glasses.
    • Knowles JC, Franks K (1999). Quaternary phosphate based glasses for hard tissue surgery.
    • Franks K, Knowles JC (1999). Non-linear solubility behaviour in a ternary phosphate based glass system.
    • Wood DJ, Bubb NL, Clifford A, Hill RG, Knowles JC (1999). An investigation into the crystallization of Dicor glass-ceramic.
    • Ferraz MP, Knowles JC, Olsen I, Monteiro FJ, Santos JD (1999). Flow cytometry analysis of effects of glass on response of osteosarcoma cells to plasma-sprayed hydroxyapatite/CaO-P2O5 coatings. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, 47(4), 603 - 611.
    • Correr Sobrinho L, Consani S, Knowles JC (1999). Effect of convergence angle and luting agent on the fracture strength of In ceram crowns. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, 10(8), 493 - 496.
    • Cattell MJ, Knowles JC, Lynch E (1999). The flexural strengths of ceramics processed using different press furnaces.
    • Cattell MJ, Knowles JC, Clarke RL, Lynch E (1999). The biaxial flexural strength of two pressable ceramic systems. Journal of Dentistry, 27(3), 183 - 196.
    • Knowles JC, Gibson IR, Abrahams I (1999). High temperature phase transactions in CA3(PO4)2 measured by neutron diffraction.

    1998

    • Cattell MJ, Knowles JC, Lynch E (1998). The biaxial flexural strength of two pressable ceramic systems.
    • Franks K, Knowles JC, Hawkes GE, Abrahams I, Jalisi IM, Lee DA (1998). Development of phosphate based glasses for periodontology.
    • Lopes MA, Santos JD, Monteiro FJ, Knowles JC (1998). Glass-reinforced hydroxyapatite: a comprehensive study of the effect of glass composition on the crystallography of the composite. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, 39(2), 244 - 251.
    • Rehman I, Knowles JC, Bonfield W (1998). Analysis of in vitro reaction layers formed on Bioglass(R) using thin film X-ray diffraction and ATR-FTIR microspectroscopy. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, 41(1), 162 - 166.
    • Silva PL, Santos JD, Monteiro FJ, Knowles JC (1998). Adhesion and microstructural characterisation of plasma sprayed hydroxyapatite/glass ceramic coatings onto Ti-6Al-4V substrates. Surface and Coatings Technology, 102(3), 191 - 196.
    • O'Driscoll P, Mitchell J, Shelton J, Knowles JC, Gulabivala K (1998). Laser speckle photography in measurement of tooth strain.
    • Correr Sobrinho L, Cattell MJ, Glover RH, Knowles JC (1998). The fatigue properties of three all ceramic crown systems.
    • Lopes MA, Knowles JC, Kuru L, Santos JD, Monteiro FJ, Olsen I (1998). Flow cytometry for assessing biocompatibility. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, 41(4), 649 - 656.
    • Correr Sobrinho L, Cattell MJ, Glover RH, Knowles JC (1998). Investigation of the dry and wet fatigue properties of three all-ceramic crown systems. International Journal of Prosthodontics, 11(3), 255 - 262.
    • Correr Sobrinho L, Cattell MJ, Knowles JC (1998). Fracture strength of all-ceramic crowns. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, 9, 555 - 559.
    • Correr Sobrinho L, Knowles JC, Glover RH (1998). Fracture strength of all-ceramic crown systems.
    • Correr Sobrinho L, Glover RH, Knowles JC, Cattell MJ (1998). Comparison of the wet and dry fatigue properties of all ceramic crowns. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, 9, 517 - 521.
    • García F, Arias JL, Mayor B, Pou J, León B, Pérez-Amor M, Rehman I, Knowles J, Best S, Bonfield W (1998). Effect of heat treatment on pulsed laser deposited amorphous calcium phosphate coatings. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, 43(1), 69 - 76. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1097-4636(199821)43:1<69::AID-JBM8>3.0.CO;2-K
    • Khouw HGC, Knowles J, Newman HN, Olsen I (1998). In vitro responses to novel glass-reinforced hydroxyapatites. J DENT RES, 77, 824 - 824.

