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Lexical Pragmatics

Bibliography (A - M)

Note to all users: Papers with links (pdfs) are available on the web. 

Aitchison, J. 1994. Words in the Mind: an Introduction to the Mental Lexicon. Blackwell, Oxford.

Allott, N. and Rubio Fernández, P. 2002. This paper fills a much-needed gap. In P. Afuta, A. El Ghali and F. Toussenel (eds.) The Proceedings of the Atelier des Den Linguistique. Universite Paris, Paris.

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Ariel, M. 2002.The demise of a unique concept of literal meaning. Journal of Pragmatics 34: 361-402. (PDF)

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Asher, N. and Lascarides, A. 2001 The semantics and pragmatics of metaphor. In P. Bouillon and F. Busa (eds.) The Language of Word Meaning. 262-289. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. (PDF)

Atlas, J. 2005. Logic, Meaning, and Conversation: Semantical Underdeterminacy, Implicature, and their Interface. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Bach, K. 1994. Conversational impliciture. Mind and Language 9: 124-62. (PDF)

Bach, K. 1995. Standardization vs. Conventionalization. Linguistics and Philosophy 18: 677-686.

Bach, K. 1995b/1998. Standardization revisited. In A. Kasher (ed.) Pragmatics: Critical Concepts. Vol IV: 712-722. Routedge, London and New York. (PDF)

Bach, K. 1997. The semantics-pragmatics distinction: what it is and why it matters. Linguistische Berichte 8: 33-50. Special Issue on Pragmatics. (PDF)

Bach, K. 1999. The myth of conventional implicature. Linguistics and Philosophy 22: 327-366. (PDF)

Bach, K. 2001. Speaking loosely: sentence nonliterality. In P. French and H. Wettstein (eds.) Midwest Studies in Philosophy: Figurative Language vol 25: 249-263.. Blackwell Publishers. (PDF)

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Barcelona, A. 2000 (ed.) Metaphor and Metonymy at the Crossroads: a Cognitive Perspective. Berlin/New York, Mouton de Gruyter.

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Barsalou, L.W. 1982. Context-independent and context-dependent information in concepts. Memory and Cognition 10: 82-93. (PDF)

Barsalou, L.W. 1983. Ad hoc categories. Memory and Cognition 11: 211-227. (PDF)

Barsalou, L.W. 1985. Ideals, central tendency, and frequency of instantiation as determinants of graded structure in categories. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 11: 629-654. (PDF)

Barsalou, L.W. 1987. The instability of graded structure: implications for the nature of concepts. In U. Neisser (ed.) Concepts and Conceptual Development: Ecological and Intellectual Factors in Categorization. 101-140. Cambridge University Press, New York. (PDF)

Barsalou, L.W. 1989. Intraconcept similarity and its implications for interconcept similarity. In S. Vosniadou and A. Ortony (eds.) Similarity and Analogical Reasoning. 76-121. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. (PDF)

Barsalou, L.W. 1989. Systematicity and semantic ambiguity. In D. Gorfein (ed.) Resolving Semantic Ambiguity. 146-203. Springer-Verlag, New York.

Barsalou, L.W. 1990. Access and inference in categorization. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 28: 268-271.

Barsalou, L.W. 1990. On the indistinguishablility of exemplar memory and abstraction in category representation. In T.K. Srull and R.S: Wyer (eds.) Advances in Social Cognition. Volume II: Content and Process Specificity in the Effects of Prior Experiences. 61-88. Lawernce Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale, N.J. (PDF)

Barsalou, L.W. 1991. Deriving categories to achieve goals. In G. Bower (ed.) The Psychology of Learning and Motivation. New York: Harcourt Brace Javanovick. (PDF)

Barsalou, L.W. 1992. Frames, concepts, and conceptual fields. In A. Lehrer, E. Feder Kittay. Frames, Fields, and Contrasts: New essays in Semantica and Lexical Organization. 21-74. Lawrence Erlbaum: Hillsdale, New Jersey. (PDF)

Barsalou, L.W. 1993. Flexibility, structure, and linguistic vagary in concepts: Manifestations of a compositional system of perceptual symbols. In A. Collins, S.E. Gathercole, and M.A. Conway (eds.) Theories of Memory. 29-101. Lawrence Erlbaum, London. (PDF)

Barsalou, L.W. 1999. Perceptual symbol systems. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 22: 577-660. (PDF)

Barsalou, L.W. and Bower, G. 1980. A priori determinants of a concept’s highly accessible information. Paper presented at the American Psychological Association Convention. Montreal.

