Crowd Sourcing Patent Search
Date, Time, Venue
25 November 2011, Friday 16.30
University College London
1st floor Exec-Ed room,
Engineering Front Building ("Malet place" in Google maps)
We evaluate the value proposition of public-private partnerships to patent review by analyzing the potential impact of crowdsourced prior art search on the European patent system. Crowdsourcing draws from a diverse intellectual background where networking technologies link the widest possible range of information, knowledge and expertise. Rather than the crowd providing solutions that tend towards the average intelligence of each individual, it provides solutions that aggregate the creativity of each one of the participants. We illustrate to what extent crowdsourcing can help mitigate several of the challenges that the European Patent System is facing. As low-quality patents are increasingly rejected, valuable resources will be diverted away from infringement litigation and towards research and development. The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) and the Japanese Patent Office (JPO) have launched pilot projects in community patent review that may serve as a learning experience for the European Patent Office.
Dr. Ghafele is the Director of Oxfirst Limited and a Research Fellow with the University of Oxford. She holds Fellowships at the Said Business School, the Oxford Intellectual Property Research Centre and St. Cross College. Prior to founding Oxfirst Limited, she had a Lectureship in international political economy with the University of Oxford and a Research Scholarship with the Haas School of Business, University of California at Berkeley. In 2002 she was selected as the only Austrian in several years to represent the Republic of Austria within the United Nations. Subsequently she worked as an Economist with the U.N.’s World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). In this role she offered strategic advice on Intellectual Property, Trade and Innovation to Governments in Europe, Asia and the Middle East. In 2000 she started her career with the management consulting firm McKinsey & Company, where she moved from a five year long experience as a ballet dancer. Her Ph.D. was awarded the Theodor Koerner Research Prize by the President of the Republic of Austria. Dr. Ghafele was trained at Johns Hopkins University, School of Advanced International Studies, the Sorbonne and Vienna University. During the course of her studies she was four times awarded the Vienna University Grant for Excellence in Studies. She is fluent in German, English, French, Italian and Persian.