    1997

    • Arias JL, Mayor MB, Garcia-Sanz FJ, Knowles JC, Pou J, Leon B, Perez-Amor M (1997). Structural analysis of calcium phosphate coatings produced by pulsed laser deposition at different water vapour pressures. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, 8, 873 - 876.
    • Abrahams I, Hawkes GE, Knowles JC (1997). Phosphorous speciation in sodium-calcium-phosphate ceramics. Journal of the Chemical Society, Dalton Transactions, , 1483 - 1484.
    • Jha LJ, Best SM, Knowles JC, Rehman I, Santos JD, Bonfield W (1997). Preparation and characterization of fluoride-substituted apatites. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, 8(4), 185 - 191.
    • Kellar EJC, Evans AM, Knowles JC, Galiotis C, Andrews EH (1997). Raman vibrational studies of syndiotactic polystyrene. 2. Use of the fundamental v1 vibrational mode as a quantitative measure of crystallinity within isotropic material. Macromolecules, 30, 2400 - 2407.
    • Lopes MA, Santos JD, Olsen I, Knowles JC (1997). Proliferation and antigen expression by cells exposed to glass reinforced ha composites.
    • Abrahams I, Franks K, Hawkes GE, Philippou G, Knowles JC, Bodart P, Nunes T (1997). Na-23, Al-27 and P-31 NMR and X-ray powder diffraction study of Na/Ca/Al phosphate glasses and ceramics. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 7(8), 1573 - 1580.
    • Evans AM, Kellar EJC, Knowles JC, Galiotis C, Carriere CJ, Andrews EH (1997). The structure and morphology of syndiotactic polystyrene injection molded coupons. Polymer Engineering and Science, 37(1), 153 - 165.
    • Gillam DG, Mordan NJ, Sinodinou AD, Knowles JC, Gibson IR (1997). The effects of oxalates on the exposed dentine surface.

    1996

    • O'Brien P, Saeed T, Knowles JC (1996). Speciation and the nature of ZnO thin films from chemical bath deposition. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 6(7), 1135 - 1140.
    • Knowles JC, Talal S, Santos JD (1996). Sintering effects in a glass-reinforced hydroxyapatite. Biomaterials, 17(14), 1437 - 1442.
    • Knowles JC, Gross K, Berndt CC, Bonfield W (1996). Structural changes of thermally sprayed hydroxyapatite investigated by Rietveld analysis. Biomaterials, 17(6), 639 - 645.
    • Jha LJ, Santos JD, Knowles JC (1996). Characterization of apatite layer formation on P2O5-CaO, P2O5-CaO-Na2O, and P2O5-CaO-Na2O-Al2O3 glass hydroxyapatite composites. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, 31(4), 481 - 486.
    • Santos JD, Silva PL, Knowles JC, Talal S, Monteiro FJ (1996). Reinforcement of hydroxyapatite by adding P2O5-CaO glasses with Na2O, K2O and MgO. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, 7, 187 - 189.
    • Wood DJ, Bubb NL, Clifford A, Hill RG, Knowles JC (1996). An investigation into the crystallization of Dicor glass-ceramic.
    • Silva PL, Santos JD, Knowles JC, Silva RF, Monteiro FJ (1996). Fracture toughness of hydroxyapatite reinforced with P2O5-CaO glasses containing Na2O, K2O and MgO.
    • Barralet JE, Knowles JC, Bonfield W (1996). Effect of atmosphere on the phase transformation and grain growth of carbonate hydroxyapatite.
    • Abrahams I, Grimes SM, Johnston SR, Knowles JC (1996). Tin II oxyhydroxide by x-ray powder diffraction. Acta Crystallographica Section C, 52, 286 - 288.

    1995

    • Huang J, Wang M, Rehman I, Knowles JC, Bonfield W (1995). 8th International Symposium on Ceramics in Medicine, Ponte Vedra, Florida, USA.
    • Huang J, Wang M, Rehman I, Knowles J, Bonfield W (1995). Analysis of surface structures on Bioglass®/polyethylene composites in vitro.
    • Asaoka N, Best S, Knowles JC, Bonfield W (1995). 8th International Symposium on Ceramics in Medicine, Ponte Vedra, Florida, USA.
    • Knowles JC, Gross K, Berndt CC, Bonfield W (1995). 8th International Symposium on Ceramics in Medicine, Ponte Vedra, Florida, USA.
    • Haggata SW, Azad Malik M, Motevalli M, O'Brien P, Knowles JC (1995). Synthesis and characterization of some mixed alkyl thiocarbamates of gallium and indium, precursors for III/VI materials: the X-ray single-crystal structures of dimethyl- and diethylindium diethyldithiocarbamates. Chemistry of Materials, 7(4), 716 - 724.

    1994

    • Santos JD, Knowles JC, Reis RL, Monteiro FJ, Hastings GW (1994). Microstructural characterization of glass-reinforced hydroxyapatite composites. Biomaterials, 15(1), 5 - 10.
    • Abrahams I, Knowles JC (1994). Effects of sintering conditions on hydroxyapatite for use in medical applications: A powder diffraction study. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 4(2), 185 - 188.
    • Abrahams I, Knowles JC (1994). Erratum: Effects of sintering conditions on hydroxyapatite for use in medical applications: A powder diffraction study (Journal of Materials Chemistry (1994) 4 (185)). Journal of Materials Chemistry, 4(5), 775 - 775.

