Peer reviewed publications


King, T. E., Fortes, G. G., Balaresque, P., Thomas, M. G., Balding, D., Delser, P. M., Neumann, R., Parson, W., Knapp, M., Walsh, S., Tonasso, L., Holt, J., Kayser, M., Appleby, J., Forster, P., Ekserdjian, D., Hofreiter, M. & Schurer, K. (2014). Identification of the remains of King Richard III. Nature Communications 5, 5631.
Mendez, F. L., Veeramah, K. R., Thomas, M. G., Karafet, T. M. & Hammer, M. F. (2014). Reply to 'The 'extremely ancient' chromosome that isn't' by Elhaik et al. Eur J Hum Genet (in press).
Timpson A, Colledge S, Crema E, Edinborough K, Kerig T, Manning K, Thomas MG, Shennan S (2014) Reconstructing regional population fluctuations in the European Neolithic using radiocarbon dates: a new case-study using an improved method.Journal of Archaeological Science 52, 549–557.
Lazaridis, I., Patterson, N., Mittnik, A., Renaud, G., Mallick, S., Kirsanow, K., Sudmant, P. H., Schraiber, J. G., Castellano, S., Lipson, M., Berger, B., Economou, C., Bollongino, R., Fu, Q., Bos, K. I., Nordenfelt, S., Li, H., De Filippo, C., Prufer, K., Sawyer, S., Posth, C., Haak, W., Hallgren, F., Fornander, E., Rohland, N., Delsate, D., Francken, M., Guinet, J. M., Wahl, J., Ayodo, G., Babiker, H. A., Bailliet, G., Balanovska, E., Balanovsky, O., Barrantes, R., Bedoya, G., Ben-Ami, H., Bene, J., Berrada, F., Bravi, C. M., Brisighelli, F., Busby, G. B., Cali, F., Churnosov, M., Cole, D. E., Corach, D., Damba, L., Van Driem, G., Dryomov, S., Dugoujon, J. M., Fedorova, S. A., Gallego Romero, I., Gubina, M., Hammer, M., Henn, B. M., Hervig, T., Hodoglugil, U., Jha, A. R., Karachanak-Yankova, S., Khusainova, R., Khusnutdinova, E., Kittles, R., Kivisild, T., Klitz, W., Kucinskas, V., Kushniarevich, A., Laredj, L., Litvinov, S., Loukidis, T., Mahley, R. W., Melegh, B., Metspalu, E., Molina, J., Mountain, J., Nakkalajarvi, K., Nesheva, D., Nyambo, T., Osipova, L., Parik, J., Platonov, F., Posukh, O., Romano, V., Rothhammer, F., Rudan, I., Ruizbakiev, R., Sahakyan, H., Sajantila, A., Salas, A., Starikovskaya, E. B., Tarekegn, A., Toncheva, D., Turdikulova, S., Uktveryte, I., Utevska, O., Vasquez, R., Villena, M., Voevoda, M., Winkler, C. A., Yepiskoposyan, L., Zalloua, P., Zemunik, T., Cooper, A., Capelli, C., Thomas, M. G., Ruiz-Linares, A., Tishkoff, S. A., Singh, L., Thangaraj, K., Villems, R., Comas, D., Sukernik, R., Metspalu, M., Meyer, M., Eichler, E. E., Burger, J., Slatkin, M., Paabo, S., Kelso, J., Reich, D. & Krause, J. (2014). Ancient human genomes suggest three ancestral populations for present-day Europeans. Nature, 513, 409-13.
Larson, G., Piperno, D. R., Allaby, R. G., Purugganan, M. D., Andersson, L., Arroyo-Kalin, M., Barton, L., Climer Vigueira, C., Denham, T., Dobney, K., Doust, A. N., Gepts, P., Gilbert, M. T., Gremillion, K. J., Lucas, L., Lukens, L., Marshall, F. B., Olsen, K. M., Pires, J. C., Richerson, P. J., Rubio De Casas, R., Sanjur, O. I., Thomas, M. G. & Fuller, D. Q. (2014). Current perspectives and the future of domestication studies Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 111, 6139-46.
Gerbault, P., Allaby, R. G., Boivin, N., Rudzinski, A., Grimaldi, I. M., Pires, J. C., Climer Vigueira, C., Dobney, K., Gremillion, K. J., Barton, L., Arroyo-Kalin, M., Purugganan, M. D., Rubio De Casas, R., Bollongino, R., Burger, J., Fuller, D. Q., Bradley, D. G., Balding, D. J., Richerson, P. J., Gilbert, M. T., Larson, G. & Thomas, M. G. (2014). Storytelling and story testing in domestication Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 111, 6159-64.
Wilde S, Timpson A, Kirsanow K, Kaiser E, Kayser M, Unterländer M, Hollfelder N, Potekhina ID, Schier W, Thomas MG, Burger J (2014) Direct evidence for positive selection of skin, hair, and eye pigmentation in Europeans during the last 5000 years. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 111 (13): 4832–4837.
Sverrisdottir OO, Timpson A, Toombs J, Lecoeur C, Froguel P, Carretero JM, Arsuaga Ferreras JL, Gotherstrom A, Thomas MG (2014) Direct estimates of natural selection in iberia indicate calcium absorption was not the only driver of lactase persistence in europe. Molecular biology and evolution 31:975-983
Manning K, Timpson A (2014) The demographic response to Holocene climate change in the Sahara. Quaternary Science Reviews 101:28-35


