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Metal (Production) in Egypt

The main mining areas for metal:




the first thing to be done in a workshop was the smelting of the raw material
copper smelting furnace in Buhen  

high heat sometimes with blow pipes (from the Old Kingdom)

pot bellows (from Middle Kingdom (about 2025-1700 BC))

Creating an object


hammering of sheets metal

example: Bronze stand; situla
casting (in open moulds in stone, shaped pottery, formed sand): casting in sand was not used to produce whole objects, but to split the metal into smaller portions for further production
in sand cast in simple form

casting was practised as early as the late Naqada II and Naqada III periods



complex forms are made up of several sections

lost-wax casting process casting in complex form

see some metal forms (moulds)


from Memphis


Further reading  



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