Martin Raff

1959 Bsc McGill University, Montreal Canada
1963 MD McGill University, Montreal Canada
Martin Raff
Tel: 020 7679 7016
Fax: 020 7679 7805
Email: 
m.raff@ucl.ac.uk
Awards: 
1974- Member European Molecular Biology Organization
1985– Fellow of the Royal Society
1988– Academia Europaea
1989 Feldberg Prize
1989– Honorary Member of American Neurological Society
1991–1995 President, British Society of Cell Biology
1997–2001 Chairman, UK Life Sciences Committee
1998– British Academy of Medical Sciences
1999– Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
2001 Dunham Lectures, Harvard University
2002 United Kingdom-Canada Rutherford Lectures
2002 Hamdan Prize for Apoptosis in Disease and Health
2003 Foreign Associate of National Academy of Sciences of the USA
2004 Kuffler Lectures, UCSD
2005 Honorary Fellow, University College London
2005 Honorary Degree, McGill University
2006 The Biochemical Society Award
2007 Honorary Degree, Vrije Universiteit Brussel
2010 DART/NYU Biotechnology Achievement Award in Basic Science
Previous Posts: 
1963 -65 Intern and Assistant Resident in Medicine, Royal Victoria Hospital, Montreal
1965 -68 Resident in Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston
1969 -71 Postdoctoral Fellow in Immunology, National Institute for Medical Research, Mill Hill, London
1971 -02 MRC Developmental Neurobiology Programme, Biology Department, University College London
1979 -02 Professor of Biology, Biology Department, University College London
1993 -02 Scientist, MRC Laboratory for Molecular Cell Biology, University College London
2002 - Emeritus Professor, MRC Laboratory for Molecular Cell Biology , UCL

Martin Raff

MRC LMCB

University College London

London WC1E 6BT

TRAINING:

1963-65 Intern and Assistant Resident in Medicine, Royal Victoria Hospital, Montreal

1965-68 Resident in Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston

1969-71 Postdoctoral Fellow in Immunology, National Institute for Medical Research, Mill Hill, London

Research Summary:

I began my scientific life as a cellular immunologist.  I then  switched to cell biology and developmental neurobiology, mainly focusing on the intrinsic and extrinsic molecular mechanisms that control the development and behaviour of myelinating glial cells and retinal cells. I retired from active science in 2002 and now spend much of my time on scientific advisory boards in Europe and the USA and thinking about autism.

Recent Publications

Raff, M. (2006). Martin Raff. In Squire, L. R. (Ed.). The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography ( Vol. 5 pp.505-548). Burlington, MA:
Society for Neuroscience, Elsevier Academic Press. (see under Links)

Raff, M. (2006). The mystery of intracellular developmental programmes and timers. Biochemical Society Transactions
34, 663-670 Author URL

Raff, M. (2007). Intracellular developmental timers. In Clocks and Rhythms ( pp.431-435). Cold Spring Harbor:
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. Author URL

Raff, M., Johnson, A., Walter, P. (2008). Painful Publishing. Science
321(5885), 36 (see under Links)

Raff, M. (2009). New routes into the human brain. Cell
139(7), 1209-1211 doi:10.1016/j.cell.2009.12.010. Publisher URL

RAFF, M. (2011). Looking back. Annu. rev. cell dev. biol.
27, 1-23

Scientific Advisory Boards:

Autism Speaks, New York

Company of Biologists, Board of Directors, Cambridge, UK

Ellison Medical Foundation, New York

The Champalimaud Neuroscience Programme, Lisbon

Glaucoma Foundation Catalyst For Cure 2, San Francisco

Gulbenkian Institute of Science, Lisbon

Luxembourg Personalized Medicine Consortium, Luxembourg

Medical Research Council Clinical Sciences Centre, London

Myelin Repair Foundation, Saratoga, California

Simons Foundation Autism Research Initiative, New York

Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, Oxford

Books

Alberts, B., Bray, D., Hopkins, K., Johnson, A., Lewis, J., Raff, M., Roberts, K., and Walter, P. (2014). Essential Cell Biology (4th edition). New York: Garland Press.

Alberts, B., Johnson, A., Lewis, J., Raff, M., Roberts, K., and Walter, P. (2008). Molecular Biology of the Cell (5th edition). New York: Garland Press.

Hall, M. N., Raff, M. C., and Thomas, G. E. (2004). Cell Growth: Control of Cell Size. New York. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.

Greaves, M.F., Owen, J.J.T., and Raff, M.C. (1973) T and B Lymphocytes: Origins, Properties and Roles in Immune Responses. Amsterdam. Excerpta Medica.

Publications
Jump to: 2014 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 | 2000 | 1999 | 1998 | 1997 | 1996 | 1995 | 1994 | 1993 | 1992 | 1991 | 1990 | 1989 | 1988 | 1987 | 1986 | 1985 | 1984 | 1983 | 1982 | 1981 | 1980 | 1979 | 1978 | 1977 | 1976 | 1975 | 1974 | 1973 | 1972 | 1971 | 1970 | 1969 | 1968 | 1967
Number of items: 254.

2014

Raff, M; (2014) Open questions: what has genetics told us about autism spectrum disorders? BMC Biol , 12 45 - ?. 10.1186/1741-7007-12-45.

2012

Raff, M; (2012) Thoughts of a retired scientist: an interview with Martin Raff by Sarah Allan. Dis Model Mech , 5 (4) 419 - 422. 10.1242/dmm.010264.

2011

Raff, M; (2011) Looking back. Annu Rev Cell Dev Biol , 27 1 - 23. 10.1146/annurev-cellbio-092910-154203.

2010

Raff, M; (2010) Video Q&A: what is autism? - A personal view. BMC Biol , 8 42 - ?.

2009

Alberts, B; Bray, D; Hopkins, K; Johnson, A; Lewis, J; Raff, M; ... and Walter, P; + view all (2009) Essential Cell Biology. (3 ed.). Garland Press: New York.

Raff, M; (2009) New routes into the human brain. Cell , 139 (7) 1209 - 1211. 10.1016/j.cell.2009.12.010.

2008

Alberts, B; Johnson, A; Lewis, J; Raff, M; Roberts, K; and Walter, P; (2008) Molecular Biology of the Cell. (5 ed.). Garland Press: New York.

Raff, M; Johnson, A; Walter, P; (2008) Painful publishing. SCIENCE , 321 (5885) 36 - 36.

Raff, M; Johnson, A; Walter, P; (2008) Painful publishing. Science , 321 (5885) 36 - ?. 10.1126/science.321.5885.36a.

Raff, MC; (2008) Theta isoantigen as a marker of thymus-derived lymphocytes in mice (Reprinted from Nature vol 224, pg 378-379, 1969). J IMMUNOL , 180 (7) 4353 - 4354.

Raff, MC; (2008) Theta isoantigen as a marker of thymus-derived lymphocytes in mice. 1969. J Immunol , 180 (7) 4353 - 4354.

2007

Raff, M; (2007) Intracellular developmental timers. In: UNSPECIFIED (431 - 435).

2006

Billon, N; Jolicoeur, C; Raff, M; (2006) Generation and characterization of oligodendrocytes from lineage-selectable embryonic stem cells in vitro. Methods Mol Biol , 330 15 - 32. 10.1385/1-59745-036-7:015.

Raff, M; (2006) The mystery of intracellular developmental programmes and timers. Biochem Soc Trans , 34 (Pt 5) 663 - 670. 10.1042/BST0340663.

Raff, M; (2006) Martin Raff. In: Squire, LR, (ed.) The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography. (505 - 548). Society for Neuroscience, Elsevier Academic Press: Burlington, MA.

2004

Billon, N; Terrinoni, A; Jolicoeur, C; McCarthy, A; Richardson, WD; Melino, G; Raff, M; (2004) Roles for p53 and p73 during oligodendrocyte development. DEVELOPMENT , 131 (6) 1211 - 1220. 10.1242/dev.01035.

Conlon, I; Lloyd, A; Raff, M; (2004) Co-operation of cell growth and cell-cycle progression in proliferating mammalian cells. In: Hall, MN and Raff, M and Thomas, G, (eds.) Cell growth: control of cell size. (85 - 99). Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press Cold Spring Harbor: Cold Spring Harbor.

Conlon, I; Raff, M; (2004) Control and maintenance of mammalian cell size: response. BMC Cell Biol , 5 (1) 36 - ?. 10.1186/1471-2121-5-36.

Hall, MN; Raff, MC; and Thomas, GE; (2004) Cell Growth: Control of Cell Size. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press

Kondo, T; Raff, M; (2004) Chromatin remodeling and histone modification in the conversion of oligodendrocyte precursors to neural stem cells. Genes Dev , 18 (23) 2963 - 2972. 10.1101/gad.309404.

