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Consistency and specificity in burglars who commit prolific residential burglary: Testing the core assumptions underpinning behavioural crime linkage
Behavioural crime linkage is underpinned by two assumptions: (a) that offenders exhibit some degree of consistency in the way they commit offences (their modus operandi [MO]); and, (b) that offenders can be differentiated on the basis of their offence behaviour. The majority of existing studies sample at most three crimes from an offender's series of detected crimes and do not examine whether patterns differ across offenders. Here, we examine patterns observed across the entire detected series of each sampled offender, and assess how homogeneous patterns are across offenders. More...
Human trafficking for labour exploitation: Innovative approaches to prevention, prediction and protection
Dr Ella Cockbain has recently been awarded a prestigious Economic and Social Research Council Future Research Leaders Fellowship. The award is for a three-year study into trafficking for labour exploitation, under the mentorship of Professor Kate Bowers. The project is designed to improve understanding of and responses to labour trafficking, which is a recognised priority in the Home Office’s counter-organised crime strategy and research agendum. Key foci include assessing the scope, nature and impacts of labour trafficking and developing predictive models of risk, using empirically-substantiated individual- and area-level risk factors. A combination of qualitative and quantitative methods will support a nuanced, multi-faceted assessment of this complex issue. The study will include a three-month international placement at the Netherlands Centre for the Study of Crime and Law Enforcement. The project has the support of the UK Human Trafficking Centre, the National Crime Agency and the Dutch National Rapporteur on Trafficking in Human Beings. More...
We are pleased to announce UCL’s participation in a Nuffield-funded study into the sexual exploitation of boys and young men. UCL is working with Barnardo’s and NatCen Social Research on this collaborative project, designed to find out more about the characteristics of male victims, their exploitation and support needs. This scoping study is the first of its kind in the UK to focus specifically on male victims. UCL researchers are conducting a large-scale analysis of over 9,000 suspected CSE cases (led by UCL’s principal investigator Dr Ella Cockbain) and an evidence assessment (led by Dr Helen Brayley). Our partners at NatCen (the consortium lead) are conducting in-depth interviews with professionals. We are working with young people and practitioners to receive feedback on our findings. The study is expected to inform responses to male victims, who have often been overlooked in research, policy and practice. More...
Lethal Connections: The Determinants of Network Connections in the Provisional Irish Republican Army 1970 -1998
Using stochastic methods we illustrate that the Provisional Irish Republican Army's (PIRA) network is clustered along three primary dimensions: (a) brigade affiliation, (b) whether the member participated in violent activities, and (c) task/role within PIRA. More...
Risky Facilities: Crime Radiators or Crime Absorbers? A Comparison of Internal and External Levels of Theft
This paper examines whether the risk of within facility crime affects the risk of crime on the street outside or vice versa. Findings suggest that certain facilities act as ‘crime radiators’, experiencing their own crime problems but also having an impact on crime levels in the immediate external environment. More...
Professor Gloria Laycock, BSc, PhD, FRSA, OBE
Address: UCL Department of Security and Crime Science, 35 Tavistock Square, London, WC1H 9EZ
Phone No: N/A
Fax No: +44(0)20 3108 3088
Gloria Laycock graduated in psychology from University College London in 1968 and completed her PhD at UCL in 1975. She worked in the Home Office for over thirty years of which almost twenty years were spent on research and development in the policing and crime prevention fields. She established and headed the Home Office Police Research Group in 1992. She has extensive research experience in the UK and has acted as a consultant on policing and crime prevention in North America, Australia, New Zealand, Israel, South Africa and Europe. She is currently an advisor to HEUNI, a UN affiliated crime prevention organisation based in Helsinki.
In 1999 she was awarded an International Visiting Fellowship by the United States Department of Justice based in Washington DC. She returned to the UK in April 2001 from a four-month consultancy at the Australian Institute of Criminology in Canberra to become Director of the UCL Jill Dando Institute of Crime Science.
She was awarded an OBE in the Queen’s Birthday Honours 2008 for services to crime policy.
Laycock, G. (2001) Hypothesis Based Research: the Repeat Victimization Story Criminal Justice: The International Journal of Policy and Practice, Volume 1, (1) pps 59-82
Laycock, G. (2005) Defining Crime Science In M. J. Smith and N. Tilley (eds) Crime Science: New approaches to preventing and detecting crime Crime Science Series, Willan Publishing, Devon, UK
Laycock, G. (2005) Deciding what to do In Nick Tilley (Ed) Handbook of Crime Prevention and Community Safety Willan Publishing ISBN 1-84392-019-0
Tilley, N. and G. Laycock (2007) From Crime Prevention to Crime Science In G. Farrell, Kate J. Bowers, Shane D. Johnson and Michael Townsley (Eds) Imagination for crime Prevention: Essays in Honour of Ken Pease Crime Prevention Studies, Volume 21, pps 19-39, Willan Publishing, Devon, UK ISBN 13: 978-1-881798-71-2
Laycock, G. (2009) Science in the Context of International Crime Control International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice, Volume 33, No 1, Spring
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