Department of Political Science


School of Public Policy Publications

Book cover by Domna 'The Ineroxable Evolution of Financialisation: Financial Crises in Emerging Markets'
Domna Michailidou (Palgrave Macmillan, 2016)

Since the 2007 financial crisis, discussion on issues related to the size, spread and frequency of financial crises has captivated a wide variety of audiences. Why has the world economy experienced such a marked increase in financial transactions and private and public indebtedness since the 1980s? How have middle-income developing countries suddenly become a part of this dynamic? And, most importantly, how has the topic of financial crises been featured in households' daily discussions in both developed and developing parts of the world? Domna Michailidou addresses the questions above through exploring the inexorable evolution of financialisation into financial crisis through the examination of three middle-income countries: Mexico, Brazil and South Korea. Concentrating on emerging economies, and especially choosing three very different economies that all experienced financial crises in the 1990s, this book explores what lessons can be learnt regarding financial fragility, volatility and failure in the wake of capital market liberalisation.
Book Cover by Maki Kimura Unfolding the ‘Comfort Women’ Debates: Modernity, Violence, Women’s Voices 
Maki Kimura (Palgrave Macmillan, 2016) 

The book is part of Palgrave Macmillan’s series, Genders and Sexualities in History and is introduced as: 

Unfolding the ‘Comfort Women’ Debates is a distinguished contribution to the Genders and Sexualities in History series. It is a historically nuanced and rigorously researched exploration of the controversial ‘comfort women’ debates. At national and international levels, disagreements about the ‘comfort women’ have stimulated discussions about legal responsibility, criminal prosecution and financial compensation for war crimes. Crucially, Kimura asks us to reflect on the politics of recording, documenting, studying and writing history. She probes Orientalist interpretations of the ‘comfort women’ issue and suggests new ways to think about the relationship between modernity and evil. The book is essential reading for anyone interested in the nature and extent of sexual violence against women in armed conflicts. It will also speak to a wider historical readership in its framing of the interpretative and methodological issues involved in global questions of human rights.

Hudson 2015 Global Finance and Development 
By David Hudson

The question of money, how to provide it, and how to acquire it where needed is axiomatic to development. The realities of global poverty and the inequalities between the ‘haves’ and the ‘have-nots’ are clear and well documented, and the gaps between world’s richest and the world’s poorest are ever-increasing. But, even though funding development is assumed to be key, the relationship between finance and development is contested and complex.
This book explores the variety of relationships between finance and development, offering a broad and critical understanding of these connections and perspectives. It breaks finance down into its various aspects, with separate chapters on aid, debt, equity, microfinance and remittances. Throughout the text, finance is presented as a double-edged sword: while it is a vital tool towards poverty reduction, helping to fund development, more critical approaches remind us of the ways in which finance can hinder development. It contains a range of case studies throughout to illustrate finance in practice, including, UK aid to India, debt in Zambia, Apple’s investment in China, microfinance in Mexico, government bond issues in Chile, and financial crisis in East Asia. The text develops and explores a number of themes throughout, such as the relationship between public and private sources of finance and debates about direct funding versus the allocation of credit through commercial financial markets. The book also explores finance and development interactions at various levels, from the global structure of finance through to local and everyday practices.
Global Finance and Development offers a critical understanding of the nature of finance and development. This book encourages the reader to see financial processes as embedded within the broader structure of social relationships. Finance is defined and demonstrated to be money and credit, but also, crucially, the social relationships and institutions that enable the creation and distribution of credit and the consequences thereof. This valuable text is essential reading for all those concerned with poverty, inequality and development.

Strochein Book Ethnic Struggle, Coexistence and Democratization in Eastern Europe 
By Sherrill Stroschein 

In societies divided on ethnic and religious lines, problems of democracy are magnified – particularly where groups are mobilized into parties. With the principle of majority rule, minorities should be less willing to endorse democratic institutions where their parties persistently lose elections. While such problems should also hamper transitions to democracy, several diverse Eastern European states have formed democracies even under these conditions. In this book, Sherrill Stroschein argues that sustained protest and contention by ethnic Hungarians in Romania and Slovakia brought concessions on policies that they could not achieve through the ballot box, in contrast to Transcarpathia, Ukraine. In Romania and Slovakia, contention during the 1990s made each group accustomed to each other's claims and aware of the degree to which each could push its own. Ethnic contention became a de facto deliberative process that fostered a moderation of group stances, allowing democratic consolidation to slowly and organically take root.
J.Hudson 2014 book The Political Costs of the 2009 British MPs’ Expenses Scandal
Edited by Jennifer Van Heerde-Hudson