    1993

    • Knowles JC, Bonfield W (1993). Development of a glass reinforced hydroxyapatite with enhanced mechanical properties. The effect of glass composition on mechanical properties and its relationship to phase changes. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, 27(12), 1591 - 1598.
    • Knowles JC, Hastings GW (1993). In vitro and in vivo investigation of a range of phosphate glass-reinforced polyhydroxybutyrate-based degradable composites. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, 4(2), 102 - 106. doi:10.1007/BF00120377
    • Knowles JC (1993). Development of a natural degradable polymer for orthopaedic use.. J Med Eng Technol, 17(4), 129 - 137.

    1992

    • Knowles JC, Hastings GW, Ohta H, Niwa S, Boeree N (1992). Development of a degradable composite for orthopaedic use: in vivo biomechanical and histological evaluation of two bioactive degradable composites based on the polyhydroxybutyrate polymer.. Biomaterials, 13(8), 491 - 496.
    • Knowles JC, Hastings GW (1992). In vitro degradation of a polyhydroxybutyrate/polyhydroxyvalerate copolymer. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, 3(5), 352 - 358. doi:10.1007/BF00705367

    1991

    • Knowles JC, Sell PJ, Templeton J, Hastings GW (1991). A simple device for the production of an experimental fracture in the rat femur. Journal of Biomedical Engineering, 13(2), 176 - 176.
    • Knowles JC, Mahmud FA, Hastings GW (1991). Piezoelectric characteristics of a polyhydroxybutyrate-based composite. Clinical Materials, 8(1-2), 155 - 158.
    • Knowles JC, Hastings GW (1991). In vitro degradation of a PHB/PHV copolymer and a new technique for monitoring early surface changes.. Biomaterials, 12(2), 210 - 214.

    1990

    • Knowles JC, Hastings GW (1990). Simple computer controlled goniophotometer for the measurement of early stage changes in biodegradable polymers.. J Biomed Eng, 12(2), 102 - 104.

    • Guedes JC, Park JH, Lakhkar NJ, Kim HW, Knowles JC, Wall IB (). TiO2-doped phosphate glass microcarriers: A stable bioactive substrate for expansion of adherent mammalian cells. Journal of Biomaterials Applications, , - . doi:10.1177/0885328212459093
    • Abou Neel EA, Bozec L, Knowles JC, Syed O, Mudera V, Day R, Hyun JK (). Collagen - Emerging Collagen Based Therapies Hit the Patient. Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews, , - .
    • Valappil SP, Ready D , Abou Neel EA, Chrzanowski W, Wilson M, Knowles JC (). Effective increasing calcium concentration on antimicrobial activity of gallium-doped phosphate based glasses.
    • Abou, Neel EA, Chrzanowski W, Knowles JC (). Titanate metaphosphate glasses for potential bone tissue engineering applications.
    • Zhao X, Olsen I, Li H, Gellynck K, Buxton PG, Knowles JC, Salih V, Young AM (). Reactive calcium phosphate - containing poly (ester-co-ether) methacrylate bone adhesives: chemical, mechanical and biological considerations. Acta Biomaterialia, , - .
    • Abou Neel EA, Lee KY, Bismarck A, Young AM, Hart AD, Dalby MJ, Knowles JC (). Tailoring cell behaviour of polymers by the incorporation titanium doped phosphate glass filler. Advanced Engineering Materials, 12(7), B260 - B268.
    • moss RM, Abou Neel EA, Pickup DM, Twyman HL, Martin RA, Henson MD, Barney ER, Hannon AC, Knowles JC, Newport RJ (). The effect of zinc and titanium on the structure of calcium-sodium phosphate based glass.. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 356(25-27), 1319 - 1324. doi:10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2010.03.006
    • Bitar M, Salih V, Knowles JC, Lewis MP (). Iron-phosphate glass fiber scaffolds for the hard-soft interface regeneration: The effect of fiber diameter and flow culture condition on cell survival and differentiation. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, , - .
    • Misra SK, Philip SE, Chrzanowski W, Nazhat SN, Roy I, Knowles JC, Salih V, Boccaccini AR (). Incorporation of vitamin E in poly(3hydroxybutyrate)/Bioglass composite films: effect on surface properties and cell attachment.. Journal of the Royal Society Interface, , - .
    • Abou Neel EA, Chrzanowski W, Knowles JC (). Zinc as adjunct to titanate phosphate-based glasses for biomedical applications..