William Manning

1st Dec 1763 - 17th Apr 1835

Claimant or beneficiary


Son of William Coventry Manning, West India merchant and planter of St Kitts, of 15 St. Mary Axe, London and Elizabeth, daughter and heir of John Ryan, planter of St. Kitts and Santa Cruz.

William junior joined his father's firm and took over in 1791. Also inherited two-thirds of the Ryan estates on Santa Cruz from his mother, and purchased the remaining third.

Leading advocate for the West India interest in the House of Commons. He was, among other things, the recipient of Anon., A statement of the claims of the West India colonies to a protecting duty against East India sugar, dedicated to William Manning, Esq., MP (London, 1823). Member of the West India Committee and the 'Committee of April 25, 1823' formed to press the government for ameliorationist measures for the Crown colonies and to resist moves towards emancipation.

Elected to a directorship of the Bank of England in 1792 and member of the court until 1831. Deputy governor (1810–12); governor (1812–14).

1793: became a commissioner of exchequer bills.

Agent for St Vincent 1792-1806; agent for Grenada 1825-1831.

Deputy governor of the Australian Agricultural Association in 1826.

Member of a syndicate of leading merchants who lobbied Huskisson for exclusive trading rights with New Zealand, c. 1826.

Volunteer in London and Westminster light horse, 1797; Bank of England Volunteers, 1798 (Lieutenant-colonel, 1803).

Manning in economic difficulties in the 1820s; 1831: bankrupt. Resigned from the Bank of England, sold his estate, withdrew from business and public life.

Sustained by his friends buying a life interest in his wife's marriage settlement, and subscribed to an income for him.

Moved to the 'shabby gentility of Gower Street and a cottage near Petworth'. (Daunton)

Died at Gower Street on 17 April 1835 (with his bankruptcy probably undischarged)

Buried at Sundridge, Kent.

His children included Henry Edward Manning (1808–1892), Roman Catholic convert and Archbishop of Westminster (1865-1892) and Cardinal (1875-1892), and Charles John Manning (q.v.)


T71/879 St Kitts claim no. 746 (Estridge).
D. R. Fisher (ed.), The House of Commons 1820-1832 (7 vols., Cambridge, Cambridge University Press for the History of Parliament Trust, 2009), vol. 6; Martin Daunton, ‘Manning, William (1763–1835)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2004); online edn, Oct 2007 [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/47808, accessed 13/08/2012]; Alexandra Franklin, Enterprise and advantage: The West India interest in Britain, 1774-1840 (University of Pennsylvania, Unpub. PhD, 1992), p. 214 citing West India Committee Minute Books, 25 April 1823.


Further Information

(1) 23 Oct. 1786, Elizabeth (d. 29 Mar. 1789), daughter of Abel Smith, banker, of Nottingham [q.v.]; (2) 12 July 1792, Mary, daughter of Henry Lannoy Hunter, barrister, of Beech Hill, Reading, Berks.
With (1) 2 daughters. With (2) 4 sons, 4 daughters
Oxford DNB Entry

Associated Claims (1)

£2,599 17S 8D
Unsuccessful claimant (Trustee)

Legacies Summary

Commercial (2)

notes →
President of London Life Assurance,...
Name partner
Manning & Anderdon
West India merchant  

Cultural (1)

Council member
King's College, London...... 
notes →
Fisher (ed.), House of Commons 1820-1832, vol....

Imperial (2)

New Zealand 
notes →
Member of a syndicate of leading merchants who lobbied William Hukisson for exclusive trading rights with New Zealand, c....
notes →
Deputy-governor of the Australian Agricultural Association in...

Physical (1)

Country house
Coombe House [Purchased] 
notes →
Grade I listed Palladian house, in 27 acres of parkland; built by Roger Morris in 1720 for Col John Campbell, later Duke of Argyll. Owned by William Manning from 1813 but sold because of...

Political (1)

election →
Plympton Erle Devon
1794 - 1796
election →
Lymington Hampshire
1796 - 1806
election →
Evesham Worcestershire
1806 - 1818
election →
Lymington Hampshire
1818 - 1820
election →
Lymington Hampshire
1821 - 1826
election →
Penryn Cornwall
1826 - 1830

Relationships (5)

Trustee → Testator
Notes →
The trustee was originally William Manning senior but the trusteeship devolved to William Manning the son, the subject of the LBS entry....
Father-in-law → Son-in-law
Father → Son
Father → Son

Addresses (4)

Coombe Bank, Sundridge, Sevenoaks (near), Kent, South-east England, England
Copped Hall, Totteridge, Hertfordshire, South-east England, England
Spring Gardens, Westminster, Middlesex, London, England
Upper Gower Street, London, Middlesex, London, England