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Memphis under Ptolemaic Rule

Memphis was still in the Ptolemaic Period one of the most important cities in Egypt; second only to Alexandria. Several Ptolemaic kings were crowned in Memphis. The high priest of Ptah was one of the most important priests of the country and some of them are even related to the king's family. The city was an important religious centre. At Saqqara (the cemetery of Memphis) there was a chain of impressive temples, most important being the temple of Serapis and connected to it the burial place of the Apis bulls.

Memphis was an important production centre, including terracottas, faience objects, and metal production. Craftsmen produced in both styles: Egyptian and Greek. However, many objects were made in a mixed style.


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