Gerbault P, Roffet-Salque M, Evershed RP, Thomas MG (2013) How long have adult humans been consuming milk? IUBMB life 65:983-990
Pinhasi R, Timpson A, Thomas MG, Šlaus M Bone growth, limb proportions and non-specific stress in archaeological populations from Croatia. Annals of Human Biology 0:1-12
Shennan S, Downey SS, Timpson A, Edinborough K, Colledge S, Kerig T, Manning K, Thomas MG (2013) Regional population collapse followed initial agriculture booms in mid-Holocene Europe. Nature Communications 4:2486 | DOI: 10.1038/ncomms3486
Bollongino R, Nehlich O, Richards MP, Orschiedt J, Thomas MG, Sell C, Fajkošová Z, Powell A, Burger J (2013) 2000 Years of Parallel Societies in Stone Age Central Europe. Science 342:479-481
Thompson SR, Humphries SE, Thomas MG, Ekong R, Tarekegn A, Bekele E, Creemer O, Bradman N, Veeramah KR (2013) The frequency of an IL-18-associated haplotype in Africans. Eur J Hum Genet 21:465-468
Bains RK, Kovacevic M, Plaster CA, Tarekegn A, Bekele E, Bradman NN, Thomas MG (2013) Molecular diversity and population structure at the Cytochrome P450 3A5 gene in Africa. BMC Genet 14: 34.
Mendez FL, Krahn T, Schrack B, Krahn A-M, Veeramah KR, Woerner AE, Fomine FLM, Bradman N, Thomas MG, Karafet TM, Hammer MF (2013) An African American Paternal Lineage Adds an Extremely Ancient Root to the Human Y Chromosome Phylogenetic Tree. The American Journal of Human Genetics 92, 454–459
Kamberov YG, Wang S, Tan J, Gerbault P, Wark A, Tan L, Yang Y, Li S, Tang K, Chen H, Powell A, Itan Y, Fuller D, Lohmueller J, Mao J, Schachar A, Paymer M, Hostetter E, Byrne E, Burnett M, McMahon AP, Thomas MG, Lieberman DE, Jin L, Tabin CJ, Morgan BA, Sabeti PC (2013) Modeling Recent Human Evolution in Mice by Expression of a Selected EDAR Variant. Cell 152:691-702
Thomas MG, Kivisild T, Chikhi L, Burger J (2013). Europe and western Asia: genetics and population history. In: (Ed. Immanuel Ness) The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration: Prehistory. Chapter 18


Gerbault P, Powell A, Thomas MG (2012) Evaluating demographic models for goat domestication using mtDNA sequences. Anthropozoologica 47:64-76
Pinhasi R, Thomas MG, Hofreiter M, Currat M, Burger J (2012) The genetic history of Europeans. Trends in Genetics 28:496-505
Pagani L, Kivisild T, Tarekegn A, Ekong R, Plaster C, Gallego Romero I, Ayub Q, Mehdi SQ, Thomas MG, Luiselli D, Bekele E, Bradman N, Balding DJ, Tyler-Smith C (2012) Ethiopian Genetic Diversity Reveals Linguistic Stratification and Complex Influences on the Ethiopian Gene Pool. The American Journal of Human Genetics 91:83-96
Thomas MG (2012) The flickering genes of the last mammoths. Molecular Ecology 21:3379–3381
Leonardi M, Gerbault P, Thomas MG, Burger J (2012) The evolution of lactase persistence in Europe. A synthesis of archaeological and genetic evidence. International Dairy Journal 22:88-97
Gerbault P, Leonardi M, Powell A, Weber C, Benecke N, Burger J, Thomas MG (2012) Domestication and migrations: Using mitochondrial DNA to infer domestication processes of goats and horses. In: Kaiser E, Burger J, Schier Wo (eds) Population Dynamics in Prehistory and Early History: New Approaches Using Stable Isotopes and Genetics. de Gruyter, Berlin, Germany, pp 17-30
Gerbault P, Bollongino R, Burger J, Thomas MG (2012) Inferring processes of Neolithic gene-culture co-evolution using genetic and archaeological data: The case of lactase persistence and dairying. In: Colledge S, Conolly J, Dobney K, Manning K, Shennan S (eds) The Origins and Spread of Domestic Animals in Southwest Asia and Europe. Left Coast Press, Walnut Creek, CA, p37-48.
Gallego Romero I, Basu Mallick C, Liebert A, Crivellaro F, Chaubey G, Itan Y, Metspalu M, Eaaswarkhanth M, Pitchappan R, Villems R, Reich D, Singh L, Thangaraj K, Thomas MG, Swallow DM, Mirazón Lahr M, Kivisild T (2012) Herders of Indian and European Cattle Share Their Predominant Allele for Lactase Persistence. Molecular Biology and Evolution 29:249-260
Busby GB, Brisighelli F, Sanchez-Diz P, Ramos-Luis E, Martinez-Cadenas C, Thomas MG, Bradley DG, Gusmao L, Winney B, Bodmer W, Vennemann M, Coia V, Scarnicci F, Tofanelli S, Vona G, Ploski R, Vecchiotti C, Zemunik T, Rudan I, Karachanak S, Toncheva D, Anagnostou P, Ferri G, Rapone C, Hervig T, Moen T, Wilson JF, Capelli C (2012) The peopling of Europe and the cautionary tale of Y chromosome lineage R-M269. Proc Biol Sci 279:884-892
Brace S, Barnes IAN, Powell A, Pearson R, Woolaver LG, Thomas MG, Turvey ST (2012) Population history of the Hispaniolan hutia Plagiodontia aedium (Rodentia: Capromyidae): testing the model of ancient differentiation on a geotectonically complex Caribbean island. Molecular Ecology 21:2239-2253
Bollongino R, Burger J, Powell A, Mashkour M, Vigne J-D, Thomas MG (2012) Modern Taurine Cattle descended from small number of Near-Eastern founders. Mol. Biol. Evol. 29(9):2101–2104


