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Egypt in the First Intermediate Period

After the long reign of king Pepy II Egypt separated into several political units. The political division of the country is also clearly visisble in the material culture. In the First Intermediate Period different local styles developed in production of pottery, coffins, and relief carving in stone. The country was reunited under Mentuhotep II of the Eleventh Dynasty. In many respects the first half of the period is still part of the late Old Kingdom (about 2686-2181 BC), while the later part is already very close to the early Middle Kingdom (about 2025-1700 BC).

The different regional styles that developed in the First Intermediate Period are clearest in pottery, art and funerary items (objects produced only for the tomb).



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