In May 2009, the Daily Telegraph began publishing un-redacted expenses claims made by British MPs showing how, and the extent to which, some MPs took advantage of an unregulated expenses system. This study examines the evolution and political consequences of this 2009 British MPs' expenses scandal and argues that despite claims at the time of a revolution in British politics, it in fact had a limited, short-term impact. Beginning with the efforts of journalist Heather Brooke and the role of the Freedom of Information Act in exposing the scandal, the book examines the scandal's electoral impact and how it affected public perceptions of wrong-doing and probity amongst politicians. It also notes the many opportunities MPs had to reform parliamentary expenses, and gives special consideration is given to the media's role in reporting the scandal but also to the role of Independent Parliamentary Standards Authority in reforming expenses.
Reh book 2014

Legislative Codecision in the European Union: Experience over Twenty Years and Implications
Edited by Anne Rasmussen, Charlotte Burns, Christine Reh

This volume takes stock of twenty years of practising and studying codecision in the European Union (EU) and examines the procedure’s long-term implications for the EU’s institutions, politics and policies. The introduction of co-legislation between the Council of Ministers and the European Parliament in 1993 raised the prospect of increased parliamentary involvement in EU decision-making and promised a new era of more transparent, inclusive and accountable policy-making. This collection draws together contributions from diverse theoretical and methodological perspectives in order to analyse the extent to which codecision has delivered the expected gains and to review the unexpected effects that have followed from its introduction, such as the growing informalisation of EU decision-making. Using a combination of in-depth qualitative case studies, wider quantitative analyses, practitioners’ insights and a review of the procedure’s democratic legitimacy the contributions offer a holistic assessment of the effect of co-decision on the political system of the EU.

This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of European Public Policy.

The Politics of Judicial Independence book cover

The Politics of Judicial Independence in the UK's Changing Constitution

By Graham Gee, Robert Hazell, Kate Malleson, Patrick O'Brien

Judicial independence is generally understood as requiring that judges must be insulated from political life. The central claim of this work is that far from standing apart from the political realm, judicial independence is a product of it. It is defined and protected through interactions between judges and politicians. In short, judicial independence is a political achievement. This is the main conclusion of a three-year research project on the major changes introduced by the Constitutional Reform Act 2005, and the consequences for judicial independence and accountability. The authors interviewed over 150 judges, politicians, civil servants and practitioners to understand the day-to-day processes of negotiation and interaction between politicians and judges. They conclude that the greatest threat to judicial independence in future may lie not from politicians actively seeking to undermine the courts, but rather from their increasing disengagement from the justice system and the judiciary.

Special Advisers book cover

Special Advisers: Who they are, what they do and why they matter
Ben Yong and Robert Hazell (Hart, August 2014)

This book is the most detailed study yet carried out of special advisers. The Constitution Unit's research team, led by Dr Ben Yong and Professor Robert Hazell, assembled a comprehensive database of over 600 special advisers since 1979. They conducted written surveys, and interviewed over 100 special advisers, ministers and officials from the past thirty years. They conclude that special advisers are now a permanent and indispensable part of Whitehall, but are still treated as transient and temporary. The book concludes with practical recommendations for increasing the effectiveness of special advisers through improvements to their recruitment, induction and training, support and supervision, and strengthening their accountability.

Bellamy book 2013 Croce, Gramsci, Bobbio and the Italian Political Tradition
Richard Bellamy (ECPR, December 2013)
This book gathers together fifteen classic essays by leading scholar Richard Bellamy, tracing the history of Italian political thought from Beccaria to Bobbio. Written over the past 25 years, they constitute the first account in English of the modern Italian political tradition. The author pays special attention to the different ways Italian theorists have linked politics and ethics, and their various conceptions of the state and of democracy. The resulting variations on Machiavellian themes gave rise to distinctively Italian understandings of Liberalism, Marxism, Fascism and Socialism, which were all associated with a peculiarly realist account of democracy. Among the thinkers discussed are Cesare Beccaria, Antonio Genovesi, Giuseppe Mazzini, Benedetto Croce, Giovanni Gentile, Antonio Gramsci, Vilfredo Pareto, Gaetano Mosca and Norberto Bobbio.
Weale book 13 Democratic Justice and the Social Contract
Albert Weale (OUP, August 2013)
This book offers a theory of democratic justice. According to the theory, justice emerges from collective agreement among political associates who enjoy approximate equality of power. Such situations can be seen as social contracts, and we find an empirical model for social contracts in the examples of successful common property resource regimes. In these regimes, participants craft collective rules of access to the means of production on an equal basis and producers are entitled to the full fruits of their labour. To interpret this theoretically an account of practical rationality in terms of individual and public deliberation is required.

