James Lindsay, 7th Earl of Balcarres

24th Jun 1783 - 15th Dec 1869

Claimant or beneficiary

Biography

James Lindsay, 7th Earl of Balcarres (1783-1869); became also Earl of Crawford 1848. James Lindsay's father, Alexander, 6th Earl of Balcarres (1752-1825) was Governor of Jamaica 1794-1801.  The 7th Earl claimed successfully one-third of the compensation for groups of enslaved people employed by the British army under contract from Messrs Atkinson and Hozier under arrangements put in place by his father the 6th Earl when Governor of Jamaica.

  1. Died 15/12/1869, will proved 14/03/1870 effects under £70,000. The family's wealth derived from Lancashire coalfields as well as from slavery. The 6th, 8th, 9th 10th and 11th Earls are all in the ODNB as 'army officer and colonial governor', 'book collector and writer on art', 'astronomer and book collector', 'politician and art connoisseur' and 'connoisseur of the arts and politician' respectively.  

  2. 'The counterclaim[ant] in this case labours under some difficulty in asserting his counterclaim in this country, in as much as there do not appear to be on hand the deeds between the parties by which their respective rights were ascertained and fixed: the counterclaim however states that under an agreement entered into between his late father, the Rt Hon Alex. Earl of Balcarres formerly Governor of this colony, and the predecessors of the firm of the present claimants, Messrs Atkinson and Hozier his said father became entitled to one third of the whole of the slaves then employed by the  Govt as Pioneers and also to one third of those who might be thereafter purchased and placed in that Establishment.' Title was taken by existing firm, as any partner retired the interest was transferred to the succeeding firm. Until death of 6th Earl, A&H rendered accounts to him charging him for purchases of slaves and credited him for hire or proceeds of slaves, 'by letters and otherwise  invariably recognized his Lordships right to a participation in a full third of the rent and profit of all the Pioneer negroes, and also his claim to a full third of the negroes themselves.' 7th Earl continued to receive accounts current, tho' title was with firm of A&H, who until the last 3-4 years were attorneys of 7th Earl. 7th Earl 'ready to maintain and prove' the circumstances previously mentioned, one third of the comp. being 'both legally and equitably the property and of right payable and belonging to the counterclaimant.' A&H replication signature proved 17/12/1835) admitted counterclaim and 'have not only never denied his right of participation but have always been ready and willing that he should receive and be paid the same.' ids JH as being at present resident in London. The two partners went on to explain that Earl of Balcarres had been omitted not in order to cut him out but because his name was not on the slave registers in 1832 or since 1817.

Sources

  1. National Probate Calendar 1870; ODNB online. 

  2. Counterclaims file T71/1201 for background to the Earl's claims with Atkinson & Hozier. Counterclaim by Earl of Balcarres resident in England. Appendix Particulars of counterclaim.


Further Information

Absentee?
British/Irish
Name in compensation records
Earl of Balcarres
Spouse
Hon. Maria Margaret Frances Pennington
Children
4 sons
Wealth at death
£70,000

Associated Claims (11)

£181 12S 9D
Awardee
£454 1S 10D
Awardee
£925 1S 5D
Awardee
£9,352 14S 10D
Awardee
£227 0S 2D
Awardee
£2,146 17S 2D
Awardee
£1,447 12S 3D
Awardee
£2,928 11S 0D
Awardee
£384 19S 6D
Awardee
£239 3S 6D
Awardee
£571 0S 0D
Awardee

Legacies Summary

Political (1)

MP
Conservative 
election →
Wigan Lancashire
1820 - 1825

Addresses (1)

Haigh Hall, Wigan, Lancashire, North-west England, England