LLM Programme

The taught modules offered on the LLM programme vary from year to year. Please check the full list of taught modules list for details of modules running in specific academic years. We make every effort to ensure that every module will be offered, but modules are subject to change and cancellation. You are therefore advised to check this site regularly for further updates throughout the year preceding entry to the LLM programme.

Credit value: 30 credits (12 ECTS)
Module Convenor:
Mr Peter MacDonald Eggers
Other Teachers:


The module involves the study and appraisal of the English law of marine insurance, involving consideration, amongst other things, of

(a) the definition and requirements of a valid marine insurance contract
(b) the conclusion of the contract and the duty of utmost good faith
(c) the categories of marine insurance contract
(d) the parties and their agents
(e) the principle of indemnity
(f) coverage focussing on marine and war risks
(g) the terms of the contract
(h) the measure of indemnity
(i) the principles of subrogation and contribution.

The law of marine insurance concerns the insurance of property, financial interests and liabilities exposed to maritime perils and principally relates to the insurance of ships, cargoes and energy interests.

The module involves a close reading of the Marine Insurance Act 1906 and also involves consideration of the extensive case law.


  • The Contract of Marine Insurance and Insurable Interest
  • Formation, Construction and Rectification of the Marine Insurance Contract
  • Voyage and Time Policies
  • Valued and Unvalued Policies
  • Floating Policies and Open Covers
  • Composite and Joint Policies
  • The Duty of the Utmost Good Faith - Part I
  • The Duty of the Utmost Good Faith - Part II
  • The Broker in the Contract of Marine Insurance
  • The Consideration for the Contract - Premium
  • Assignment
  • Warranties - Part I
  • Warranties - Part II
  • Marine Risks - Part I
  • Marine Risks - Part II
  • Causation and Excepted Perils
  • War and Strike Risks
  • Sue and Labour
  • Measure of Indemnity: Partial and Particular Average Losses
  • Measure of Indemnity and Actual Total Loss
  • Measure of Indemnity and Constructive Total Loss
  • Subrogation and Contribution
  • Reinsurance, Mutual Insurance and Rights of Third Parties

Background Reading (optional):

  • Bennett, The Law of Marine Insurance (as above), chapter 1 and para. 3.02-3.64
  • Arnould’s Law of Marine Insurance and Average (as above), chapters 1, 10 and 11
  • Rose, Marine Insurance: Law and Practice (as above), chapters 1, 2 and 3

Module reading lists and other module materials will be provided via online module pages, once students have made their module selections upon enrolment in September.

Delivery and enrolment
Lectures/Seminars: 20 x 2-hour seminars
Tutorials: None
Previous module enrolments: Medium – 16-50 students
Who may enrol: LLM students
Prerequisities: None
Barred module combinations: None
Core Module for LLM specialism: International Commercial Law, Maritime Law
Final Assessment: 3-hour unseen written examination
Practice Assessment: Opportunity for feedback on an unassessed optional problem paper
Other Information
In previous years, bulk orders for the purchase of Bennett, The Law of Marine Insurance (as above) direct from the publisher at a discounted price have been permitted. It is not currently known whether this arrangement will be continued, but it will be investigated once it is known how many students wish to purchase this book.

This page was last updated on 8 July, 2014


The application process for the 2014-15 academic session, for entry in September 2014, is now closed.

Information regarding applications for September 2015 will be updated on the website in September 2014.

IMPORTANT NOTICE : Updated 28 May 2014

The Home Office issued an update about the acceptance of ETS tests (including TOEFL). They have now confirmed that Higher Education students applying for a Tier 4 visa may use a TOEFL test taken after 17 April, if a Higher Education Institution is willing to use its academic discretion. For those students entering in September 2014, UCL will continue to accept the TOEFL even if it was taken after 17 April. However, if an applicant still needs to book a test then we recommend that they take an alternative test to TOEFL. Those who have already arranged to take a different test following the previous advice from the Home Office, we encourage you to go ahead with taking the alternative test.

The TOEFL test will continue to be accepted for 2014 entrants who have been asked to take an English language qualification as part of their offer condition, and do not need to apply for a visa to study in the UK.