Rodriguez R, Ramirez O, Valdiosera CE, Garcia N, Alda F, Madurell-Malapeira J, Marmi J, Doadrio I, Willerslev E, Gotherstrom A, Arsuaga JL, Thomas MG, Lalueza-Fox C, Dalen L (2011) 50,000 years of genetic uniformity in the critically endangered Iberian lynx. Mol Ecol 20:3785-3795
Horsfall LJ, Zeitlyn D, Tarekegn A, Bekele E, Thomas MG, Bradman N, Swallow DM (2011) Prevalence of clinically relevant UGT1A alleles and haplotypes in African populations. Ann Hum Genet 75:236-246
Gerbault P, Liebert A, Itan Y, Powell A, Currat M, Burger J, Swallow DM, Thomas MG (2011) Evolution of lactase persistence: an example of human niche construction. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 366:863-877
Gaya-Vidal M, Moral P, Saenz-Ruales N, Gerbault P, Tonasso L, Villena M, Vasquez R, Bravi CM, Dugoujon JM (2011) mtDNA and Y-chromosome diversity in Aymaras and Quechuas from Bolivia: different stories and special genetic traits of the Andean Altiplano populations. American journal of physical anthropology 145:215-230
Edwards Ceiridwen J, Suchard Marc A, Lemey P, Welch John J, Barnes I, Fulton Tara L, Barnett R, O'Connell Tamsin C, Coxon P, Monaghan N, Valdiosera Cristina E, Lorenzen Eline D, Willerslev E, Baryshnikov Gennady F, Rambaut A, Thomas MG, Bradley Daniel G, Shapiro B (2011) Ancient Hybridization and an Irish Origin for the Modern Polar Bear Matriline. Current biology : CB 21:1251-1258
Chahal HS, Stals K, Unterlander M, Balding DJ, Thomas MG, Kumar AV, Besser GM, Atkinson AB, Morrison PJ, Howlett TA, Levy MJ, Orme SM, Akker SA, Abel RL, Grossman AB, Burger J, Ellard S, Korbonits M (2011) AIP mutation in pituitary adenomas in the 18th century and today. The New England journal of medicine 364:43-50
Burger J, Thomas MG (2011) The Palaeopopulationgenetics of Humans, Cattle and Dairying in Neolithic Europe. In: Pinhasi R, Stock J (eds) Human Bioarchaeology of the Transition to Agriculture. Wiley Blackwell, Chichester, UK, pp 371-384
Barnes I, Duda A, Pybus OG, Thomas MG (2011) Ancient urbanization predicts genetic resistance to tuberculosis. Evolution 65:842-848


