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Medical Sciences headlines

'Exciting' blood test spots cancer a year early

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Research led by Professor Charles Swanton (UCL Cancer Institute & The Francis Crick Institute), Dr Mariam Jamal-Hanjani and Dr Chris Abbosh (UCL Cancer Institute) has found that a blood test could predict lung cancer's return up to one year earlier than standard scans by tracking unstable chromosomes. Read: BBC News, More: Daily Mail, The Atlantic, Express

Brexit brain drain threatens UK universities, MPs warn

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Professor David Lomas (UCL Vice-Provost, Health) comments on how international collaboration is vital to academic research, and how retaining access to EU funding after Brexit should be a priority. Read: The Guardian

Forbidden foods: think twice before you give up dairy, meat or wheat

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Dr Anton Emmanuel (UCL Medicine) comments on how few people have formally diagnosed problems with dairy consumption. Read: The Times (£)

Ten thousand march for science in London

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Numerous UCL academics took part in the march for science on April 22. Coverage includes comment from Professor Jon Butterworth (UCL Physics & Astronomy), Professor Chris Rapley (UCL Earth Sciences), Dr Francisco Diego (UCL Physics & Astronomy), Dr Tracy Underwood (UCL Medical Physics & Biomedical Engineering), and Lucy Young (UCL Cancer Institute). Read: The Guardian, More: Financial Times, THE, Nature

Obesity: How Prejudiced Is the NHS?

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Professor Rachel Batterham (UCL Medicine) presents a programme discussing the prejudices faced by obese patients seeking bariatric surgery which could be both life-changing and cost-effective. Watch: BBC Two

Lorry 'collides' with car and cyclist in training exercise

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The London Fire Brigade collaborated with the UCL Prehospital Care Programme on a training drill simulating a serious road traffic collision between a lorry, car, and cyclist. Read: Evening Standard

Everest experiment shows low-oxygen environments lead to cognitive decline

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A study involving UCL researchers found that low-oxygen environments such as Everest Base Camp can contribute to cognitive decline, which may also have implications to low-oxygen conditions during surgery. Read: The Telegraph

Cryogenic preservation: from single cells to whole organs

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Professor Barry Fuller (UCL Surgery & Interventional Science) is interviewed about the current state of research into cryogenic preservation. Listen: The Guardian 'Science Weekly'

Haunted by the mystery deaths in Nicaragua’s brutal sugarcane fields

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Dr Ben Caplin (UCL Medicine) comments on an unexplained kidney disease responsible for 75% of deaths of young and middle-aged men in Nicaragua, particularly those working on sugarcane fields. Read: The Observer

Tiny magnets covered in sugar could spot if cancer has spread

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Professor Jayant Vaidya (UCL Surgery & Interventional Science) comments on the development of magnetic beads that could be injected to help identify the lymph nodes closest to a cancerous tumour. Read: Daily Mail

Clever teenagers twice as likely to smoke cannabis

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Dr James Williams (UCL Medicine) led a study finding an association between childhood academic ability and cannabis use in adolescence. Read: The Telegraph, More: The Independent, Huffington Post, Daily Mail

Britain at the cutting edge of cancer research

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Dr Sergio Quezada (UCL Cancer Institute) comments on his research into a gene-editing technique to remove the “sleep switch” from specific immune cells that are trained to spot cancer, which has shown promising results in early trials. Read: The Telegraph

Sore throats and antibiotics

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Professor Peter Wilson (UCL Infection & Immunity) comments on a trial study he co-led of a screening service that could be offered at pharmacies to test whether a sore throat needs antibiotics. Listen: BBC Radio 4 'Inside Health' (from 20 mins 5 secs)

Antibiotic resistance: Superbugs can be killed by modifying existing drugs

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Dr Joseph Ndieyira (UCL Liver & Digestive Health) led a study finding that antibiotics can still kill drug-resistant bacteria if they 'push' hard enough into bacterial cells. Read: Independent, More: Daily Mail, The Sun, ExpressUCL News

Cryonics

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Professor Barry Fuller (UCL Surgery & Interventional Science) discusses cryogenically freezing people who are hoping to be revived years after their death. Listen: BBC World Service 'The Why Factor'

Six weeks of radiotherapy or 30 minutes of IORT

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Professor Jayant Vaidya (UCL Surgery & Interventional Science) is mentioned providing medical advice on a relatively new treatment for breast cancer, intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT). Read: Daily Mail

Study shows how HIV infects macrophages, could be step towards cure

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A study led by Dr Petra Mlcochova and Professor Ravindra Gupta (UCL Infection & Immunity) identified how HIV is able to infect macrophages despite the presence of a protective protein. They discovered a treatment which could help lead to a complete cure for HIV/AIDS. Read: Newsweek, More: UCL News

Government 'tried to bury' its own alarming report on climate change

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Professor Hugh Montgomery (UCL Medicine) comments on the health risks relating to climate change, and the merits of taking action to mitigate it. Read: Independent

MRI scans can help one in four men avoid prostate biopsy

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Dr Hashim Ahmed (UCL Surgery & Interventional Science) led a trial at the MRC Clinical Trials Unit at UCL finding that over a quarter of men with a clinical suspicion of prostate cancer could avoid a biopsy if they undergo an MRI scan first. Listen: BBC Radio 4 'Today' (from 1 hrs 33 mins 40 secs), More: The Guardian, BBC News, The Telegraph, Daily MailSunHuffington Post, i News, Mirror

Dirt is your friend

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Professor Graham Rook (UCL Infection & Immunity) discusses the complexities & misunderstandings of hygiene, immunity, and the human microbiome. Read: The Times

Signs of breast cancer explained, using lemons

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Professor Jayant Vaidya (UCL Surgery & Interventional Science) comments on an awareness campaign that uses images of lemons to explain warning signs of breast cancer. Read: BBC News

Deadly Ebola virus could be passed on through breathing

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Professor Ali Zumla (UCL Infection & Immunity) comments on his study finding that the Ebola virus may replicate in the lungs of survivors while they are recovering from an infection. Read: International Business Times

Aging gracefully as a scientist: an idiot’s guide

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Dr Jennifer Rohn (UCL Medicine) writes a list of eight pointers on how to run a research team. Read: The Guardian

Stem cell therapy which helped Welsh Grand National winner used on London woman

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Dr Andy Goldberg (UCL Surgery & Interventional Science) carried out the first human trials of a stem cell therapy to treat tendinopathy. He had earlier tested the treatment on a horse, Dream Alliance, who went on to win the Welsh Grand National. Read: The Telegraph, More: Daily Mail

Light therapy effectively treats early prostate cancer

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A new non-surgical treatment for low-risk prostate cancer effectively kills cancer cells while preserving healthy tissue, reports a new phase III clinical trial in 413 patients led by Professor Mark Emberton, Dean of UCL Medical Sciences. Read: BBC NewsListen: BBC Radio 4 'Today' (from 1h 15mins), More: Guardian, Times (£), Telegraph, IndependentSun, ITV, Express, ReutersUCL News, BBC Radio 2 'Chris Evans Breakfast Show' (from 2hrs 3mins)BBC Radio 5 Live 'Breakfast' (from 55mins 29secs), BBC Radio 4 'Inside Science'

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