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Research headlines

How 24 week-old babies are now able to survive

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Professor Neil Marlow (UCL Neonatology) discusses the EPICure study and how advances in neonatal care have improved the survival rates of extremely premature babies. Read: Telegraph

Forgive me, your Majesty

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Dr Andrew Smith (UCL History) and Professor Robert Hazell (UCL Constitution Unit) comment on the implications of David Cameron revealing the Queen’s private views on the Scottish Referendum. Read: Daily Mail

Smile, couch potatoes — because exercise rots your teeth

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Research conducted by Professor Ian Needleman (UCL Restorative Dental Sciences) suggests that the longer athletes train each week, the more likely they are to have tooth rot or fillings — and the further they run, the greater the danger. Read: Times (£), More: The Australian (£)

Diabetes risk increased for people working long hours in poorly paid jobs

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A study led Professor Mika Kivimaki (UCL Epidemiology & Public Health) found those putting in 55 hours or more a week in low-skill jobs were 30% more likely to develop diabetes than those working 35 to 40 hours. Read: Mirror, More: ITV News, Yorkshire Post, Northern Echo, Express & Star

The real story behind Facebook 'likes'

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A study by Dr Emiliano De Cristofaro (UCL Computer Science) finds there might not be much point paying for Facebook ads or "like farms" to increase the page followings of companies or campaigns. Read: Telegraph, MIT Technology Review, Pacific Standard

Half of children leave reception unready for school

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A report by Professor Michael Marmot (UCL Epidemiology & Public Health) has found that nearly half of all five year olds in England have not reached a high enough level of intellectual, emotional and physical development to prepare them for school. Read: Guardian, More: Telegraph, Independent, Daily Mail, BBC News, Yorkshire Post, Express & Star, Listen: BBC London 94.9 'Breakfast' (from 1 hour 34 mins)

Citizen science is stimulating a wealth of innovative projects

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Professor Steven Bishop (UCL Mathematics) explains how citizen science can change the way we perform research and uses Dr Jerome Lewis’s (UCL Anthropology) work with the ethnic Baka groups in Cameroon as an example. Read: Scientific American

Sugar intake must be slashed further

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Research conducted by Professor Aubrey Sheiham (UCL Epidemiology & Public Health) and the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine recommends that sugars in the diet should make up no more than 3% of total energy intake to reduce the significant financial and social burdens of tooth decay. Read: BBC News, More: Telegraph, Guardian, Daily Express, Times (£), Daily Mail, Herald, The Courier, Stoke Sentinel, Yorkshire Post, Shropshire Star, TIME, New Zealand Herald, UCL News, Listen: BBC Radio 5 Live ‘5 Live Breakfast’ (from 3 mins 22 secs), More: BBC Radio 4 ‘Today’ (from 5 mins 14 secs), BBC Radio Scotland 'Newsdrive' (from 20 mins 5 secs), BBC Radio Northampton 'Breakfast' (from 2 hours 42 mins), BBC Radio Somerset 'Ask the expert' (from 4 mins)

Heart defects increase risk of death

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Research led by Dr Rachel Knowles (UCL Institute of Child Health) has found that heart defects can leave children vulnerable for years after surgery, with over 20 per cent of childhood deaths from severe heart defects taking place after the child’s first birthday. Listen: BBC Radio Wales ‘Good Morning Wales’ (from 37 mins 19 secs)

Fat shaming 'makes people eat more rather than less'

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A study led by Dr Sarah Jackson and Professor Jane Wardle (UCL Epidemiology & Public Health) has found that shaming overweight people about their size does not encourage them to lose weight. Read: Telegraph, More: Daily Mail, Guardian, Times (£), i, Metro, Mirror, BBC News, ITV News, Press & Journal, Herald, The Courier, Shropshire Star, Washington Post, UCL News

Meeting emissions target will create jobs

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Research conducted by Professor Paul Ekins (UCL Energy Institute) and Cambridge Econometrics has found that meeting targets to cut carbon from the power sector, transport, homes and businesses could reduce imports of oil and gas by £8.5bn a year by 2030. Read: Daily Mail, More: Belfast Telegraph

Where in the UK do people swear most on Twitter?