The Contemporary House of Lords: Westminster Bicameralism Revived

The Contemporary House of Lords: Westminster Bicameralism Revived

Meg Russell (OUP, July 2013)

This book provides the first detailed portrait of the post-1999 Lords, explaining who sits in the chamber, how it operates, and crucially what policy impact it has. Its membership is shown to be more diverse and modern than many would assume, and its influence on policy to be substantial.

See the project website »

Mitchell book 12

Democracy’s Blameless Leaders

Neil Mitchell (NYU Press, 2012)

This book asks what can we expect from a political leader in a country like Britain or the United States when its soldiers kill civilians or mistreat prisoners?  After Abu Ghraib or Bloody Sunday what happens next?  The book argues that accountability is a very severe test for political leaders, despite the democratic folk lore of the buck stopping with them. The book provides an analysis of why leaders behave as they do, and what can be done about it.

The Politics of Coalition

The Politics of Coalition How the Conservative-Lib Dem Government Works

Robert Hazell and Ben Yong (Hart, 2012)

The Politics of Coalition tells how the Coalition has fared in the different arenas of the British political system: at the Centre; within the Departments; in Parliament; in the parties outside Parliament, and in the media. It will be of interest to politicians, policy makers, academics, students and anyone interested in how the UK coalition works in practice and not just in theory.

See the project website »

Does FOI Work?

Does FOI Work? The Impact of the Freedom of Information Act on Central Government in the UK

Robert Hazell, Ben Worthy and Mark Glover (Palgrave, August 2010)

This book is the first systematic evaluation of FOI anywhere in the world. It evaluates the performance of the Act against its objectives,

and its impact on Whitehall. The book draws upon evidence from interviews with officials, plus FOI requesters and journalists as well as stories in the national press. Each chapter draws on case studies to make particular points and bring the study to life. It also compares developments in the UK to those in Canada, Australia, New Zealand and Ireland.

See the project website »

Constitutionalizing the European Union

Thomas Christiansen and Christine Reh. Constitutionalizing the European Union. Palgrave Macmillan, 2009.

This book by Thomas Christiansen and Christine Reh is published by Palgrave Macmillan in its European Union Series. The book offers an in-depth and systematic account of the formal and informal dynamics of constitution building in Europe from the 1950s to the present day. It analyses the nature of this process and looks in detail at the informal and incremental elements of constitutionalization, at the formal mechanism of treaty reform, and at the more recent, explicit attempt to create a “European Constitution”. The authors introduce the various actors involved in this process, discuss the structural opportunities and constraints of constitutional choice, and take the reader through the stages of EU treaty reform from agenda-setting to ratification. Having charted the trajectory of constitutionalization over time, the authors conclude with a discussion of recent developments and an outlook towards the EU’s constitutional future.

Constitutional Futures Revisited Constitutional Futures Revisited: Britain's Constitution to 2020.  Robert Hazell's book, written by a team of leading political scientists and lawyers, forecasts the impact of all the recent constitutional reforms on the UK's key political institutions, and the constitution as a whole.
Palgrave Macmillan, 2008
President George W. Bush's Influence over Bureaucracy and Policy: Extraordinary Times, Extraordinary Powers President George W. Bush's Influence over Bureaucracy and Policy: Extraordinary Times, Extraordinary Powers (The Evolving American Presidency) by Colin Provost. Palgrave Macmillan (March 31, 2009).
Citizenship book cover Citizenship: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford University Press, 2008. Read more about this book.
Governance in Ethnically Mixed Cities

Sherrill Stroschein, ed., Governance in Ethnically Mixed Cities. London:
Routledge, 2007.

This collection of original essays breaks new ground by examining the dynamics of ethnic politics at the local level, rather than following in the footsteps of many previous studies which focus on the macropolitical level of states and nations. Each contribution is based on extensive fieldwork and local observation, providing perspectives from a range of academic disciplines including Political Science, Geography, and Anthropology. It also covers a variety of geographic areas, from the Middle East (Kirkuk, Haifa, and Tel Aviv-Jaffa) to Europe (Mostar, Bolzano, Toulouse, and Florence), Central Asia (Osh in Kyrgyzstan) and the United States (Durham, North Carolina). In spite of the variety of disciplinary approaches and the geographic diversity of the case studies, the contributing authors uncover a number of common elements of local ethnopolitical dynamics in mixed cities:  the power of informal institutions, the effect of numerical balances between groups on local politics, and the significance of local competition for material and symbolic resources. Each of these areas provides a promising avenue for future research.

