James Adam Gordon Esq.

16th Apr 1791 - 4th Mar 1854

Claimant or beneficiary

Biography

Son of James Gordon, Moor Place, Much Hadham, Hertfordshire and Harriet, daughter of Samuel Whitbread I of Bedwell Park, Bedfordshire.

Gordon’s family made their fortune in the West Indies in the 18th century: purchased plantations and landed estates in Britain.

Survey of his West Indian inheritance in 1824 showed that he owned 885 acres (with 460 enslaved) in Antigua, 421 acres in St. Vincent and 112 in St. Kitt’s.(1).

Familial relations include: nephew of Sir William Abdy 6th bart. (who married his aunt, Mary Anne Brebner Gordon) and cousin of Sir William Abdy 7th bart.

For a dispute in 1827 over inheritance of estates between Lady Abdy, her son Sir William, her two daughters and their husbands, over estates in Much Hadham, Hertfordshire, see James Russell, Report of Cases Argued and Determined in the High Court of Chancery During the Times of Lord Chancellor Eldon and Lord Chancellor Lyndhurst, vol. III, 1826, 1827 7 & 8 Geo. IV (London, A. Strahan for Saunders and Benning, 1830), pp. 278-85.

Estates in Aberdeenshire (Knockespock estate, parish of Clatt), Hertfordshire and Somerset.

Somerset: Naish estate. See Somersetshire: important manors, farms, mansion of Naish, advowson, and estates, near ... Bristol. Messrs. Fargus will sell by auction, at the White Lion Inn, Bristol, in August 1855, valuable freehold manors, farms, and Somersetshire estates, of the late James Adam Gordon ... (1855).

Inherited Stocks House, Aldbury, Hertfordshire. Shortly after his death in 1854, his widow, Emma Katherine, married Richard Bright, M.P. for East Somerset, who died at Stocks in 1878. Mrs. Bright died in 1891, and left the estate to Sir Edward Grey, (1862-1933), 1st Viscount Grey of Fallodon, Foreign Secretary 1905-1916. He never lived there. Sold the house to Mr. T. Humphry Ward, husband of Mrs. Humphry Ward, the novelist.

Sources

T71/877 Antigua claim nos. 259 (Lavingtons) and 342 (Sandersons).

Fisher, House of Commons, 1820-1832, vol. 5.

There is material relating to the Gordon family in the Somerset Record Office:

GORDON FAMILY deeds, wills DD\BR\pll/11 1803-1869

13 docts

Contents:

Marriage settlement, James Adam Gordon of Hill Street, Berkeley Square, Middlesex and Emma Katherine Wolley of Clifton, Gloucs., involving manor of Portishead, Naish House, Wraxall, and lands in Clapton-in-Gordano, Nailsea and Portbury, 1832, endorsed memo. re. conveyance of Clapton lands to Richard Bright, 1862; marriage settlement, E. K. Gordon, wid., and Richard Bright of Inner Temple, Middx., involving Stocks estate, Herts., 1855; appt. of new trustees of marriage settlement (1784) of James Gordon of Moor Place, Herts., and Harriot Whitbread, 1803, 1823.

Probate wills of Dame Mary Abdy of Savile Row, Middx., 1829; James [Brebner] Gordon of Moor Place, 1808; James Adam Gordon of Naish House (includes bequest to Nelson's daughter and request for cremation), 1854.

William Anderson, The Scottish Nation (1867), vol. II, p. 322; [Also available at Electric Scotland]; Burke's Peerage (1846), vol. 1, pp. 480-1; see also sources listed under physical legacies for Gordon.


Further Information

Absentee?
British/Irish
Spouse
Emma Katherine Wolley
Children
d.s.p.
School
Harrow [1805 ]
University
St. John’s, Cambridge [1809 ]
Occupation
Landowner

Associated Claims (3)

£2,289 14S 8D
Awardee (Owner-in-fee)
£4,677 11S 11D
Awardee (Owner-in-fee)
£6,438 13S 7D
Awardee (Owner-in-fee)

Legacies Summary

Physical (1)

Country house
Stocks House [Built] 
description →
Georgian mansion set in estate of approx. 180 acres. The image, from [Hertfordshire Genealogy](http://www.hertfordshire-genealogy.co.uk/data/places/places-a/aldbury/aldbury-stocks-house.htm), is...
notes →
Built in 1773; owned by James Gordon, James Adam and Emma Katherine Gordon (later re-married to Richard Bright, M.P. for East Somerset, who died at Stocks in 1878). Mrs. Bright died in 1891, and left...

Political (7)

Local Government
Tory 
office →
Magistrate
-
office →
Magistrate
-
office →
Magistrate
-
office →
Magistrate
-
office →
High Sheriff
1830 - 1830
office →
Recorder
1830 - 1830
MP
Tory 
election →
Tregony Cornwall
1830 - 1831
election →
Tregony Cornwall
1832

Relationships (4)

Nephew → Aunt
Husband → Wife
Marriage Details →
30th Nov -0001 1832 [Somerset?]
First Cousins
Son → Mother

Addresses (2)

Moor Place, Much Hadham, Hertfordshire, South-east England, England
Naish, Wraxall, Somerset, South-west England, England