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8. Dancing girl cosmetic spoon
UCL Museums Top Ten Objects: Petrie Museum
An intricate wooden toilet spoon in form of an ankh; cross pieces formed by tied lotus flowers, the base (handle) formed of a nude girl with lute standing in a boat, the bow and stern sculpted as duck heads, among tall lotus flowers and buds. Beneath boat, zigzag lines denoting water, and two kinds of fish. Hole for cover to bowl of spoon.
It is from an excavation at Sedment by E. Naville for the Egypt Exploartion Fund, not one carried out by Petrie, and from the tomb of the governor Menena. This cosmetic spoon showing two figures of Bes around a flowering papyrus stalk UC14366 is from the same source.
A toilet spoon, or cosmetic spoon, would have been used for storing or mixing perfumes and minerals for make-up. They were often very simple but these two inricate and highly crafted spoons are clearly high status objects.
Eye make-up was used by the Ancient Egyptians to protect them from disease and the sun’s harsh rays. A recent study in Analytical Chemistry has illustrated this:
‘Finding Out Egyptian Gods’ Secret Using Analytical Chemistry: Biomedical Properties of Egyptian Black Makeup Revealed by Amperometry at Single Cells’
Issa Tapsoba, St phane Arbault, Philippe Walter, Christian Amatore
Analytical Chemistry 2010 82 (2), 457-460
Lead-based compounds were used during antiquity as both pigments and medicines in the formulation of makeup materials. Chemical analysis of cosmetics samples found in Egyptians tombs and the reconstitution of ancient recipes as reported by Greco-Roman authors have shown that two non-natural lead chlorides (laurionite Pb(OH)Cl and phosgenite Pb2Cl2CO3) were purposely synthesized and were used as fine powders in makeup and eye lotions. According to ancient Egyptian manuscripts, these were essential remedies for treating eye illness and skin ailments.