Tools for stone working
|tools||It is not easy to identify the tools used. From marks left on the stone in quarries it has been concluded (Arnold 1991: 33), that soft copper chisels were used during the Old and Middle Kingdom. Harder bronze chisels came into use in the New Kingdom.|
|wooden levers||Wooden beams are put into excisions and then watered. The beams swell and break the stone.|
|Hard stone could only be cut with other hard stones.|
|Drilling tools are already used from the Naqada Period for cutting stone vessels (Naqada stone vessels)|
|Sawing tools: sawing soft (and also hard) stones with a copper tool seems to have been common. Particles of fine quartz sand might have been picked up in the sawing activity in effect like an industrial|
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