LLM Programme

The taught modules offered on the LLM programme vary from year to year. Please check the full list of taught modules list for details of modules running in specific academic years. We make every effort to ensure that every module will be offered, but modules are subject to change and cancellation. You are therefore advised to check this site regularly for further updates throughout the year preceding entry to the LLM programme.

Credit value: 15 credits (6 ECTS)
Module Convenor:
Professor Jane Holder
Other Teachers:
Dr Jacqueline Kinghan
Intercollegiate teaching: No
Teaching Method:
Five weekly two-hour seminars on outreach work, pro bono legal advice, community support, sustainability and environmental justice, followed by practical work with community groups and/or internship work at environmental NGOs.
Who may enrol: LLM students (student enrolments on this module are capped at 10. Please see ‘Other information’ below for details of how to apply for this module. Please do not submit applications until you are enrolled on the Master of Laws (LLM) programme in September 2013).
Prerequisites: None
Barred module combinations: None
Core module for specialism: Environmental Law and Policy
Practice Assessment: To be confirmed
Assessment method for LLM students: 3,000 word coursework essay
Module Overview

Module summary

The Legal Action and Research for Communities and Sustainability (LARCS) module provides a framework for UCL law students to carry out research and provide advice to local communities, with training and on-going support from NGOs working in the field.

The module will examine environmental justice from theoretical and practical perspectives. It assesses the barriers to environmental justice and the realities of social exclusion and environmental injustices, based upon fieldwork, and policy and advice work in local communities in London.

The objectives of the module are as follows: (a) examine the roots of the environmental justice movement and the different forms of environmental justice that this encompasses; (b) Introduce students to the NGO sector as providers of legal advice; (c) foster awareness of the related nature of environmental and social justice; (d) encourage students to reflect on the contribution and limitations of law in addressing environmental injustices and the practical challenges of gaining access to environmental justice; (e) develop skills in relation to carrying out research on environmental justice, providing advice to local communities, and outreach work; and (f) encourage students to consider the applicability of anti-discrimination law to cases of environmental injustice.

Module syllabus

1. Identifying communities at risk
2. Providing pro bono legal advice
3. Conducting legal outreach work
4. Fostering Sustainable Communities
5. Neighbourhood planning

Recommended materials

No single text covers the module contents, but reading materials will be made available.

Preliminary reading

Andy Dobson, Justice and the Environment, ch. 1-3.

Kate Burningham et al, Rainforests are a Long Way from Here (www.capacity.org.uk/downloads/rainforest_are_long_way.pdf)

London Sustainability Exchange, Environmental Justice in London: Linking the Equalities and Environmental Policy Agendas (LSEx 2004).

Other information:

This module is jointly taught with Capacity Global (leading Environmental and Social Justice NGO).

If you wish to be considered for this module, you will be required to submit an electronic up to date CV and 1-page statement of interest. Details on the deadline date and how to submit will be given in the Induction Pack.

Students can apply to take this module even though they are NOT working within the Environmental Law and Policy grouping.

The module works particularly well with Sustainability and Environmental Justice.

The module will also include a presentation evening in which students explain their work and outcomes to the LARCS’ advisory board.

Prizes for this module: There are currently no prizes available for this module.


The application process for the 2015-16 academic session is now open.

Please note, for the 2015-16 intake, we are not accepting the TOEFL test. If you have an English condition to meet, you must take one of the alternative tests listed here instead.