Veeramah KR, Connell BA, Pour NA, Powell A, Plaster CA, Zeitlyn D, Mendell NR, Weale ME, Bradman N, Thomas MG (2010) Little genetic differentiation as assessed by uniparental markers in the presence of substantial language variation in peoples of the Cross River region of Nigeria. BMC Evol Biol 10:92
Powell A, Shennan S, Thomas MG (2010) Demography and Variation in the Accumulation of Culturally Inherited Skills. In: O'Brien MJ, Shennan S (eds) Innovation in cultural systems : contributions from evolutionary anthropology. MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass. ; London, pp 139 - 160
Nesse RM, Bergstrom CT, Ellison PT, Flier JS, Gluckman P, Govindaraju DR, Niethammer D, Omenn GS, Perlman RL, Schwartz MD, Thomas MG, Stearns SC, Valle D (2010) Evolution in health and medicine Sackler colloquium: Making evolutionary biology a basic science for medicine. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107 Suppl 1:1800-1807
Itan Y, Jones BL, Ingram CJ, Swallow DM, Thomas MG (2010) A worldwide correlation of lactase persistence phenotype and genotypes. BMC Evol Biol 10:36
Itan Y, Bryson K, Thomas MG (2010) Detecting gene duplications in the human lineage. Ann Hum Genet 74:555-565
Eklund JA, Thomas MG (2010) Assessing the effects of conservation treatments on short sequences of DNA in vitro. Journal of Archaeological Science 37:2831-2841
Collard M, Edinborough K, Shennan S, Thomas MG (2010) Radiocarbon evidence indicates that migrants introduced farming to Britain. Journal of Archaeological Science 37:866-870
Browning SL, Tarekegn A, Bekele E, Bradman N, Thomas MG (2010) CYP1A2 is more variable than previously thought: a genomic biography of the gene behind the human drug-metabolizing enzyme. Pharmacogenet Genomics 20:647-664
Belle EMS, Shah S, Parfitt T, Thomas MG (2010) Y chromosomes of self-identified Syeds from the Indian subcontinent show evidence of elevated Arab ancestry but not of a recent common patrilineal origin. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences 2:217-224
Balding DJ, Weale ME, Richards M, Thomas MG (2010) Genetic and isotopic analysis and the UK Border Agency. Significance 7:58-61
Akkoc N, Sari I, Akar S, Binicier O, Thomas MG, Weale ME, Birlik M, Savran Y, Onen F, Bradman N, Plaster CA (2010) Increased prevalence of M694V in patients with ankylosing spondylitis: additional evidence for a link with familial mediterranean fever. Arthritis and rheumatism 62:3059-3063


Powell A, Shennan S, Thomas MG (2009) Late Pleistocene demography and the appearance of modern human behavior. Science 324:1298-1301
Malmstrom H, Gilbert MT, Thomas MG, Brandstrom M, Stora J, Molnar P, Andersen PK, Bendixen C, Holmlund G, Gotherstrom A, Willerslev E (2009) Ancient DNA reveals lack of continuity between neolithic hunter-gatherers and contemporary Scandinavians. Curr Biol 19:1758-1762
Itan Y, Powell A, Beaumont MA, Burger J, Thomas MG (2009) The origins of lactase persistence in Europe. PLoS Comput Biol 5:e1000491
Ingram CJ, Raga TO, Tarekegn A, Browning SL, Elamin MF, Bekele E, Thomas MG, Weale ME, Bradman N, Swallow DM (2009) Multiple rare variants as a cause of a common phenotype: several different lactase persistence associated alleles in a single ethnic group. J Mol Evol 69:579-588
Ingram CJ, Mulcare CA, Itan Y, Thomas MG, Swallow DM (2009) Lactose digestion and the evolutionary genetics of lactase persistence. Hum Genet 124:579-591
Bramanti B, Thomas MG, Haak W, Unterlaender M, Jores P, Tambets K, Antanaitis-Jacobs I, Haidle MN, Jankauskas R, Kind CJ, Lueth F, Terberger T, Hiller J, Matsumura S, Forster P, Burger J (2009) Genetic discontinuity between local hunter-gatherers and central Europe's first farmers. Science 326:137-140


Veeramah KR, Zeitlyn D, Fanso VG, Mendell NR, Connell BA, Weale ME, Bradman N, Thomas MG (2008) Sex-Specific Genetic Data Support One of Two Alternative Versions of the Foundation of the Ruling Dynasty of the Nso' in Cameroon. Curr Anthropol 49:707-714
Veeramah KR, Thomas MG, Weale ME, Zeitlyn D, Tarekegn A, Bekele E, Mendell NR, Shephard EA, Bradman N, Phillips IR (2008) The potentially deleterious functional variant flavin-containing monooxygenase 2*1 is at high frequency throughout sub-Saharan Africa. Pharmacogenet Genomics 18:877-886
Valdiosera CE, Garcia-Garitagoitia JL, Garcia N, Doadrio I, Thomas MG, Hanni C, Arsuaga JL, Barnes I, Hofreiter M, Orlando L, Gotherstrom A (2008) Surprising migration and population size dynamics in ancient Iberian brown bears (Ursus arctos). Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:5123-5128
Thomas MG, Stumpf MP, Harke H (2008) Integration versus apartheid in post-Roman Britain: a response to Pattison. Proc. R. Soc B. 275: 2419-2421
Thomas MG, Härke H, German G, Stumpf MPH (2008) Social constraints on interethnic marriage/unions, differential reproductive success and the spread of ‘Continental’ Y chromosomes in early Anglo-Saxon England. In: Matsumura S, Forster P, Renfrew C (eds) Simulations, Genetics and Human Prehistory McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, Cambridge, pp 59 - 68
Thomas MG, Barnes I, Weale ME, Jones AL, Forster P, Bradman N, Pramstaller PP (2008) New genetic evidence supports isolation and drift in the Ladin communities of the South Tyrolean Alps but not an ancient origin in the Middle East. Eur J Hum Genet 16:124-134
Chefetz I, Ben Amitai D, Browning S, Skorecki K, Adir N, Thomas MG, Kogleck L, Topaz O, Indelman M, Uitto J, Richard G, Bradman N, Sprecher E (2008) Normophosphatemic familial tumoral calcinosis is caused by deleterious mutations in SAMD9, encoding a TNF-alpha responsive protein. J Invest Dermatol 128:1423-1429
Bowden GR, Balaresque P, King TE, Hansen Z, Lee AC, Pergl-Wilson G, Hurley E, Roberts SJ, Waite P, Jesch J, Jones AL, Thomas MG, Harding SE, Jobling MA (2008) Excavating past population structures by surname-based sampling: the genetic legacy of the Vikings in northwest England. Mol Biol Evol 25:301-309