Political Constitutionalism book cover

Political Constitutionalism: A Republican Defence of the Constitutionality of Democracy

Richard Bellamy (Cambridge University Press, 2007)

Critical Republicanism Cecile Laborde's book, Critical Republicanism. The Hijab Controversy and Political Philosophy has just been published in the Oxford Political Theory series at Oxford University Press.
Governing Financial Globalization David Hudson co-edited this volume which provides a wide-ranging discussion of both the potential and the problems arising from the application of multi-level governance literature to the monetary and financial domain.
Routledge 2005; reprinted in paperback 2008.
Mapping Communicable Disease Control Administration in the UK

Mapping Communicable Disease Control Administration in the UK - David Rowland

This report is part of the Nuffield Trust grant to UCL entitled the ‘changing nature of the state in health’ and focuses on the impact of devolution in the UK and the increased Europeanisation of the health sector on the UK NHS. The report sets out the impact that devolution and Europeanisation have had on the structure of communicable disease control in the UK. It raises important questions about the co-ordination of this important function in the context of multi-level governance and examines the new administrative innovations which have resulted from the devolution of power within the UK.

The Legalization of Human Rights: Multidisciplinary Approaches

The Legalization of Human Rights Multidisciplinary Perspectives - Saladin Meckled-Garcia and Basak Çali

This text scrutinizes the extent to which legal codification shapes the human rights ideal, and surveys its ethical, political and practical repercussions. How does the law influence what we think about rights? What more is there to such rights than their legal protection? To what extent is legal concept of rights, their holders, those responsible for thier protection, in line with the moral concept the law is supposed to codify? This book introduces a new concept and phenomenon: "Legalization", a process by which legal codification and specification is taken to determine the boundaries of a concept to the exclusion of other practices and disciplines. The text goes on to discuss the consequences of this phenomenon."

Business and Government: Methods and Practice Business and Government: Methods and Practice - David Coen and Wyn Grant
This is the third volume in "The World of Political Science" book series sponsored by Research Committee 33 on The Study of Political Science as a Discipline (RC 33), one of about 50 Research Committees of the International Political Science Association (IPSA).
Building New Labour

Building New Labour: The Politics of Party Organisation - Meg Russell

'New' Labour was defined in part by wide-ranging reforms to the party's internal democracy. These included changes to how candidates and leaders are selected, changes to policy making processes, and a programme of 'quotas' that transformed women's representation in the party.

The Dynamics of Devolution The Dynamics of Devolution - Alan Trench
"The State of the Nations is part of a considered and authoritive long-term academic study of the constitutional reform of this country"
Roger Scully, Representation.
Devolution, Law Making and the Constitution Devolution Law Making and the Constitution - Robert Hazell & Richard Rawlings
This book is essential reading for academics and students in law and in politics, and for anyone interested in the constitutional and legal aspects of UK devolution.
Refining Regulatory Regimes: Utilities in Europe

Refining Regulatory Regimes: Utilities in Europe - David Coen and Adrienne Heritier

"This major study breaks new ground in bringing together a distinguished international team to offer a comparative and empirical investigation of factors shaping regulatory implementation and business-regulator relations in key European Utilities"
Colin Scott, LSE

Delegating Powers in the European Community Delegating Powers in the European Community - Fabio Franchino
(2004) British Journal of Political Science. 34: 449-76
Download: text 1 [1.2mb/pdf] / text 2 [51kb/pdf] / Dataset [99kb/xls]
No book image available The Rise of Patient Groups and Drug Development (December 2004) - Dr M. Duckenfield & Dr D. Rangnekar.
The State of British Democracy

The State of British Democracy - Helen Margetts, Nick Sparrow, Stuart Weir, Mark Ross

'This poll shows a significant breakthrough in attitudes towards state funding for political parties' said Professor Margetts, Director of the UCL School of Public Policy, who advised the trust on the poll.
Download Publication (PDF/312kb)
Download Press Release (Doc/29kb)

Reforming the House of Lords: Lessons from Overseas

Reforming the House of Lords, Lessons from Overseas - Meg Russell

"Meg Russell provides an overdue and authoraittive correction in showing the lessons to be learnt from second chambers overseas in the balanced, analytical and highly readable manner that the Constitution Unit has made its trademark"
Roger Scully, Representation.