Kondo, T; Raff, MC; (2004) A role for Noggin in the development of oligodendrocyte precursor cells (vol 267, pg 242, 2004). DEV BIOL , 270 (1) 272 - 272. 10.1016/j.ydbio.2003.03.001.

Kondo, T; Raff, MC; (2004) A role for Noggin in the development of oligodendrocyte precursor cells. DEV BIOL , 267 (1) 242 - 251. 10.1016/j.ydbio.2003.11.013.

Raff, MC; Stevens, CF; Roberts, K; Shatz, CJ; Newsome, WT; (2004) Changing scientific publishing. SCIENCE , 305 (5686) 945 - 946.

2003

Cayouette, M; Barres, BA; Raff, M; (2003) Importance of intrinsic mechanisms in cell fate decisions in the developing rat retina. Neuron , 40 (5) 897 - 904.

Cayouette, M; Barres, BA; Raff, M; (2003) Retinal cell-fate determination: Importance of intracellular developmental programs. In: DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY. (pp. 507 - 508).

Cayouette, M; Barres, BA; Raff, M; (2003) Importance of intrinsic mechanisms in cell-fate choice in the rat retina. Neuron , 40 897 - 904.

Cayouette, M; Raff, M; (2003) The orientation of cell division influences cell-fate choice in the developing mammalian retina. Development , 130 (11) 2329 - 2339.

Conlon, I; Raff, M; (2003) Differences in the way a mammalian cell and yeast cells coordinate cell growth and cell-cycle progression. J Biol , 2 (1) 7 - ?. Gold open access

Lumsden, A; Raff, M; Sanes, JR; (2003) Online comment could promote unfair criticism. Nature , 423 (6943) 918 - ?. 10.1038/423918b.

Raff, M; (2003) Adult stem cell plasticity: fact or artifact? Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology , 19 (1) 22 - ?.

Raff, M; (2003) Adult stem cell plasticity: fact or artifact? Annu Rev Cell Dev Biol , 19 1 - 22. 10.1146/annurev.cellbio.19.111301.143037.

Whitmore, AV; Lindsten, T; Raff, MC; Thompson, CB; (2003) The proapoptotic proteins Bax and Bak are not involved in Wallerian degeneration. CELL DEATH DIFFER , 10 (2) 260 - 261. 10.1038/sj.cdd.4401147.

2002

Billon, N; Jolicoeur, C; Tokumoto, Y; Vennström, B; Raff, M; (2002) Normal timing of oligodendrocyte development depends on thyroid hormone receptor alpha 1 (TRalpha1). EMBO J , 21 (23) 6452 - 6460.

Billon, N; Jolicoeur, C; Ying, QL; Smith, A; Raff, M; (2002) Normal timing of oligodendrocyte development from genetically engineered, lineage-selectable mouse ES cells. J CELL SCI , 115 (18) 3657 - 3665. 10.1242/jcs.00049.

Billon, N; Jolicoeur, C; Ying, QL; Smith, A; Raff, M; (2002) Normal timing of oligodendrocyte development from genetically engineered, lineage-selectable mouse ES cells. J Cell Sci , 115 (Pt 18) 3657 - 3665.

Cayouette, M; Raff, M; (2002) Asymmetric segregation of Numb: a mechanism for neural specification from Drosophila to mammals. Nat Neurosci , 5 (12) 1265 - 1269. 10.1038/nn1202-1265.

Cayouette, M; Raff, M; (2002) Asymmetric cell division and numb segregation in the developing mammalian retina. DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY , 247 (2) 499 - 499.

Raff, M; (2002) Size control. DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY , 247 (2) 483 - 483.

Raff, M; Conlon, I; (2002) Cell growth control. In: MOLECULAR BIOLOGY OF THE CELL. (pp. 144A - 144A).

Raff, MC; Whitmore, AV; Finn, JT; (2002) Axonal self-destruction and neurodegeneration. Science , 296 (5569) 868 - 871. 10.1126/science.1068613.

Tokumoto, YM; Apperly, JA; Gao, FB; Raff, MC; (2002) Posttranscriptional regulation of p18 and p27 Cdk inhibitor proteins and the timing of oligodendrocyte differentiation. DEV BIOL , 245 (1) 224 - 234. 10.1006/dbio.2002.0626.

2001

Billon, N; Tokumoto, Y; Forrest, D; Raff, M; (2001) Role of thyroid hormone receptors in timing oligodendrocyte differentiation. Dev Biol , 235 (1) 110 - 120. 10.1006/dbio.2001.0293.

Cayouette, M; Whitmore, AV; Jeffery, G; Raff, M; (2001) Asymmetric segregation of numb in retinal development and the influence of the pigmented epithelium. J NEUROSCI , 21 (15) 5643 - 5651.

Conlon, IJ; Dunn, GA; Mudge, AW; Raff, MC; (2001) Extracellular control of cell size (vol 3, pg 918, 2001). NAT CELL BIOL , 3 (11) 1033 - 1033.

Conlon, IJ; Dunn, GA; Mudge, AW; Raff, MC; (2001) Extracellular control of cell size. NAT CELL BIOL , 3 (10) 918 - 921.

Raff, M; Apperly, J; Kondo, T; Tokumoto, Y; Tang, D; (2001) Timing cell-cycle exit and differentiation in oligodendrocyte development. In: Novartis Found Symp. (pp. 100 - 107).

Rosenblatt, J; Raff, MC; Cramer, L; (2001) An epithelial cell destined for apoptosis signals its neighbors to extrude it by an actin/myosin-dependent mechanism. In: MOL BIOL CELL. (pp. 401A - 401A). AMER SOC CELL BIOLOGY

Rosenblatt, J; Raff, MC; Cramer, LP; (2001) An epithelial cell destined for apoptosis signals its neighbors to extrude it by an actin- and myosin-dependent mechanism. CURR BIOL , 11 (23) 1847 - 1857.

Tang, DG; Tokumoto, YM; Apperly, JA; Lloyd, AC; Raff, MC; (2001) Lack of replicative senescence in cultured rat - Oligodendrocyte precursor cells. SCIENCE , 291 (5505) 868 - 871.

Tokumoto, YM; Tang, DG; Raff, MC; (2001) Two molecularly distinct intracellular pathways to oligodendrocyte differentiation: role of a p53 family protein. EMBO J , 20 (18) 5261 - 5268.

2000

Conlon, IJ; Cheng, LL; Dunn, G; Mudge, A; Raff, MC; (2000) Extracellular control of cell growth and cell-cycle progression: evidence for independent control rather than a cell size checkpoint. MOL BIOL CELL , 11 345A - +.

Durand, B; Raff, M; (2000) A cell-intrinsic timer that operates during oligodendrocyte development. Bioessays , 22 (1) 64 - 71. 10.1002/(SICI)1521-1878(200001)22:1<64::AID-BIES11>3.0.CO;2-Q.

Fernandez, PA; Tang, DG; Cheng, LL; Prochiantz, A; Mudge, AW; Raff, MC; (2000) Evidence that axon-derived neuregulin promotes oligodendrocyte survival in the developing rat optic nerve. NEURON , 28 (1) 81 - 90.

Finn, JT; Weil, M; Archer, F; Siman, R; Srinivasan, A; Raff, MC; (2000) Evidence that wallerian degeneration and localized axon degeneration induced by local neurotrophin deprivation do not involve caspases. J NEUROSCI , 20 (4) 1333 - 1341.

Kondo, T; Raff, M; (2000) Oligodendrocyte precursor cells reprogrammed to become multipotential CNS stem cells. Science , 289 (5485) 1754 - 1757.

Kondo, T; Raff, M; (2000) Basic helix-loop-helix proteins and the timing of oligodendrocyte differentiation. Development , 127 (14) 2989 - 2998.

Kondo, T; Raff, M; (2000) The Id4 HLH protein and the timing of oligodendrocyte differentiation. EMBO J , 19 (9) 1998 - 2007. 10.1093/emboj/19.9.1998.

Parnaik, R; Raff, MC; Scholes, J; (2000) Differences between the clearance of apoptotic cells by professional and non-professional phagocytes. CURR BIOL , 10 (14) 857 - 860.

Parnaik, R; Raff, MC; Scholes, J; (2000) Differences between the clearance of apoptotic cells by professional and non-professional phagocytes. Current Biology , 10 (14) 857 - 860.

Rosenblatt, JS; Raff, MC; Cramer, LP; (2000) Actin/myosin-based cell contraction drives extrusion of apoptotic cells from epithelia. In: MOL BIOL CELL. (pp. 294A - 294A). AMER SOC CELL BIOLOGY

Tang, DG; Tokumoto, YM; Raff, MC; (2000) Long-term culture of purified postnatal oligodendrocyte precursor cells: Evidence for an intrinsic maturation program that plays out over months. J CELL BIOL , 148 (5) 971 - 984.

