Merimde Beni-salame (the Merimde culture)
Neolithic settlement site in the West delta (30°19' N 30°51'E). The site was discovered by Hermann Junker during his West Delta Expedition in 1928. Junker excavated the site from 1923 to 1939. The results were never fully published because the documentation was lost in the Second World War.
1976: Excavations by the Egyptian Antiquities Organisation
1977-1982: Excavations by the German Institute of Archaeology in Cairo (DAI-Deutsches Archäologisches Institut Kairo) under the direction of Josef Eiwanger
The settlement consists of small huts made of wattle and reed with round or elliptical ground plan. There are no separate areas for cemeteries. The dead were buried within the settlement in a contracted position in oval pits without grave goods. Bodies of children were simply thrown into rubbish pits.
In the time of the Maadi culture the place was used as cemetery.
Merimde Beni-salame is a Neolithic culture which corresponds in its later phase to Fayum Neolithic (Fayum A) and the Badari culture.
Dating: about 4750 - 4250 BC.
Finds in the Petrie Museum
Copyright © 2000 University College London. All rights reserved.