Alexander Cruikshank of Stracathro

1764 - 1846

Claimant or beneficiary

Biography

Awarded the compensation for the enslaved people on Hague and Groenveld & Tenez Ferme in British Guiana, probably after a settlement with the mortgagee counterclaimants, and claimed unsuccessfully for Belmont in St Vincent. For Rabaca on St Vincent, he had registered jointly with Alexander Cumming in 1817, then in his own name 1822-1827, before that estate appears to have become wholly-owned by Cumming.

  1. Alexander Cruikshank of Stracathro, Angus (paternal uncle of Alexander Cruikshank junior of Keithock, q.v.). In the 1840s Alexander Cruikshank, by then the owner of Windsor Forest, La Grange and Ruimzight, died in Demerary: his executors were three Scots and the London merchant James B[ogle] Smith, who is interwoven with the family awards in St Vincent as well as these two awards to Alexander Cruikshank in British Guiana, on both of which James Bogle Smith and others counterclaimed as mortgagees (and probably took at least part of the compensation in a consensual settlement). Alexander Cruikshank was the same man who claimed as owner-in-fee of Belmont in St Vincent, for which the compensation went to James Bogle Smith (q.v.) and others.

  2. Will of Alexander Cruikshank of Stracathro proved 10/4/1847. In the will he specifies his estates in Demerara and Essequibo as the Hague, Groenveld, La Grange, Windsor Forest and Tenez-Ferme; and on St Vincent as Belmont. A 19th century antiquarian source says of him: ''....also made his fortune in the West Indies - purchased the barony of Stracathro in three parts, from the husbands of the co-heiresses, daughters of his brother Patrick Cruikshank of Stracathro...His affairs eventually got embarrassed - and he returned to Demerara, where he shortly afterwards met his demise, leaving a son and daugher. Stracathro was afterwards sold by his Trustees to Sir James Campbell.' His will in fact appears to name five children: Amy Lindsay, widow, whom he described as his only child by his wife Ann Gurley; Catharine; Donald; Andrew Rose; and John Alexander.

Sources

T71/885 British Guiana claim nos. 697 (Hague) and 700 (Groenveld & Tenez Ferme).

  1. London Gazette, Issue 20618, 30/06/1846, p. 2432; T71/892 St Vincent claim no. 597.   

  2. PROB 11/2054/20; David McGregor Peter, The Baronage of Angus and Mearns (Oliver & Boyd, 1856), extracts published at http://gocruikshanks.com [accessed 20/07/2012].

We are grateful to Colin Cornes for his assistance with compiling this entry.


Further Information

Absentee?
British/Irish
Name in compensation records
Alexander Cruikshank
Spouse
Ann Gurley

Associated Claims (3)

£21,073 11S 9D
Awardee (Owner-in-fee)
£11,566 8S 3D
Awardee
£2,015 0S 6D
Unsuccessful claimant

Associated Estates (7)

The dates listed below have different categories as denoted by the letters in the brackets following each date. Here is a key to explain those letter codes:

  • SD - Association Start Date
  • SY - Association Start Year
  • EA - Earliest Known Association
  • ED - Association End Date
  • EY - Association End Year
  • LA - Latest Known Association
1817 [EA] - 1817 [LA] → Joint owner
1827 [EA] - 1834 [EY] → Owner

Alexander Cruikshank is shown alone for the estate 1827-1834, after 1822 and 1825 when John Smith was so shown. The men had registered jointly with Alexander Cumming in 1817.

1826 [EA] - 1826 [LA] → Owner
1817 [EA] - 1834 [LA] → Owner
1820 [EA] - 1820 [LA] → Other

'Cruikshank and Smith' were the purchasers between 1817 and 1820 of 50 enslaved people on Montpellier who were shipped to St Vincent and can be partly traced to the Belmont estate in St Vincent, owned by Alexander Cruikshank of Strathcaro, Alexander Cumming and John Smith in 1817.

1817 [EA] - 1817 [LA] → Joint owner
1822 [EA] - 1827 [LA] → Owner

Legacies Summary

Physical (1)

Country house
Stracathro House [Built] 
description →
Palladian Scottish country house, Angus, built between 1824 and...
notes →
Simon D. Smith, 'Slavery's Heritage Footprint: links between British country houses and St Vincent plantations 1814-1834', in Madge Dresser and Andrew Hann (eds.) Slavery and the British Country...

Relationships (7)

Brothers
Uncle → Nephew
Brothers
Uncle → Nephew
Brothers
Brother-in-laws
Son-in-law → Mother-in-law
Notes →
'Alexander Cruikshank of St Vincent' was a trustee of the will of Mary Selby Gurley, who identified him as her son-in-law. Alexander Cruikshank of Stracathro is known to have married Ann...

Addresses (1)

Stracathro, Brechin, Angus, North-east Scotland, Scotland