1999

Barres, BA; Raff, MC; (1999) Axonal control of oligodendrocyte development. J CELL BIOL , 147 (6) 1123 - 1128.

Burton, PBJ; Raff, MC; Kerr, P; Yacoub, MH; Barton, PJR; (1999) An intrinsic timer that controls cell-cycle withdrawal in cultured cardiac myocytes. DEV BIOL , 216 (2) 659 - 670.

Conlon, I; Raff, M; (1999) Size control in animal development. Cell , 96 (2) 235 - 244.

Tokumoto, YM; Durand, B; Raff, MC; (1999) An analysis of the early events when oligodendrocyte precursor cells are triggered to differentiate by thyroid hormone, retinoic acid, or PDGF withdrawal. DEV BIOL , 213 (2) 327 - 339.

Wallace, VA; Raff, MC; (1999) A role for Sonic hedgehog in axon-to-astrocyte signalling in the rodent optic nerve. DEVELOPMENT , 126 (13) 2901 - 2909.

Weil, M; Raff, MC; Braga, VMM; (1999) Caspase activation in the terminal differentiation of human epidermal keratinocytes. CURR BIOL , 9 (7) 361 - 364.

1998

Durand, B; Fero, ML; Roberts, JM; Raff, MC; (1998) p27(Kip1) alters the response of cells to mitogen and is part of a cell-intrinsic timer that arrests the cell cycle and initiates differentiation. CURR BIOL , 8 (8) 431 - 440.

Gao, FB; Apperly, J; Raff, M; (1998) Cell-intrinsic timers and thyroid hormone regulate the probability of cell-cycle withdrawal and differentiation of oligodendrocyte precursor cells. Dev Biol , 197 (1) 54 - 66. 10.1006/dbio.1998.8877.

Ishizaki, Y; Jacobson, MD; Raff, MC; (1998) Role for caspases in lens fiber differentiation. J CELL BIOL , 140 (1) 153 - 158.

Raff, M; (1998) Cell suicide for beginners. Nature , 396 (6707) 119 - 122. 10.1038/24055.

Raff, M; (1998) Special issue - Abstracts of the International Society of Neuroimmunology, Fifth International Congress, Montreal, Canada, 23-27 August 1998. JOURNAL OF NEUROIMMUNOLOGY , 90 (1) 2 - +. 10.1016/S0165-5728(98)91208-5.

Raff, MC; Durand, B; Gao, FB; (1998) Cell number control and timing in animal development: the oligodendrocyte cell lineage. INT J DEV BIOL , 42 (3) 263 - 267.

Wallace, V; Raff, M; (1998) Switching fields. Curr Biol , 8 (18) R629 - ?.

Well, M; Jacobson, MD; Raff, MC; (1998) Are caspases involved in the death of cells with a transcriptionally inactive nucleus? Sperm and chicken erythrocytes. J CELL SCI , 111 2707 - 2715.

1997

Ahlgren, SC; Wallace, H; Bishop, J; Neophytou, C; Raff, MC; (1997) Effects of thyroid hormone on embryonic oligodendrocyte precursor call development in vivo and in vitro. MOL CELL NEUROSCI , 9 (5-6) 420 - 432.

Barondes, SH; Alberts, BM; Andreasen, NC; Bargmann, C; Benes, F; Goldman-Rakic, P; ... Yolken, RH; + view all (1997) Workshop on schizophrenia. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A , 94 (5) 1612 - 1614.

Burne, JF; Raff, MC; (1997) Retinal ganglion cell axons drive the proliferation of astrocytes in the developing rodent optic nerve. NEURON , 18 (2) 223 - 230.

Durand, B; Gao, FB; Raff, M; (1997) Accumulation of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27/Kip1 and the timing of oligodendrocyte differentiation. EMBO J , 16 (2) 306 - 317. 10.1093/emboj/16.2.306.

Gao, FB; Durand, B; Raff, M; (1997) Oligodendrocyte precursor cells count time but not cell divisions before differentiation. Curr Biol , 7 (2) 152 - 155.

Gao, FB; Raff, M; (1997) Cell size control and a cell-intrinsic maturation program in proliferating oligodendrocyte precursor cells. J Cell Biol , 138 (6) 1367 - 1377.

Jacobson, MD; Weil, M; Raff, MC; (1997) Programmed cell death in animal development. CELL , 88 (3) 347 - 354.

Jensen, AM; Raff, MC; (1997) Continuous observation of multipotential retinal progenitor cells in clonal density culture. DEV BIOL , 188 (2) 267 - 279.

Neophytou, C; Raff, MC; Vernallis, AB; Smith, A; (1997) Muller-cell-derived leukaemia inhibitory factor arrests rod photoreceptor differentiation at a postmitotic pre-rod stage of development. Development , 124 (12) 2345 - 2354.

Neophytou, C; Vernallis, AB; Smith, A; Raff, MC; (1997) Muller-cell-derived leukaemia inhibitory factor arrests rod photoreceptor differentiation at a postmitotic pre-rod stage of development. DEVELOPMENT , 124 (12) 2345 - 2354.

Watanabe, T; Voyvodic, JT; Chan-Ling, T; Sagara, H; Hirosawa, K; Mio, Y; ... and Raff, MC; + view all (1997) Differentiation and morphogenesis in pellet cultures of developing rat retinal cells. The Journal of Comparative Neurology , 140 153 - 158.

Watanabe, T; Voyvodic, JT; ChanLing, T; Sagara, H; Hirosawa, K; Mio, Y; ... Raff, MC; + view all (1997) Differentiation and morphogenesis in pellet cultures of developing rat retinal cells. J COMP NEUROL , 377 (3) 341 - 350.

Weil, M; Jacobson, MD; Raff, MC; (1997) Is programmed cell death required for neural tube closure? CURR BIOL , 7 (4) 281 - 284.

1996

Barres, BA; Burne, JF; Holtmann, B; Thoenen, H; Sendtner, M; Raff, MC; (1996) Ciliary neurotrophic factor enhances the rate of oligodendrocyte generation. MOL CELL NEUROSCI , 8 (2-3) 146 - 156.

Barres, BA; Burne, JF; Holtmann, B; Thoenen, H; Sendtner, M; Raff, MC; (1996) Ciliary neurotrophic factor enhances the rate of oligodendrocyte generation. Mol Cell Neurosci , 8 (2-3) 146 - 156. 10.1006/mcne.1996.0053.

Burne, JF; Staple, JK; Raff, MC; (1996) Glial cells are increased proportionally in transgenic optic nerves with increased numbers of axons. J NEUROSCI , 16 (6) 2064 - 2073.

Jacobson, MD; Weil, M; Raff, MC; (1996) Role of Ced3/ICE-family proteases in staurosporine-induced programmed cell death. J CELL BIOL , 133 (5) 1041 - 1051.

Raff, M; (1996) Neural development: mysterious no more? Science , 274 (5290) 1063 - ?.

Raff, MC; (1996) Size control: The regulation of cell numbers in animal development. CELL , 86 (2) 173 - 175.

Raff, MC; (1996) Death wish - All cells come primed for self-destruction. The challenge for medicine is to make them die on cue. SCIENCES , 36 (4) 36 - 40.

Watanabe, T; Voyvodic, JT; ChanLing, T; Ueda, Y; Uchimura, H; Raff, MC; (1996) Differentiation and morphogenesis in pellet cultures of developing rat retinal cells. INVEST OPHTH VIS SCI , 37 (3) 4825 - 4825.

Weil, M; Jacobson, MD; Coles, HSR; Davies, TJ; Gardner, RL; Raff, KD; Raff, MC; (1996) Constitutive expression of the machinery for programmed cell death. J CELL BIOL , 133 (5) 1053 - 1059.

1995

BARRES, BA; RAFF, MC; (1995) THE REGULATION OF OLIGODENDROCYTE DEVELOPMENT BY AXON-DEPENDENT SIGNALS. J NEUROCHEM , 65 S74 - S74.

Bigland-Ritchie, BR; (1995) Looking back. Adv Exp Med Biol , 384 1 - 9.

ISHIZAKI, Y; CHENG, L; MUDGE, AW; RAFF, MC; (1995) PROGRAMMED CELL-DEATH BY DEFAULT IN EMBRYONIC-CELLS, FIBROBLASTS, AND CANCER-CELLS. MOL BIOL CELL , 6 (11) 1443 - 1458.

JACOBSON, MD; RAFF, MC; (1995) PROGRAMMED CELL-DEATH AND BCL-2 PROTECTION IN VERY-LOW OXYGEN. NATURE , 374 (6525) 814 - 816.

