The beginnings of food production in Egypt:
The Egyptian agriculture year
(the months follow the Julian calendar, and do not correspond exactly with the modern Gregorian calendar, compare: calendar)
Before the construction of the dams at Aswan and downriver, in the 19th-20th centuries AD, the fundamental phenomenon in Egyptian agriculture is the Nile flood in late summer. Planting must, therefore, be in the autumn, and only cool-season crops can be used (Harlan 1992: 181). The ancient year began with the summer flood: New Year's day fell in late July rather than January.
Food production in different periods
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