Valdiosera CE, Garcia N, Anderung C, Dalen L, Cregut-Bonnoure E, Kahlke RD, Stiller M, Brandstrom M, Thomas MG, Arsuaga JL, Gotherstrom A, Barnes I (2007) Staying out in the cold: glacial refugia and mitochondrial DNA phylogeography in ancient European brown bears. Mol Ecol 16:5140-5148
Ingram CJ, Elamin MF, Mulcare CA, Weale ME, Tarekegn A, Raga TO, Bekele E, Elamin FM, Thomas MG, Bradman N, Swallow DM (2007) A novel polymorphism associated with lactose tolerance in Africa: multiple causes for lactase persistence? Hum Genet 120:779-788
Hurley IA, Mueller RL, Dunn KA, Schmidt EJ, Friedman M, Ho RK, Prince VE, Yang Z, Thomas MG, Coates MI (2007) A new time-scale for ray-finned fish evolution. Proc Biol Sci 274:489-498
Edwards CJ, Bollongino R, Scheu A, Chamberlain A, Tresset A, Vigne JD, Baird JF, Larson G, Ho SY, Heupink TH, Shapiro B, Freeman AR, Thomas MG, Arbogast RM, Arndt B, Bartosiewicz L, Benecke N, Budja M, Chaix L, Choyke AM, Coqueugniot E, Dohle HJ, Goldner H, Hartz S, Helmer D, Herzig B, Hongo H, Mashkour M, Ozdogan M, Pucher E, Roth G, Schade-Lindig S, Schmolcke U, Schulting RJ, Stephan E, Uerpmann HP, Voros I, Voytek B, Bradley DG, Burger J (2007) Mitochondrial DNA analysis shows a Near Eastern Neolithic origin for domestic cattle and no indication of domestication of European aurochs. Proc Biol Sci 274:1377-1385
Burger J, Kirchner M, Bramanti B, Haak W, Thomas MG (2007) Absence of the lactase-persistence-associated allele in early Neolithic Europeans. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:3736-3741
Bradman N, Thomas MG (2007) An African Y in Yorkshiremen?: Y chromosome travelled north. Heredity 99:3-4
Barnes I, Shapiro B, Lister A, Kuznetsova T, Sher A, Guthrie D, Thomas MG (2007) Genetic structure and extinction of the woolly mammoth, Mammuthus primigenius. Curr Biol 17:1072-1075


Thomas MG, Stumpf MP, Harke H (2006) Evidence for an apartheid-like social structure in early Anglo-Saxon England. Proc Biol Sci 273:2651-2657
Capelli C, Redhead N, Romano V, Cali F, Lefranc G, Delague V, Megarbane A, Felice AE, Pascali VL, Neophytou PI, Poulli Z, Novelletto A, Malaspina P, Terrenato L, Berebbi A, Fellous M, Thomas MG, Goldstein DB (2006) Population structure in the Mediterranean basin: a Y chromosome perspective. Ann Hum Genet 70:207-225
Barnes I, Thomas MG (2006) Evaluating bacterial pathogen DNA preservation in museum osteological collections. Proc Biol Sci 273:645-653


Nadkarni NA, Weale ME, von Schantz M, Thomas MG (2005) Evolution of a length polymorphism in the human PER3 gene, a component of the circadian system. J Biol Rhythms 20:490-499
Lister AM, Edwards CJ, Nock DA, Bunce M, van Pijlen IA, Bradley DG, Thomas MG, Barnes I (2005) The phylogenetic position of the 'giant deer' Megaloceros giganteus. Nature 438:850-853


