Basic skin retouching using frequency separation and dodging & burning. I use this process on every photo that I do, and I usually spend about 4-5 minutes on headshots like this (and less time on full body shots when there is obviously less detail in the face). This is not intended to be a high-end retouching tutorial, but techniques that can help people who want to do natural-looking retouching while maintaining most of the natural skin texture!
Frequency separation is a technique that allows you to give skin a smooth-yet-sharp look.
[Frequency separation is] a technique that enables you to selectively process not only different areas of an image, but also different detail levels. Frequency separation involves creating a high detail (high spatial frequency) layer and a low detail layer from a source image [...] Using this technique enables you to smooth and rework rough and fine details independently, and opens up some very high-quality and non-destructive methods with which to sharpen your images.
Now for the first time our customers will be able to use our secure website to pay for film processing online or upload digital B038;W files direct to our server. Alongside our online services we continue to sell process paid films and mailers through popular photographic dealers giving our customers even greater choice.
We believe there will always be demand for traditional silver gelatin prints and we are passionate about making the highest quality black and white prints whether from film or digital files. Our company has 130 years experience of producing the best black and white photographic products, a heritage we are extremely proud of.
Infrared, photographing the unseen (or simply create very interesting) images.
Discover where a circuit board may be overheating - where hot water pipes are buried in masonry 8211; and where heat loss is occurring through a building8217;s' roof. This would be an ideal use for infrared film. However: let me quash this myth right now! You cannot, under any circumstances, photograph heat loss with an infrared film. Infrared film can see the visible spectrum and also the near infrared up to just under 1000 nanometres.
Creative photographer are always challenging conventions and looking for new ways of coming up with eye-catching images. To kick off the brand new series on Pro Techniques, Lee Frost takes a look at how to get the best out of using infrared film.
A book about code that doesn8217;t read like a 19808242;s VCR manual8230; It8217;s not just for programmers, it8217;s written and presented to make it easy for designers, artists, bloggers, content and e-commerce managers, marketers to learn about the code used to write web pages8230;
Learn how to:
Read and write HTML5 and CSS3
Structure and design web pages and sites
Prepare images, audio and video for the web
Control typography and layout
You will also find lots of helpful hints and practical advice alongside the code
Camera motion causes blur. Though some photographers claim to be able to hand hold a camera steady at slow shutter speeds-V8221; sec. or even slower-it takes only a slight amount of camera motion during exposure to cause a noticeable blur in an image. If a sharp picture is your aim, using a fast shutter speed or supporting the camera on a tripod is a much surer way to produce an image that will be sharp when enlarged. 8230;
Many photographers feel somewhat restricted by conventional, commercial papers. Surface textures are limited and do not always suit the artistic vision of the individual. One way around this limitation is by using liquid emulsions, which can be coated onto many surfaces: paper, fabric, stones, tiles, wood, metal, and more. 8230;
The development time determines the amount of shadow detail. As the development progresses, dark grains begin to appear in the shadow areas, clumping together to form the darkest regions of the print. It is important to decide when to snatch the print from the developer by Judging the shadow density 8211; rather than the highlight detail. 8230; In order to make successful lith prints you must use a chloro-bromide based black and white paper. 8230;
Almost any image from a printed source can be transferred to paper. The best source of material for transfers is a full-color Sunday newspaper supplement. The inks are highly saturated and freshly printed. The paper stock is a lightweight newsprint, and if you wish to transfer duplicate images, you can purchase cheaply several newspapers. 8230;
The photojournalist generally responds to a situation, whereas the studio photographer creates a situation to fit a pre-conceived image. The ultimate control that the photographer has is the manipulation of the image itself. At its most sophisticated, the photographer can take on the role of an director. By combining studio techniques with photo-composites and re-touching, for example, you can achieve the graphic freedom of an illustration yet retain the basic realism of photographic images. Sophisticated image manipulation such as this is found mainly in advertising, where the commercial results justify the often high cost and lengthy technical work.
Combining images: by Sandwiching, Projection, and Multiple exposure
Format refers to the size of film that you are using.
Medium format mostly refers to 120 film which will be 6cm wide but depending on the camera you are using can be 4.5,6, or 7cm long and even longer which would go on to a large format camera. Our cameras produce negative that are 6 X 6cm and 6 X 7cm. We would advice that you do not use 220 film as it doesn8217;t have a paper back and can rip and is difficult to load, also some of our cameras are not designed for this longer film, So please stick to 120 film.
We do have a Polaroid back for the Mamiya RS67 for this you need to buy Polaroid film.
Lots of older medium format cameras don8217;t have built in light meters and so you will most probably have to use an external light meter. Saying that we do have a metering hood and metering pentaprisim but we would advise you to use a hand held light meter.
