LLM Programme

The taught modules offered on the LLM programme vary from year to year. Please check the full list of taught modules list for details of modules running in specific academic years. We make every effort to ensure that every module will be offered, but modules are subject to change and cancellation. You are therefore advised to check this site regularly for further updates throughout the year preceding entry to the LLM programme.

Credit value: 15 credits (6 ECTS)
Module Convenor: Professor Jane Holder Other Teachers: N/A


Sustainable development and environmental justice represent two vitally important environmental 'movements' which have developed rapidly over the past twenty years or so, both in parallel and in tandem, depending on the relative strength of each concept at a particular time. It is now clear that the realization of sustainable development (as well as other environmental goals) is firmly underpinned by considerations of justice which have international, domestic as well as intergenerational dimensions.

This course provides an examination of the central issues relating to sustainability and environmental justice, through a close analysis of regulatory approaches and theoretical perspectives. We consider the legal and policy dynamics of environmental regulation and critically assess the role that law and policy has to play in achieving sustainability and environmental justice.

Although we use UK environmental law and policy as a starting point for examining issues of environmental law and policy, we also consider international environmental law, EU environmental law, and draw upon examples from other jurisdictions.


  1. Sustainability, Environmental Justice and Environmental Law
  2. Ecological Foundations of environmental law
  3. The Tragedy of the Commons
  4. Tracing Sustainable Development
  5. Dimensions of Environmental Justice
  6. Relating Inter and Intra-generational Justice: Climate Justice
  7. Ecological Justice: Wild Law and Gaia theories
  8. Deep Ecology, Social Ecology and Ecofeminism
  9. Human Rights and Ecological Rights
  10. Sustainable communities, planning and the law
  11. Presentations

Background Reading (optional):

J. Agyeman, Sustainable Communities and the Challenge of Environmental Justice (NYUP, 2005) which explores the argument that there is considerable theoretical and practical compatibility between sustainability and environmental justice.

Module reading lists and other module materials will be provided via online module pages, once students have made their module selections upon enrolment in September.

Delivery and enrolment
Lectures/Seminars: 10 x 2-hour seminars
Tutorials: None
Previous module enrolments: Small - less than 15 students
Who may enrol: LLM students
Prerequisities: None
Barred module combinations: None
Core Module for LLM specialism: Environmental Law and Policy
Final Assessment: 3,000 word coursework essay
Practice Assessment: Opportunity for feedback on a 2,000 word practice essay based on a choice of subject areas

This page was last updated on 25 July, 2014


The application process for the 2015-16 academic session is now open.

Please note, for the 2015-16 intake, we are not accepting the TOEFL test. If you have an English condition to meet, you must take one of the alternative tests listed here instead.