KRUEGER, BK; BURNE, JF; RAFF, MC; (1995) EVIDENCE FOR LARGE-SCALE ASTROCYTE DEATH IN THE DEVELOPING CEREBELLUM. J NEUROSCI , 15 (5) 3366 - 3374.

Voyvodic, JT; Burne, JF; Raff, MC; (1995) Quantification of normal cell death in the rat retina: Implications for clone composition in cell lineage analysis. EUR J NEUROSCI , 7 (12) 2469 - 2478.

1994

BARRES, BA; LAZAR, MA; RAFF, MC; (1994) A NOVEL ROLE FOR THYROID-HORMONE, GLUCOCORTICOIDS AND RETINOIC ACID IN TIMING OLIGODENDROCYTE DEVELOPMENT. DEVELOPMENT , 120 (5) 1097 - 1108.

BARRES, BA; RAFF, MC; (1994) CONTROL OF OLIGODENDROCYTE NUMBER IN THE DEVELOPING RAT OPTIC-NERVE. NEURON , 12 (5) 935 - 942.

BARRES, BA; RAFF, MC; GAESE, F; BARTKE, I; DECHANT, G; BARDE, YA; (1994) A CRUCIAL ROLE FOR NEUROTROPHIN-3 IN OLIGODENDROCYTE DEVELOPMENT. NATURE , 367 (6461) 371 - 375.

ISHIZAKI, Y; BURNE, JF; RAFF, MC; (1994) AUTOCRINE SIGNALS ENABLE CHONDROCYTES TO SURVIVE IN CULTURE. J CELL BIOL , 126 (4) 1069 - 1077.

JACOBSON, MD; BURNE, JF; RAFF, MC; (1994) MECHANISMS OF PROGRAMMED CELL-DEATH AND BCL-2 PROTECTION. BIOCHEMICAL SOCIETY TRANSACTIONS , 22 (3) 600 - 602.

JACOBSON, MD; BURNE, JF; RAFF, MC; (1994) PROGRAMMED CELL-DEATH AND BCL-2 PROTECTION IN THE ABSENCE OF A NUCLEUS. EMBO J , 13 (8) 1899 - 1910.

RAFF, MC; (1994) CELL-DEATH GENES - DROSOPHILA ENTERS THE FIELD. SCIENCE , 264 (5159) 668 - 669.

RAFF, MC; BARRES, BA; BURNE, JF; COLES, HSR; ISHIZAKI, Y; JACOBSON, MD; (1994) PROGRAMMED CELL-DEATH AND THE CONTROL OF CELL-SURVIVAL. PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON SERIES B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES , 345 (1313) 265 - 268.

1993

BARRES, BA; JACOBSON, MD; SCHMID, R; SENDTNER, M; RAFF, MC; (1993) DOES OLIGODENDROCYTE SURVIVAL DEPEND ON AXONS. CURR BIOL , 3 (8) 489 - 497.

BARRES, BA; RAFF, MC; (1993) PROLIFERATION OF OLIGODENDROCYTE PRECURSOR CELLS DEPENDS ON ELECTRICAL-ACTIVITY IN AXONS. NATURE , 361 (6409) 258 - 260.

BARRES, BA; SCHMID, R; SENDNTER, M; RAFF, MC; (1993) MULTIPLE EXTRACELLULAR SIGNALS ARE REQUIRED FOR LONG-TERM OLIGODENDROCYTE SURVIVAL. DEVELOPMENT , 118 (1) 283 - 295.

Bartsch, U; Pesheva, P; Raff, M; Schachner, M; (1993) Expression of janusin (J1-160/180) in the retina and optic nerve of the developing and adult mouse. Glia , 9 (1) 57 - 69. 10.1002/glia.440090108.

COLES, HSR; BURNE, JF; RAFF, MC; (1993) LARGE-SCALE NORMAL-CELL DEATH IN THE DEVELOPING RAT-KIDNEY AND ITS REDUCTION BY EPIDERMAL GROWTH-FACTOR. DEVELOPMENT , 118 (3) 777 - 784.

ISHIZAKI, Y; VOYVODIC, JT; BURNE, JF; RAFF, MC; (1993) CONTROL OF LENS EPITHELIAL-CELL SURVIVAL. J CELL BIOL , 121 (4) 899 - 908.

JACOBSON, MD; BURNE, JF; KING, MP; MIYASHITA, T; REED, JC; RAFF, MC; (1993) BCL-2 BLOCKS APOPTOSIS IN CELLS LACKING MITOCHONDRIAL-DNA. NATURE , 361 (6410) 365 - 369.

RAFF, MC; BARRES, BA; BURNE, JF; COLES, HS; ISHIZAKI, Y; JACOBSON, MD; (1993) PROGRAMMED CELL-DEATH AND THE CONTROL OF CELL-SURVIVAL - LESSONS FROM THE NERVOUS-SYSTEM. SCIENCE , 262 (5134) 695 - 700.

RAFF, MC; JACOBSON, M; BARRES, B; (1993) CONTROL OF CELL-PROLIFERATION AND SURVIVAL IN THE OLIGODENDROCYTE CELL LINEAGE. J CELL BIOCHEM 243 - 243.

1992

BARRES, BA; HART, IK; COLES, HSR; BURNE, JF; VOYVODIC, JT; RICHARDSON, WD; RAFF, MC; (1992) CELL-DEATH IN THE OLIGODENDROCYTE LINEAGE. J NEUROBIOL , 23 (9) 1221 - 1230.

BARRES, BA; HART, IK; COLES, HSR; BURNE, JF; VOYYODIC, JT; RICHARDSON, WD; RAFF, MC; (1992) CELL-DEATH AND CONTROL OF CELL-SURVIVAL IN THE OLIGODENDROCYTE LINEAGE. CELL , 70 (1) 31 - 46.

FULTON, BP; BURNE, JF; RAFF, MC; (1992) VISUALIZATION OF O-2A PROGENITOR CELLS IN DEVELOPING AND ADULT-RAT OPTIC-NERVE BY QUISQUALATE-STIMULATED COBALT UPTAKE. J NEUROSCI , 12 (12) 4816 - 4833.

HART, IK; RICHARDSON, WD; RAFF, MC; (1992) PDGF INCREASES THE EXPRESSION OF FOS AND JUN IN NEWLY FORMED OLIGODENDROCYTES THAT HAVE BECOME RESISTANT TO THE MITOGENIC EFFECT OF PDGF. GLIA , 6 (4) 310 - 313.

RAFF, MC; (1992) SOCIAL CONTROLS ON CELL-SURVIVAL AND CELL-DEATH. NATURE , 356 (6368) 397 - 400.

WATANABE, T; RAFF, MC; (1992) DIFFUSIBLE ROD-PROMOTING SIGNALS IN THE DEVELOPING RAT RETINA. DEVELOPMENT , 114 (4) 899 - 906.

1991

FULTON, BP; BURNE, JF; RAFF, MC; (1991) GLIAL-CELLS IN THE RAT OPTIC-NERVE - THE SEARCH FOR THE TYPE-2 ASTROCYTE. ANN NY ACAD SCI , 633 27 - 34.

FULTON, BP; BURNE, JF; RAFF, MC; (1991) GLIAL-CELLS IN THE RAT OPTIC-NERVE - THE SEARCH FOR THE TYPE-2 ASTROCYTE. In: ABBOTT, NJ, (ed.) GLIAL-NEURONAL INTERACTION. (pp. 27 - 34). NEW YORK ACAD SCIENCES

JESSELL, TM; AGUAYO, AJ; CONSTANTINEPATON, M; CUNNINGHAM, DD; MONARD, D; PETERSON, AC; ... SISODIA, SS; + view all (1991) GROUP-REPORT - AXONAL GROWTH AND CONNECTIVITY. In: PRICE, DL and THOENEN, H and AGUAYO, AJ, (eds.) NEURODEGENERATIVE DISORDERS. (pp. 260 - 269). JOHN WILEY & SONS LTD

PRINGLE, N; COLLARINI, EJ; HART, IK; RAFF, MC; RICHARDSON, WD; (1991) PLATELET-DERIVED GROWTH-FACTOR IN CENTRAL-NERVOUS-SYSTEM GLIOGENESIS. ANN NY ACAD SCI , 633 160 - 168.