Barsalou, L.W. and Hale, C. 1993. Components of conceptual representation: from feature lists to recursive frames. In I. Van Mechelen, J. Hampton, R. Michalski, & P. Theuns (eds.) Categories and Concepts: Theoretical Views and Inductive Data Analysis. 97-144. Academic Press, San Diego CA. (PDF)

Barsalou, L.W. Salomon, K. and Wu, L. 1999. Perceptual simulation in conceptual tasks. In M. Hiraga, C. Sinha and S. Vilcox (eds). Cultural, Typological and Psychological Perspectives in Cognitive Linguistics. The Proceedings of the 4th Conference of the International Cognitive Linguistics Association. Vol. 3, 209-227. John Benhamin, Amsterdam. (PDF)

Barsalou, L.W., and Sewell, D.R. 1985. Contrasting the representation of scripts and categories. Journal of Memory and Language, 24, 646-665.1984. (PDF)

Barsalou, L.W., Medin, D. 1986. Concepts: fixed definitions or context-dependent representations? Cashier de Psychologie Cognitive 6: 187-202.

Barsalou, L.W., Sewel, D.R.. and Spindler, J.L. (ms) Flexibility and stability in concepts.

Barsalou, L.W., Yeh, W., Luka, B., Olseth, K., Mix, K. and Wu, L. 1993. Concepts and Meaning. In K. Beals, G. Cooke, D. Kathman, K.E. McCullough, S. Kita, and D. Testen (eds.) Chicago Linguistics Society 29: Papers from the Parasession on Conceptual Representations. 23-61. University of Chicago, Chicago Linguistics Society, Chicago. (PDF)

Becker, A. 1997. Emergent and common features influence metaphor interpretation. Metaphor and Symbol, 12 (4): 243-259.

Benari, M. 2004. If it is different then how come it is similar? The impressions of sameness and difference experienced by readers of metaphoric language. Pragmatics and Cognition 12 (2): 351-373. (PDF)

Bezuidenhout, A. and Cutting, J.C. 2002. Literal meaning, minimal propositions and pragmatic processing. Journal of Pragmatics 34: 433-456. (PDF)

Bierwisch, M. 1989. The semantics of gradation. In M. Bierwisch and E. Lang (eds.) Dimensional Adjectives. 71-261. Springer-Verlag (?), Berlin.

Black, M. 1962 Models and Metaphors. Cornell UP, Ithaca NY.

Black, M. 1962. Metaphor. In M. Black. Models and Metaphors. 25-47. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York:

Black, M. 1979. How metaphors work: a reply to Donald Davidson. On sacks, S (ed) 1979. On Metaphor. 181-192. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Black, M. 1979. More about metaphor. In A. Ortony (ed.) Metaphor and Thought. 19-43. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Blakemore, D. 2002. Linguistic Meaning and Relevance: The Semantics and Pragmatics of Discourse Markers. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Blasko, D. 1999. On the tip of the iceberg: who understands what about metaphor? Journal of Pragmatics 31: 1675-1683 (PDF)

Blasko, D. and Connine, C.M. 1993. Effects of familiarity and aptness on metaphor processing. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Metaphor and Cognition 19(2): 295-308. (PDF)

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Blutner, R. 1998. Lexical pragmatics. Journal of Semantics 15: 115-162. (PDF)

Blutner, R. 2000. Some aspects of optimality in natural language interpretation. Journal of Semantics 17: 189-216. (PDF)

Blutner, R. 2002. Lexical semantics and pragmatics. Linguistische Berichte 10: 27-58. (PDF)

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Bock, K. and Brewer, W. 1980. Comprehension and memory of the literal and figurative meaning of proverbs. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research 9 (1): 59-72.(PDF)

Bortfeld, H. McGlone, M. 2001. The continuum of metaphor processing. Metaphor and Symbol 16 (1&2) 75-86) (PDF)

Bowdle, B. and Gentner, D. 1999. Metaphor comprehension: from comparison to categorisation. Proceedings of the Twenty-Fist Conference of The Cognitive Science Society, 90-95. (PDF)

Braisby, N. Franks, B. and Hampton, J. 1996. Essentialism, word use, and concepts. Cognition 59: 247-274. (PDF)

Brewer, W. 1977. Memory for the pragmatic implication of sentences. Memory and Cognition 5(6): 673-678.