Mulcare CA, Weale ME, Jones AL, Connell B, Zeitlyn D, Tarekegn A, Swallow DM, Bradman N, Thomas MG (2004) The T allele of a single-nucleotide polymorphism 13.9 kb upstream of the lactase gene (LCT) (C-13.9kbT) does not predict or cause the lactase-persistence phenotype in Africans. Am J Hum Genet 74:1102-1110
Caldwell EF, Mayor LR, Thomas MG, Danpure CJ (2004) Diet and the frequency of the alanine:glyoxylate aminotransferase Pro11Leu polymorphism in different human populations. Hum Genet 115:504-509
Bradman N, Thomas MG, Weale ME, Goldstein DB (2004) Threads to Antiquity: a Genetic Record of Sex-specific Demographic Histories of Jewish Populations. In: Jones M (ed) Traces of Ancestry: studies in honour of Colin Renfrew. McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, Cambridge
Bortolini MC, Thomas MG, Chikhi L, Aguilar JA, Castro-De-Guerra D, Salzano FM, Ruiz-Linare A (2004) Ribeiro’s typology, genomes, and Spanish colonialism, as viewed from Gran Canaria and Colombia. Genetics and Molecular Biology 27:1 - 8


Weale ME, Shah T, Jones AL, Greenhalgh J, Wilson JF, Nymadawa P, Zeitlin D, Connell BA, Bradman N, Thomas MG (2003) Rare deep-rooting Y chromosome lineages in humans: lessons for phylogeography. Genetics 165:229-234
Quintana-Murci L, Weale ME, Thomas MG, Erdei E, Bradman N, Shanks JH, Krausz C, McElreavey K (2003) Y chromosome haplotypes and testicular cancer in the English population. J Med Genet 40:e20
Overall AD, Ahmad M, Thomas MG, Nichols RA (2003) An analysis of consanguinity and social structure within the UK Asian population using microsatellite data. Ann Hum Genet 67:525-537
Johnston J, Thomas MG (2003) Summary: the science of genealogy by genetics. Developing World Bioeth 3:103-108
Fletcher B, Goldstein DB, Bradman AL, Weale ME, Bradman N, Thomas MG (2003) High-throughput analysis of informative CYP2D6 compound haplotypes. Genomics 81:166-174
Capelli C, Redhead N, Abernethy JK, Gratrix F, Wilson JF, Moen T, Hervig T, Richards M, Stumpf MP, Underhill PA, Bradshaw P, Shaha A, Thomas MG, Bradman N, Goldstein DB (2003) A Y chromosome census of the British Isles. Curr Biol 13:979-984
Bortolini MC, Salzano FM, Thomas MG, Stuart S, Nasanen SP, Bau CH, Hutz MH, Layrisse Z, Petzl-Erler ML, Tsuneto LT, Hill K, Hurtado AM, Castro-de-Guerra D, Torres MM, Groot H, Michalski R, Nymadawa P, Bedoya G, Bradman N, Labuda D, Ruiz-Linares A (2003) Y-chromosome evidence for differing ancient demographic histories in the Americas. Am J Hum Genet 73:524-539
Behar DM, Thomas MG, Skorecki K, Hammer MF, Bulygina E, Rosengarten D, Jones AL, Held K, Moses V, Goldstein D, Bradman N, Weale ME (2003) Multiple origins of Ashkenazi Levites: Y chromosome evidence for both Near Eastern and European ancestries. Am J Hum Genet 73:768-779


Weale ME, Weiss DA, Jager RF, Bradman N, Thomas MG (2002) Y chromosome evidence for Anglo-Saxon mass migration. Mol Biol Evol 19:1008-1021
Thomas MG, Weale ME, Jones AL, Richards M, Smith A, Redhead N, Torroni A, Scozzari R, Gratrix F, Tarekegn A, Wilson JF, Capelli C, Bradman N, Goldstein DB (2002) Founding mothers of Jewish communities: geographically separated Jewish groups were independently founded by very few female ancestors. Am J Hum Genet 70:1411-1420
Thomas MG, Barnes I (2002) Ancient DNA. In: Pagel M (ed) Encyclopedia of Evolution. Oxford University Press, New York
Ma Y, Thomas MG, Okamoto M, Bogdanos DP, Nagl S, Kerkar N, Lopes AR, Muratori L, Lenzi M, Bianchi FB, Mieli-Vergani G, Vergani D (2002) Key residues of a major cytochrome P4502D6 epitope are located on the surface of the molecule. J Immunol 169:277-285
Ma Y, Okamoto M, Thomas MG, Bogdanos DP, Lopes AR, Portmann B, Underhill J, Durr R, Mieli-Vergani G, Vergani D (2002) Antibodies to conformational epitopes of soluble liver antigen define a severe form of autoimmune liver disease. Hepatology 35:658-664
Lau GK, Suri D, Liang R, Rigopoulou EI, Thomas MG, Mullerova I, Nanji A, Yuen ST, Williams R, Naoumov NV (2002) Resolution of chronic hepatitis B and anti-HBs seroconversion in humans by adoptive transfer of immunity to hepatitis B core antigen. Gastroenterology 122:614-624