PRINGLE, N; COLLARINI, EJ; HART, IK; RAFF, MC; RICHARDSON, WD; (1991) PLATELET-DERIVED GROWTH-FACTOR IN CENTRAL-NERVOUS-SYSTEM GLIOGENESIS. In: ABBOTT, NJ, (ed.) GLIAL-NEURONAL INTERACTION. (pp. 160 - 168). NEW YORK ACAD SCIENCES

STOCKLI, KA; LILLIEN, LE; NAHERNOE, M; BREITFELD, G; HUGHES, RA; RAFF, MC; ... SENDTNER, M; + view all (1991) REGIONAL DISTRIBUTION, DEVELOPMENTAL-CHANGES, AND CELLULAR-LOCALIZATION OF CNTF MESSENGER-RNA AND PROTEIN IN THE RAT-BRAIN. J CELL BIOL , 115 (2) 447 - 459.

1990

LILLIEN, LE; RAFF, MC; (1990) DIFFERENTIATION SIGNALS IN THE CNS - TYPE-2 ASTROCYTE DEVELOPMENT INVITRO AS A MODEL SYSTEM. NEURON , 5 (2) 111 - 119.

LILLIEN, LE; RAFF, MC; (1990) ANALYSIS OF THE CELL-CELL INTERACTIONS THAT CONTROL TYPE-2 ASTROCYTE DEVELOPMENT INVITRO. NEURON , 4 (4) 525 - 534.

LILLIEN, LE; SENDTNER, M; RAFF, MC; (1990) EXTRACELLULAR-MATRIX ASSOCIATED MOLECULES COLLABORATE WITH CILIARY NEUROTROPHIC FACTOR TO INDUCE TYPE-2 ASTROCYTE DEVELOPMENT. J CELL BIOL , 111 (2) 635 - 644.

RAFF, MC; (1990) SUBCLASSES OF ASTROCYTES IN CULTURE - WHAT SHOULD WE CALL THEM. In: LEVI, G, (ed.) DIFFERENTIATION AND FUNCTIONS OF GLIAL CELLS. (pp. 17 - 23). WILEY-LISS, INC

RAFF, MC; HART, IK; RICHARDSON, WD; LILLIEN, LE; (1990) AN ANALYSIS OF THE CELL-CELL INTERACTIONS THAT CONTROL THE PROLIFERATION AND DIFFERENTIATION OF A BIPOTENTIAL GLIAL PROGENITOR-CELL IN CULTURE. In: BRAIN /. (pp. 235 - 238). COLD SPRING HARBOR LABORATORY PRESS

RAFF, MC; HART, IK; RICHARDSON, WD; LILLIEN, LE; (1990) AN ANALYSIS OF THE CELL-CELL INTERACTIONS THAT CONTROL THE PROLIFERATION AND DIFFERENTIATION OF A BIPOTENTIAL GLIAL PROGENITOR-CELL IN CULTURE. COLD SPRING HARB SYM , 55 235 - 238.

WATANABE, T; RAFF, MC; (1990) ROD PHOTORECEPTOR DEVELOPMENT INVITRO - INTRINSIC-PROPERTIES OF PROLIFERATING NEUROEPITHELIAL CELLS CHANGE AS DEVELOPMENT PROCEEDS IN THE RAT RETINA. NEURON , 4 (3) 461 - 467.

1989

HART, IK; RICHARDSON, WD; BOLSOVER, SR; RAFF, MC; (1989) PDGF AND INTRACELLULAR SIGNALING IN THE TIMING OF OLIGODENDROCYTE DIFFERENTIATION. J CELL BIOL , 109 (6) 3411 - 3417.

HART, IK; RICHARDSON, WD; HELDIN, CH; WESTERMARK, B; RAFF, MC; (1989) PDGF RECEPTORS ON CELLS OF THE OLIGODENDROCYTE-TYPE-2 ASTROCYTE (O-2A) CELL LINEAGE. DEVELOPMENT , 105 (3) 595 - 603.

MILLER, RH; FFRENCHCONSTANT, C; RAFF, MC; (1989) THE MACROGLIAL CELLS OF THE RAT OPTIC-NERVE. ANNU REV NEUROSCI , 12 517 - 534.

MILLER, RH; FULTON, BP; RAFF, MC; (1989) A NOVEL TYPE OF GLIAL-CELL ASSOCIATED WITH NODES OF RANVIER IN RAT OPTIC-NERVE. EUR J NEUROSCI , 1 (2) 172 - 180.

RAFF, MC; (1989) GLIAL-CELL DIVERSIFICATION IN THE RAT OPTIC-NERVE. SCIENCE , 243 (4897) 1450 - 1455.

SUAREZ, I; RAFF, MC; (1989) SUBPIAL AND PERIVASCULAR ASTROCYTES ASSOCIATED WITH NODES OF RANVIER IN THE RAT OPTIC-NERVE. J NEUROCYTOL , 18 (5) 577 - 582.

1988

FFRENCHCONSTANT, C; MILLER, RH; BURNE, JF; RAFF, MC; (1988) EVIDENCE THAT MIGRATORY OLIGODENDROCYTE-TYPE-2 ASTROCYTE (O-2A) PROGENITOR CELLS ARE KEPT OUT OF THE RAT RETINA BY A BARRIER AT THE EYE-END OF THE OPTIC-NERVE. J NEUROCYTOL , 17 (1) 13 - 25.

HUGHES, SM; LILLIEN, LE; RAFF, MC; ROHRER, H; SENDTNER, M; (1988) CILIARY NEUROTROPHIC FACTOR INDUCES TYPE-2 ASTROCYTE DIFFERENTIATION IN CULTURE. NATURE , 335 (6185) 70 - 73.

LILLIEN, LE; SENDTNER, M; ROHRER, H; HUGHES, SM; RAFF, MC; (1988) TYPE-2 ASTROCYTE DEVELOPMENT IN RAT-BRAIN CULTURES IS INITIATED BY A CNTF-LIKE PROTEIN PRODUCED BY TYPE-1 ASTROCYTES. NEURON , 1 (6) 485 - 494.

RAFF, MC; LILLIEN, LE; (1988) DIFFERENTIATION OF A BIPOTENTIAL GLIAL PROGENITOR-CELL - WHAT CONTROLS THE TIMING AND THE CHOICE OF DEVELOPMENTAL PATHWAY. J CELL SCI 77 - 83.

RAFF, MC; LILLIEN, LE; RICHARDSON, WD; BURNE, JF; NOBLE, MD; (1988) PLATELET-DERIVED GROWTH-FACTOR FROM ASTROCYTES DRIVES THE CLOCK THAT TIMES OLIGODENDROCYTE DEVELOPMENT IN CULTURE. NATURE , 333 (6173) 562 - 565.

WATANABE, T; RAFF, MC; (1988) RETINAL ASTROCYTES ARE IMMIGRANTS FROM THE OPTIC-NERVE. NATURE , 332 (6167) 834 - 837.

1987

BEVAN, S; LINDSAY, RM; PERKINS, MN; RAFF, MC; (1987) VOLTAGE GATED IONIC CHANNELS IN RAT CULTURED ASTROCYTES, REACTIVE ASTROCYTES AND AN ASTROCYTE-OLIGODENDROCYTE PROGENITOR-CELL. J PHYSIOL-PARIS , 82 (4) 327 - 335.

HUGHES, SM; RAFF, MC; (1987) AN INDUCER PROTEIN MAY CONTROL THE TIMING OF FATE SWITCHING IN A BIPOTENTIAL GLIAL PROGENITOR-CELL IN RAT OPTIC-NERVE. DEVELOPMENT , 101 (1) 157 - 167.

JANZER, RC; RAFF, MC; (1987) ASTROCYTES TRANSPLANTED INTO THE ANTERIOR EYE CHAMBER OR ON THE CHORIOALLANTOIC MEMBRANE INDUCE BLOOD-BRAIN-BARRIER PROPERTIES IN NEWLY FORMED HOST-DERIVED CAPILLARIES. CAN J NEUROL SCI , 14 (3) 338 - 339.

JANZER, RC; RAFF, MC; (1987) ASTROCYTES INDUCE BLOOD-BRAIN-BARRIER PROPERTIES IN ENDOTHELIAL-CELLS. NATURE , 325 (6101) 253 - 257.

RAFF, MC; FFRENCHCONSTANT, C; MILLER, RH; (1987) GLIAL-CELLS IN THE RAT OPTIC-NERVE AND SOME THOUGHTS ON REMYELINATION IN THE MAMMALIAN CNS. J EXP BIOL , 132 35 - 41.

Raff, MC; Temple, S; Ffrench-Constant, C; (1987) Glial cell development and function in the rat optic nerve. PROG BRAIN RES <D> , 71 435 - 438.

1986

FFRENCHCONSTANT, C; MILLER, RH; KRUSE, J; SCHACHNER, M; RAFF, MC; (1986) MOLECULAR SPECIALIZATION OF ASTROCYTE PROCESSES AT NODES OF RANVIER IN RAT OPTIC-NERVE. J CELL BIOL , 102 (3) 844 - 852.

