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Research headlines

Sugar intake must be slashed further

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Research conducted by Professor Aubrey Sheiham (UCL Epidemiology & Public Health) and the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine recommends that sugars in the diet should make up no more than 3% of total energy intake to reduce the significant financial and social burdens of tooth decay. Read: BBC News, More: Telegraph, Guardian, Daily Express, Times (£), Daily Mail, Herald, The Courier, Stoke Sentinel, Yorkshire Post, Shropshire Star, TIME, New Zealand Herald, UCL News, Listen: BBC Radio 5 Live ‘5 Live Breakfast’ (from 3 mins 22 secs), More: BBC Radio 4 ‘Today’ (from 5 mins 14 secs), BBC Radio Scotland 'Newsdrive' (from 20 mins 5 secs), BBC Radio Northampton 'Breakfast' (from 2 hours 42 mins), BBC Radio Somerset 'Ask the expert' (from 4 mins)

Heart defects increase risk of death

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Research led by Dr Rachel Knowles (UCL Institute of Child Health) has found that heart defects can leave children vulnerable for years after surgery, with over 20 per cent of childhood deaths from severe heart defects taking place after the child’s first birthday. Listen: BBC Radio Wales ‘Good Morning Wales’ (from 37 mins 19 secs)

Fat shaming 'makes people eat more rather than less'

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A study led by Dr Sarah Jackson and Professor Jane Wardle (UCL Epidemiology & Public Health) has found that shaming overweight people about their size does not encourage them to lose weight. Read: Telegraph, More: Daily Mail, Guardian, Times (£), i, Metro, Mirror, BBC News, ITV News, Press & Journal, Herald, The Courier, Shropshire Star, Washington Post, UCL News

Meeting emissions target will create jobs

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Research conducted by Professor Paul Ekins (UCL Energy Institute) and Cambridge Econometrics has found that meeting targets to cut carbon from the power sector, transport, homes and businesses could reduce imports of oil and gas by £8.5bn a year by 2030. Read: Daily Mail, More: Belfast Telegraph

Where in the UK do people swear most on Twitter?

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A study by Dr Hannah Fry and Dr Ed Manley (UCL CASA) has revealed which areas of the UK Twitter users are most likely to swear in their posts. Read: BBC News, More: Independent, Guardian, Metro, Belfast Telegraph, The Hindu, Listen: BBC Radio 4 'Future Proof' (from 30 mins 35 secs)

Sibling bullying increases depression risk

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Researchers from UCL, the University of Oxford, the University of Warwick and Bristol University have found that children regularly bullied by siblings are at a higher risk of depression later in life. Read: BBC News, More: Dundee Courier, The Australian

Biofuels: E Coli modified to make engine-ready propane

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A team of researchers including Dr Kalim Akhtar (UCL Biochemical Engineering) have engineered the harmless gut bacteria Escherichia coli (E. coli) to generate renewable propane. Read: Forbes, Nature, More: UCL News

Mental illness and sexual abuse: the shocking link

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A study led by Dr Hind Khalifeh (UCL Psychiatry) and in collaboration with King’s College London has found that women with severe mental illness are up to five times more likely than the general population to be victims of sexual assault. Read: Guardian, More: UCL News, Listen: BBC London 94.9 ‘Breakfast’ (from 1 hour 43 mins)

How to make our children safe

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Dr Ella Cockbain (UCL Security and Crime Science) comments on the Rotherham child sexual exploitation scandal. Read: Sunday Times (£), More: Sydney Morning Herald

These clues help identify a mentally ill 'lone gunman'

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A study by Dr Paul Gill and Emily Corner (UCL Security & Crime Science) has found that terrorists acting alone appear more likely to suffer from mental illness than those who act as part of a group. Read: Huffington Post

Volatile emotions are driving the world economy

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A team led by Dr David Tuckett (UCL Clinical, Educational & Health Psychology) is looking into the psychological moods of market participants to decipher what drives economic activities. Read: Al Jazeera

What lit up the universe?

