The first scarabs appear at the end of the First Intermediate Period. They always show designs. Several scholars have tried to date and arrange them. The following typology is based on the research of Ward 1978. Ward tries to date them all before the Twelfth Dynasty. Such exact dates are unobtainable (compare Ben-Tor 1998).
Design Class 1A (linear patterns, maze)
Design Class 1B (linear patterns, geometric)
Design Class 1C (linear patterns, humans)
Design Class 1D (linear patterns, animal and insects)
Design Class 1E (linear patterns, floral)
Design Class 2A (scrolls and spirals)
Design Class 3 (Egyptian signs and symbols)
Copyright © 2001 University College London. All rights reserved.