FFRENCHCONSTANT, C; RAFF, MC; (1986) THE OLIGODENDROCYTE-TYPE-2 ASTROCYTE CELL LINEAGE IS SPECIALIZED FOR MYELINATION. NATURE , 323 (6086) 335 - 338.

FFRENCHCONSTANT, C; RAFF, MC; (1986) PROLIFERATING BIPOTENTIAL GLIAL PROGENITOR CELLS IN ADULT-RAT OPTIC-NERVE. NATURE , 319 (6053) 499 - 502.

MILLER, RH; ABNEY, ER; DAVID, S; FFRENCHCONSTANT, C; LINDSAY, R; PATEL, R; ... RAFF, MC; + view all (1986) IS REACTIVE GLIOSIS A PROPERTY OF A DISTINCT SUBPOPULATION OF ASTROCYTES. J NEUROSCI , 6 (1) 22 - 29.

TEMPLE, S; RAFF, MC; (1986) CLONAL ANALYSIS OF OLIGODENDROCYTE DEVELOPMENT IN CULTURE - EVIDENCE FOR A DEVELOPMENTAL CLOCK THAT COUNTS CELL DIVISIONS. CELL , 44 (5) 773 - 779.

1985

Bevan, S; Raff, M; (1985) Voltage-dependent potassium currents in cultured astrocytes. Nature , 315 (6016) 229 - 232.

MILLER, RH; DAVID, S; PATEL, R; ABNEY, ER; RAFF, MC; (1985) A QUANTITATIVE IMMUNOHISTOCHEMICAL STUDY OF MACROGLIAL CELL-DEVELOPMENT IN THE RAT OPTIC-NERVE - INVIVO EVIDENCE FOR 2 DISTINCT ASTROCYTE LINEAGES. DEV BIOL , 111 (1) 35 - 41.

RAFF, MC; ABNEY, ER; FOKSEANG, J; (1985) RECONSTITUTION OF A DEVELOPMENTAL CLOCK INVITRO - A CRITICAL ROLE FOR ASTROCYTES IN THE TIMING OF OLIGODENDROCYTE DIFFERENTIATION. CELL , 42 (1) 61 - 69.

TEMPLE, S; RAFF, MC; (1985) DIFFERENTIATION OF A BIPOTENTIAL GLIAL PROGENITOR-CELL IN SINGLE CELL MICROCULTURE. NATURE , 313 (5999) 223 - 225.

WILLIAMS, BP; ABNEY, ER; RAFF, MC; (1985) MACROGLIAL CELL-DEVELOPMENT IN EMBRYONIC RAT-BRAIN - STUDIES USING MONOCLONAL-ANTIBODIES, FLUORESCENCE ACTIVATED CELL SORTING, AND CELL-CULTURE. DEV BIOL , 112 (1) 126 - 134.

1984

DAVID, S; MILLER, RH; PATEL, R; RAFF, MC; (1984) EFFECTS OF NEONATAL TRANSECTION ON GLIAL-CELL DEVELOPMENT IN THE RAT OPTIC-NERVE - EVIDENCE THAT THE OLIGODENDROCYTE-TYPE-2 ASTROCYTE CELL LINEAGE DEPENDS ON AXONS FOR ITS SURVIVAL. J NEUROCYTOL , 13 (6) 961 - 974.

Gavrilovic, J; Raff, M; Cohen, J; (1984) GABA uptake by purified rat schwann cells in culture. Brain Res , 303 (1) 183 - 185.

MILLER, RH; RAFF, MC; (1984) FIBROUS AND PROTOPLASMIC ASTROCYTES ARE BIOCHEMICALLY AND DEVELOPMENTALLY DISTINCT. J NEUROSCI , 4 (2) 585 - 592.

MILLER, RH; WILLIAMS, BP; COHEN, J; RAFF, MC; (1984) A4 - AN ANTIGENIC MARKER OF NEURAL-TUBE DERIVED CELLS. J NEUROCYTOL , 13 (3) 329 - 338.

RAFF, MC; (1984) CITATION CLASSIC - 2 DISTINCT POPULATIONS OF PERIPHERAL LYMPHOCYTES IN MICE DISTINGUISHABLE BY IMMUNOFLUORESCENCE. CC/LIFE SCI (27) 21 - 21.

RAFF, MC; ABNEY, ER; MILLER, RH; (1984) 2 GLIAL-CELL LINEAGES DIVERGE PRENATALLY IN RAT OPTIC-NERVE. DEV BIOL , 106 (1) 53 - 60.

RAFF, MC; MILLER, RH; (1984) GLIAL-CELL DEVELOPMENT IN THE RAT OPTIC-NERVE. TRENDS NEUROSCI , 7 (12) 469 - 472.

RAFF, MC; WILLIAMS, BP; MILLER, RH; (1984) THE INVITRO DIFFERENTIATION OF A BIPOTENTIAL GLIAL PROGENITOR-CELL. EMBO J , 3 (8) 1857 - 1864.

1983

ABNEY, ER; WILLIAMS, BP; RAFF, MC; (1983) TRACING THE DEVELOPMENT OF OLIGODENDROCYTES FROM PRECURSOR CELLS USING MONOCLONAL-ANTIBODIES, FLUORESCENCE-ACTIVATED CELL SORTING, AND CELL-CULTURE. DEV BIOL , 100 (1) 166 - 171.

RAFF, MC; ABNEY, ER; COHEN, J; LINDSAY, R; NOBLE, M; (1983) 2 TYPES OF ASTROCYTES IN CULTURES OF DEVELOPING RAT WHITE MATTER - DIFFERENCES IN MORPHOLOGY, SURFACE GANGLIOSIDES, AND GROWTH-CHARACTERISTICS. J NEUROSCI , 3 (6) 1289 - 1300.

RAFF, MC; MILLER, RH; NOBLE, M; (1983) A GLIAL PROGENITOR-CELL THAT DEVELOPS INVITRO INTO AN ASTROCYTE OR AN OLIGODENDROCYTE DEPENDING ON CULTURE-MEDIUM. NATURE , 303 (5916) 390 - 396.

RAFF, MC; MILLER, RH; NOBLE, M; (1983) GLIAL-CELL LINEAGES IN THE RAT OPTIC-NERVE. COLD SPRING HARB SYM , 48 569 - 572.

1982

RAFF, MC; (1982) DO ANTIGEN-PRESENTING CELLS DISTINGUISH SELF FROM NON-SELF. NATURE , 298 (5877) 791 - 792.

1981

ABNEY, ER; BARTLETT, PP; RAFF, MC; (1981) ASTROCYTES, EPENDYMAL CELLS, AND OLIGODENDROCYTES DEVELOP ON SCHEDULE IN DISSOCIATED CELL-CULTURES OF EMBRYONIC RAT-BRAIN. DEV BIOL , 83 (2) 301 - 310.

BARTLETT, PF; NOBLE, MD; PRUSS, RM; RAFF, MC; RATTRAY, S; WILLIAMS, CA; (1981) RAT NEURAL ANTIGEN-2 (RAN-2) - A CELL-SURFACE ANTIGEN ON ASTROCYTES, EPENDYMAL CELLS, MULLER CELLS AND LEPTO-MENINGES DEFINED BY A MONOCLONAL-ANTIBODY. BRAIN RES , 204 (2) 339 - 351.

PRUSS, RM; MIRSKY, R; RAFF, MC; THORPE, R; DOWDING, AJ; ANDERTON, BH; (1981) ALL CLASSES OF INTERMEDIATE FILAMENTS SHARE A COMMON ANTIGENIC DETERMINANT DEFINED BY A MONOCLONAL-ANTIBODY. CELL , 27 (3) 419 - 428.

1980

BROCKES, JP; RAFF, MC; NISHIGUCHI, DJ; WINTER, J; (1980) STUDIES ON CULTURED RAT SCHWANN-CELLS .3. ASSAYS FOR PERIPHERAL MYELIN PROTEINS. J NEUROCYTOL , 9 (1) 67 - 77.

FALLON, JR; COHEN, J; MIRSKY, R; VULLIAMY, T; PRUSS, R; RAFF, MC; (1980) INTERACTIONS BETWEEN CENTRAL AND PERIPHERAL NEURONS AND GLIAL-CELLS INVITRO. J CELL BIOL , 87 (2) A72 - A72.

KENNEDY, PGE; LISAK, RP; RAFF, MC; (1980) CELL TYPE-SPECIFIC MARKERS FOR HUMAN GLIAL AND NEURONAL CELLS IN CULTURE. LAB INVEST , 43 (4) 342 - 351.

