MSSL Space Plasma Science Nuggets
- Discovery of the 'Travelling Magnetopause Erosion Region'
- Particle Distributions in the Magnetotail
- Calculating currents from four spacecraft
- What is the source of magnetotail flux-ropes?
- Structure and variability of the auroral acceleration region
- The influence of magnetospheric convection and magnetopause motion on Radiation Belt electrons
- Discovery of the action of a geophysical synchrotron in the Earth’s Van Allen radiation belts
- The detailed spatial structure of ﬁeld-aligned currents comprising the substorm current wedge
- New and improved analytic expressions for ULF wave radiation belt radial diffusion coefﬁcients
- Poleward Boundary Intensifications and Bursty Bulk Flows do not coherently drive the substorm current wedge
- Automated determination of auroral breakup during the substorm expansion phase using all-sky imager data
- High-time-resolution observations of an FTE using Cluster
- Detailed azimuthal structure of the substorm current wedge
- Waves in the ionosphere detected by ground GPS receiver network
- Inner magnetospheric onset preceding reconnection and tail dynamics during substorms: Can substorms initiate in two different regions?
- Increases in plasma sheet temperature with solar wind driving during substorm growth phases
- Origin of polar auroras revealed
- Solar Ejecta through the Heliosphere
- Near-Earth Cosmic Ray Decreases Associated with Remote Coronal Mass Ejections
- The Earth’s foreshock: simulations and in-situ satellite data
- The magnetospheric substorm at Mercury
- Transpolar arc observation after solar wind entry into the high latitude magnetosphere
- Influence of solar wind variability on magnetospheric plasma waves
- Statistical characterisation of the growth and spatial scales of the substorm onset arc
- A physical explanation for the magnetic decrease ahead of dipolarization fronts
- Lightning as a Space Weather Hazard
- A New Technique for Determining Substorm Onsets and Phases from Indices of the Electrojet (SOPHIE)
- Student Sounding Rockets to train the next generation of space scientists
- ULF Waves above the Nightside Auroral Oval during Substorm Onset
Discovery of the 'Travelling Magnetopause Erosion Region'
6 February 2009
Recent work by Owen et al. has shed new light on the structure of the magnetopause following bursts of reconnection through the discovery of 'Travelling Magnetopause Erosion Regions'.
Magnetic reconnection governs the coupling between the solar wind and the magnetosphere, determining the structure and dynamics of near-Earth space. However, this is not a steady process but occurs in intermittent episodes known as flux transfer events (FTEs). The mode of reconnection which leads to the formation of FTE's remains the subject of some debate, and we are participating as members of a team of international experts under the auspices of the International Space Science Institute, Bern (Team Homepage) to study these phenomena.
In a recent paper, Owen et al. (2008) reported observations of two 'crater'-like FTEs by the Cluster spacecraft. The observations indicated that the spacecraft furthest from the Earth (C3) transmitted out of the magnetosphere following the passage of these two FTEs, whereas the other spacecraft remained inside.
Under the observed conditions, reconnected flux tubes created by a transient and localised patch of reconnection located nearer to the sub-solar point, will move northward and duskward over Cluster, consistent with observations inside the magnetosphere. The FTE signatures arise from this transient inward motion of reconnection-associated boundary layers over the spacecraft. Owen et al. postulated that the transient relocation of C3 into the magnetosheath is due to a region of eroded magnetic flux, lying in the wake of the recoiling FTE, which itself is driven duskward at some fraction of the magnetosheath flow speed. The FTEs pass northward of C3, but the eroded wake, which we term the 'travelling magnetopause erosion region' (TMER), is located equatorward of the FTEs and moves duskward over C3.
For more details, see:
Owen, C.J., A. Marchaudon, M.W. Dunlop, A.N. Fazakerley, J.-M. Bosqued, J.P. Dewhurst, R.C. Fear, S.A. Fuselier, A. Balogh and H. Réme.
Cluster observations of "crater" flux transfer events at the dayside high-latitude magnetopause, J. Geophys. Res., 113, A07S04, doi:10.1029/2007JA012701, (2008).
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