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Stone tools for stone working in ancient Egypt

Stone tools were in use from the earliest times to the New Kingdom (1550-1069 BC) or even later. Four main types can be distinguished, as illustrated below. Pounders were mainly used in the Old and Middle Kingdom: using a pounder was the main method for working granite. Some were put into a helve. Heavy granite rammers were used as a kind of hammer to drive poles into the ground. The final treatment for the surface of a stone object was the grinding with a grindstone, for which many types of stone could be used.

pick (axe, maul, hammer)
UC 15437

further reading:

Arnold 1991: 257-267


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