MIRSKY, R; WINTER, J; ABNEY, ER; PRUSS, RM; GAVRILOVIC, J; RAFF, MC; (1980) MYELIN-SPECIFIC PROTEINS AND GLYCOLIPIDS IN RAT SCHWANN-CELLS AND OLIGODENDROCYTES IN CULTURE. J CELL BIOL , 84 (3) 483 - 494.

PRUSS, RM; MIRSKY, R; RAFF, MC; ANDERTON, B; THORPE, R; (1980) A MONOCLONAL-ANTIBODY DEMONSTRATES THAT INTERMEDIATE FILAMENTS SHARE A COMMON ANTIGEN. J CELL BIOL , 87 (2) A178 - A178.

1979

BROCKES, JP; FIELDS, KL; RAFF, MC; (1979) STUDIES ON CULTURED RAT SCHWANN-CELLS .1. ESTABLISHMENT OF PURIFIED POPULATIONS FROM CULTURES OF PERIPHERAL-NERVE. BRAIN RES , 165 (1) 105 - 118.

BROCKES, JP; RAFF, MC; (1979) STUDIES ON CULTURED RAT SCHWANN-CELLS .2. COMPARISON WITH A RAT SCHWANN-CELL LINE. IN VITRO CELL DEV B , 15 (10) 772 - 778.

Lawson, D; Raff, MC; (1979) Some membrane events occurring during fusion and exocytosis in rat peritoneal mast cells. Symp Soc Exp Biol , 33 337 - 347.

Raff, MC; (1979) Antigen recognition and signaling in the immune system. Soc Gen Physiol Ser , 33 27 - 36.

Raff, MC; (1979) Antigenic modulation and the down regulation of membrane receptors. Prog Clin Biol Res , 31 733 - 734.

RAFF, MC; (1979) CELL-MEMBRANES AND CELL SIGNALING. INTERDISCIPL SCI REV , 4 (2) 140 - 148.

Raff, MC; Brockes, JP; Fields, KL; Mirsky, R; (1979) Neural cell markers: the end of the beginning. Prog Brain Res , 51 17 - 22. 10.1016/S0079-6123(08)61290-X.

RAFF, MC; FIELDS, KL; HAKOMORI, SI; MIRSKY, R; PRUSS, RM; WINTER, J; (1979) CELL-TYPE-SPECIFIC MARKERS FOR DISTINGUISHING AND STUDYING NEURONS AND THE MAJOR CLASSES OF GLIAL-CELLS IN CULTURE. BRAIN RES , 174 (2) 283 - 308.

1978

LAWSON, D; FEWTRELL, C; RAFF, MC; (1978) LOCALIZED MAST-CELL DEGRANULATION INDUCED BY CONCANAVALIN A-SEPHAROSE BEADS - IMPLICATIONS FOR CA2+ HYPOTHESIS OF STIMULUS-SECRETION COUPLING. J CELL BIOL , 79 (2) 394 - 400.

RAFF, MC; ABNEY, E; BROCKES, JP; HORNBYSMITH, A; (1978) SCHWANN CELL-GROWTH FACTORS. CELL , 15 (3) 813 - 822.

RAFF, MC; HORNBYSMITH, A; BROCKES, JP; (1978) CYCLIC-AMP AS A MITOGENIC SIGNAL FOR CULTURED RAT SCHWANN-CELLS. NATURE , 273 (5664) 672 - 673.

RAFF, MC; MIRSKY, R; FIELDS, KL; LISAK, RP; DORFMAN, SH; SILBERBERG, DH; ... KENNEDY, MC; + view all (1978) GALACTOCEREBROSIDE IS A SPECIFIC CELL-SURFACE ANTIGENIC MARKER FOR OLIGODENDROCYTES IN CULTURE. NATURE , 274 (5673) 813 - 816.

1977

BROCKES, JP; FIELDS, KL; RAFF, MC; (1977) SURFACE ANTIGENIC MARKER FOR RAT SCHWANN-CELLS. NATURE , 266 (5600) 364 - 366.

HABU, S; RAFF, MC; (1977) ACCESSORY CELL DEPENDENCE OF LECTIN-INDUCED PROLIFERATION OF MOUSE T-LYMPHOCYTES. EUR J IMMUNOL , 7 (7) 451 - 457.

JORDAN, RK; OWEN, JJT; RAFF, MC; (1977) ORGAN-CULTURE STUDIES OF NUDE MOUSE THYMUS. EUR J IMMUNOL , 7 (10) 736 - 743.

LAWSON, D; RAFF, MC; GOMPERTS, B; FEWTRELL, C; GILULA, NB; (1977) MOLECULAR EVENTS DURING MEMBRANE-FUSION - STUDY OF EXOCYTOSIS IN RAT PERITONEAL MAST-CELLS. J CELL BIOL , 72 (2) 242 - 259.

OWEN, JJT; WRIGHT, DE; HABU, S; RAFF, MC; COOPER, MD; (1977) STUDIES ON GENERATION OF B-LYMPHOCYTES IN FETAL LIVER AND BONE-MARROW. J IMMUNOL , 118 (6) 2067 - 2072.

RAFF, MC; (1977) RECEPTORS ON LYMPHOCYTES AND MAST-CELLS - SIGNALING IN IMMUNE SYSTEM. J GEN PHYSIOL , 70 (6) A22 - A22.

RAFF, MC; LAWSON, D; (1977) MEMBRANE EVENTS IN CELL SIGNALING. J SUPRAMOL STR CELL 228 - 228.

1976

Owen, JJ; Raff, MC; Cooper, MD; (1976) Studies on the generation of B lymphocytes in the mouse embryo. Eur J Immunol , 5 (7) 468 - 473. 10.1002/eji.1830050708.

RAFF, MC; (1976) CELL-SURFACE IMMUNOLOGY. SCI AM , 234 (5) 30 - 39.

RAFF, MC; (1976) DEVELOPMENT AND MODULATION OF B-LYMPHOCYTES - STUDIES ON NEWLY FORMED B CELLS AND THEIR PUTATIVE PRECURSORS IN HEMATOPOIETIC TISSUES OF MICE. COLD SPRING HARB SYM , 41 159 - 162.

RAFF, MC; MEGSON, M; OWEN, JJT; COOPER, MD; (1976) EARLY PRODUCTION OF INTRACELLULAR IGM BY B-LYMPHOCYTE PRECURSORS IN MOUSE. NATURE , 259 (5540) 224 - 226.

1975

BRETSCHER, MS; RAFF, MC; (1975) MAMMALIAN PLASMA-MEMBRANES. NATURE , 258 (5530) 43 - 49.

FREEDMAN, MH; RAFF, MC; GOMPERTS, B; (1975) INDUCTION OF INCREASED CALCIUM-UPTAKE IN MOUSE T-LYMPHOCYTES BY CONCANAVALIN-A AND ITS MODULATION BY CYCLIC NUCLEOTIDES. NATURE , 255 (5507) 378 - 382.

LAWSON, D; FEWTRELL, C; GOMPERTS, B; RAFF, MC; (1975) ANTI-IMMUNOGLOBULIN-INDUCED HISTAMINE SECRETION BY RAT PERITONEAL MAST-CELLS STUDIED BY IMMUNOFERRITIN ELECTRON-MICROSCOPY. J EXP MED , 142 (2) 391 - 402.

Owen, JJ; Jordan, RK; Raff, MC; (1975) The development of the thymus in the nude mouse. Eur J Immunol , 5 (9) 653 - 655. 10.1002/eji.1830050914.

OWEN, JJT; JORDAN, RK; RAFF, MC; (1975) DEVELOPMENT OF THYMUS IN NUDE MOUSE. EUR J IMMUNOL , 5 (9) 653 - 655.

OWEN, JJT; RAFF, MC; COOPER, MD; (1975) STUDIES ON GENERATION OF B-LYMPHOCYTES IN MOUSE EMBRYO. EUR J IMMUNOL , 5 (7) 468 - 473.

RAFF, MC; (1975) EXCITEMENT OVER BETA-2-MICROGLOBULIN. NATURE , 254 (5498) 287 - 288.

RAFF, MC; OWEN, JJT; COOPER, MD; LAWTON, AR; MEGSON, M; GATHINGS, WE; (1975) DIFFERENCES IN SUSCEPTIBILITY OF MATURE AND IMMATURE MOUSE B LYMPHOCYTES TO ANTI-IMMUNOGLOBULIN-INDUCED IMMUNOGLOBULIN SUPPRESSION INVITRO - POSSIBLE IMPLICATIONS FOR B-CELL TOLERANCE TO SELF. J EXP MED , 142 (5) 1052 - 1064.

1974

OWEN, JJT; COOPER, MD; RAFF, MC; (1974) INVITRO GENERATION OF B-LYMPHOCYTES IN MOUSE FETAL LIVER, A MAMMALIAN BURSA EQUIVALENT. NATURE , 249 (5455) 361 - 363.

