LLM Programme

The taught modules offered on the LLM programme vary from year to year. Please check the full list of taught modules list for details of modules running in specific academic years. We make every effort to ensure that every module will be offered, but modules are subject to change and cancellation. You are therefore advised to check this site regularly for further updates throughout the year preceding entry to the LLM programme.

Credit value: 30 credits (12 ECTS)
Module Convenor: Dr Rob George Other Teachers: N/A


The module will introduce and critically examine the concept of children’s rights in international human rights law, focusing on the 1989 UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. It offers a systematic investigation of the rights that the Convention protects, and introduces classic and contemporary theories of childhood and human rights, and covers the philosophical foundations of children’s rights. The module locates the debates about children’s rights within broader theoretical questions concerning childhood and society.

The module addresses a wide range of issues relating to children’s lives, including the child’s family, health, education, abuse and neglect, juvenile justice, citizenship and intersections of identities. A comparative analysis will be drawn between regional and domestic legal systems, in order to enable students to gain a broad understanding of other human rights regimes that protect children’s rights, and the challenges of protecting children’s rights in practice.


  1. Children, International Human Rights Law and Childhood Studies
  2. International Children’s Rights Law – Between Paternalism and Liberation, Empowerment and Agency
  3. The Right to Participation
  4. Children’s Citizenship Rights and the Convention’s Optional Protocol of Communication
  5. The Rights to Life, Survival and Development
  6. The Principle of the Best Interests of the Child
  7. The Child’s Family – Rights and Responsibilities
  8. The Child’s Family – Adoption, Reproductive Technique and the Right to an Identity
  9. Corporal Punishment
  10. Street Children and Trafficking
  11. Children’s Socio Economic Rights
  12. Schools’ environment and the Right to Education
  13. Children’s Health and Right to Health
  14. Juvenile Justice
  15. Refugee and Asylum Seeking Children
  16. Children at the Margins
  17. Regional Mechanisms Part One – Europe
  18. Regional Mechanisms Part Two – Africa
  19. Regional Mechanisms Part Three – Americas
  20. Children’s Rights in Practice

Background Reading (optional):

J Fortin, Children’s Right and the Developing Law (3rd edn) Cambridge University Press, 2009 – Chs 1 and 2

Perspectives on the UNCRC, online at http://www.unicef.org/rightsite/364_366.htm

Module reading lists and other module materials will be provided via online module pages, once students have made their module selections upon enrolment in September.

Delivery and enrolment
Lectures/Seminars: 20 x 2-hour seminars
Tutorials: None
Previous module enrolments: Small – less than 15 students
Who may enrol: LLM students, other UCL Masters students
Prerequisities: None
Barred module combinations: None
Core Module for LLM specialism: Criminal Justice, Family and Social Welfare, Human Rights Law
Final Assessment: 3-hour unseen written examination
Practice Assessment: Practice essay (term 1); past exam questions (term 2)

This page was last updated on 23 July, 2014


The application process for the 2015-16 academic session is now open.

Please note, for the 2015-16 intake, we are not accepting the TOEFL test. If you have an English condition to meet, you must take one of the alternative tests listed here instead.