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A study by Dr Hannah Fry and Dr Ed Manley (UCL CASA) has revealed which areas of the UK Twitter users are most likely to swear in their posts. Read: BBC News, More: Independent, Guardian, Metro, Belfast Telegraph, The Hindu, Listen: BBC Radio 4 'Future Proof' (from 30 mins 35 secs)

Sibling bullying increases depression risk

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Researchers from UCL, the University of Oxford, the University of Warwick and Bristol University have found that children regularly bullied by siblings are at a higher risk of depression later in life. Read: BBC News, More: Dundee Courier, The Australian

Biofuels: E Coli modified to make engine-ready propane

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A team of researchers including Dr Kalim Akhtar (UCL Biochemical Engineering) have engineered the harmless gut bacteria Escherichia coli (E. coli) to generate renewable propane. Read: Forbes, Nature, More: UCL News

Mental illness and sexual abuse: the shocking link

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A study led by Dr Hind Khalifeh (UCL Psychiatry) and in collaboration with King’s College London has found that women with severe mental illness are up to five times more likely than the general population to be victims of sexual assault. Read: Guardian, More: UCL News, Listen: BBC London 94.9 ‘Breakfast’ (from 1 hour 43 mins)

How to make our children safe

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Dr Ella Cockbain (UCL Security and Crime Science) comments on the Rotherham child sexual exploitation scandal. Read: Sunday Times (£), More: Sydney Morning Herald

These clues help identify a mentally ill 'lone gunman'

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A study by Dr Paul Gill and Emily Corner (UCL Security & Crime Science) has found that terrorists acting alone appear more likely to suffer from mental illness than those who act as part of a group. Read: Huffington Post

Volatile emotions are driving the world economy

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A team led by Dr David Tuckett (UCL Clinical, Educational & Health Psychology) is looking into the psychological moods of market participants to decipher what drives economic activities. Read: Al Jazeera

What lit up the universe?

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A new study by Dr Andrew Pontzen and Dr Hiranya Peiris (UCL Physics & Astronomy) shows we will soon uncover the origin of the ultraviolet light that bathes the cosmos, helping scientists understand how galaxies were built. Read: Daily Mail, The Hindu, More: UCL News, Listen: BBC World Service 'Science in Action', The Naked Scientists

Sexual exploitation of boys 'overlooked'

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Research led by Dr Ella Cockbain (UCL Security and Crime Science) has revealed that the sexual exploitation of boys and young men is a much bigger problem than previously thought, with male victims accounting for a third of those supported by Barnardo’s. Read: BBC News, More: Telegraph, Guardian, UCL News, Watch: Sky News,

Aging may be linked to diet

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Two new studies by UCL have demonstrated how an interplay between nutrition, metabolism and immunity is involved in the process of ageing. Read: Times of India, UCL News

Ditch the car and lose half a stone

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Research conducted by UCL and the London School of Tropical Hygiene has found that people who take the bus, cycle or walk to work are more likely to have a lower BMI and body fat percentage than those who drive. Read: Telegraph, More: Daily Mail, Shropshire Star, BMJ

Volunteers help British Museum in crowdsourcing archaeology project

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Volunteers from around the world have helped to transcribe more than 30,000 handwritten catalogue cards and thousands of ancient bronze objects as part of the MicroPast project, which is co-led by Professor Andrew Bevan (UCL Archaeology) and Daniel Pett (British Museum). Read: Guardian

The Queen's own pirates

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After a decade of excavations, led by Gustav Milne (UCL Archaeology), researchers have revealed it is highly likely that a wreck found in the bed of the Thames estuary is the Cherabin, England's only surviving 'state pirate ship'. Read: Daily Mail

Boy has ears created from ribs

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Dr Patrizia Ferretti (UCL Institute of Child Health) explains a new approach to tissue engineering currently being researched by the UCL Institute of Child Health, which will create stem cells from patients' fat tissue. Read: BBC News

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