Light Meters help to give an accurate light reading which will be converted into the appropriate shutter speeds and fno relative to the film speed ie ISO. When using a light meter first dial in the correct ISO, then set the mode to either ambient, flash non-cord or flash cord, dependant on your lighting. For a general reading point the meter at the subject from the position of the camera and take a reading.
For a brightness-range take a reading from the brightest part and the darkest part then split the difference. Using a grey-card measure the light reflected off it. For incident-light reading use the white plastic diffusing dome then meter the light that is fallin8217;g This methods will not take into account close-up work, filters on the camera or very long or very short exposures.
Most medium format cameras require you to both cock the lens and wind the film on as two separate actions unlike most compacts and 35mm cameras where both these actions are carried out simply by winding the film on.
How do you utilise mixed lighting indoors? What problem arise and how can you solve them? This article by David Askham will give some of the answers, based on the author’s experience in a wide range of commercial assigments in work places, stately homes and domestic interiors. …
Light from any source – a window, a continuously burning lamp, a flash – foltows the same general rule: The light falls off (gets dimmer) the farther the light source is from an object. But light from a flash comes and goes so fast that you can’t see the effect of the flash on a scene at the time you are taking the picture. Special exposure meters are designed for use with flash; you can’t use an ordinary exposure meter to meas.
Perspective: the impression of depth. Few lenses (except for the fisheye) noticeably distort the scene they show. The perspective in a photograph-the apparent size and shape of objects and the impression of depth-is what you would see if you were standing at camera position. 8230;
A photogram is a picture made without using a camera; it records not the image of an object produced by a lens but the shadow cast by the object itself i. e. using the photographic printing process but without using a negative. They tend to be strong-silhouetted images. With experimenting you can create a fairly intricate image using marks, shapes and textures. 8230;
The first glossy coated photographic print. In general use c. 1855-1890. Thin paper was first coated with a mixture of whisked egg white and salt, then sensitized with silver nitrate. It was usually printed-out in sunlight under the negative in a printing frame.
Photographic colour print made from a colour negative: the most widely-used form of colour photograph today. 8230;
191 Wardour Street
London W1F 8ZE
Budget medium format & 35mm processing and printing
020 7494 3926
Unit 10 Hove Business Centre
Hove East Sussex BN3 6HA
digital C-type (Lambda up to 48”/125cm wide) and Giclee inkjet printing. Mounting and Face mounting to Perspex
Rapid Eye (Digital)
91 Brick Lane
Unit 43 on the 4th floor
London E1 6QL
Hasselblad X5 scanner to hire
020 7729 0031
78 Newman Street
London W1T 3EP
Film processing and printing
020 7436 1066
In this extensive article photographer Robert Thomas explains how blend modes work in Photoshop. He shows how to manipulate blend layers through keyboard shortcuts, as well explains the actual mathematical operations that drives each mode.
This Quick Reference Guide allows you to search and filter through a database of Photoshop CS6 shortcuts, tools, and more. You can search for the path of a menu item, help links, shortcuts, and descriptions all in one place.
By using common household materials, you can make a camera that will produce pictures. Making and using a pinhole camera will acquaint you with the basic elements of photography while providing an inexpensive and interesting way to take pictures. This bulletin explains how to make and use two types of pinhole cameras-a cartridge pinhole camera and a can or box pinhole camera. You8217;ll be proud of the pictures you can take with the camera you have constructed.
Got a broken TV to dispose of, or want to know how to recycle batteries, bulbs or an old laptop? Find out how to recycle an array of household products and electrical appliances here.
Select the product you8217;re interested in and we8217;ll let you know if and how you can recycle it, plus share insider tips from Which? experts on how to make money recycling certain products and the range of recycling services available to you.
ONLY switch the Pack ‘ON’ AFTER the Flash Heads have been correctly connected. Never disconnect the Flash Head cables with out first switching the power off. High voltage goes through these cables and care should always be taken when using them.
I use interparcel.com for most shipments I send. They are a broker for all the major couriers. They are much more reliable and helpful than other brokers. This means they offer low costs of major account holders. I find the 8220;Interparcel Standard8221; service the best. This is UPS in disguise. Same day pickup with next day delivery. You only have to print one A5 label an attach to the parcel, no extra paperwork like TNT or Fedex.
Interparcel have major accounts with the world8217;s largest and most trusted courier companies. Thanks to our massive buying power we have secured huge discounts off their normal selling rates. This allows us to offer you some of the lowest parcel delivery prices in the country!
We8217;re the UK8217;s largest online parcel broker
Excellent Customer Service
Largest range of courier services
Telephone, Email & Live Chat Support
They will even ship crates up to an insured value of £1000.