Brown, S. and Craik, F. 2000. Encoding and Retrieval of Information. In E. Tulving and F. Craik (eds.) The Oxford Handbook on Memory. 93-107. Oxford University Press, New York.

Brugman, C. 1997. Polysemy. In J. Verschueren and J-O. Ostman, J. Blommaert and C. Bulcaen (eds.) Handbook of Pragmatics. John Benjamins, Ámsterdam.

Butler, K. 1995. Content, context and compositionality. Mind and Language 10, 3-24.

Cacciari, C. 1998.  Why do we speak Metaphorically? Reflections in thought and language. In. A. N. Katz, C. Cacciari, R.W. Gibbs Jr. and M. Turner. 1998. Figurative Language and Thought. 119-157. New York: Oxford University Press.

Cacciari, C. and Glucksberg, S. 1991. Understanding idiomatic expressions: the contribution of word meanings. In G.B. Simpson (ed.) Understanding Word and Sentence. 217-240. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Cacciari, C. and Glucksberg, S. 1994. Understanding figurative language. In Gernsbacher (ed.) Handbook of Psycholinguistics. 447-477. Academic Press.

Cacciari, C. and Glucksberg, S. 1995a. Imaging idiomatic expressions: literal or figurative meanings? In M. Everaert et al. (eds.) Idioms: Structural and Psychological Perspectives. 43-56. Lawrence Erlbaum, New Jersey.

Cacciari, C. and Glucksberg, S. 1995b. Understanding idioms: do visual images reflect figurative meanings. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology 7 (3): 283-305.

Cacciari, C. and Levorato, M.C. 1989. How children understand idioms in discourse. Journal of Child Language 16: 387-405.

Cacciari, C. and Levorato, M.C. 1998. The effect of semantic analysability of idioms in metalinguistic tasks. Metaphor and Symbol. 13(3): 159-177.

Cacciari, C., Levorato M.C. and Cicogna, P. 1997. Imagination at work: conceptual and linguistic creativity in children. In M. Ward. et al. (eds.) Creative Thought: an Investigation of Conceptual Structures and Processes. 179-208. American Psychological Association, Washington, DC.

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Cameron, L. and Deignan, A. 2003. Combining large and small corpora to investigate tuning devices around metaphor in spoken discourse. Metaphor and Symbol, 18/3, 149-160.

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Carston, R. 1997. Enrichment and loosening: complementary processes in deriving the proposition expressed. Linguistische Berichte 8, Special Issue on Pragmatics, 103-127. Also in 1996 UCL Working Papers in Linguistics 8: 61-88 (PDF)

Carston, R. 1999. The semantics/pragmatics distinction: a view from relevance theory. In K. turner (ed.) The Sematics/Pragmatics Interface from Different Points of View (CRiSPI 1). Elsevier Science. Also in UCL Working Papers in Linguistics 10: 53-80.(PDF)

Carston, R. 2002a. Thoughts and Utterances. Oxford: Blackwell.

Carston, R. 2002b. Linguistic meaning, communicated meaning and cognitive pragmatics. Mind and Language 17: 127-148. (PDF)

Carston, R. 2002c. Metaphor, ad hoc concepts and word meaning – more questions than answers. UCL Working Papers in Lingusitics 14: 83-105. (PDF)

Carston, R. 2004a. Explicature and semantics. In S. Davis and B. Gillon (eds.) Semantics: a Reader. Oxford: Oxford University Press. A previous version was published in 2000 UCL Working Papers in Linguistics 12: 1-44. (PDF)

Carston, R. 2004b. Relevance theory and the saying/implicating distinction. In L. Horn and G. Ward (eds.) Handbook of Pragmatics. Oxford: Blackwell. (PDF)

Carston, R. 2004c. Truthconditional content and conversational implicature. In C. Bianchi (ed.) The Semantics/Pragmatics Distinction. CSLI Publications.(PDF)

Carston, R. and Uchida, S. (eds.) 1998. Relevance Theory: Applications and Implications. John Benjamins: Amsterdam.

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Chiappe, D. 2000. Metaphor, modularity, and the evolution of conceptual integration. Metaphor and Symbol, 15(3): 137-158 (PDF)

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Cohen, L.J. 1979/93. The semantics of metaphor.  In Ortony, A. (ed.) Metaphor and Thought, 64-77.  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.  Reprinted in Ortony, A.  (ed.)  1993, 58-71.