Wilson JF, Weiss DA, Richards M, Thomas MG, Bradman N, Goldstein DB (2001) Genetic evidence for different male and female roles during cultural transitions in the British Isles. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:5078-5083
Wilson JF, Weale ME, Smith AC, Gratrix F, Fletcher B, Thomas MG, Bradman N, Goldstein DB (2001) Population genetic structure of variable drug response. Nat Genet 29:265-269
Weale ME, Yepiskoposyan L, Jager RF, Hovhannisyan N, Khudoyan A, Burbage-Hall O, Bradman N, Thomas MG (2001) Armenian Y chromosome haplotypes reveal strong regional structure within a single ethno-national group. Hum Genet 109:659-674
Spigelman M, Barnes I, Holton J, Vaira D, Thomas MG (2001) Long-term DNA survival in ethanol-preserved archival material. Ann R Coll Surg Engl 83:283-284
Bjoro K, Petrova EP, Thomas MG, Froland SS, Williams R, Naoumov NV (2001) TT virus infection in patients with primary hypogammaglobulinaemia: natural history and relationship to liver disease in the immunocompromised host. Scand J Gastroenterol 36:987-993


Thomas MG, Parfitt T, Weiss DA, Skorecki K, Wilson JF, le Roux M, Bradman N, Goldstein DB (2000) Y chromosomes traveling south: the cohen modal haplotype and the origins of the Lemba--the "Black Jews of Southern Africa". Am J Hum Genet 66:674-686
Thomas MG, Hagelberg E, Jone HB, Yang Z, Lister AM (2000) Molecular and morphological evidence on the phylogeny of the Elephantidae. Proc R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 267:2493-2500
Richards M, Macaulay V, Hickey E, Vega E, Sykes B, Guida V, Rengo C, Sellitto D, Cruciani F, Kivisild T, Villems R, Thomas MG, Rychkov S, Rychkov O, Rychkov Y, Golge M, Dimitrov D, Hill E, Bradley D, Romano V, Cali F, Vona G, Demaine A, Papiha S, Triantaphyllidis C, Stefanescu G, Hatina J, Belledi M, Di Rienzo A, Novelletto A, Oppenheim A, Norby S, Al-Zaheri N, Santachiara-Benerecetti S, Scozari R, Torroni A, Bandelt HJ (2000) Tracing European founder lineages in the Near Eastern mtDNA pool. Am J Hum Genet 67:1251-1276
Nebel A, Filon D, Weiss DA, Weale M, Faerman M, Oppenheim A, Thomas MG (2000) High-resolution Y chromosome haplotypes of Israeli and Palestinian Arabs reveal geographic substructure and substantial overlap with haplotypes of Jews. Hum Genet 107:630-641
Ma Y, Thomas MG, Okamoto M, Bogdanos DP, Muratori L, Lenzi M, Williams R, Bianchi FB, Mieli-Vergani G, Vergani D (2000) The endecamer CYP2D6317-327 accounts for differential reactivity of liver kidney microsomal antibody in autoimmune hepatitis type 2 and HCV infection. Journal of Hepatology 32:130
Faerman M, Nebel A, Filon D, Thomas MG, Bradman N, Ragsdale BD, Schultz M, Oppenheim A (2000) From a dry bone to a genetic portrait: a case study of sickle cell anemia. Am J Phys Anthropol 111:153-163
Bradman N, Thomas MG, Goldstein DG (2000) The Genetic Origins of Old Testament Priests. In: Renfrew C (ed) America Past, America Present: Genes and Languages in the Americas and Beyond. Cambridge University press, Cambridge, U.K.
Barnes I, Holton J, Vaira D, Spigelman M, Thomas MG (2000) An assessment of the long-term preservation of the DNA of a bacterial pathogen in ethanol-preserved archival material. J Pathol 192:554-559