Controlling the exposure. Both shutter speed and aperture affect the amount of light reaching the film. To get a correctly exposed negative, one that is neither too light nor too dark, you need to find a combination of shutter speed and aperture that will let in the right amount of light for a particular scene and film.
Many fine portraits have been made using simple lighting setups. You don’t need a complicated arrangement of lights to make a good portrait. In fact, the simpler the setup, the more comfortable and relaxed your subject is likely to be.
The 35mm Single Lens Reflex (SLR) camera is fundamentally a 45° hinged mirror set behind a lens which reflects the image up to a focusing screen on the camera top. As the shutter release is pressed the mirror flips up to:
i) Form a seal under the focusing screen to prevent light from entering the camera through the viewing lens.
ii) Move out of the way of the lens and film. When the mirror reaches the horizontal position it fires a focal plane shutter just in front of the film to make an exposure. Distances are arranged so that the lens, mirror and focusing screen equal the the lens to film distance and everything appearing on the focusing screen is focused correctly. 8217;35mm8217; refers to the width of the film this camera uses. Each frame is a standard 24mm x 36mm format.
-The camera gives you the ability to precisely frame up the picture, focus, and observe depth of field.
-35mm types offer you the choice of fast, accurate modes for setting correct exposure by using through-the-Iens measurement of subject lighting (including flash).
-Key iformation such as correct exposure an focus, shutter speed and f-number, are signalled direct to your eye from alongside the focusing screen.
- There is a vast back-up range of lenses and accessories. This makes SLR outfits versatile 8216;unit systems8217; 8211; able to tackle most photography well.
- Fully AF (auto-focus) models adjust the lens faster than you can focus it by hand. And they work with a range of lenses.
- You cannot see through the viewfinder while the exposure is taking place. This can be a nuisance during long exposures or when panning at slow shutter speeds.
- When you are viewing at open aperture (having set a small aperture) it is easy to forget the changes that increased depth of field will give to your picture.
- The camera is electronically and mechanically more complex (and noisy) than other designs. By offering many options it tends to be more complicated to use than, say, a compact. Most SLRs also rely heavily on battery power to function.
- The range of speed settings for use with flash is limited (unless your flash gun provides a long peak.
Flash used normally will freeze moving object and if the exposure is correct, will evenly illuminate everything within its range. But, as in every aspect of photography, creating rule braking can produce stunning results; and this is particularly the unorthodox technique of slow sync flash.
Want to play around with SLR Camera settings and see how it affects your photo, but without actually using an SLR? Well, you can do just that with the Online SLR Camera Simulator. This simple application allows you to choose the lighting, ISO, shutter speed and aperture. A great tool to teach someone the basics of photography.
Strictly speaking solarisation is reversal, or partial reversal, of the image due to gross overexposure. The effect discussed here, although described by photographers as solarisation, is the Sabattier* effect or 8216;pseudo-solarisation8217;. Whatever the name, the effect is easily distinguished 8211; the reversal of weakest densities, and the formation of a thin contour line around strong tone boundaries. It therefore contains some of the characteristics of the tone line effect, but is achieved quite differently. 8230;
sugru is the exciting new air-curing rubber that can be formed by hand. It bonds to most materials and turns into a strong, flexible silicone rubber overnight.
Developed by a team of product designers and materials scientists, sugru’s patented technology is unique in its combination of hand-formability, self-adhesion and flexibility when cured. It feels like modelling clay, and it’s that easy to use too. Once cured, its durable properties mean it’s comfortable in extreme environments from the dishwasher to the ocean to Antarctica.
There are a number of photographic processes which enjoyed great popularity in the early year of the century. In some the actual photographic print formed only an intermediate stage in the production of the final image. Typical examples are carbon processes, the carbo process, and the bromoil processes. Of these three, the bromoil process is probably easiest to master, in terms of technique and availability of suitable materials. 8230;
The most realistic and usually most pleasing lighting resembles daylight, the light we see most often: one main source of light from above creating a single set of shadows. Lighting seems unrealistic (though there may be times when you will want that) if it comes from below or if it comes from two or more equally strong sources that produce shadows going in different directions.
Although far more people could now take photographs, for most of the first half of the twentieth century photography really meant pictures in black and white. Everyone now expects to have colour prints from their holiday a few hours after returning home, but 60 years ago a skilled photographer would take several days, at great expense, to get one colour image on to paper. Reaching today8217;s position called for tremendous research 8211; firstly to establish the best principle on which to base a system of colour photography, and secondly (even more difficult) how to put it into practice so that it was simple, inexpensive and gave high quality results. Hundreds of systems for 8216;natural colour photography8217; were put forward, often by fakers and fraudsters. Fortunes were lost trying to launch processes which only partly overcame problems and contained some fatal flaw. 8230;