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A new study by Dr Andrew Pontzen and Dr Hiranya Peiris (UCL Physics & Astronomy) shows we will soon uncover the origin of the ultraviolet light that bathes the cosmos, helping scientists understand how galaxies were built. Read: Daily Mail, The Hindu, More: UCL News, Listen: BBC World Service 'Science in Action', The Naked Scientists

Sexual exploitation of boys 'overlooked'

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Research led by Dr Ella Cockbain (UCL Security and Crime Science) has revealed that the sexual exploitation of boys and young men is a much bigger problem than previously thought, with male victims accounting for a third of those supported by Barnardo’s. Read: BBC News, More: Telegraph, Guardian, UCL News, Watch: Sky News,

Aging may be linked to diet

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Two new studies by UCL have demonstrated how an interplay between nutrition, metabolism and immunity is involved in the process of ageing. Read: Times of India, UCL News

Ditch the car and lose half a stone

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Research conducted by UCL and the London School of Tropical Hygiene has found that people who take the bus, cycle or walk to work are more likely to have a lower BMI and body fat percentage than those who drive. Read: Telegraph, More: Daily Mail, Shropshire Star, BMJ

Volunteers help British Museum in crowdsourcing archaeology project

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Volunteers from around the world have helped to transcribe more than 30,000 handwritten catalogue cards and thousands of ancient bronze objects as part of the MicroPast project, which is co-led by Professor Andrew Bevan (UCL Archaeology) and Daniel Pett (British Museum). Read: Guardian

The Queen's own pirates

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After a decade of excavations, led by Gustav Milne (UCL Archaeology), researchers have revealed it is highly likely that a wreck found in the bed of the Thames estuary is the Cherabin, England's only surviving 'state pirate ship'. Read: Daily Mail

Boy has ears created from ribs

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Dr Patrizia Ferretti (UCL Institute of Child Health) explains a new approach to tissue engineering currently being researched by the UCL Institute of Child Health, which will create stem cells from patients' fat tissue. Read: BBC News

Meet your maker: Homing in on the ancestor of all life

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A study led by Dr Nick Lane (UCL Genetics, Evolution & Environment) and Victor Sojo (UCL CoMPLEX/Biosciences) suggests that life’s Last Universal Common Ancestor (LUCA) had a ‘leaky’ membrane, which can offer clues as to how humans and other life evolved and grew. Read: Daily Mail, More: New Scientist (£), International Business Times, UCL News Listen: The Naked Scientists

Adventures in contraception: eight women discuss their choices

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Professor Judith Stephenson (UCL Women's Health) explains that there are more effective methods of contraception than the pill or condom. Read: Observer

UK universities offer cash and memberships to lure bright students

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Article on university student incentive schemes notes that UCL is offering £1,000 scholarships to students who get three or more A*s. Read: Financial Times

Confusion over best way to brush teeth, study finds

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Advice on the best way to brush teeth for adults and children is confusing and inconsistent, according to research led by Dr John Wainwright and Professor Aubrey Sheiham (UCL Epidemiology & Public Health). Read: BBC News, More: Daily Mail, Reuters, Times (£), Daily Telegraph, Guardian, Independent, TIME, The Australian, Times of India, UCL News, Listen: BBC Radio 5 Live (from 49 min 35 secs), Watch: BBC News

Hope for paralysed patients as scientists rebuild links from spinal cord to brain

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Professors Chris Mason (UCL Biochemical Engineering) and Geoffrey Raisman (UCL Brain Repair & Rehabilitation) comment on new research where neurons grown from human cells were implanted into the spines of rats. Read: The Times (£)

Dieting makes you healthier - and less happy

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A study led by Dr Sarah Jackson (UCL Epidemiology & Public Health) has found that although weight loss significantly improves physical health, it can lead to a higher risk of depression. Read: Daily Mail, More: Times (£), The Conversation, BBC News, Scotsman, The Australian

Centralised stroke care saves more lives

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A study led by Professor Stephen Morris and Professor Naomi Fulop (UCL Applied Health Research) has found that the centralisation of stroke services in London, which involved the controversial closure of five hospital units, has saved nearly 100 lives a year. Read: Guardian, More: Independent, BBC News, Times (£), Guardian Science, UCL News, Listen: BBC Radio 4 'Today' (from 1 hour 24 mins)

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