PETRIS, SD; RAFF, MC; (1974) ULTRASTRUCTURAL DISTRIBUTION AND REDISTRIBUTION OF ALLOANTIGENS AND CONCANAVALIN-A RECEPTORS ON SURFACE OF MOUSE LYMPHOCYTES. EUR J IMMUNOL , 4 (2) 130 - 137.

RAFF, MC; (1974) NUDE MICE. NATURE , 251 (5472) 184 - 185.

Raff, MC; De Petris, S; (1974) Ligand-induced redistribution of membrane macromolecules: some possible implications for cancer. J Clin Pathol Suppl (R Coll Pathol) , 7 31 - 34.

1973

ASHMAN, RF; RAFF, MC; (1973) DIRECT DEMONSTRATION OF THETA-POSITIVE ANTIGEN-BINDING CELLS, WITH ANTIGEN-INDUCED MOVEMENT OF THYMUS-DEPENDENT CELL RECEPTORS. J EXP MED , 137 (1) 69 - 84.

de Petris, S; Raff, MC; (1973) Fluidity of the plasma membrane and its implications for cell movement. Ciba Found Symp , 14 27 - 52.

DEPETRIS, S; RAFF, MC; (1973) NORMAL DISTRIBUTION, PATCHING AND CAPPING OF LYMPHOCYTE SURFACE IMMUNOGLOBULIN STUDIED BY ELECTRON-MICROSCOPY. NATURE-NEW BIOL , 241 (113) 257 - 259.

DEPETRIS, S; RAFF, MC; MALLUCCI, L; (1973) LIGAND-INDUCED REDISTRIBUTION OF CONCANAVALIN-A RECEPTORS ON NORMAL, TRYPSINIZED AND TRANSFORMED FIBROBLASTS. NATURE-NEW BIOL , 244 (139) 275 - 278.

MATUS, A; DEPETRIS, S; RAFF, MC; (1973) MOBILITY OF CONCANAVALIN-A RECEPTORS IN MYELIN AND SYNAPTIC MEMBRANES. NATURE-NEW BIOL , 244 (139) 278 - 280.

RAFF, MC; (1973) T AND B LYMPHOCYTES AND IMMUNE-RESPONSES. NATURE , 242 (5392) 19 - 23.

RAFF, MC; (1973) THETA-BEARING LYMPHOCYTES IN NUDE MICE. NATURE , 246 (5432) 350 - 351.

RAFF, MC; DEPETRIS, S; (1973) MOVEMENT OF LYMPHOCYTE SURFACE ANTIGENS AND RECEPTORS - FLUID NATURE OF LYMPHOCYTE PLASMA-MEMBRANE AND ITS IMMUNOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE. FED PROC , 32 (1) 48 - 54.

RAFF, MC; FELDMANN, M; PETRIS, SD; (1973) MONOSPECIFICITY OF BONE MARROW-DERIVED LYMPHOCYTES. J EXP MED , 137 (4) 1024 - 1030.

1972

PETRIS, SD; RAFF, MC; (1972) DISTRIBUTION OF IMMUNOGLOBULIN ON SURFACE OF MOUSE LYMPHOID-CELLS AS DETERMINED BY IMMUNOFERRITIN ELECTRON-MICROSCOPY - ANTIBODY-INDUCED, TEMPERATURE-DEPENDENT REDISTRIBUTION AND ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR MEMBRANE STRUCTURE. EUR J IMMUNOL , 2 (6) 523 - 535.

WAKSMAN, BH; EAST, J; RAFF, MC; (1972) T AND B LYMPHOCYTES IN NEW-ZEALAND BLACK MICE - ANALYSIS OF THETA, TL AND MBLA MARKERS. CLIN EXP IMMUNOL , 11 (1) 1 - &.

1971

GREAVES, MF; RAFF, MC; (1971) SPECIFICITY OF ANTI-THETA SERA IN CYTOTOXICITY AND FUNCTIONAL TESTS ON T LYMPHOCYTES. NATURE-NEW BIOL , 233 (42) 239 - &.

MCFARLIN, DE; RAFF, MC; SIMPSON, E; NEHLSEN, SH; (1971) SCRAPIE IN IMMUNOLOGICALLY DEFICIENT MICE. NATURE , 233 (5318) 336 - &.

OWEN, JJT; HUNTER, P; RAFF, MC; (1971) THETA-ANTIGEN ON MOUSE LYMPHOCYTES STIMULATED WITH PHYTOHAEMAGGLUTININ. TRANSPLANTATION , 12 (3) 231 - &.

RAFF, MC; (1971) EVIDENCE FOR SUBPOPULATION OF MATURE LYMPHOCYTES WITHIN MOUSE THYMUS. NATURE-NEW BIOL , 229 (6) 182 - &.

RAFF, MC; (1971) NATURALLY-OCCURRING AUTOANTIBODIES TO MOUSE THYMOCYTES. ISRAEL J MED SCI , 7 (6) 724 - &. Gold open access

Raff, MC; (1971) Surface antigenic markers for distinguishing T and B lymphocytes in mice. Transplant Rev , 6 52 - 80.

RAFF, MC; (1971) T AND B LYMPHOCYTES IN MICE STUDIED BY USING ANTISERA AGAINST SURFACE ANTIGENIC MARKERS. AM J PATHOL , 65 (2) 467 - &.

RAFF, MC; NASE, S; MITCHISO.NA,; (1971) MOUSE SPECIFIC BONE MARROW-DERIVED LYMPHOCYTE ANTIGEN AS A MARKER FOR THYMUS-INDEPENDENT LYMPHOCYTES. NATURE , 230 (5288) 50 - &.

Raff, MC; Owen, JJ; (1971) Thymus-derived lymphocytes: their distribution and role in the development of peripheral lymphoid tissues of the mouse. Eur J Immunol , 1 (1) 27 - 30. 10.1002/eji.1830010105.

TAYLOR, RB; DUFFUS, WPH; RAFF, MC; DEPETRIS, S; (1971) REDISTRIBUTION AND PINOCYTOSIS OF LYMPHOCYTE SURFACE IMMUNOGLOBULIN MOLECULES INDUCED BY ANTI-IMMUNOGLOBULIN ANTIBODY. NATURE-NEW BIOL , 233 (42) 225 - &.

1970

OWEN, JJT; RAFF, MC; (1970) STUDIES ON DIFFERENTIATION OF THYMUS-DERIVED LYMPHOCYTES. J EXP MED , 132 (6) 1216 - &.

Raff, MC; (1970) Role of thymus-derived lymphocytes in the secondary humoral immune response in mice. Nature , 226 (5252) 1257 - 1258.

RAFF, MC; (1970) 2 DISTINCT POPULATIONS OF PERIPHERAL LYMPHOCYTES IN MICE DISTINGUISHABLE BY IMMUNOFLUORESCENCE. IMMUNOLOGY , 19 (4) 637 - &.

RAFF, MC; STERNBER.M,; TAYLOR, RB; (1970) IMMUNOGLOBULIN DETERMINANTS ON SURFACE OF MOUSSE LYMPHOID CELLS. NATURE , 225 (5232) 553 - &.

RAFF, MC; WORTIS, HH; (1970) THYMUS DEPENDENCE OF THETA-BEARING CELLS IN PERIPHERAL LYMPHOID TISSUES OF MICE. IMMUNOLOGY , 18 (6) 931 - &.

1969

RAFF, MC; (1969) THETA ISOANTIGEN AS A MARKER OF THYMUS-DERIVED LYMPHOCYTES IN MICE. NATURE , 224 (5217) 378 - &.

1968

RAFF, MC; ASBURY, AK; (1968) ISCHEMIC MONONEUROPATHY AND MONONEUROPATHY MULTIPLEX IN DIABETES MELLITUS. NEW ENGL J MED , 279 (1) 17 - &.

RAFF, MC; SANGALAN.V,; ASBURY, AK; (1968) ISCHEMIC MONONEUROPATHY MULTIPLEX ASSOCIATED WITH DIABETES MELLITUS. ARCH NEUROL-CHICAGO , 18 (5) 487 - &.

RAFF, MC; SANGALAN.V,; ASBURY, AK; (1968) ISCHEMIC MONONEUROPATHY MULTIPLEX IN ASSOCIATION WITH DIABETES MELLITUS. NEUROLOGY , 18 (3) 284 - &.

1967

PRENSKY, AL; RAFF, MC; MOORE, MJ; SCHWAB, RS; (1967) INTRAVENOUS DIAZEPAM IN TREATMENT OF PROLONGED SEIZURE ACTIVITY. NEW ENGL J MED , 276 (14) 779 - &.

This list was generated on Sat Aug 30 11:43:00 2014 BST.