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Gentner, D., Bowdle, B., Wolff, P. and Boronat, C. 2001. Metaphor is like analogy.  In Gentner, D., Holyoak, K. and Kokinov, B. (eds.) 2001. The Analogical Mind: Perspectives from Cognitive Science. 199-253. Cambridge MA, MIT Press. (PDF)

Gernsbacher, M.A., Keysar, B., Robertson, R. and Werner, N. 2001. The role of suppression and enhancement in understanding metaphors. Journal of Memory and Language 45: 433-450. (PDF)

Gernsbacher, MA. and Robertson, R. 1999. The role of suppression in figurative language comprehension. Journal of pragmatics 31: 1619-1630. (PDF)

Gibbs, R. 1991. Semantic analyzability in children’s understanding of idioms. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research 34: 613-620.

Gibbs, R. 1992 Categorization and metaphor understanding. Psychological Review 99: 572-577 (PDF)

Gibbs, R. 1993. Process and Products in Making Sense of Tropes. In A. Ortony (ed.) Metaphor and Thought.252-276. New York: C.U.P.

Gibbs, R. 1994a. The Poetics of Mind. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Gibbs, R. 1994b. Figurative Thought and Figurative Language. M. A. Gernsbacher (ed.) Handbook of Psycholinguistics. 411- 446. Academic Press, San Diego.

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Gibbs, R. 1996. Why many concepts are metaphorical. Cognition 61: 309-319. (PDF)

Gibbs, R. 1998. The fight over metaphor in thought and language. In N. Katz,C. Cacciari, R. Gibbs, M. Turner. 1998. Figurative Language and Thought. 88-118. New York, Oxford University Press.

Gibbs, R. 1999a. Interpreting what the speaker say and implicate. Brain and Language 68: 466-485.

Gibbs, R. 1999b. Speaker's intuitions and pragmatic theory. Cognition 69: 355-359.

Gibbs, R. 1999c. Taking metaphor out of our heads and putting it into the cultural world. In R. Gibbs & G. Steen (Eds.). 1999. Metaphor in Cognitive Linguistics: Selected Papers from the Fifth International Cognitive Linguistics Conference. 145-166. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company.

Gibbs, R. 2001a. Evaluating contemporary models of figurative language understanding. Metaphor and Symbol. 16 (3 & 4): 317-333.(PDF)

Gibbs, R. 2001b. Proverbial themes we live by. Poetics 29: 167-188. (PDF)

Gibbs, R. 2002a. A new look at literal meaning in understanding what is said and implicated. Journal of Pragmatics 34(4): 457-486. (PDF)

Gibbs, R. and Bogdonovich, J. 1999. Mental imagery in interpreting poetic metaphor. Metaphor and Symbol

Gibbs, R. and Moise, J. F. 1997. Pragmatics in understanding what is said. Cognition 62: 51-74. (PDF)

Gibbs, R. and Tendahl, M. Forthcoming. Cognitive effort and effects in metaphor comprehension: relevance theory and psycholinguistics. To appear in Mind and Language.

Gibbs, R., Bogdonovich, J., Sykes, J. and Barr, D. 1997 Metaphor in idiom comprehension. Journal of Memory and Language 37: 141-154. (PDF)

Gibbs, R., Buchalter, D, Moise, J. and Farrar, W. 1993. Literal meaning and figurative meaning. Discourse Processes 16: 387-404.

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Giora, R. and Fein, O. 1999 On understanding familiar and less-familiar figurative language. Journal of Pragmatics 31: 1601-1618.(PDF)

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Glucksberg, S. 2001. Beyond the literal. In S. Glucksberg. Understanding Figurative Language. Chapter 2. 16- 28. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Glucksberg, S. 2001. On the fate(s) of literal meanings. Paper presented at Workshop Towards an Experimental Pragmatics, Lyons, France.

Glucksberg, S. 2001. Understanding Figurative Language: from Metaphors to Idioms. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

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Glucksberg, S. and Estes, Z. 2000. Feature accessibility in conceptual combination: effects of context-induced relevance. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review 7(3): 510-515. (PDF)

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Glucksberg, S. and McGlone, M. 1999. When Love is not a journey: what metaphors mean. Journal of Pragmatics 31: 1541-1558. (PDF)

Glucksberg, S. Brown, M.E and McGlone, M.S. 1993. Conceptual metaphors are not automatically accessed during idioms comprehension. Memory and Cognition 21(5): 711-719.

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