Zerjal T, Pandya A, Santos FR, Adhikari R, Tarazona E, Kayser M, Evgrafov O, Singh L, Thangaraj K, Destro-Bisol G, Thomas MG, Qamar R, Mehdi Q, Rosser ZH, Hurles ME, Jobling ME, Tyler-Smith C (1999) The use of Y-chromosomal DNA variation to investigate population history: Recent male spread in Asia and Europe. In: Papiha SS, Deka R, Chakraborty R (eds) Genomic diversity : applications in human population genetics. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York ; London, pp 91 - 102
Thomas MG, Miller KWP, Mascie-Taylor CGN (1999) Mitochondrial DNA and IQ in Europe. Intelligence 26:167 - 173
Thomas MG, Bradman N, Flinn HM (1999) High throughput analysis of 10 microsatellite and 11 diallelic polymorphisms on the human Y-chromosome. Hum Genet 105:577-581
Ma Y, Thomas MG, Muratori L, Lenzi M, Williams R, Bianchi FB, Mieli-Vergani G, Vergani D (1999) Use of eukaryotically expressed antigenic regions of cytochrome P4502D6 to differentiate LKM1 responses in autoimmune hepatitis type 2 and HCV infection. Book of Abstracts, 32nd Annual Meeting of ESPGHAN (June 2–5, 1999), Warsaw, Poland p70
Thomas MG, Skorecki K, Ben-Ami H, Parfitt T, Bradman N, Goldstein DB (1998) Origins of Old Testament priests. Nature 394:138-140
Thomas MG, Cook CE, Miller KW, Waring MJ, Hagelberg E (1998) Molecular instability in the COII-tRNA(Lys) intergenic region of the human mitochondrial genome: multiple origins of the 9-bp deletion and heteroplasmy for expanded repeats. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 353:955-965
Naoumov NV, Petrova EP, Thomas MG, Williams R (1998) Presence of a newly described human DNA virus (TTV) in patients with liver disease. Lancet 352:195-197
Ma Y, Kerkar N, Thomas MG, Muratori L, Lopes AR, Lenzi M, Williams R, Bianchi FB, Mieli-Vergani G, Vergani D (1998) Definition of the antigenic regions of cytochrome P4502D6 recognised by liver kidney microsomal antibody in autoimmune hepatitis and HCV infection. Hepatology 28:192A
Thomas MG, Moore LJ (1997) Preparation of bone samples for DNA extraction: a nuts and bolts approach. Biotechniques 22:402
Thomas MG, Hesse SA, Foss YJ, Farzaneh F (1997) The use of PCR for differential screening of cDNA libraries. In: White BA (ed) PCR cloning protocols : from molecular cloning to genetic engineering. Humana, Totowa, pp 405 - 418
Marinos G, Torre F, Gunther S, Thomas MG, Will H, Williams R, Naoumov NV (1996) Hepatitis B virus variants with core gene deletions in the evolution of chronic hepatitis B infection. Gastroenterology 111:183-192
Gaken JA, Tavassoli M, Gan SU, Vallian S, Giddings I, Darling DC, Galea-Lauri J, Thomas MG, Abedi H, Schreiber V, Menissier-de Murcia J, Collins MK, Shall S, Farzaneh F (1996) Efficient retroviral infection of mammalian cells is blocked by inhibition of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase activity. J Virol 70:3992-4000
Naoumov NV, Thomas MG, Mason AL, Chokshi S, Bodicky CJ, Farzaneh F, Williams R, Perrillo RP (1995) Genomic variations in the hepatitis B core gene: a possible factor influencing response to interferon alfa treatment. Gastroenterology 108:505-514
Thomas MG, Miller KW, Cook CE, Jr., Hagelberg E (1994) A method for avoiding mis-priming when sequencing with Dynabeads. Nucleic Acids Res 22:3243-3244
Thomas MG, Hesse SA, al-Mahdawi S, Bui TD, Moniz CF, Farzaneh F (1994) A procedure for second-round differential screening of cDNA libraries. Biotechniques 16:229-230, 232
Hagelberg E, Thomas MG, Cook CE, Jr., Sher AV, Baryshnikov GF, Lister AM (1994) DNA from ancient mammoth bones. Nature 370:333-334
Thomas MG, Hesse SA, McKie AT, Farzaneh F (1993) Sequencing of cDNA using anchored oligo dT primers. Nucleic Acids Res 21:3915-3916
Ma Y, Peakman M, Lenzi M, Gaken J, Thomas MG, Farzaneh F, Ballardini G, Cassani F, Mieli-Vergani G, Bianchi FB, et al. (1993) Case against subclassification of type II autoimmune chronic active hepatitis. Lancet 341:60
Hawes S, Thomas MG, Paton A, Farzaneh F, Bolton VN (1993) The detection of mRNA for the receptor of colony stimulating factor (c-fms) in human oocytes and preimplantation embryos. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility Abstract Series 12:7
Thomas MG, Abedi H, Farzaneh F (1992) Procedure for drying high percentage acrylamide gels. BioTechniques 13:533
Ma Y, Lenzi M, J.A. G, Thomas MG, Farzaneh F, Ballardini G, Cassani F, Mieli-Vergani G, Bianchi FB, Vergani D (1992) The target antigen of liverkidney microsomal antibody is different in type-II autoimmune chronic active hepatitis and chronic hepatitis C virus infection. Hepatology 16:563
Pagliuca A, Thomas MG, Tobal K, Farzaneh F, Mufti GJ (1991) Direct sequencing of c-fms in myelodysplastic syndrome and AML. Leukemia research 15:7
Ma Y, Gaken JA, Thomas MG, Mowat AP, Farzaneh F, Mieli-Vergani G, Vergani D (1991) Antibodies to the human cytochrome p450 db1 are not universally associated with Type II autoimmune chronic active hepatitis. Hepatology 14:62
de Miranda JR, Thomas MG, Thurman DA, Tomsett AB (1990) Metallothionein genes from the flowering plant Mimulus guttatus. FEBS Lett 260:277-280