Joseph Marryat senior

1757 - 1824

Claimant or beneficiary


London merchant and politician, with an entry in the ODNB as 'West Indian slave owner, ship owner and politician.'

  1. MP for Horsham (1808-1812) and Sandwich (1812-1824) and author of Thoughts on the Abolition of the Slave Trade (4th edn., London, 1816) - an argument claiming, among other things, that slavery would die a natural death. Joseph's wife, Charlotte (d. 1854), was the daughter of Frederick Geyer of Boston, Massachusetts, and was of German origin. She was one of the first women to be admitted a fellow of the Horticultural Society of London, Charlotte Marryat had a notable garden at Wimbledon House. Their children included Joseph (1790-1876), Frederick (1792-1848) and Charles (1803-1884). Marryat was an important figure in the West Indians defence of slavery in both Parliament and through the West India Committee. He was also Agent for Trinidad 1805-15, Grenada 1815-1824; and was chairman of Lloyd’s 1811-1824.

  2. Member of the West India Committee and the 'Committee of April 25, 1823' formed to press the government for ameliorationist measures for the Crown colonies and to resist moves towards emancipation.


Catherine Hall, ‘Marryat, Joseph (1757–1824)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Sept 2016 [, accessed 7 Oct 2016]

  1. See entries for Marryat in the History of Parliament online: Entry for 1790-1820 and Entry for 1820-1832

  2. Alexandra Franklin, Enterprise and advantage: The West India interest in Britain, 1774-1840 (University of Pennsylvania, Unpub. PhD, 1992), p. 214 citing West India Committee Minute Books, 25 April 1823.

Further Information

Charlotte Geyer
9 sons (3 d.v.p.) 6 daughters (3 d.v.p.)
Wealth at death
1824/33 [2nd ed. MS]
Oxford DNB Entry

Associated Claims (1)

£2,810 13S 3D
Beneficiary unsuccessful

Associated Estates (5)

1817 - 1824 → Owner
1826 - 1829 → Previous owner
1820 - 1824 → Owner
1817 - → Assignee
1817 - → Assignee

Legacies Summary

Commercial (2)

Name partner

Historical (2)

Thoughts on the Abolition of the Slave Trade, and civilization of Africa, with remarks on the African Institution and an examination of the report of their Committee,... 1816 
A reply to the arguments contained in various publications recommending an equalization of the duties on East and West Indian... 1823 

Physical (1)

Wimbledon House 
description →
The garden at Wimbledon House was largely created by Charlotte Marryat, the wife of Joseph Marryat, after his death in 1824: he had begun to 'improve' the 100 acre grounds between 1815 and 1824....

Political (1)

election →
Horsham Sussex (West)
1808 - 1812
election →
Sandwich Kent
1812 - 1824

Relationships (2)

Father → Son
Father → Son

Addresses (1)

Wimbledon House, Wimbledon, Surrey, London, England